Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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10
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3answers
10k views

Security of passwords remembered by Windows

Does Windows XP or Windows 7 encrypt saved passwords? I'm assuming that the user uses local password to logon. The user then uses his own computer to connect to server in work and sets the "remember ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Reverse-engineering one-time passwords for two-factor authentication systems

Given a one-time password generator that is time-based (such as Google Authenticator), how many instances of (time, PIN) pairs would one need to significantly weaken the algorithm to a point where one ...
2
votes
1answer
753 views

Token Based Authentication & Pass-the-hash Attacks

Do token-based authentication solutions (such as RSA SecurID) mitigate tools like incognito and/or pass-the-hash tools?
9
votes
5answers
579 views

Utility company does not hash passwords in the database

I had to use my utility company's online account information application and forgot the password. Going through the steps of resetting the password I was emailed the password in the open. I found this ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Is my bank storing my password in plain text? [duplicate]

My bank (and every bank I've come across) only ever asks for individual characters from my password when logging in. Is my bank storing my password in plain text?
2
votes
1answer
512 views

Best security algorith for storing passwords [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Which password hashing method should I use? I want the best cryptography algorithm for storing passwords in database, which one should I use and how can I implement ...
8
votes
1answer
585 views

Protecting emails in your database

It's common to encrypt passwords in the database, but I'm wondering what solutions are out there to protect emails in your database. Not just from hacking, but from disgruntled employees or engineers ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What algorithm/encryption type does Gmail use for security?

In the wake of the recent database hacks, i.e. Sony, Gawker, etc.. where the hackers have access to the hashed usernames and passwords, i've been more keen in paying attention to the sites and ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

How can I protect a client's mirror of the server's database?

The scenario is as follows: There are clients that users can access and work with. These clients can be online or offline. There is a central database on a server, holding all the authorization ...
5
votes
3answers
463 views

Is it safe or even common to cache bcrypt checks in-memory

In a web application that (as a side effect of implementing the password anti-pattern) stores passwords, one recommendation is to bcrypt to store them (or computationally expensive one-way salted ...
4
votes
1answer
452 views

Thoughts on creating unscalable conditions to brute force even small passwords?

I stumbled upon something called "scrypt" which claims to add fixed time/space complexity requirements into password-based key derivation. Quoting from their page: A simple password-based encryption ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Rainbow tables, generation and lookup, preferably using GPU

1a) What software can I use to generate my own rainbow tables, preferably software that can utilize CUDA or ATI Stream? One of the reasons I want to make my own, is that I want to use a specific ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Store a password to avoid user interaction

I am creating a windows service that sends email to a user. It uses a Gmail account to send the email, so it needs a password to access the account. It also needs to do this automatically, without ...
9
votes
4answers
901 views

Is using a flash drive as a base for security a safe thing to do?

I'm developing some software for schools. I've found severe flaws with the current popular school LAN protection that I feel needs fixing so I plan on releasing my own software. One the those ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is a public known password protected Wifi more secure than one without a password?

When connecting to a public Wifi from a café for example, some don't use a password and some do. If they do use a password it is often publicly known to everybody around. Does having a password on ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

Hints for safe passwords that are easy to remember [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is your way to create good passwords that can actually be remembered? What are good hints to create passwords that are both safe and comfortable? By comfortable I ...
4
votes
2answers
409 views

How does one make password easily forgettable?

Is there any phycological research that appears relevant to making passwords easily forgettable under adverse circumstances? Circumstances might include when under duress, after some duration of ...
3
votes
2answers
610 views

Can a survey website viewed in Firefox trick the user into sending stored passwords?

Firefox stores passwords (I am not referring to the Master Password feature) and I would like to know if a survey website can steal those passwords. I was typing a URL and perhaps I mistyped it and ...
11
votes
3answers
392 views

How to test if a browser add-on is safe

I came across this plug-in that started some alarm bells ringing. The add-on would help submit a website to web directories. The first 100 submissions are free, then you need to pay $20 via pay-pal ...
4
votes
3answers
941 views

Best password storage scheme for high entropy, unique passwords which is failure resistant [closed]

What is the best, most secure, easiest way to: store unique, strong passwords for every service which requires authentication make the system resistant (total loss of security is avoided, breaches ...
3
votes
2answers
840 views

How to make a certificate encrypted flash drive?

I was wondering if it possible to encrypt a flash drive (or any other external medium) using certificates instead of a password. The idea is to have a number of encrypted pendrives that can be used on ...
1
vote
2answers
260 views

Password system, possible solutions

I am trying to solve a problem with a password system. I need to figure out the probability of the password being guessed. If I have an 8-character alphanumeric password. it cannot be all #'s, ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Is it possible to speed up WPA/WPA2-PSK cracking using a rogue AP?

We know that WPA/WPA2-PSK uses a PTK (Pairwise Transient Key) for each client to encrypt the communication. This PTK is generated through the process known as 4-way handshake. As told in the related ...
10
votes
3answers
427 views

Is there any conceivable reason to prevent a password change in an authentication system?

I connect to the VPN of another company with a company-specific username and password (they aren't giving everyone the same password to every company to access it or anything ridiculous like that.) ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Are Windows password hashes salted with the user name?

I'll readily admit I'm pretty clueless when it comes to cryptography, so there may already be some false assumptions in the question title itself :-) Still, I "heard" that it is more secure to store ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What are the implications of omitting the username in Secure Remote Password's verifier?

I consider implementing a Secure Remote Password (SRP-6a) verifier that omits the username from the x key hash. The intention is to allow authentication with multiple alternate user identifiers such ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Password entropy in layman's terms

Entropy is a term used often in relation to password security and brute-force attacks, but it is a topic that can get complicated quickly. What is the best way to describe password entropy (what it is ...
3
votes
2answers
604 views

What is considered a reasonably high iteration count?

I copy-pasted a function that implements the PBKDF2 hashing algorithm in PHP. The function asks for the amount of time that I would want it to loop in order to produce a hash. Now, I'm wondering, ...
2
votes
1answer
259 views

Detecting Key Loggers

We know that key loggers are the most effective and most annoying means of getting compromised over login id/password on the web or any application.... and your whole privacy is breached. Is there ...
48
votes
5answers
11k views

Are GUIDs safe for one-time tokens?

I see a lot of sites use GUIDs for password resets, unsubscribe requests and other forms of unique identification. Presumably they are appealing because they are easy to generate, unique, ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Known Password Lengths and security considerations

Many people wil often brag about the length of their password, like "yeah nobody is ever going to crack my password cause its 22 characters long." I was thinking, if you knew the exact length of their ...
11
votes
2answers
382 views

How much security is compromised if we accept other characters as login (other than the original password)?

I've just realised that facebook accepts 3 forms of a password: Source: Facebook actually accepts three forms of your password: Your original password. Your original password with the ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Dictionary Attack on Wifi

I know a few people with pretty weak passwords. What kind of systems exist to prevent dictionary attacks? Would it make sense to restrict the number of connection attempts in a certain timeframe? ...
7
votes
3answers
953 views

It is possible that brute force attempts are successful before the worst case, correct?

When I read about a password being secure and stating that it would take X amount of week, years, etc. isn't that referring to the worst case? What happens if the brute force method is successul in ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

time to crack file-encryption password - more than just iteration

I have often seen that takes x amount of time to crack a certain length password. But this just seems to be the amount of time it takes to iterate through all the possibilities. What about the time it ...
11
votes
5answers
779 views

Security of using passwords or even passphrases to encrypt files

Is it ever appropriate to use real-world passwords to encrypt files to be sent via unsecure means. By real world, I mean a password that is memorable and memorisable by a mere person? I am implying ...
14
votes
6answers
679 views

Primary Key as Salt?

Is it okay to use the primary key as the salt in a Users table? The only disadvantage that I can see is if the PK changes (unlikely), then the passwords break. What are your thoughts?
7
votes
2answers
952 views

Encryption Algorithms with an error code for wrong password

I am looking for an encryption algorithm that would allow me to know if the password supplied is the correct one or not. This question can be considered as a follow-up for Q. In particular the answer ...
14
votes
4answers
967 views

If a website allows another person to get a list of the site's users passwords, how likely is it that the passwords are stored in cleartext?

We had an incident where some of our managers were given passwords for the people they supervise using a particular company website. Ostensibly it was done so the managers could check in on the users ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Password History/Password policy

I'm referring to "remembered" password that the domain keeps so a user cannot reuse that password until it has expired in what was set at Password Policy on DC (W2003/W2008). Where is password ...
27
votes
3answers
6k views

Password manager vs remembering passwords

I have always thought that you are not supposed to use a password manager but to keep your passwords in your head, but lately I have thought about the pros and cons of having a password manager. Some ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

How secure is asking for specific characters of passwords instead of the entire thing?

In some password-authenticated sites, you are asked to enter a random selection of specific characters from your password rather than the whole word/phrase. For example, it might say 'Enter the 1st, ...
13
votes
2answers
214 views

Would suggesting a random passphrase during sign-up hurt overall security?

I've been looking for ways to improve security and security awareness for both internal and external clients and I happened upon the idea of generating a one-time, random "password suggestion" on the ...
5
votes
1answer
29k views

How long to brute-force WPA password?

Bob has a password (for his WPA encrypted wifi) which is 8 characters, all lowercase, and not a dictionary word. Eve lives next door to Bob and wants to illegally hack his WPA. The number of ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Cryptographic Security of Dynamically Generated, Non-Random Salts

So when it comes to security, when I have an idea that seems good, but no one else seems to be doing, I try to assume that I'm overlooking something obvious or otherwise significant. This is one such ...
12
votes
5answers
877 views

Should passwords be truly random?

When generating a password, should it be "truly random" or should I make it a little less random by enforcing some rules? If a password is generated at random, it could come out all-lowercase letters ...
8
votes
4answers
830 views

Doesn't imposing a minimum password length make the password weaker by reducing the number of possible combinations?

I thought the strength of a password depended on the total number of possible combinations. Therefore, allowing longer passwords should be safer because you then have more possibilities. But why do ...
4
votes
1answer
724 views

How can I manage multiple sets of passwords accessible by different users? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Sharing passwords and credentials between founders and employees I use KeePass for my personal passwords. I would want to use it for my business, too, but the only way ...
38
votes
2answers
14k views

I just send username and password over https. Is this ok?

When a user's logging in to my site, they send their username and password to me over https. Besides the ssl, there's no special obfuscation of the password - it lives in memory in the browser in the ...
2
votes
2answers
346 views

Company sending Master passwords in unencrypted emails

If a company has terrible security policies like letting people email password in cleartext emails, what to do if they reject all fair minded advice?