Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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1answer
90 views

LastPass website requests Master Password when creating the account

When I wanted to tryout out LastPass today, I was stunned that the webpage form for creating the account at LastPass actually requested the "Master Password", which is the same "Master Password" that ...
37
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6answers
10k views

Somebody hacked my router and changed my wifi SSID

One of my neighbours hacked the password of my router and he uses my limited internet package. I change the wifi SSID almost daily, but he can hack it easily. Today, he changed the SSID to a hate ...
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4answers
209 views

How different should passwords be?

It seems to be generally accepted the same password should not be used for different sites or devices. How different should passwords be? For example +_^gum<JW1 and +_^gum<JW2 are very similar. ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it safe to generate passwords online?

I usually generate strong passwords using various online tools. Some time ago I mentioned it to a friend of mine and he was shocked that I do such dangerous thing. Is it really so unsafe to generate ...
6
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2answers
124 views

If no maximum length is placed on a password, can't collisions occur?

As I was thinking about storing password hashes in a database, it dawned on me that there might be hash collisions if there is no set maximum length for the password being hashed. My understanding is ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Key stretching a hash

If I implement a function which hashes the first half of my password with MD5 and the second half with SHA-2 and MD5, is there a security issue when I put these two hashes together to create a 64 ...
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3answers
515 views

Need a word-list generator from a few words and numbers

I have an old rar backup and I am trying to recover the password. I remember the words in the password, but I usually add some numbers and cap some characters (don't know which ones though). I have ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Is using the same password for multiple TrueCrypted volumes safe?

I want to use TrueCrypt for encrypting multiple disk volumes. Assume I use the default cryptographic algorithm (AES) and hash algorithm (RIPEMD-160) and that nobody can get my passwords through ...
7
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1answer
2k views

“No password hashes loaded” John does not recognise my hashes

I am trying to learn how john works. I made a password-protected rar archive, and written that password inside a file named pass.txt. I used rar2john to build the hash: # more test.hash ...
28
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6answers
10k views

Is AES encrypting a password with itself more secure than SHA1?

This isn't really a practical question, but more a question of curiosity. I heard a CS professor recommend stepping up from md5ing passwords not to SHA1, but to AES encrypting the password using ...
11
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8answers
265 views

How to choose a password that I have to remember for a long time but do not use a lot

I have a scenario where I have to remember a password / keyphrase, which I will not be able to recover if I forget it, for a long time (probably more than 10 years). The problem is because this ...
14
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6answers
2k views

Is this login security enough?

I'm coming up with my next login system for admins of an e-commerce website, which will have this: login form is SSL secured password is converted to SHA-256 before being transmitted (bcrypt is too ...
5
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1answer
168 views

Is keepass random password generator fully secure and trustworthy?

Am I safe using keepass for generating passwords? For example my accounts, am I safe using a keepass generated password? Could my future keepass master-keys be safely generated in keepass? What method ...
5
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2answers
903 views

Docker containers, environment variables, and databases

Environment variables (set with -e) in Docker containers are available to every linked container. Consider a typical use case, a database. The official MySQL image gives this example command: docker ...
-9
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1answer
194 views

Can you decrypt this encrypted password? [duplicate]

I'm coding a social network so I need to get serious about security as people will be sharing personal information on my site. Can you decrypt this encrypted password? ...
8
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2answers
797 views

ProtonMail security concerns

This TED talk brought me here. First of all, to those who created ProtonMail: Nice job!!. Regardless of what people say, it's definitely a big step forward from tradition options like Hotmail, Gmail ...
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4answers
1k views

Does an *additional* company-wide password offer any real security?

So, let's say a company has what could be referred to as an "access key". Each user has their own username and password, and there is an additional company-wide access key that people must input with ...
5
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4answers
249 views

Password guessing: Is it more effective to try many passwords against a few accounts or a few (very common) passwords against many accounts?

I was watching a security vid on Irongeek the other day (I immediately lost track of which specific vid, unfortunately) where the creator gave some interesting advice about doing live password ...
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0answers
16 views

How to store shared passwords? [duplicate]

Sometimes it's needed to have shared passwords because the work is done by teams. Let's not get to ssh-key login, we are talking about passwords. Question: How to store shared passwords securely in ...
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4answers
2k views

Hashing passwords and dealing with duplicates

Currently my project still uses MD5 hashing to encrypt passwords. Yeah, I know. I'm planning to update the password system to use the newer password_hash and password_verify functions in PHP, which ...
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4answers
252 views

Complex password rules - is there any sense?

Let us assume that our system is well designed and it limits the amount of login errors so that brute force attach on the user interface is not possible. Say after 5 failed logins for an account the ...
0
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2answers
78 views

Need to protect passwords (or 1fa) in the context of 2fa

I am trying to get some clarity on this. I am not looking at personal or risk mgmt perspectives. Why do we need to protect passwords (or 1st factor) in the context of 2fa (or multi factor ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Strength of variable-length generated password

I am contributing to the Word Sequencer plugin for KeePass password manager, which can generate diceware-style passwords using a high-quality PRNG. Something in particular I'm working on is estimating ...
20
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7answers
1k views

At what length does a password stop making sense?

I'm going to recommend that our users start using a password manager and start creating strong random passwords. Though I don't know what size of a password to recommend. Is it possible for a ...
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3answers
6k views

I don't see how “-salt” in the openssl command line tool enhances security at all

I do this to encrypt a single file: openssl aes-256-cbc -a -salt -in file.txt -out file.enc and then type in some regular plaintext password. I do not understand how -salt enhances the security of ...
0
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1answer
425 views

Is there a FIPS 181 like standard for random password generation with alphanumerical seed?

NIST recommends FIPS 181 as a random password generator for "easy to remember" passwords. As far as I understand the standard: it will generate a password that is lowercase, and with some ...
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4answers
2k views

Is it safer to ssh as a privileged user than to ssh and sudo?

I came across this old paper, discussing the possibility of password length information being disclosed when usin SSH: Timing Analysis of Keystrokes and Timing Attacks on SSH. The paper has been ...
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5answers
3k views

How can I help catch an email scammer who is contacting me?

My friend's GMail account was recently hacked and the perpetrator sent out one of those classic "help I was mugged, I need money" style e-mails. (Edit: I know it's legit; my friend called me to tell ...
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0answers
172 views

Securely storing users PIN on Android with fingerprint authentication

I am have an Android app where the user can enter a pin specific to a particular phone to save them entering the full password. I'm now looking at the new fingerprint reader API on Android M where I ...
4
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2answers
713 views

I tried to break my WiFi: is 8 uppercase letter strong enough?

My Wi-Fi WPA-PSK password looked pretty weak: 8 uppercase letter. I have checked with another router from the same provider and the pattern is the same. To see how weak this is I tried to hack it ...
12
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5answers
7k views

Is it okay for API secret to be stored in plain text or decrypt-able?

Aren't API keys considered usernames and API secrets considered passwords? Why is it that API servers like Amazon Web Services allow you to view your API secret in plain text? It makes me think they ...
1
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1answer
204 views

Hiding database passwords for classic ASP connection strings

Looking at some old classic ASP sites which could do with a bit of tightening up. The SQL server database connection string has the password in clear text within an include file on the server. ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Software activation “by phone” [closed]

I'm a software developer, and I would like to protect my application in an offline way, like many software do activating by phone. Following a screenshot taken from google images on what I would like ...
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2answers
145 views

How can a weak root password be compromised?

I use ubuntu for personal computing. I've read an advice in many questions here to have a strong root password. I don't understand what's wrong with a weak root password. After all we have to type ...
12
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1answer
884 views

Is Rfc2898DeriveBytes using HMAC SHA1 still considered “secure enough” for hashing passwords?

I've been told by a CISSP that the .NET class Rfc2898DeriveBytes would not pass a security audit today because it still uses SHA1. It's reliance on SHA1 - even with the iterations - leaves it too ...
3
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3answers
107 views

how is strength of password calculated from standard keyboard patterns?

In password strength calculator is there an algorithm to determine the keyboard pattern? there could be thousands if not millions of patterns that could be generated with a standard qwerty keyboard. ...
347
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11answers
42k views

Is my developer's home-brew password security right or wrong, and why?

A developer, let's call him 'Dave', insists on using home-brew scripts for password security. See Dave's proposal below. His team spent months adopting an industry standard protocol using Bcrypt. ...
9
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4answers
124k views

Wordlists on Kali Linux?

I notice that in /usr/share/wordlists in Kali Linux (former Backtrack) there are some lists. Are they used to bruteforce something? Is there specific list for specific kind of attacks?
0
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0answers
90 views

Hydra command for cracking a webpage which uses <span> tag for failed login attempts

I'm trying to for crack a simple webform for testing hydra in Kali. When the webpage encounters a wrong username and password combination it pops up a message using the following html code:: ...
31
votes
4answers
6k views

What should be used as a salt?

I always hear that it is best to use salts on top of stored passwords, which then somehow gets concatenated and hashed afterwards. But I don't know what to use as a the salt. What would be a good ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Why is a bad idea to use a common password form?

I've heard that its a bad idea to create passwords based on a common form such as random letters appended with the start of a websites domain name. So for example a password to gmail might be ...
2
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1answer
126 views

How to store client login credentials?

My company has to constantly connect to remote server where there are numerous way to access, often via vpn and remote desktop connections, as well as SQL servers. There are over 50 clients that this ...
0
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2answers
9k views

Hydra https-form-post [closed]

I have never experimented much with online password crackers. I attempted to use Hydra today on this website www.athena2.harker.org and I keep getting false positives. This is what I have done so ...
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2answers
32 views

Rembering password on client (not database) [closed]

I am trying to implement the capability for my program (C++) to remember a user/password combination, so the user does not need to type it in again. Is there a secure way for my program to store ...
2
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3answers
161 views

I have moved to OSX; what is the best way to self manage passwords?

I am going to go ahead and say that I have to trust at some level, therefore I choosing to trust first parties (Apple/Microsoft/etc) for the sake of this question. I used to use KeePass (database ...
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2answers
129 views

Password Reset URL forwarding

If a previously registered user clicks on the password reset button during login, I want to send them an email with a reset password link. I have three queries: How to add an expiry date to the ...
13
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2answers
325 views

Why is OpenID considered secure when password reuse is not?

OpenID allows you to use your e.g. Google/Facebook/Microsoft account to log into a third party website. It can be used to log into Stack Exchange. Why is this considered an acceptable practice, ...
2
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3answers
193 views

I didn't wipe my hard drive before I sold it. How would a criminal take advantage?

I just sold a Mac Mini, and I erased/formatted the hard drive before I turned it over, but I didn't wipe it securely (not wise, I know). How would a criminal take advantage of this fact? What is the ...
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5answers
427 views

Two passwords provide better security than two-factor authentication?

While evaluating 1Password's new Teams service, I noticed rather curious absence of support for multifactor authentication. When asked about the lack of MFA, they replied: We use an Account Key ...
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6answers
3k views

Do spaces in a passphrase really add any more security/entropy?

I often see passphrase suggestions written as a sentence, with spaces. In that format are they more susceptible to a dictionary attack because each word is on it's own as opposed to a large unbroken ...