Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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Where are passwords hashed? [duplicate]

The way I understand password security is that the user enters a password, which is then converted using a hash function. The website then compares it to the stored hash to see if it is correct. That ...
0
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1answer
107 views

Why doesn't the OS give every application a secret password?

As far as I understand if Dropbox wants to automatically run in the background without asking the user for a password it has to store the password somewhere on the harddrive and has currently no way ...
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4answers
100 views

How long does a passphrase have to be to be as secure as a random collection of letters, digits, punctuation, etc.?

If one uses a passphrase which is grammatical, such as "I put my keys under the doormat because they're safe there."... how many words (on average) must it contain to be as secure as a password with ~ ...
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1answer
143 views

Are all OSes vulnerable to local password reset attacks

It's not that difficult to reset the password of the administrator account in MSWindows when you have local physical access to the machine Same thing applies on any Linux distro, it's possible to ...
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4answers
3k views

The registration confirmation email contains my password: do they keep it in plaintext?

I was kind of shocked when I just received my confirmation mail from the shop where I just registered myself: they sent my username (which is my email address) and the password I typed in. The ...
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4answers
923 views

Is it a bad idea for an information holder to e-mail a user their password?

A couple of websites with which I'm registered have, after a period of inactivity on my part, each sent me an e-mail to remind me that I'm still registered. In each case, that e-mail has included my ...
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3answers
79 views

What does one call the strategy of using “pre-password transforms” as passwords?

Suppose that instead of using, say, Google, let me in! as my Google password, I used some consistent transform of this string, say ZWE1NjMyNm? What search keywords would be helpful to search for ...
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2answers
82 views

Do dictionary attacks only use specific entries from a dictionary, or combinations of an entry?

If I wanted to crack a password, "cba", but the dictionary I was using only had abc in it, does a dictionary attack try all combinations of abc? abc, acb, bca, bac, cba, cab Or would cba have to be ...
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5answers
21k views

Modern high quality password dictionary

Has anyone come across any good password dictionary lately? Some of the lists I found dated back to 90's! Some are simply too big that I doubt their quality. There appears to be some work by someone ...
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5answers
644 views

When hashing passwords, is it okay to store the algorithm used right there in the database?

Since hashing password has become a hot topic recently, it is only natural to expect things to change and assume that some time down the road you might want to replace/tweak the algorithm used in your ...
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3answers
179 views

Resetting passwords howto

I am currently in the process of designing a registration form for the users to register accounts. The accounts will contain a lot of personal information, so I want to ensure highest possible ...
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3answers
246 views

How important it is to change password regularly? [duplicate]

A WWW-site guided me to change the password regularly. Should I believe what the say, if my current password is long enough random string?
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4answers
7k views

Google Account: implications of using application-specific passwords

In the wake of the recent Mat Honan story I decided to try out two-factor authentication on my Google account. But in order to keep using it with Exchange, the Android OS, Google Talk and Google ...
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2answers
100 views

Simplest way of hashing a password with multiple different hash algorithms [closed]

I have a list of plaintext passwords that I would like to hash with various different hash algorithms (for educational purposes). As a minimum I would like to obtain hashes under MD5, SHA1, SHA256, ...
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1answer
94 views

Should I NOT choose a password of max allowable character length?

Q: Suppose an attacker knows the max allowable character length, n, for a website's passwords. Would it be smart for them to attack passwords of length n BEFORE length n - k (where k is small portion ...
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2answers
5k views

Bypassing the BIOS password

Are there any reliable methods that allow an attacker to bypass a BIOS password, or alter BIOS settings without entering the password? A few ideas come to mind: The old battery trick (remove ...
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2answers
849 views

Appropriate response to 2014 Russian Security Breach (CyberVor)

The report from Hold Security says that 1.2 billion sets of credentials are in the possession of this party. I have a feeling that this report may be a hoax or a partial hoax due to grammatical errors ...
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3answers
195 views

Should I implement my own local password hash?

Having a more-than-elementary knowledge of internet security, I've realized that some web applications and websites I use implement a less-than-ideal password policy. Some examples include: ...
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5answers
192 views

Why after a website password reset am I asked to login again?

I have noticed that every web site has the exact same behavior for their password reset pages. They send a link to your email using which you can reach the password reset page. On that page you enter ...
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38answers
8k views

What is your way to create good passwords that can actually be remembered?

What are the methodologies which can be used to generate "human" good quality password? They have to ensure a good strength and also easy to remember for a human being.
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2answers
95 views

Share passwords between developers [duplicate]

We have a project with 3 remote developers and myself, at the moment passwords (server logins, db passwords etc) are being shared via emails which are cc'ed to everyone, Is there a normal workflow ...
27
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5answers
4k views

Is Linux really that secure, with only root password denying external access?

While I was searching online for information about Linux security, the most typical explanation was: Linux is secure, because the root password is required to access the kernel and install new ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it bad practice to ask only for individual characters of a password? [duplicate]

Some financial websites that I use use passwords in a peculiar way. Instead of asking me the whole password string, they only ask me to enter e.g. "3rd, 5th and 8th character of your password", i.e. a ...
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2answers
97 views

How to combine a key and a password in practice

Alice wants to encrypt her data. She is not comfortable with using only a password. While she prefers to use a properly random crypto key, she isn't confident she can protect the key file from theft ...
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0answers
24 views

Syncing service passwords during offline installations

Due to very paranoid customer requirements, we have to install several Windows services on two different systems that should run under a shared service account. Each system should each have a copy of ...
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3answers
115 views

User Account Guessing [duplicate]

I'm doing some research on user account guessing, and wanted to ask a question about some "bad practices". My thought is generally this is a trade-off between great user functionality/UX and ...
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4answers
4k views

How secure are my passwords in the hands of Firefox using a Master Password?

I'm relying on Firefox to remember my passwords, using a Master Password of more than 25 characters. How secure is this set-up?
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1answer
187 views

Cracking a 6-character alphanumeric password Windows dialog box

To put this problem in context, I have a touch monitor screen whose firmware program is protected by a password. The firmware program is downloaded over RS232 via a Windows utility program provided ...
180
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18answers
12k views

Passwords Being Sent in Clear Text Due to Users' Mistake in Typing it in the Username Field

Upon reviewing the Logs generated by different SIEMs (Splunk, HP Logger Trial and the AlienVault platform’s SIEM) I noticed that for some reason quite a few users tend to make the mistake of typing ...
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5answers
2k views

Can sites which check your password as you type pose a security risk?

Some sites that I use check my password as I type it into the login (not registration) form. So, for example, to begin with I might have: Username: sapi ✓ Password: passw × and by the time I've ...
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1answer
163 views

Server + Client certificate vs Server certificate + Client password

There are three different ways how TLS (1.2) can be used: server and client authenticate, only the server authenticates or neither authenticates. If neither server nor client authenticates using a ...
4
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2answers
2k views

openssl_digest vs hash vs hash_hmac? Difference between SALT & HMAC?

openssl_digest vs hash vs hash_hmac I want to use SHA512 for storing password. Which of the above methods are best to use? Why? What is the difference between SALT & HMAC? I just read ...
3
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3answers
653 views

Websites Forcing Weak Password Standards (Updated) [duplicate]

Please Note: I am not going to name the websites which have these horrible standards for their clients and users. I have had to change my passwords for my routine update just recently in the last ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Known characters in passwords?

I generate passwords for everything that requires security using the following method: ksoviero@ksoviero-Latitude-E7440:~$ head -c 16 /dev/urandom | base64 gorv/cp+lSiwiEfKck2dVg== 256^16 ...
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2answers
89 views

Password Cracking Mandarin Words English Character Set

I'll be looking to perform a domain password audit in which the user will be using english characters but may be 40% Mandarin speakers so I anticipate a large number of names, phrases, or words that ...
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1answer
230 views

security in banking app with 4 digit pin code and social security number

The new banking app (for norwegian bank Gjensidige bank) for my android handset allows me to log in using only my social security number, and a 4 digit pin code. The social security number in norway ...
4
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8answers
246 views

Does it take longer to brute force a password starting with z than one starting with a?

I was wondering about the following: If someone tries to get my password with Brute Force, will a password starting with "a" guessed faster than one starting with "z" ? In this case assume the ...
2
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1answer
189 views

PDF.zip file password forgotten and need to reset [duplicate]

I have an old PDF.zip file that is password secured. Naturally I can't remember it. Is there a way to change it or disable it?
139
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18answers
14k views

What is a good analogy to explain to a layman why passwords should be hashed?

Note: This is not an actual situation I'm currently in. Assume your boss is one of those old-fashioned computer-illiterate managers and wants to store the passwords in plaintext to simplify ...
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5answers
260 views

Secure login feature with low CPU power

I'm developing a program that contains a login function in C++. The problem is that I don't know how to develop it in my situation. I want to run the software on a raspberry pi, it only has a CPU ...
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2answers
270 views

Is it really “Time to add a word” if there are no tools to crack passphrases of 3 words and up?

It's "time to add a word" says Arnold Reinhold, the creator of Diceware, in his blog (3/2014). He advices to use 6 word sentences (or 5 words with one extra character chosen and placed at random) from ...
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2answers
106 views

Database compromised and some passwords cracked

I run an MMORPG game and today while moving from one server to another, apache failed and listed some of the data on the server including a back-up of all the source code + database which a few people ...
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1answer
43 views

Importance of password strength with secure element?

Greetings SE security community. Background: I have a number of items like certificates, databases, and encrypted file systems that require private keys. In order to avoid having duplicates of these ...
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2answers
176 views

Does cPanel store my login password as plaintext

On attempt to change my cPanel password I was warned that: Your password could not be changed because the new password failed with the following reason : (is too similar to the old one), please try ...
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1answer
58 views

Running an Open Server (contents are visible)

I'm considering the possibility of running an Open Server, as I would call it, that is, a server where as much of its contents are publicly visible as possible. I would like to give read access to ...
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6answers
1k views

Are password complexity rules counterproductive?

In creating a login for this site I chose a nondictionary password that would be extremely hard to guess, but easy to remember. I was told that it did not meet complexity rules. After several ...
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3answers
78 views

Can I safely use my own statistics to assess password strength on number of times a password is used?

Lets assume I want to give my hypothetic 10mio users userbase a good feedback on their password strength. Besides the classical entropy tests and top500 list of bad passwords, I might want it to be ...
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4answers
1k views

Should the password of a password protected channel be hashed?

Let's take a chat system, where any user can create a channel with a password protection. Thus, other users may only join using the channel password. This password is therefore known to every person ...
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1answer
77 views

Would it be possible to add additional files to a password protected zip 2.0 file

So the scenario is this: I don't have the ability to determine/recover the master password for a production system that uses zip 2 archives. However, I need to be able to add new files to existing ...
3
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1answer
137 views

PUT vs. POST for password update

I am writing a User Management system that has to include a change of password utility. We don't front end hash passwords (hopefully we will soon). As a result passwords are passed over https in the ...