Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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My identity was stolen [on hold]

My identity was stolen by ex employer - that is email passwords etc. Using my email account emails were sent to people I had no idea of when away from my computer. Now a company worth billions is ...
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2answers
422 views
+50

Concrete figures on password cracking in the wild

While password guessing is a science, not every attacker out there is up-to-date with the latest advances or cares to invest in GPUs or FPGAs. It's easy enough to test online password guessing ...
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4answers
64 views

Is secondary password (e.g.: pin) necessary?

I find some cases (especially in online games) that a software or website asks users to enter an additional password, such as 4 or 6 digit pin numbers, in addition to their original password. Most of ...
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2answers
92 views

How much do unusual characters in passwords help?

If I use a system that allows all Unicode characters or a similarly large space for passwords, how much would using an unusual character help in practice (for example, ࡀ ,which I found under Mandaic ...
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5answers
450 views

What if I develop my own hash algorithm to create strong passwords from easy ones?

I came up with this idea but I cant figure out if it's good or bad, maybe you can help. My goal is: I want to create extremely strong passwords for my main accounts (gmail, skype and so on). I want to ...
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2answers
92 views

John the Ripper not identifying a password contained in the username?

I have uploaded a screenshot of what exactly is going on, here: http://i.imgur.com/bJSv7C8.png I can see that single-crack mode includes a rule that looks at the username, and "slices" it to identify ...
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2answers
80 views

Why do web users still use password manglers though password is sent in ciphertext

There are many variations of password manglers. An example would be Hash( user password + secret key + domain site ) During website login authentication , passwords are sent in ciphertext from ...
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4answers
293 views

Decentralised password recovery

Are there good/established techniques for password/key recovery in situations without a centralised service? (Anything goes, but I'd prefer solutions that distribute the recovery information across ...
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3answers
236 views

Cracking passwords after a pattern with John

So I am trying to find out how easy it is to crack a password using some great Linux tools. We all know about John as a password cracker and how great it is. But how about specifying a pattern. ...
2
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1answer
41 views

SIP Provider stores credentials, is it required for some SIP phones?

My SIP provider stores my SIP call time password as AES encrypted in stead of hashed. I understand that SIP authentication has the capability to NOT store the password, and in stead store a ...
0
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1answer
108 views

Good password hashing algorithm compatible with PHP and Linux apps

I'm looking for a password hash method for a new server system. The hashes must be generated from PHP code and verified from PHP as well as by a number of applications on a Linux system. I know that ...
8
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2answers
127 views

What concrete parameters can I change to make my passphrase-protected private gpg key more secure

There are several questions which discuss the resistance of passphrase-protected private gpg keys against brute force attacks. It seems, this kind of discussion could go on forever. Rather than ...
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1answer
134 views

Best Practices for Security Questions

When a website asks me to enter security questions in addition to a password what is best practice on my part? This often happens with banks and other institutions but I see it less with other ...
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1answer
28 views

Gnome-keyring iteration count location

I know that Gnome-keyring hashes master password between 1000 and 2000 times. It picks random number. I would like to ask where does it save this number, what is the location of that file? As far as I ...
19
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5answers
3k views

Does too long a salt reduce the security of a stored password hash?

Suppose we have passwords that are statistically 7-8 characters long. Is appending a 200 character long salt less secure than a 5 character salt, because of the similar hash function inputs? I was ...
3
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2answers
142 views

Best way to store/retrieve sensitive key files?

We have our web servers running in AWS EC2. We have about 30 API Keys/passwords/etc (sensitive data) which is set in the environment for our app to use. Whenever we deploy, we start a new server ...
281
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4answers
83k views

Do any security experts recommend bcrypt for password storage?

On the surface bcrypt, an 11 year old security algorithm designed for hashing passwords by Niels Provos and David Mazieres, which is based on the initialization function used in the NIST approved ...
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1answer
31 views

Best practices for usefully storing two factor authentication backup codes?

For a lot of web services offering two factor authentication, after setting up the system, you are given a short list of backup codes (one-time pads) that are around 7-10 characters long. These are ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Request for Google Password for Calendar Updates

A website that I trust (Delta Airlines) offers a link to add flight information to Google Calendar; that link opens a window asking for my Google login and password. Based on the advice in a similar ...
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1answer
808 views

How secure is automatic authentication in Skype?

How secure is checking the automatic authentication option in Skype client? What if I sign in with Microsoft account instead of Skype id? What if both accounts are merged? Is there any documentation ...
4
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1answer
169 views

Does password-hashing “busy-work” need to be cryptographically secure

All modern password hashing schemes are deliberately designed to include a huge amount of "busy-work", to limit the speed with which an attacker would be able to conduct password hashing attempts. ...
0
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1answer
86 views

Things to remember while building a password manager [closed]

I want to build a simple password manager for desktop whose sole purpose is to store the passwords that can be read by the user as and when required. I am not considering any fancy features such as ...
26
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4answers
11k views

Standards for encrypting passwords in configuration files?

My workplace has a standard that plaintext passwords are not allowed in application configuration files. This makes enough sense on its face, in case someone gets access to the config files they ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Reverse Engineer this basic Hash using known answer?

Little background: I forgot one of my CCTV accounts password, so used the admin account to create a new one. However I can't access the old one as it's not possible to change a user account password, ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Please help clarify password hashing - salted, multiple iterations of MD5 vs bcrypt/sha2, etc [duplicate]

I was reading an article about the Ars Technica hack here and had a couple of questions. The commenter said: "PHPass uses salted and iterated MD5 to hash passwords" My question is that if I were ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Passwords propagation, Password Trend and Word Generator in Human Mind

Some passwords like "123456", "admin" are outrageously popular, so are the leet transformations and concatenation of digits. The users seem to pick up the password suggestions or just copy the ...
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4answers
2k views

Is sending plaintext passwords to a SQL Server database a security risk?

I have a database which has stored procedures which take plaintext passwords. It hashes them and inserts them into the DB. If an attacker has access to the DB connection, it is possible to intercept ...
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1answer
80 views

Is there a FIPS 181 like standard for random password generation with alphanumerical seed?

NIST recommends FIPS 181 as a random password generator for "easy to remember" passwords. As far as I understand the standard: it will generate a password that is lowercase, and with some ...
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1answer
245 views

entropy of FIPS-181 automated password generator

From wikipedia article on password strength: NIST recommends 80-bits for the most secure passwords Is there any estimation of entropy for FIPS-181 automated password generator? Recommended ...
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4answers
200 views

Using a password manager vs manual

was wondering, who still uses the traditional method of storing passwords (in envelope) in an actual physical safebox vs modern methods like password managers? what are the pros and cons of each ...
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6answers
26k views

Password Hashing add salt + pepper or is salt enough?

Please Note: I'm aware that the proper method for secure password storage hashing is either scrypt or bcrypt. This question isn't for implementation in actual software, it's for my own understanding. ...
292
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11answers
52k views

How to securely hash passwords?

If I hash passwords before storing them in my database, is that sufficient to prevent them being recovered by anyone? I should point out that this relates only to retrieval directly from the ...
0
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2answers
68 views

guidelines for password managers

I use Lastpass and I'm testing out other password managers in order to set policy for organizational use. Depending on settings, I've found that these programs can automatically send your password ...
3
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4answers
1k views

sniff SSH password on the server

Is it possible on the server to log the password encoded by the remote user inside a log. I want to make a honeypot to see the type of user/password used.
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0answers
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Rainbow Tables: Why do we need to store the last value of a chain?

Surely we could just make it so a rainbow table says for each beginning of chain do 10k iterations, and then we wouldn't have to store both values? Or does by doing it this way stop collisions?
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3answers
305 views

Method to integrate Touch ID in iOS apps

With the recent announcement of Touch ID APIs for third party apps, I am wondering how can we leverage this feature to perform secure transaction ? I am looking for a method to use Touch ID in my ...
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2answers
39 views

How to avoid referer information leakage during password reset

Most password reset systems involve emailing the user a one-time link that lets them reset their password. The token needs to be in the URL, as most email clients do not allow HTML emails to perform ...
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2answers
832 views

Distance between two passwords

It is known that people reuse their passwords across different sites. The reuse can be done in two ways: using exactly same password for two different sites, slight modifying the password of one ...
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2answers
238 views

Has a plaintext password ever been used in a court of law as evidence to a crime?

Regardless of how the password was obtained (decryption, bad hashing, confession): Are there any prior known cases where the contents of the password was used to prove motive or guilt? Or, looking ...
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2answers
39 views

What is the severity if someone read the ConnectionStrings_Prod.config?

I was doing an (authorized) pen test in a website and the programmer did a big mistake and I was able to read any file. So I read the web.config and see the password for database was in ...
3
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1answer
703 views

what is a valid challenge for 2 factor authentication?

When designing password reset process: 1- Is a an email address or an assigned username a valid piece of information ( identifier) to ask for in two factor authentication? 2- How does two factor ...
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6answers
2k views

Pronounceable Password Generator

I am currently looking for a password generator which produces pronounceable passwords. I have used this random password generator a few years ago to generate a 42 characters long password and found ...
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1answer
53 views

TLS/SSL and password transmission

I am still getting confused with security topics. At the moment the advantages and disadvantages of some of authentication methods are still not very clear. According to OWASP Authentication Cheat ...
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2answers
7k views

What should end-users do about Heartbleed?

What should one do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit? mainly talks about what people running websites should do about Heartbleed. What should end-users of websites be doing? Do they need to ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Is it possible to retrieve SSH v2 credentials in a username/password authentication scheme?

I'm currently analysing a compromised network(root access has been gained to a workstation and logs show that it has been used for port scanning and service brute forcing attacks on the remaining ...
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3answers
88 views

Creating user and safely sending password

Assuming I currently use a safe way to salt-challenge-response-authentication-method, passwords are stored secured and all. I now question myself - how do users set the password? Meaning, they enter ...
47
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12answers
8k views

What to do about websites that store plain text passwords

I recently received an email from a popular graduate job web site (prospects.ac.uk) that I haven't used in a while suggesting I use a new feature. It contained both my username and password in plain ...
15
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1answer
686 views

Linux /etc/shadow password change security

I wonder what happens what happens when I am changing my password on a Linux system. Basically all passwords are stored in a file called /etc/shadow or /etc/master.passwd in BSD-like systems as I do ...
0
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1answer
135 views

Can any App Store app access all of my passwords?

Whilst researching another question, I've noticed that on OS X 10.9.4 there are many instances of Library/Keychains/login.keychain from ~ within the Data folder of what looks like apps from Apple App ...
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3answers
3k views

Is LastPass' locally stored One-Time-Password recovery a security problem?

If you forget your LastPass master password then LastPass provides the possibility to recover access to your vault using a One-Time-Password (OTP) which is stored locally but is initially disabled. ...