Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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If You Use Secure Sites with Extended Validation Certificates How Much Do You Still Have To Worry About Phishing Sites Impersonating Them?

Was mulling over the issue of protecting users from password-stealing phishing sites when an interesting question that hadn't occurred to me before popped into my head: Let's say that I decide to ...
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2answers
85 views

What would typically be considered an acceptable string entropy for passwords?

I have gained interest in creating a way to check password strength (think password strength meters - yes - another one). I've found many ways to award a score on a policy driven approach (one ...
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1answer
95 views

Can I encrypt Windows' SAM file?

i recently learned that the SAM file in Windows is easily crackable, and even if an attacker couldn't find my password, there are tools that allow password removal, account elevation and even account ...
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1answer
128 views

custom input format for hashcat

I am doing a password strength audit (I have permission). I'm using Hashcat. It supports formats like sha-256(password.salt) and sha-256(salt.password) but my hashes are generated by ...
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4answers
2k views

Is using bcrypt on existing SHA1 hashes good enough when switching password implementation?

I'm working on improving a CMS where the current implementation of storing password is just sha1(password). I explained to my boss that doing it that way is incredibly insecure, and told him that we ...
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0answers
126 views

Google account's password exposed after authorizing web apps to the account

Yesterday I registered accounts on some online storage websites. On that same day's afternoon, Google notified me about someone had has logged in using my Google account in US (clearly that's not ...
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2answers
252 views

Keeping passwords out of source code

Secrets should not be in source code and in version control because of two reasons: External threat: An attacker can exploit a vulnerability to get access to files/source of your ...
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1answer
72 views

LastPass Key Derivation Security Question

I have done some research about password managers and of course stumbled upon LastPass. There are plenty of questions and answers about the security of LastPass, but as far as I am aware none of them ...
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1answer
141 views

Are there any reliable estimates of the password cracking abilities of nation states?

For the purposes of evaluating a hashing algorithm against the threat of a nation state adversary, are there accepted estimates of the password cracking abilities of nation states - or is there an ...
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1answer
71 views

Resetting the admin password for an application

We have a enterprise application dealing with data. We have one super user (admin) that has the highest level of privileges. The application is not opensource. If some customer has forgotten the ...
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1answer
684 views

Password manager in not own device

I believe that password managers have a lot of advantages rather than remembering the passwords. So: its time to use them! But I don't want to lose the capability of using my passwords in devices I ...
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4answers
160 views

Password Policy: Issue random generated passwords / Let the user choose a password

I'm currently thinking about a new password policy. Originally I wanted the users to choose a password that is X digits long, contains numbers, special chars, lower and upper case,... but then I did ...
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0answers
64 views

Password cracking based on properties of target

Many people base their passwords on some characteristics or properties of their persona, which might not even be included in wordlists used for a dictionary attack. If one would put research into ...
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1answer
84 views

Password security and entropy - degeneracy question

I have written a short password generator which uses a mixture of words from a dictionary and randomly generated passwords, and I'm wondering if I did the entropy calculations correctly. Usually I use ...
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2answers
87 views

Prevent Plain-Text Passwords Output by a Script From Being Accessible in the Future

Let's say I have a Bash script that generates a password, creates a new user with that password, and then tells me what the password is: # Generate a password and set it to $PASSWORD PASSWORD=$(tr ...
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1answer
129 views

WordPress is asking for my FTP password to update. Is this official behavior or am I compromised?

I'm running a personal WordPress server and I have 3 pending updates: WP update from 4.2.2 to 4.3.1. Akismet plugin update to 3.1.5 which addresses XSS issues. Twenty-fifteen theme update. For ...
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1answer
822 views

“No password hashes loaded” John does not recognise my hashes

I am trying to learn how john works. I made a password-protected rar archive, and written that password inside a file named pass.txt. I used rar2john to build the hash: # more test.hash ...
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3answers
208 views

Help generating wordlist using crunch

I need to configure crunch so that it produces a wordlist with the following set of rules: Exactly 10 characters long Contains exactly 4 letters, which have to be a-f (all lowercase) Contains ...
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1answer
343 views

Gmail lets me use my old password

My university's email works through Gmail and I can log on to it either through my uni's website or in Gmail. I recently changed my password and I use it to log in to the schools secure WiFi, school ...
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2answers
142 views

How to check an open source product for password handling quality?

I just created an account on Magento Commerce, which is an online shop solution. During account creation, I entered a password. Personally I prefer longer, generated passwords that do not contain ...
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2answers
156 views

How to give “Forgot password” option for a password encrypted file?

I have created a utility that encrypts a file (.txt, .dox, so on...). The utility asks for a password from user at the time of file encryption. Problem Suppose a user has created 1000 encrypted ...
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1answer
62 views

generating “non-dictionary” numeric passcodes [closed]

In case of numeric passcodes, e.g. for numeric locks on doors etc, anyone can agree "poor passwords" are ones with specific pattern, e.g. 1234, 1111, 2468, 1122, etc. (as well as ones that form a ...
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2answers
595 views

What would be the most efficient way of brute forcing a wifi key [duplicate]

I was wondering how can a brut force of my wifi be prevented so I want to know the best technique that can be used to brute force it first, so protection isn't my question. My question is: What brute ...
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3answers
250 views

Choosing a good password - again

There are many password-related questions in here, but I failed to find the answer to mine. I'm no expert so maybe I don't have the right keywords. Sorry for any duplicate for a possibly asked 100 ...
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3answers
389 views

What would be a good set of criteria to consider a password safe? [duplicate]

Nowadays we see many websites with a "security meter" for the password. I actually think this is a great feature since it gives the final user the sense of how insecure their password could be. I ...
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2answers
63 views

Could PKE be used as a better alternative to SRP for authentication?

If I understood SRP correctly, its weakpoint is during the registration of a user when sending the verifier to the server. Let's say the Server knows the PubKey(User) of the User and the User knows ...
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1answer
124 views

What is the entropy of a password made with pwgen?

pwgen is a unix utility that generates "memorable" passwords randomly. The man page says the entropy is lower than truly random passwords with the same specification. What is the actual entropy of a ...
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1answer
197 views

Teamviewer and remote logins

Not sure if this has been asked before (a cursory search doesn't show anything), so I figure here is a sensible place to ask. Say I am remotely controlling my desktop at home via Teamviewer. Now ...
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1answer
479 views

Can I know somehow if my password hash is known?

Is there a secure way to know if my password's hash is publicly known on the internet? First I tried to search for it in Hashes.org (http://hashes.org/search.php), but then I suspected, that if it ...
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2answers
110 views

Using “Literal” Passwords

Many people, including my friends, use passwords that sound exactly how they sound when responding to a question about what the password is. For example, if person X asks person Y what the password to ...
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4answers
248 views

If A Password Is Unique, Does It Really Matter How “Strong” It Is?

People seemed to find this "If a Password is Super-Strong Dose it Matter if It's Unique" question very interesting, but it actually reminded me that the converse one is interesting, too: If you use a ...
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3answers
130 views

Are there risks associated with a strong password reuse for disk encryption?

I understand the risks of password reuse when we share the password with 3rd parties as perfectly discussed under this question: Is password reuse a problem if the password is very strong? However I ...
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1answer
118 views

How to safely reuse passwords in variation?

Remembering a lot of passwords is difficult. A lot of people use the same or a small set of passwords for everything. Of course, this is very unsafe. If such a password a password is stolen, the ...
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9answers
11k views

Is password reuse a problem if the password is very strong?

I always read that using the same password on multiple sites is a risk. I'm wondering what is the real reason for this? In my case, I use the same password on multiple sites everywhere. My password ...
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1answer
121 views

How to “Pass the hash” when LM hash is disabled?

I ran the NTLM_stealer metasploit module and ended up with the following results: LMHASH:Disabled NTHASH:008940f335e9b2ddc182bb5b960a0c5bad0b125cbee3cf84 I was wondering if there is way to ...
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2answers
151 views

Questions about user authentication over REST API

I'm now trying to implement user authentication on my android app. I, however, have a few questions. I use a REST API. How do I safely request and send data to and from the phone? I'm assuming that I ...
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2answers
125 views

How does Google or any other social media sites know what password I've used previously?

When I ask to change my password, Google sometimes doesn't allow identical passwords to ones that I've used before. Is there a reason why this happens?
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1answer
71 views

HMAC password reset link and replay attacks

I like the look of this technique for sending password reset links: https://neosmart.net/blog/2015/using-hmac-signatures-to-avoid-database-writes/ (TLDR: don't store token in database. Send password ...
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0answers
69 views

Why do websites limit what special characters you use in a password? [duplicate]

Bank of America, to give just one example, only lets you use certain special characters in your password - # and ( and ), but not $. (This is not a complete list, they allow more than that, but it's ...
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1answer
84 views

Recover 7zip password with partial password matching [duplicate]

I encrypted some files using 7z with AES-256 + file name encryption. The compression level was Ultra, method: LZMA. The password I regularly use is 16 digits. Now the file is not opening. I guess one ...
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4answers
1k views

Should I be worried if I accidentally entered my password in a username field?

Occasionally I will fail to hit Tab properly when entering a username/password combination. This results in me submitting username "myUsername$ecretPa$$word" along with a blank password. I always ...
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2answers
101 views

How much more secure would using alt codes in a password make it? [duplicate]

My friend and I were talking about how fast computers could potentially brute force a password these days. I came up with the idea of using letters from a foreign alphabet to use in your password, ...
0
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1answer
105 views

Why does healthcare.gov exclude some special characters from passwords?

The site does not allow the following characters: = ?<> ( ) ‘ " / \ & It also limits maximum password length to 20 characters. This makes me suspicious that they might be being stored in ...
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1answer
55 views

What is a viable time-frame for links that expire? [closed]

Links that expire can be found anywhere from Email Verification to Password Reset procedures, I understand in most cases this is considered "security theater", but wanted to know what a viable ...
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0answers
170 views

Best way to store a password in a text file

We have a WebLogic server (WLS_APP) with a lot of web applications, we also have an Oracle Service Bus (WLS_OSB) with a lot of services deployed on it. We have these services aggregated in proxy ...
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1answer
221 views

Correct way of encrypting user passwords

I have a scenario where user entered passwords need to be stored for later use. I cannot use hashing because I need to get the original password for later use. For example, consider an email sender ...
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2answers
98 views

Email used to log in but doesn't have to be unique. Issues?

I've moved onto a project where they are implementing a system whereby a user's email address can be used multiple times by different people - i.e. users can sign up as many times as they want with an ...
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40 views

Key stretching approaches

I've seen that a number of key stretching algorithms and they involved increasing the number of operations needed to compute the key(i.e. the number of rounds within a hash function). But, I wonder if ...
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2answers
168 views

Does adding a random character to a pseudo-randomly generated password improve entropy significantly?

I'm asking a practical question. I was taught computers are bad at generating random data. Does this mean password generators, such as the one built into Keepass, suck? If yes, then would it help for ...
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3answers
5k views

Is using the username encrypted with the password as key a good password storage scheme?

On web applications I build I don't hash the passwords. Instead I symmetrically encrypt the username using the user's password and store the result in the password field. I use RijndaelManaged on ...