Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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7
votes
1answer
2k views

PHP crypt() trims the salt as it would be too long

I am using Blowfish with PHP crypt() for password hashing but I noticed something weird. Quoting PHP documentation: CRYPT_BLOWFISH - Blowfish hashing with a salt as follows: "$2a$", "$2x$" or ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Is it safe to invoke PHP GD functions if you don't know whether file is a valid image?

There is image upload function in web application. After image is uploaded, it's resized using functions from PHP GD like imagecopyresampled and others. Before invocation of PHP GD's functions there ...
1
vote
2answers
365 views

Strange Pharma Spam Site resulting from DAT file created by SQL Injection?

Working on cleaning up a site compromise for a client. Leaving aside that the site is using bunch of custom CodeIgniter code written by someone who had no concept of security, I've ran into a ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How to properly secure a $_GET in PHP?

I found an SQLi in a buddies work site. He reported it to his superiors and they allowed me to run additional tests and also patch the site. After reviewing the site, The vulnerable code was a $_GET. ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

Is it possibel to inject php code to roundcube errors log file via LFI vulnerability? [closed]

i tried to inject php code to roundcube errors log file, with no success. i think there is something filtering injected php code.
39
votes
3answers
3k views

Security Review - password_hash implementation for PHP

I'm currently working on a "helper function" for PHP's core to make password hashing more secure and easier for the majority of developers. Basically, the goal is to make it so easy, that it's harder ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Protecting against CSRF when a form is being submitted via an AJAX call

I'm using anti-CSRF tokens on all my forms to prevent CSRF attacks. Also, the tokens are being saved in the $_COOKIE variable to validate against the value I get from the form. I'm resetting the token ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

when to use nonce?

I have trouble understanding nonce. I read a very good answer related to nonce by @Thomas Pornin, but it is too complicated for me as I am new to cryptography. From what I know, nonce is used to ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

optimal way to salt password?

A good way to salt password? I have read a few answers related to salting password. But I started to get confused. I came across few functions people used to generate salt like: mcrypt_create_iv() ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Safe User Login Questions

I need help determining how safe the login is. First of all, I have been reading this: The Definitive Guide To Forms based Website Authentication It's really well written, great information most of ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Encrypting IP addresses in a MySQL database

I'd like to encrypt IP addresses in my MySQL database, with the following constraints: Does not need to be resistant to attackers that can execute queries. Must be resistant to attackers that have ...
2
votes
2answers
874 views

How to make a simple file integrity checker

I've seen many PHP file checker on the net. Basically they computes the sha hash of a requested file. Your PC queries periodically the script and alerts you if the returned hash changes. The problem ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Malicious php scripts in word press theme folder?

I am running a server on Ubuntu 10.04 running a word press website, and recently a virus scan revealed that I have several malicious scripts sitting in the word press folder. In particular they are in ...
2
votes
2answers
374 views

Is it a weakness to be able to see server side scripting?

Are languages such as Cold Fusion and PHP less secure because they are embedded in HTML which is sent to a client? Someone told me they are less secure because they lack abstraction. CLARIFICATION: ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to find and protect against the exploited vulnerability in a PHP application based on the logged URL?

I have been attacked on a shared host server and they said I should configure my own php.ini file properly. I have a little PHP/MySQL program with a registering function, a little admin site. ...
2
votes
2answers
361 views

Can the `system` function pose severe security threats on a shared hosting server?

I recently bought an account from a shared hosting company and I needed the php system function to be enabled for one of my projects. So I created a ticket and asked them to enable it. This is what ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Where and How is data stored in a session?

Where is the information in the fields of a session stored? If I, for instance, store in a session something like $_SESSION['foo'] = 'bar'. Where is "bar" stored? If I store an object of a class, in ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Do you need to encrypt session data?

I came across a session management class in PHP which encrypts session data in the session storage folder (i.e., /tmp) and can be decrypted later in your script using a key. I was wondering if it's ...
5
votes
3answers
393 views

Security risks using tmpfile() for sensitive data in PHP

What are the primary concerns when storing sensitive data in PHP's temporary directory via tmpfile()? For instance: Could this data be recovered from HDD by a malicious admin? Could the admin easily ...
-1
votes
1answer
3k views

How to hack linux from phpMyAdmin? [closed]

I got the username and the password for phpMyAdmin, and i am trying to hack the operating system "linux". i tried to create an payload.php file which is a pyaload taken form metasploit. i encoded the ...
20
votes
3answers
6k views

What are the best practices for hardening a php.ini file?

In order to secure a PHP installation, what are the best settings for a php.ini file? What is absolutely vital in terms of security? What is recommended for most use cases?
2
votes
2answers
747 views

Potential insecurity in not sanitizing variables before INSERT with prepared statement in PDO

I use PDO with prepared statement when connecting to my database, and I do this because it is considered a safe way to do so, but one thing I could not help but to wonder was, can submitted data from ...
3
votes
3answers
337 views

PRNG: Does combining insecure algos help?

Reading about how insecure PHP's rand function is, I was wondering if it helps to combine random functions. The suggested function there, openssl_random_pseudo_bytes, can also be cryptographically ...
4
votes
1answer
577 views

Intrusion attempt? Host 'somedomain.org' is not allowed to connect to this MySQL server

We have a web site hosted on a shared server. The hosting company's MySQL servers are hosted on a different server. We collect certain kinds of requests through a web form, and write them to a ...
3
votes
2answers
438 views

Do LAMP log files sometimes contain sensitive information?

I will have a LAMP web server with CentOS and cPanel. With this setup, is it possible for any server log files, whether regular or error logs, to contain sensitive information in them, such as ...
3
votes
2answers
747 views

How to add safety to login page

I am making a website where users need to log in to use all the functions. The login form is placed on the landing page, but the actual login goes through a second page, login.php. If a user types ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How insecure are PHP's rand functions?

There are some pseudo-random-number generators in PHP: rand(), srand(), mt_rand(), mt_srand(). You can look at their code here. I understand those functions are insecure, but how insecure are they? ...
6
votes
8answers
717 views

What is the vulnerability in my PHP code?

A website of mine was recently hacked. Although the actual website remain unchanged, they were somehow able to use the domain to create a link that re-directed to an ebay phishing scam. I've taken ...
2
votes
1answer
641 views

Can /etc/passwd file be accessed on a cpanel shared hosting account?

Given standard server hardening was performed, can the /etc/passwd be accessed by a shared hosting account by using PHP or Perl scripts which is executed from the public_html of the shared account?
9
votes
1answer
912 views

Why do attackers bother (trivially) obfuscating their source code?

A friend of mine recently discovered and sent me a small collection of trojan php scripts that were uploaded to his machine. Here's an example: ...
6
votes
2answers
209 views

HTTP daemon and Webroot permissions

We have a contracted web developer that uses deployment scripts to update and deploy web sites. In order for them to work they require write access to the whole webroot through the httpd user. I have ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Any solution to passing a penetration test for an outdated php web application without upgrading the application?

A vulnerability list for my project's PHP version. The client would rather not upgrade the PHP version to the last version. Also, it's quite probable that some code will break after the switch from ...
9
votes
3answers
18k views

How can I use this path bypass/exploit Local File Inclusion?

I have tried to run a vulnerability scanning script (Uniscan 6.0) on some websites and then I found a site which is exploitable with this following path. (included a word "invalid" , params/website ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Should IP addresses be validated to prevent SQL Injection?

In PHP I retrieve a user's IP address ($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']) to use it in some MySQL queries, but I do not validate them to be true IP addresses. Should I validate user IP addresses before using ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

PHP crypt() or phpass for storing passwords?

When storing passwords, should I use PHP's built in crypt or phpass? If using crypt, should I use CRYPT_SHA512 or CRYPT_BLOWFISH?
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do browsers warn about mixed content for images?

I'm dealing with a phpBB forum user who wants to set up SSL on their entire site to secure user credentials and "private" parts of the website. However, they want to preserve the traditional forum ...
2
votes
1answer
738 views

Advice if safe from mail header injection PHP [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: PHP mail() Header Injection Prevention Since I only started learning about header injection in the PHP mail() function, am uncertain if the form/code below is vulnerable ...
8
votes
1answer
483 views

PHP 5.3.9 Vulnerability Help

This is one of the first vulnerabilities I've tried to exploit on my own to expand my knowledge of exploits. This is a good summary of the vulnerability. I have been able to control EIP but I'm not ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I make it more difficult for a user to create multiple accounts?

I would like to know the best way to increase security on a website so that the a single user can't create multiple accounts. What all of a user can be traced? I'm thinking: IP address Mac address ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Will session_regenerate_id() without true parameter improves security? Should I use it right before login?

I want to decrease session fixation attack vulnerability, hence I used session_regenerate_id() before login. Somehow I'm in dark now and not sure the right answer for questions below: When we ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I protect user data at rest?

I want to encrypt the username, email, and password fields in the database AND encrypt user files at rest. How can I do this? I am aware of software such as Gazzang and since there is not cost ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Why don't we use MAC address instead of IP address?

I can use the system function in PHP to get the MAC address of site visitors (probably most of you know). Why do we use IP addresss to check whether someone is stealing a cookie or not? Does the ...
2
votes
2answers
334 views

How to properly secure OO PHP CMS?

I have OO PHP application which serves pages as well it does payment card processing via external RBS payment gateway. There is also reporting database. The problem is when somebody exploits this PHP, ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How to install client securely?

I'm writing a program in PHP that sends data from one master to many clients (all Joomla websites). When the client software is installed, it should send a message to the master identifying itself, ...
1
vote
3answers
579 views

Login System Security Suggestions

I am creating a login system and was wondering if anybody had any suggestions. Here is my current setup: nonce to check if the login originated from our login form session and cookie auth mixed - in ...
4
votes
1answer
275 views

php security courses

I got asked today by my boss if I wanted to do some php security courses, however I am not even sure other than the zend securing php applications course if any exist could any one provide any links ...
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Is this a safe way to connect to a server

I am using a software to backup my website .sql data every 3 days and it connects simply to the server logs in and downloads the .sql file to my computer. While its downloading the connection is not ...
4
votes
3answers
654 views

Is it secure to centralize database information?

I would know if it is secure to centralize database information into one file like this : db_infos.php: $server = "localhost"; $user = "root"; $password = "1234"; $database = "foo"; $table = "bar"; ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

php_register_variable_ex vulnerability question

Vulnerability I am referring to is: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/51830 And here in more detail: http://auntitled.blogspot.com/2012/02/mini-poc-for-php-rce-cve-2012-0830.html So basically what ...
3
votes
3answers
428 views

If we cast a value is it still necessary to escape it with mysqli_real_escape_string()?

real_escape() is a function which needs memory for its functionality, so I was wondering that is there any necessity to do that if we've already cast it? $num = (int) $num; can we use real_escape() ...