Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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3
votes
2answers
2k views

Secure way to establish PHP database connections

I've read the advice (example: store them in php file in a location inaccessible as a URL) but can't help thinking there must be a better way of storing/accessing database credentials. Ideally it ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Security comparisons between two approaches: how to distinguish FUD from Substance? [closed]

Background: WorkerB and Tymac were discussing the pros-and-cons of using two different alternatives for extending a web content management system that is used in their company. Alternative one ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

A customers site had a big mysql injection attack on it, just want to learn from it

I created an online store for a friend of mine. I created a system that shoots me an email any time there is a database error, that way if it is a bug in my code I can identify it and fix it. The ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Is this Data Encryption/Storage Method Secure?

Let me first say that I know it is a bad idea to store sensitive information in a mysql database, so please don't respond by saying "DON'T DO IT" or something to that effect. I am building a website ...
7
votes
3answers
960 views

How dangerous is it to use CSS styles from an untrusted source?

I'm a moderator at a forum. We want to have a new style for the forum. We're thinking about announcing a competition to the users to come up with the best CSS design; we would adopt the best ...
1
vote
2answers
374 views

Remote File Injection in ARGS blocking form updating database

I am getting a page forbidden because mod_security blocks it with Remote File Injection in ARGS rule. How do I stop this apart from not including URLs in the form fields or removing the http:// ...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Are these two ways safe?

I have two scenarios and want to know if each is secure or which risk there are. Number One: If the User has the edit Link (edit/[md5hash]) he can edit a post. The editkey (the hash) is in an form ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

PHP - Serializing user inputs

My entropy gathering system works by serializing user inputs: $entropy=sha1(microtime().$pepper.$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'].$_SERVER['REMOTE_PORT']. ...
7
votes
1answer
582 views

Does HTTPS Encrypt PHP Arguments?

I am working on a web app that will need to have a secret key(s) passed from one server to another - I'll need to do this over PHP. Consider the following URL: ...
5
votes
3answers
656 views

How do I make SQL injection harder but not impossible?

I'm doing a CTF application for my final year project. I wanted to craft a SQL injection flag but I don't wish that they can simply found out the SQLi vulnerability by injecting ' . Hence, is there ...
1
vote
6answers
8k views

Use PHP to check uploaded image file for malware?

I want my users to be able to upload a photo. Currently I am not checking the uploaded photo for problems of any kind, although I do limit the size to 32k. Is there any way for me to check uploaded ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

User privileges for unsanatized code

We all know there are still vulnerable code out there even though they may or may not get exploited and found for hacking attempts. I've seen people do it countless times and have a possibly plausible ...
4
votes
1answer
374 views

Exploited by newbie3viLc063s

My debian server got exploited by some scriptiekiddie who used Newbie3viLc063 http://pastebin.com/jma8JRG1 . Scriptkiddie uploaded logo_php.png to my server (My permissions sucked :s) and he did run ...
1
vote
2answers
162 views

secure certain data on my webserver

I've developed a website where people add their sensitive data. Not credit cards, but lets say they share things about themselves which are private and it wouldn't be good if other people see that ...
4
votes
3answers
835 views

Secure login system - using sessions?

I'm looking for a secure way to let users login on my website. Currently, I've always used a session system, like this: <?php session_start(); if (validPass() || isset($_SESSION['userId'])) { ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Securely store two values per user in SQL

I have come across the need in my web app to store two values for each user. These values would need to be retrievable from a value stored in a URL. I would prefer to store neither of the values in ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Mark parts of strings as unsafe?

Is there a smooth way to mark unsafe parts of a string? i.e. for use in SQL. example in php: someFunction("safe text" . $unsafeVariable . "safe text" . $anotherUnsafeVariable); Is there a smooth way ...
3
votes
1answer
754 views

When checking a session variable to see if a user is logged in, is it enough to check to see if the variable is set?

When displaying a page with content only logged in users should see, I simply check if(isset($_SESSION['hasLoggedIn'])) { //show content } else { echo 'you must log in'; } In this article it ...
2
votes
1answer
441 views

XSS MySQL Database Accessible?

I'd like to know if there is any danger of someone being able to access the database via XSS vulnerabilities on this page. I have the following link. When you go to this link, the text I've enclosed ...
1
vote
2answers
483 views

How to stop a (malicious) endless loop

Few days ago someone tried to crack my site using a Remote File Inclusion attack. The attack was blocked by my Web Application Firewall, but I was curious about the file. So I downloaded it started to ...
2
votes
3answers
510 views

MySQL database access prevention

I am doing a PHP website for a client who deals with third party financial information, and he is concerned about the developmers (me) having access to all the information, which is obviously a valid ...
9
votes
3answers
13k views

Is it possible to execute a php script in an image file? [duplicate]

I have an image upload php website. Users can upload images to my website. A user claims he can hack my website using an uploaded image. I opened all the images that he uploaded to my server with ...
3
votes
3answers
638 views

Stop code injections into page code

I started a topic HERE on the stackoverflow site, but was refered here. I did get some info there, but think it need's more indepth input. So hopefuly people here can help. I have a few domains ...
18
votes
4answers
17k views

How to hijack a session?

Despite the blatant title of the question, this is actually for a genuine purpose. My site uses PHP code like this: $select="select id from tableA where user_id='".$_SESSION['sess_user_id']."'"; ...
0
votes
2answers
190 views

how to find injected code in SQL

Recently one of my sites is hacked. The hacker used SQL injection to compromise the security. After getting SQL access he injected code in many places in database. I cleaned up many of them. But I am ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Setting a limit on password recovery attempts

in a setting where one has forgotten their password, I'd like to be able to limit the attempts of entering in email addresses to something like 10. My first thought was to use a cookie. $attempts = ...
15
votes
3answers
17k views

Creating Secure PHP Sessions

I have already created and refined both registration and login systems, However I am lead to believe the tricky part comes when you are creating a session. As far as I know this is due to both ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Is $_SERVER[ ] a safe source of data in PHP?

Can I 100% rely on $_SERVER[] to be a safe source of data that I do not need to sanitized like I do $_GET[] and $_POST[]? Thanks. OVERVIEW OF RESPONSES: So it seems there is a consensus that some ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

ASP.net vs PHP security? [closed]

I have been told that generally speaking, asp.net web apps tend to be more secure than php, since asp.net has some automatic security measures, for example, by default it doesn't allow remote file ...
0
votes
1answer
489 views

Is it secure to use a custom written Php extension for handling + hashing (db) keys?

I'm designing the security of a new application and try to figure out what the best way is to store the keys of the mysql AES encryption in the file system. I've seen several options like store it ...
-2
votes
1answer
692 views

Admin area in my php website is vulnerable to sql injection without login [closed]

my website admin area is vulnerable to sql injection . I tried using havji and it hacked successfully to database. But how is this possible. without login it breaked into admin panel. ...
2
votes
4answers
578 views

When logging out of a website is anything else required then destroying the session?

In PHP, I'm not sure if I should start the session before destroying it when a user wants to log out. session_start(); session_destroy(); Is there anything else that needs to be done? EDIT: I ...
4
votes
4answers
903 views

Site constantly getting infected

I am the webmaster of some websites running Typo3, 2 of which are getting infected constantly. These 2 sites are being owned by the same client. Something happens on those 2 sites that causes ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

What are possible consequences for applications that depends on Safe Mode for security?

PHP finally removed safe_mode feature: Safe Mode Warning This feature has been DEPRECATED as of PHP 5.3.0 and REMOVED as of PHP 5.4.0. The PHP safe mode is an attempt to solve the ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

PHP attack string in access logs

So one of the Invision Power Board installations on my server was recently compromised. I found what seemed to be the attack (using PHP in the query string and carefully crafted cookies), and I ...
2
votes
2answers
822 views

how to bypass “header” in php

While reading an article I encounter an interesting thing I did not know about: if(!isset($_SESSION['usr_id']) || !isset($_SESSION['usr_name'])) { header('Location: index.php'); } ...Which ...
2
votes
2answers
574 views

How high is the entropy of this salt-generating code? (No code-reading actually necessary)

What is the best method? Assumption: I have a function that generates a number of medium-high entropy bytes Step1: I generate 3 of these medium-high entropy bytes. Step2: I hash these bytes using a ...
5
votes
1answer
366 views

Need to ephemerally store third-party password

One particular web service that I am writing interfaces with an API. Each API call requires the user's username and password to be sent, no state is maintained. Ideally, when using my web service the ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Site backdoor & eval()

I'm running a Joomla 1.7 site which was hacked today. Below script did the hack. ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Getting hmac_sha to work between Erlang and PHP

I am trying to get an implementation based on the AWS signed http request API to work between Erlang and PHP. But I can't get it to work. The core approach is that you constructed a canonical version ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

My site just got hit with a SQL injection attack, how can I tell what they were doing?

So a page on my site (it's a PHP page that displays newsletter articles) was vulnerable to SQL injection and got hit. I discovered it because it was doing enough database queries to cause the CPU load ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

CodeIgniter CSRF confusion

I have been working with CodeIgniter for about 3 weeks and am very well on the way to loving this framework. However I have been looking at the core code of the framework and I was reading over the ...
-1
votes
1answer
312 views

How Do Spammers Exploit Mailto Fields?

I was interested in finding out how spammers can target my Mailto link to send out spams. mailto:foo@domain.com?subject=foo Is it just a case of appending ?from=foo?to=victim1;victim2;victim3 to ...
-6
votes
2answers
605 views

PHP injection on 777 file [closed]

Some one has modified a PHP file, which had permissions set to 777, on my VPS server. How can someone do that without administrative access to the server? What information I can give you? I know ...
-1
votes
1answer
183 views

setting up website for logged in users, anyone, and files no one should see (via the web) [closed]

I asked how to prevent not logged in users from seeing certain content but the solution I chose to implement encountered a problem. I chose to make my root directory for the server C:\WAMP\www\public ...
3
votes
2answers
331 views

Fixing the high-bit problem in PHP's crypt() implementation

I'm working on a site that has to have compatibility with older versions of PHP, which suffer from a high-bit issue in the Blowfish crypt() implementation. Essentially, non-ASCII characters are not ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

aes cfb 128 decryption /encryption problem between Erlang and PHP

Update 2 - it works Thanks to Tom Leek for his answer. The CFB mode of mycrypt for Rijndael uses a 8-bit feedback loop and not a feedback loop the length of the key/iv. You have to force it to use ...
6
votes
7answers
3k views

Server compromised for 2nd time, cannot locate source of attack

I need some help tracing a vulnerability on my server. For the second time, my server has been compromised with files being replaced with virus-ridden downloads. According to the filesystem dates, ...
4
votes
3answers
185 views

SQLi-protection ORDER BY

What would be a good check to remove all possibility of SQL-injection on an ORDER BY col where col is an unsafe variable? I'm currently removing [^A-Za-z0-9_] from the string in php. Is this too ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What vulnerabilities in the OWASP Top 10 are relevant to WordPress?

I have been looking at the OWASP Top 10, and am wondering which of the top 10 security risks are relevant to a WordPress installation with various plugins installed? I know injections and XSS are ...