Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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2
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1answer
73 views

How much does knowing the zxcvbn password strength help an attacker?

On an answer to the question How critical is it to keep your password length secret?, Mike Ounsworth commented that by storing the zxcvbn-calculated entropy of a password you make it easier for an ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How does a password authentication over a TCP protocol actually work?

When coming up with a password based login protocol, many solutions come in mind: User sends password in plain text. Compute hash on Server, compare to hash in database. - Bad because attacker can ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Where to store hashes, salts, keys in Desktop Applications

I am trying to figure out where or how i should store application secrets and keys inside a desktop application. For example a facebook app key or dropbox key and secret. So I've read that i should ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Secure database password stored in an env variable

I need to somewhere store my DB password on my production environment to access the DB. At the moment the prod system is deployed in the cloud, so is the DB. The password, the username and some other ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is it insecure to provide a hash of an AES password?

I have made some software that encrypts and decrypts files using AES. I was wondering if it is safe to write a hash of the password to the file so that the program can check if a password is correct. ...
24
votes
1answer
2k views

Facebook password lowercase and uppercase

Recently I logged into my Facebook account and then noticed that my caps lock was on. So I tried to log in again with and without capslock on. I got in both times. Then I tried to log in with the ...
4
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4answers
337 views

Best way to store/retrieve sensitive key files?

We have our web servers running in AWS EC2. We have about 30 API Keys/passwords/etc (sensitive data) which is set in the environment for our app to use. Whenever we deploy, we start a new server ...
-2
votes
1answer
50 views

Is a ZIP file password easy to break? [duplicate]

I thought that ZIP file passwords were a fairly decent protection. I came across this video, that seems to indicate otherwise. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SqRSNuJSm4o [12 minutes view time] ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

Reset links in password expiration emails

Our organization is rolling out yearly password expiration to our 40,000+ users this fall and we have been socializing this change for some time now. However being such a large organization, our users ...
5
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4answers
440 views

Bad password policy at my bank

I logged in to my bank tonight and was prompted that all customers were being forced to change their passwords for "security reasons". The policy for new passwords is: 6 to 10 characters, no special ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Why should I include a client_id in an OAUTHv2 password grant request?

Like little red riding hood, you don't know who is knocking on the door... Why even bother accepting a client_id in case of a API <-> Javascript-website or API <-> Android App password grant ...
19
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4answers
3k views

How secure is Snowden's MargaretThatcheris110%SEXY password?

In an extra from Edward Snowden's interview with John Oliver, Snowdon advises that a good password to use is one such as MargaretThatcheris110%SEXY.. Also, on the Errata Security blog, Robert Graham ...
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1answer
62 views

Make really personalised wordlist file

i want to make a really customised wordfile with: 4 letters first + 2 numbers example: divo11 or yeve11 And not like this: p0oiw1 or u4hf3e This wordfile is really important. How can I do it?
6
votes
1answer
245 views

Any problems with scrypt yet?

In the question Do any security experts recommend bcrypt for password storage? Thomas Pornin recommends the hashing function scrypt but saying it is "too new to be recommended on a general basis". ...
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0answers
25 views

run runas in a shell [migrated]

I'm playing with a Windows 7 VM that I own. I started a reverse shell with ncat as listener. I can run commands except runas. Whenever I try to switch to another user I got prompted for the password ...
5
votes
5answers
567 views

How much is the entropy of a randomly generated password reduced if I regenerate until I get a password I like? [duplicate]

In many of the answers and comments on the well-known XKCD #936: Short complex password, or long dictionary passphrase? question, the importance was stressed of generating the password randomly, and ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Essential things to think about before outsourcing authentication with OpenID, OAuth, or SAML

It's clear there there is no consistent set of features among any of the popular authentication providers. Below is an attempt to aggregate the similarities and differences I've noticed, but I ...
29
votes
7answers
4k views

Do non-keyboard characters make my password less susceptible to brute forcing?

I can put characters in my password for which there are no keys on a keyboard. On Windows, Alt+#### (with the numpad) inserts the character for whatever code you type in. When I put this in a ...
7
votes
2answers
364 views

ProtonMail security concerns

This TED talk brought me here. First of all, to those who created ProtonMail: Nice job!!. Regardless of what people say, it's definitely a big step forward from tradition options like Hotmail, Gmail ...
9
votes
4answers
7k views

How do online accounts get hacked?

How does your typical users run-of-the-mill Facebook/twitter/gmail/AIM/etc account get hacked? Is it simply a matter of a weak password? Are they typically the victim of phishing or other social ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How to securely derive a second password specific to an user

I'm giving each of my users an unique Blocktrail wallet that is protected by two API keys (which the server knows) and one passphrase (unique to each wallet). I want the wallet's passphrase to be ...
80
votes
11answers
12k views

How critical is it to keep your password length secret?

Is keeping your password length secret critical to security? Does someone knowing that you have a password length of say 17 make the password drastically easier to brute force?
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Is Django's approach to password reset tokens secure?

I am implementing a password reset feature for a web application and am contemplating adopting an implementation similar to Django. In a nutshell, Django creates a token who is comprised of a ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

WifiPhisher not creating a fake access point

I recently came to know about WifiPhisher. To test it, I set up an access point using my Windows laptop and tried to obtain its password using this tool in my Ubuntu machine. So, when I run the ...
4
votes
3answers
508 views

Encrypted files storage. How to simplify the password management scheme?

It's probably dublicate but I can't figure out the correct keywords for search. You can help by just telling me those words, I'm rather good with Google :) I want to develop somewhat like file ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

How to detect a database leak

Website keep getting hacked every day and every now and then we hear website owners react and tell "affected users that their password might had been compromised". Most sites that disclose such leaks ...
7
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3answers
2k views

How are leaked government credentials possible and what's the point?

In the wake of all these leaked/stolen/hacked government login/passwords being stolen it got me thinking. How is the leaking of these passwords even possible? Or are they of any real use? Aren't all ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Save Password length after hash to minimize calculation

Reading this topic How critical is it to keep your password length secret? following scenario comes to my mind: Assume I've a web application (PHP written using password_hash()) using salted password ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Bash scripting and password input

I am writing a bash script and prompt the user for his password. This password is supplied for either a local or domain account to query a MS SQL Server (using sqsh and freetds). How secure is the ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Dump linux password in clear text

Is it possible to dump a Linux password in clear text format? In Windows it is possible to do so using "Windows Credential Editor".
20
votes
4answers
3k views

How is Gmail susceptible to brute-force attacks?

In the Atlantic article "Hacked!" it says: My wife’s password was judged as “strong” when she first chose it for use with Gmail. But it was a combination of two short English words followed by ...
0
votes
2answers
213 views

Do WiFi passwords remain accessible significantly after logging in?

"... they'll go to the taskbar and look at the properties of the WiFi router to get the password." is a quote from another question on this site, and is in the context of WiFi passwords. The ...
2
votes
2answers
204 views

My Virgin Media account password is visible in plaintext to call center staff. What do I do?

Whilst on the phone to support staff (about billing) to Virgin Media, perhaps the largest ISP and telecoms company in the UK, I was asked to confirm my password over the phone. I asked the advisor ...
7
votes
2answers
257 views

Odd password scrambling algorithm

I'm researching an application that has password scrambling algorithm that I've not seen before. I generated a few passwords (the max. length allowed is 8 chars), and got the following results: ...
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0answers
25 views

Best practices to store user credential on a SaaS webapp

What are all the basic best practices to store user informations on a database for a SaaS web application? I mean basically two things: usernames and passwords. that's it. Seems simple but I know ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Password security when connecting to ldap with rails application

How do you store a username/password securely in a rails app when using it for many ldap searches? The connection in the app requires ldap_bind_authenticate(Net::LDAP.new, username, password) ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What are the pros and cons of using sha256 to hash a password before passing it to bcrypt?

My apologies if this has already been asked. I recently became aware of the fact that bcrypt truncates passwords to 72 characters. Practically speaking my intuition is that this does not pose any ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

How secure is a password app that stores both the password and two factor secret in one place?

Take for example 1Password, that now can store your password and one time password secret in a single place (your 1Password vault). I know it isn't truly two-factor anymore, but how much better is it ...
31
votes
6answers
3k views

Does verifying identity by positions in passwords mean passwords are stored unhashed? [duplicate]

If authentication occurs by asking the user for the characters at certain positions in the password (such as: give the 3rd and 7th character in the password), does this imply that passwords are stored ...
2
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3answers
134 views

How secure are “pattern” passwords?

I was watching a TED Talk about password security recently which covers quite a few different types of passwords and compares how secure they are and how easy they can be remembered. One type of ...
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vote
2answers
72 views

Is it Safe to Send an Invalid Password Back to the Client?

It is common for websites to remember the username input value after an invalid login attempt but not the password input value. Take SE for instance. When I attempt to login with an invalid password: ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

SIP Provider stores credentials, is it required for some SIP phones?

My SIP provider stores my SIP call time password as AES encrypted in stead of hashed. I understand that SIP authentication has the capability to NOT store the password, and in stead store a ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Gnome-keyring iteration count location

I know that Gnome-keyring hashes master password between 1000 and 2000 times. It picks random number. I would like to ask where does it save this number, what is the location of that file? As far as I ...
3
votes
3answers
165 views

Why do so many banks have relatively weak e-banking security? [closed]

I follow a few infosec-related Twitter personalities: Paul Moore, Taylor Swift, Troy Hunt are the main 3. Paul Moore is currently in the process of switching banks, frequently tweeting and retweeting ...
13
votes
5answers
22k views

How secure is WD MyPassport lock

I have a WD My Passport hard drive. There is an option that allows you to lock your hard drive with a password. How secure is this lock? They don't give details about the encryption algorith or the ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Password reset with lost email functionality

I have searched and viewed most of the other questions and answers about implementing forgot password functionality on a website. However, we have a unique situation. When a user registers an account ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Should I show the security answer when the user goes back to edit the field?

So when a user signs up to create an account, they are required to select select questions and enter security answers. Once they do that, they can proceed forward to a review page that shows them the ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Is hashed password safe if salt and key are stored with the hash

I am trying to hash the password using SHA256 with random salt and random key in php and storing back hash value with salt and key used. I want to know does this provide adequate safety? The ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Line Length Exception in hashcat

I'm very new to cracking a password so sorry if I sound stupid. I am trying to get my admin password from my second PC (I lost it). I did find the SAM file with kali linux and with bkhive and samdump ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Saving username and pasword inside SQL

I am currently managing a network of around 100 PCs. Many users have different mails/usernames and passwords for different services like login to PC, mail, local applications, ... When an application ...