Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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THC-Hydra - one good pass = shows all valid [duplicate]

As in title. I'm testing my router security and I came up with problem. hydra 192.168.0.1 http-get-form "/:un=^USER^&pw=^PASS^:User Name or Password is incorrect." -L usernames -P passwords ...
0
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2answers
166 views

Is PassFace Authentication System secure?

In the passface authentication system, whether the passfaces are selected by the users or assigned by the system? Is such system secure? How is user's passface stored on the server side?
0
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4answers
109 views

Is secondary password (e.g.: pin) necessary?

I find some cases (especially in online games) that a software or website asks users to enter an additional password, such as 4 or 6 digit pin numbers, in addition to their original password. Most of ...
17
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5answers
2k views

Is sending plaintext passwords to a SQL Server database a security risk?

I have a database which has stored procedures which take plaintext passwords. It hashes them and inserts them into the DB. If an attacker has access to the DB connection, it is possible to intercept ...
14
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2answers
504 views

Concrete figures on password cracking in the wild

While password guessing is a science, not every attacker out there is up-to-date with the latest advances or cares to invest in GPUs or FPGAs. It's easy enough to test online password guessing ...
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2answers
110 views

How much do unusual characters in passwords help?

If I use a system that allows all Unicode characters or a similarly large space for passwords, how much would using an unusual character help in practice (for example, ࡀ ,which I found under Mandaic ...
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5answers
581 views

What if I develop my own hash algorithm to create strong passwords from easy ones?

I came up with this idea but I cant figure out if it's good or bad, maybe you can help. My goal is: I want to create extremely strong passwords for my main accounts (gmail, skype and so on). I want to ...
3
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2answers
113 views

John the Ripper not identifying a password contained in the username?

I have uploaded a screenshot of what exactly is going on, here: http://i.imgur.com/bJSv7C8.png I can see that single-crack mode includes a rule that looks at the username, and "slices" it to identify ...
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2answers
93 views

Why do web users still use password manglers though password is sent in ciphertext

There are many variations of password manglers. An example would be Hash( user password + secret key + domain site ) During website login authentication , passwords are sent in ciphertext from ...
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3answers
292 views

Cracking passwords after a pattern with John

So I am trying to find out how easy it is to crack a password using some great Linux tools. We all know about John as a password cracker and how great it is. But how about specifying a pattern. ...
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2answers
144 views

What concrete parameters can I change to make my passphrase-protected private gpg key more secure

There are several questions which discuss the resistance of passphrase-protected private gpg keys against brute force attacks. It seems, this kind of discussion could go on forever. Rather than ...
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1answer
179 views

Best Practices for Security Questions

When a website asks me to enter security questions in addition to a password what is best practice on my part? This often happens with banks and other institutions but I see it less with other ...
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5answers
3k views

Does too long a salt reduce the security of a stored password hash?

Suppose we have passwords that are statistically 7-8 characters long. Is appending a 200 character long salt less secure than a 5 character salt, because of the similar hash function inputs? I was ...
296
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4answers
89k views

Do any security experts recommend bcrypt for password storage?

On the surface bcrypt, an 11 year old security algorithm designed for hashing passwords by Niels Provos and David Mazieres, which is based on the initialization function used in the NIST approved ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Best practices for usefully storing two factor authentication backup codes?

For a lot of web services offering two factor authentication, after setting up the system, you are given a short list of backup codes (one-time pads) that are around 7-10 characters long. These are ...
0
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0answers
52 views

Request for Google Password for Calendar Updates

A website that I trust (Delta Airlines) offers a link to add flight information to Google Calendar; that link opens a window asking for my Google login and password. Based on the advice in a similar ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Things to remember while building a password manager [closed]

I want to build a simple password manager for desktop whose sole purpose is to store the passwords that can be read by the user as and when required. I am not considering any fancy features such as ...
2
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1answer
188 views

Reverse Engineer this basic Hash using known answer?

Little background: I forgot one of my CCTV accounts password, so used the admin account to create a new one. However I can't access the old one as it's not possible to change a user account password, ...
0
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1answer
81 views

Please help clarify password hashing - salted, multiple iterations of MD5 vs bcrypt/sha2, etc [duplicate]

I was reading an article about the Ars Technica hack here and had a couple of questions. The commenter said: "PHPass uses salted and iterated MD5 to hash passwords" My question is that if I were ...
0
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1answer
99 views

Is there a FIPS 181 like standard for random password generation with alphanumerical seed?

NIST recommends FIPS 181 as a random password generator for "easy to remember" passwords. As far as I understand the standard: it will generate a password that is lowercase, and with some ...
4
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1answer
279 views

entropy of FIPS-181 automated password generator

From wikipedia article on password strength: NIST recommends 80-bits for the most secure passwords Is there any estimation of entropy for FIPS-181 automated password generator? Recommended ...
4
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4answers
241 views

Using a password manager vs manual

was wondering, who still uses the traditional method of storing passwords (in envelope) in an actual physical safebox vs modern methods like password managers? what are the pros and cons of each ...
83
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6answers
28k views

Password Hashing add salt + pepper or is salt enough?

Please Note: I'm aware that the proper method for secure password storage hashing is either scrypt or bcrypt. This question isn't for implementation in actual software, it's for my own understanding. ...
3
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3answers
1k views

sniff SSH password on the server

Is it possible on the server to log the password encoded by the remote user inside a log. I want to make a honeypot to see the type of user/password used.
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0answers
101 views

Rainbow Tables: Why do we need to store the last value of a chain?

Surely we could just make it so a rainbow table says for each beginning of chain do 10k iterations, and then we wouldn't have to store both values? Or does by doing it this way stop collisions?
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2answers
71 views

How to avoid referer information leakage during password reset

Most password reset systems involve emailing the user a one-time link that lets them reset their password. The token needs to be in the URL, as most email clients do not allow HTML emails to perform ...
15
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2answers
893 views

Distance between two passwords

It is known that people reuse their passwords across different sites. The reuse can be done in two ways: using exactly same password for two different sites, slight modifying the password of one ...
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2answers
257 views

Has a plaintext password ever been used in a court of law as evidence to a crime?

Regardless of how the password was obtained (decryption, bad hashing, confession): Are there any prior known cases where the contents of the password was used to prove motive or guilt? Or, looking ...
3
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1answer
727 views

what is a valid challenge for 2 factor authentication?

When designing password reset process: 1- Is a an email address or an assigned username a valid piece of information ( identifier) to ask for in two factor authentication? 2- How does two factor ...
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6answers
3k views

Pronounceable Password Generator

I am currently looking for a password generator which produces pronounceable passwords. I have used this random password generator a few years ago to generate a 42 characters long password and found ...
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1answer
77 views

TLS/SSL and password transmission

I am still getting confused with security topics. At the moment the advantages and disadvantages of some of authentication methods are still not very clear. According to OWASP Authentication Cheat ...
46
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2answers
7k views

What should end-users do about Heartbleed?

What should one do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit? mainly talks about what people running websites should do about Heartbleed. What should end-users of websites be doing? Do they need to ...
0
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3answers
98 views

Creating user and safely sending password

Assuming I currently use a safe way to salt-challenge-response-authentication-method, passwords are stored secured and all. I now question myself - how do users set the password? Meaning, they enter ...
48
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12answers
8k views

What to do about websites that store plain text passwords

I recently received an email from a popular graduate job web site (prospects.ac.uk) that I haven't used in a while suggesting I use a new feature. It contained both my username and password in plain ...
15
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1answer
747 views

Linux /etc/shadow password change security

I wonder what happens what happens when I am changing my password on a Linux system. Basically all passwords are stored in a file called /etc/shadow or /etc/master.passwd in BSD-like systems as I do ...
8
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3answers
4k views

Is LastPass' locally stored One-Time-Password recovery a security problem?

If you forget your LastPass master password then LastPass provides the possibility to recover access to your vault using a One-Time-Password (OTP) which is stored locally but is initially disabled. ...
1
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1answer
78 views

Domain socket authentication as in MySQL and PostgreSQL secure?

Are authentication mechanisms based on UNIX domain sockets (Linux) secure? And more specifically, are the respective MySQL and PostgreSQL implementations on Linux secure? The background for my ...
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1answer
86 views

Why not use md5 auth mechanisms for IMAP over TLS?

I'm using Dovecot for IMAP connections. I've read a lot of tutorials on how to set up Dovecot, and a lot of them said to only allow: auth_mechanisms = plain login Why should I not allow *-md5 ...
4
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2answers
309 views

Including and storing the order of character entry in a password as an enhanced security measure

I'm sure I will be quickly corrected if this is a stupid idea, or if it has already been tried. My question is: has this idea been tried before? If not, are there good reasons it would not work, or ...
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8answers
5k views

Why must I have a “strong” password for sites like this? [duplicate]

I don't share any personal information with StackExchange, I'm not really worried about anyone trying to hack my account and I can't see any incentive for them to do so, and yet the password strength ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Soundness of GRC.com Haystack padding concept [duplicate]

I was wondering how sound is the concept presented by the Gibson Research Corporation (see below if you do not want to follow the link) about simple passwords (= very easy to remember) with the ...
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0answers
55 views

Detection of pass the hash

I have researched about PTH Attacks but yet found any solid way detecting it in a network.is there a way to detect a pass the hash ? analysing the windows message from the dcs or something ?
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1answer
182 views

What is the right way to implement Keyed Password Hashing?

As mentioned in this wonderful link, the way to get a PBKDF2 Hash of a user given password given a password (of course), a salt (generated Cryptographically Secure Random Number Generator. iteration ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Who can actually see the password when I accidentally used ftp instead of sftp?

It has been said that if we accidentally use ftp instead of sftp, people can actually see the login name and password in pure text form, and it is very bad. But who can actually see it? Will it be ...
4
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1answer
255 views

What is the best way to store password in memory (RAM) in Java?

Imagine there is a login form in Java application. We need assign usename and password to variables. Moment after we can Hash or HMAC password and keep it just for authentication step (no caching). ...
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4answers
3k views

How would you store a 4 digit pin code securely in the database?

I'm familiar with password hashing, using salts, bcrypt etc. But it doesn't seem like this would work to store a 4 digit pin code since the attacker could try all 10,000 combinations quite quickly. ...
5
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3answers
259 views

Are there any disadvantages to encrypting the password hash?

Is encrypting the password hash in database more secure than storing only the hash? Suppose we store encrypted SHA-256 result with AES instead of hash directly. Is this a good protection from a ...
3
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4answers
254 views

How effective are password checking websites? [duplicate]

I typed the following password in howsecureismypassword.net: yummy candy yummy It said it would take 100 billion years for a personal computer to crack. Is this accurate? Even though it has English ...
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2answers
113 views

Encrypted retrievable password

I have a password conundrum. I need to store an encrypted password in a DB table but in such a manner that would allow me to retrieve the password as plain text afterwards. Please note that this is a ...
23
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1answer
2k views

Facebook password lowercase and uppercase

Recently I logged into my Facebook account and then noticed that my caps lock was on. So I tried to log in again with and without capslock on. I got in both times. Then I tried to log in with the ...