Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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200 views

The Problem with Changing All Passwords for HeartBleed [duplicate]

One thing that's been bugging me in relation to the discovery of the Heartbleed OpenSSL flaw is the recommendation that everyone should run to their computers in a panic and change all of their ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Is there an anti virus that protects processes from being injected code to?

As title says, is there an av that does that? And if not, is there any other program that protects processes like lsass in windows, apart from protected process utility in win8.1?
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1answer
54 views

Handling passwords in wicket

I have a form which contains a password field. In swing the getPassword() method returns a character array. After the password has been processed by my web application the array can be wiped to ...
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2answers
171 views

LastPass login security

If LastPass does not store your master password, then how can you login to use their web app? Surely you must type it in, it is sent over using SSL, and then salted/hashed on the server-side, and ...
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4answers
9k views

Should I change all my passwords due to heartbleed [duplicate]

Should I change all of my online passwords due to the heartbleed bug? Edit: I found a list of vulnerable sites on GitHub and checked all my critical sites. Everything I was really concerned with ...
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0answers
108 views

Digital signature based authentication schema using two passwords

I'm working on an authentication system for a web based Bitcoin-related service. As part of the service, users do some less sensitive operations (mostly reading and sending various types of ...
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1answer
98 views

Is there an equation to calculate the number of instances of a series of characters exist in a given key space?

If I'm using 16-18 character-length passwords with 94 different possible values-per-character (lower alphas, upper alphas, numbers, and special characters), is there an equation I can use to calculate ...
44
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1answer
6k views

What should end-users do about Heartbleed?

What should one do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit? mainly talks about what people running websites should do about Heartbleed. What should end-users of websites be doing? Do they need to ...
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0answers
58 views

Lock Windows to a specific app

Is it possible, using some program or application, to lock Windows 7 so only a specific app can be used, for example Word, until a password is entered? Thanks!
3
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1answer
146 views

Is BSI’s process good? (Informing email address owners that their address/password (of unknown/different accounts) was stolen)

The German BSI (Federal Office for Information Security) claims to have got a list of 18 million email addresses and passwords – supposed to be the result of identity theft. They allow to check if ...
2
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1answer
149 views

How was the Xbox One password verification compromised?

So, we have this article: http://www.engadget.com/2014/04/04/xbox-live-five-year-old-hacker/ Apparently, using nothing but spaces the local account (with an obviously saved password... I hope) was ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Safety while ciphering data

Say I wanted to encrypt some sensitive information with a symmetric algorithm using a program on a computer. Is it possible that a hacker could retrieve the data,salt, iteration, cipher, keysize while ...
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2answers
136 views

How could police identify digital contraband and charge someone if it's encrypted with keys?

For example, say I am transferring heavily-encrypted DVD/Blu-ray movies/game copies over the internet. However, I am using double or (+) encryption with keys required to decrypt the file using an ...
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1answer
46 views

How many possible symbols and punctuations in a password? [closed]

I want to compute the possible combinations of a password consists of 8 digits of: alphabetical letters (26), numbers (0-9), symbols and punctuations. In order to compute this, I have to know the ...
0
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1answer
137 views

Is using MD5 in NTLMv2 protocol to store Windows passwords is secure?

I read that Windows (probably not new OSs but say, Windows Server 2008) stores passwords using Hashes using NTLMv2 protocol which uses MD5 hash function. My questions: MD5 is known to be insecure ...
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2answers
447 views

How many bits of entropy should I aim at for my password? [closed]

I mainly use 2 passwords: 1 is a 4 word full lowercase passphrase of 18 letters long which I use wherever possible. The other is basically 3 words and a digit with the first word in full uppercase and ...
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2answers
115 views

How can I analyze password recovery tokens?

All websites that support authenticated user interactions have a password recovery feature. Usually they will email the password reset link through which you can easily recover your account by typing ...
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2answers
301 views

Registration Password

Is it best to create an application that allows a user to sign up with username and email at the beginning and password once you click the generated email sent to you or should the password entering ...
1
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1answer
132 views

How does an attacker authenticate to a service using just the hash of the user (after performing a pth attack)

Let's say the attacker got the username and the password's hash. How can he use it when authenticating to some service in its domain with NTLM , for example? How can he send the request as the ...
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0answers
49 views

Does whosthere.exe of pth toolkit have to run with administrative rights?

To see the users that are connected to the machine and they're pass hashes with Whosthere.exe, do I have to run it as an administrator?
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1answer
48 views

How does LM hash deal with passwords that are between 8 and 13 chars

If its 14 then it splits it to 7&7, but how about 13 characters? 7&6? How does it work?
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4answers
199 views

How do big companies and wealthy people secure their information? And how can I secure mine?

I've recently had some success and traffic increase with an online business I own and due to that someone has hacked my domain email and twitter accounts. My bank password is the same and I just ...
2
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4answers
305 views

How does a system authenticate a user using a hash function, after it has been salted?

I don't really understand how salting works. I read the Wikipedia article, but I still don't understand how can a system authenticate a salted hash? Let's say a user chooses a password. It's randomly ...
0
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1answer
128 views

What are common problems that reveal PHP code? [closed]

What is the best method for securing PHP scripts that contain database passwords? From what I've read, PHP can be revealed when an error occurs and is not caught. Is there any way to reveal PHP by ...
3
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4answers
356 views

True?: “Nearly all encrypted passwords are stored with the last character in clear text”?

[S]ome passwords are gleaned by hacking into computers where intruders can find stored passwords. Those are stored in encrypted form, but there's software that can attack the encryption. Nearly ...
3
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4answers
279 views

When and where do I hash a password?

Say I have a client and a server. I want the user with the client to login to the server with a username and password combination. To login, they have to enter the right password which (when hashed) ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Webpage sent me my password in clear text can it be secure? [duplicate]

I registered for a webpage years ago and have been using it without issues, today I made some changes to my account and they sent me an email containing my username and password in clear text. I ...
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1answer
167 views

FIPS 140-2 C# Password Hash

Is the following algorithm, using RNGCryptoServiceProvider & Rfc2898DeriveBytes, sufficient to implement a FIPS 140-2 password hash on Windows Server 2008R2? var provider = new ...
3
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2answers
139 views

Why use PBKDF2 over multiple iterations of a another cryptographic hash function?

People often recommend PBKDF2 over using hash functions directly, but typically they compare PBKDF2 to a single unsalted hash. What advatages are there to using PBKDF2 over multiple iterations of a ...
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3answers
266 views

What are the possible rules to identify password sharing- to prevent fraud

I am trying to build correlation/ potential red flag rules to detect if passwords are being shared or stolen... the primary driver for this is guidance from our compliance team, that much of our ...
2
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2answers
292 views

Is this password generator safe?

128-bit entropy is required http://nxtra.org/nxt-client/js/passphrasegenerator.js With all new browsers (Chrome, Firefox, IE 11) it uses crypto.getRandomValues which should be safe, but with IE 10 ...
15
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1answer
1k views

Why does Facebook bother comparing old and new passwords?

An answer to this question says Facebook generates a bunch of password guesses to see if they hash the same as a previous version of the password. Why bother? If a service forces every password to ...
3
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1answer
174 views

Safe ways to store passwords without hashing them

I'm working on an email client for Windows, and to send emails, my application needs to have the email address and the password of that email address. When the user gives his password, I store it ...
116
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5answers
11k views

Does Facebook store plain-text passwords?

I was about to reset my Facebook password and got this error: Your new password is too similar to your current password. Please try another password. I assumed that Facebook stores only password ...
3
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1answer
179 views

File Vault 1 password from memory dump

I have a osx 10.9 machine with a File Vault1 encrypted user partition. I would like to remove the encryption, but I don't remember the "master key" which is the only way to remove encryption ...
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2answers
101 views

If P=NP, what is still cryptographically secure? [duplicate]

I know, I know - "If P=NP" is a really large, high-impact assumption. But this is a hypothetical. I mean, clearly RSA (and similar methods of obfuscation) would likely become totally irrelevant - or ...
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2answers
1k views

Hydra https-form-post

I have never experimented much with online password crackers. I attempted to use Hydra today on this website www.athena2.harker.org and I keep getting false positives. This is what I have done so ...
2
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1answer
187 views

Passwordless login over email - security considerations

I'm proposing the use of a login system that sends a one-time login token (with high entropy) via email to the user. After using the token, the user receives another token via email and the previous ...
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2answers
81 views

Logging in after password reset email sent (but not acted on)

Should a user be allowed to request a password reset email and then log in (i.e. disregarding the reset email and using their existing password) or should the current account be locked until the ...
4
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2answers
109 views

Should I set different passwords for different Wi-Fi bands?

My new router supports both the 2.4 and the 5 Ghz bands, and it obviously allows me to set a different password for each of them. Now, since cracking just one of the two means that the attacker would ...
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4answers
269 views

Relationship of password strength and key strength

I have just started educating myself about cryptography, and while it is mostly making sense, a few things are still eluding me. One being: In systems that take a user's pass-word/-phrase in order to ...
2
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2answers
213 views

What are the benefits to a two-page login system for a webapp?

I have noticed many website going to a two-page (not two-factor) login system - where you enter your username on page 1 and click submit, and then enter your password on page two and click submit. ...
10
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1answer
399 views

Is the Litecoin Scrypt hashing technique a threat to hashed passwords?

The Bitcoin alternative, Litecoin uses a different algorithm to protect the block chain, namely Scrypt (not Sha256). Given that GPU accelerators exists, and ASICS are due to be released, does the ...
15
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3answers
510 views

Storing passwords in reversible form - a genuine use-case

What's wrong with you, you crazy fool, you're not supposed to be able to retrieve a password in plain text! I know. Hear me out. Assume I've got a service that's similar to Mint.com. For those that ...
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3answers
121 views

Are some passwords more vulnerable to password crackers?

Suppose I have a password made of n alphabetic characters. An attacker is given the hashed password and will attempt a brute force attack on cracking it. I can envision a naive password cracker ...
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2answers
169 views

Storing database password in application

Let's say my application connects to my database. This requires me to have the username and database in my config as follows: postgresql://scott:tiger@localhost/mydatabase I have an automated ...
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0answers
134 views

entropy of FIPS-181 automated password generator

From wikipedia article on password strength: NIST recommends 80-bits for the most secure passwords Is there any estimation of entropy for FIPS-181 automated password generator? Recommended ...
3
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2answers
170 views

How does my bank knows my second and forth chars of my password [duplicate]

I see that the new login mechanism used by some banks in UK and also used by visa debit authentication is to ask for three random characters from your password at login (for example second, ninth and ...
4
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1answer
106 views

Why is it bad encrypt to with plain passwords as encryption key?

It's my understanding that using "normal" passwords, such as an easy to remember sentence, is bad practice. Is that because such a string will not be random enough, or something else? From Ruby's ...
3
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3answers
183 views

How is a “commonly used password” determined?

When I try to create a virtual machine on Azure, and use the password P@ssw0rd I get an error message saying The password you provided is too common. Now, from my basic understanding, a provider ...