Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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5
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2answers
1k views

Do OpenPGP/GnuPG apply slow hash to password when encrypting/decrypting key?

Password space is quiet small. Therefore slow hash should be applied to password before using it for encryption. Should slow hash function (like bcrypt) be applied to password before using it with ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Using only password to authenticate user (no “username” field)

I am creating a client access system, to allow manage invoices, make payments, access information about their products and information/functionality alike. Supposedly there are less than 1000 ...
26
votes
5answers
3k views

Should passwords be revealed in error message?

I am having pet-peeve with PHP's PDO class. As you can see on the Warning note: it reveals database password by default if an exception was not caught (when display errors is on which is a probable ...
6
votes
3answers
413 views

Is my sons' school portal in violation of any Password/UserID rules?

My sons' school sends both ID and PW for a portal through USPS at various times during the year, (e.g. class registration) whether I need it or not. If I change the password, it sends a confirmation ...
2
votes
3answers
494 views

How should one manage authentication on custom line of business software

I am writing line of business software for a company, and we want to authenticate users, so we can manage workflow and do some auditing. Basically my employers don't want me to piggyback off of ...
3
votes
5answers
175 views

Are there any academic articles on how people handle their passwords?

Are there any academic articles on how people handle their passwords - how many they use in total, how often they change it, whether they commonly store it somewhere or just remember them and so ...
18
votes
7answers
936 views

Are common passwords at particular risk?

The question Should we disallow common passwords like “password” and “12345”? on User Experience immediately made me think that these common passwords were extremely dangerous not because they are ...
4
votes
3answers
200 views

Is using encryption the only viable option to thwart password sniffing?

I'm using HTTPS Everywhere on my browser to chose SSL versions of websites when available, but many sites don't offer a secure version. Is SSL the only viable option to thwart password/clear text ...
3
votes
1answer
395 views

For what malicious activity can one use a computer with a high-end GPU?

I'm currently researching what malicious activities can one do with a computer containing a high-end GPU. So far the only uses I found were Bitcoin mining and password cracking. Are there any other ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

HMAC Based Request Signing - Storing the Salt

I'm working on a (non high security) project that currently isn't live but might go live at some point. We have a REST API (implemented using Restlet and Neo4j) running on a server and an Android ...
8
votes
0answers
84 views

What do studies show are best practices for password expiration policies? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does changing your password every 90 days increase security? What are best practices for password expiration policies? There are some questions that already address ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Does NIST really recommend PBKDF2 for password hashing?

We hesitated between BCrypt and PBKDF2 for password hashing. In many forums and blogs people say something like "In their Special Publication SP 800-132 NIST basically recommends using PBKDF2 for ...
34
votes
4answers
24k views

Standards for encrypting passwords in configuration files?

My workplace has a standard that plaintext passwords are not allowed in application configuration files. This makes enough sense on its face, in case someone gets access to the config files they ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Can the salt for PBKDF2 be a hash of the user-entered password?

I want to derive a key from a password in a client application that will be used as a master key that decrypts a data key. As far as I understand the salt should be private knowledge. Would it be ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Recover Word file password [closed]

I have a Word (.doc) file that I created a long time ago I believe in a Windows XP. The problem is I don't remember the password anymore and need to access the file. What would you recommend I do? I ...
50
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the risk if I accidently type my password into a username field (Windows logon)?

I'm used to logging into my personal Mac which is a password-only field (like waking from sleep mode). Sometimes I have to use a Windows network on which I have an account, but of course I have to ...
3
votes
1answer
568 views

Academic papers on GPU password cracking?

Are there any scientific papers or publications on GPU password cracking?
14
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there any security risk in storing hashed variations of passwords?

For example, if hypothetically an application requirement was to tell users when their password might have failed because caps-lock was turned on, and hypothetically there was no way for the ...
2
votes
1answer
836 views

How to download PHI PDF from a secure website to a secure, encrypted folder on Windows 7?

Objective: HIPAA compliance. Here is the process: Receive PDF File through secure website Open the PDF (Which involves downloading to some folder) No longer need PDF The Question: Is there any ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Is BCrypt enough when saving a password into a database?

In order to allow users to connect to my website, I encrypt their password using BCrypt since it is one of the slowest algorithms to decrypt (making a compromised database longer to be decrypted). ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

How can I decrypt traffic on a WEP encrypted network?

Let's say that I am connected to a WEP Access Point and I want to sniff all wireless traffic inside that network. How can I decrypt the traffic even though I don't have the cryptographic key? I found ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

Stripping / appending characters from user password before hashing to conceal it forever?

I had this idea to permanently conceal user password by requiring minimum length then stripping certain characters. For example if the user password is secret123, the system will strip it down to ...
4
votes
2answers
809 views

Can key files be brute-forced like passwords?

Let's say you use a program like Truecrypt or Keepass which allows you to have a password + key file. I understand that passwords can be brute-forced/dictionary-attacked but is the same true for key ...
5
votes
2answers
335 views

Are more passwords breached via dictionary/bf attacks or via packet-sniffers/key-loggers?

This question has always intrigued me whenever the subject of passwords is brought up. Does anyone have direct experience or a reputable source to answer what percentage of password breaches are ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Do password complexity requirements reduce security by limiting search space?

I've read that password complexity requirements make passwords easier to guess via brute force attack. The reason for this is that the complexity requirement actually reduce the search space for brute ...
-1
votes
2answers
518 views

What time do dictionary attack take on salted passwords?

I was reading that the designers of UNIX password algorithm used a 12 bit salt to modify the E-table of the unix hashing function (the DES). Supposing i have a system with 2^(24) users? Is that ever ...
5
votes
3answers
277 views

When form submission fails, password field gets blanked, why is that the case?

I've recently asked a question about blanking the password fields in UX for usability purposes, but It seems all the sites use this approach for security reasons. Why is it insecure to post back the ...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Lastpass - Can I just keep the previous autofills? [closed]

I just installed the Lastpass Firefox plugin, and it seems like a useful tool thus far. The only thing that drives me crazy is that I am used to the Firefox saved passwords where it will show the last ...
28
votes
4answers
6k views

Why is using salt more secure?

Storing the hash of users' passwords, e.g. in a database, is insecure since human passwords are vulnerable to dictionary attacks. Everyone suggests that this is mitigated via the use of salts, but the ...
-1
votes
4answers
171 views

pesudo random password

I post a question before about one password repeating to make it longer, now its a new way want to ask about, if take the word 'secure' and instead of repeating it put somenumbers between it, exp: ...
8
votes
4answers
416 views

Will passphrases always be secure?

In a world where most people used passphrases instead of passwords, wouldn't an attack that generates a random string of words (alternating between word delimiters) be similarly effective to a brute ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Does repeating one word to form a password result in a similar pattern in its encrypted format?

If i use a single word to form a password by repeating it like the examples below: securesecuresecuresecuresecuresecure SeCuReSeCuReSeCuReSeCuReSeCuReSeCuReSeCuRe ...
2
votes
2answers
715 views

Using a tabula recta to store passwords

Reading an answer to another question ("Is there a method of generating site-specific passwords which can be executed in my own head?") I came across this link, describing a way to use a physical ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Can ssh keyfile security be broken in a few hours if the file is exposed?

At this link there is a claim that if an RSA key has a strong passphrase security might be broken in a few hours if an attacker has the private key. Is there something weak about the security of RSA ...
1
vote
1answer
274 views

Securing communication

The problem: I have an open-source client (a Firefox add-on written in JavaScript) and a server containing somewhat sensible user information: username and user history (all from YouTube). The client ...
18
votes
3answers
8k views

Password in file .php

My connection.php file stores the credentials to connect to the database. <?php $objConnect = mysql_connect("localhost","username","password"); mysql_select_db("selectDB", $objConnect); ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Are Three attempts to block login a good idea?

In the company that I work there is a security rule: If you enter your password 3 times wrong, your login will be blocked! Then I have to go to mainframe program and re-register my new password. ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

Is it alright to tell everyone your encryption information?

I have an account in an online banking system and they have the FAQ with something like this: How secure is the <Online Banking System Name>? Each page you view and any information ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

What are some good ways to verify user identity for password resets?

I'm wondering how others verify the identity of users they're resetting passwords for. We currently try to speak to a manager at work, but it frustrates end users and seems like we don't trust them. ...
15
votes
3answers
938 views

What can I do if my bank thinks my date of birth is “known only to me”?

My bank has recently replaced passwords with occasionally asking me information that is "known only to me". Such information includes my date of birth, postcode, and my mother’s maiden name. ...
16
votes
11answers
5k views

Best practice for password distribution

I am about to set up a new account on my Linux server for a user that lives in another state in the U.S. I can't think of a good way to get them this user their password. There must be a standard ...
19
votes
7answers
11k views

Forgotten password or reset link, which is more secure to email?

I originally posted this as a reply here in this thread but didn't get much feedback on it, and now I'm curious as to what others think is the best approach, or if there is any difference between the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Windows 7 require a password hint during setup?

Correct me if I am wrong, but I think Windows 7 is the only operating system out there that requires a hint for the first user created on the system (have not had a chance to check out Windows 8 ...
2
votes
1answer
531 views

How can wireless router password encrypts data using WEP and WPA

How does the password that we enter (to connect to a wireless network) encrypt the data on the wireless network? Through my reading I am not sure if the password that we enter is the same as the ...
21
votes
5answers
6k views

What's the practical limit for rainbow-table based bruteforce?

Say we have a hash of a password. The password can be considered to be made of of totally random characters and has a fixed length of N. The hash is SHA1(password+salt), where the salt is of length M. ...
2
votes
2answers
199 views

What are stolen passwords used for?

Say there is a line of business application which has username/password datatable in the DB. Personal email address is not stored, and usernames are assigned by an administrator. Someone gains access ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Considering that SRP is better than SSH and Basic Auth, how can it be implemented in a website?

SRP is short for Secure Remote Password protocol, and provides a better way for passwords to be sent over the internet. I've read the information at it's Stanford University home page, the Wiki ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

How will security need to be changed if P=NP?

If we suppose that it is found that P=NP, how will security measures need to be changed? I'd like to know the major security measures that are affected, and how they would need to be changed. We can ...
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1answer
180 views

How Does VMWare Protect Passwords? [closed]

I am interested what features VMWare uses to protect passwords inside the virtual machine.
3
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1answer
3k views

Please explain Time-step in Time-Based One-Time Password Algorithm

I am studying about OTPs (One Time Passwords). I have gone through all the methods: HOTP (HMAC-based One Time Password), TOTP (Time-based One Time Password) I have no issues with HOTP. But according ...