Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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1answer
261 views

How does PHP's password_hash() BCRYPT cost factor translate into cracking computation times

I am trying to fully understand the relationship between BCRYPT's COST factors and how much more time it would take a machine to crack a password with PHP 5.5's password_hash() The encryption times I ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

FTP hacked, planted file [closed]

Can anyone help me to understand what this does? Someone has planted a file with this piece of code on my server.It is shortened because it cannot fit the question, but just to have some idea what ...
0
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0answers
25 views

How to help devs use HMAC safely with multiple data values?

I work on an open source web app framework whose users (developers) need to generate "security tokens" (MACs) for various purposes. Since they've traditionally been using vulnerable methods like ...
2
votes
2answers
462 views

PHP: Am I free from SQL Injection? [duplicate]

Let me preface this by saying this is my first attempt to understand input sanitation, and at the moment I'm still a newbie to PHP. I've put together a quick register/log in website to test some ...
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5answers
721 views

Authenticate user without knowing their password

I'm working on a project where each each user will have a public/private RSA key-pair. Users will be able to send encrypted messages to each other using the each target user's public key so that only ...
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3answers
1k views

Which PHP encryption method is most incidentally-secure?

just started researching on the latest PHP encryption methods, I've found out my favorite algorithms are compromised. MD5 is no good, SHA-1 has "found flaws", SHA-512 isn't "meant for passwords", ...
0
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2answers
141 views

Is my hashing function good enough

Is there an obvious flaw with this hashing function (written in PHP)? function hash($password) { sleep(1); // Make hashing slow $hash = ""; $iterations = strlen($password); for ( $i = 0; $i ...
1
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2answers
198 views

session security in php

This has been asked a bunch of times. I am just curious to see if the below code provides a fairly significant level of security. Are there any other cases I should consider? Below is just an ...
2
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2answers
798 views

Is it possible to exploit a file upload with whitelist and filename hashing?

I have a small web application. Because it is necessary to upload some files I check the file extensions with a whitelist (tgz, jpg, png, pdf, zip, rar, txt, gif, py, c, rb). In addition to that, I ...
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votes
1answer
270 views

What are common problems that reveal PHP code? [closed]

What is the best method for securing PHP scripts that contain database passwords? From what I've read, PHP can be revealed when an error occurs and is not caught. Is there any way to reveal PHP by ...
43
votes
6answers
6k views

Should I be concerned if my website throws stack information?

I have a simple login form on my web page and the URL looks like this: example.com/signup/signup.php?q=1 If I try something like this: example.com/signup/signup.php?q=1&() I'm redirected to ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

After trying successful SQL injection why the result isn't getting displayed on the webpage?

Below is the PHP code I wrote that allows SQL injection with one parameter ie 'id' in this case. On trying SQL injection via putting this 2' ORDER BY 1;--' in the parameter (id field ), I get ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Should I use urandom() or openssl_random_pseudo_bytes()?

I am developing a site in PHP 5.4. Which function is better to use to generate a random salt for password security? $salt = sha1(openssl_random_pseudo_bytes(23)); or $seed = ''; $a = ...
1
vote
2answers
225 views

XSS via REQUEST_URI

Is there any situation where an XSS attack can be performed via the PHP $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] variable? For those unfamiliar with it: It contains the complete URL used to access that website, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Security issues IIS 7.5 with PHP 5.3 [duplicate]

We are facing alot of weird php files all over our WordPress websites on our IIS 7.5 server. The file look like XSS script and maybe that php code that the hacker use to send spam emails or something ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Hack: anymonous URL on my Joomla Website[Resolve] [closed]

My website has been hacked again. There are many foreign URLs such as here. I've checked the database and there is nothing strange in my database. Does anyone know what kind of hack attack is like ...
2
votes
2answers
381 views

What is a current best practice example of basic encryption and decryption in PHP?

I have a good working knowledge of basic security best practices (password hashing, preventing sql injection, CSRF, etc.) but am completely at a loss for finding a solution to common-case encryption ...
1
vote
1answer
298 views

Security issue with form action $_SERVER['PHP_SELF']

I read that there is a potential securty issue with forms like this (action $_SERVER['PHP_SELF']) <form action="<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF']; ?>" method="post"> <input ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I detect whether a webshell exploit has been run?

My forum was running MyBB 1.6.10 and maldet found a JPG file with the webshell by Orb malware code at the end (php.cmdshell.unclassed.352). I'm using nginx and had secured against arbitrary files ...
4
votes
3answers
243 views

Demonstrating SQL injection

I want to do a demo for a login page that is vulnerable to SQL injection for training purposes. I already tried to build one using PHP and MySQL. I commented the code sanitation to make the page ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Is enough to remove “..” from strings to avoid directory traversal attack?

Lets say I want to build a simple PHP script that let me access files inside a folder: $path = $_GET['path']; $path = str_replace('..', '', $path); $path = "./static/" . $path; readfile($path); Is ...
-1
votes
1answer
222 views

Possible Injection to PHP PDO

Expert says that PDO is one of secure scripting from mysql injection. I have read the manual about it and do some little research. And here, I'm trying to get ID value from URL paramater, as in: ...
-3
votes
1answer
64 views

Creating blacklist on login page [closed]

I am working on how to secure login page from tautology attack. Can anybody help me on how to create blackist of SQL keywords in php ?
1
vote
1answer
385 views

What does this PHP injected-code do?

I've just found out that all of my websites on one of my server has been hacked. Some seemingly malicous code was injected into all index.php files: /*EngineWork*/ if(!defined("FDSJERIUI234FSDF")){ ...
1
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0answers
67 views

IIS | Block execution of files in directory

I am dealing with user uploads via a PHP application. I want to secure the server so no exploits are available to the user, such as uploading a php shell and executing it. I have set it so all ...
0
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1answer
204 views

PHP and other files on the server, their visibility and access [closed]

Let's say I would like to protect my PHP files that are on the public server and are used as a part of the website. Does anyone can easily access these files just like HTML/JS/CSS files through ...
10
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4answers
1k views

What is Net-Worm.PHP.Mongiko trying to do?

I found several lines of this request in my web server access log: Source IP Dest IP Request Stat User agent 217.172.190.19 ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

php- is my code secured enough to protect from remote command execution when using shell_exec()?

I am using shell_exec function on the following variables to execute commands on the shell: fname (characters only) fpack(characters only) email (a valid email address) My code is: <?php ...
8
votes
3answers
733 views

Finding security consultant for doing in-depth code review?

We have a PHP application that we know has poor coding practices (because the developers did not have a good understanding of PHP / programming fundamentals). This could lead to the scenario where we ...
1
vote
1answer
436 views

Failed to connect to netcat reverse shell

I am doing an exercise of PentesterLab, I've got a webshell called 1.pdf, and it can be included in index.php as a PHP file. It contains code like this: %PDF-1.4 <?php echo system($_GET["cmd"]); ...
-2
votes
2answers
199 views

Password hashing and blowfish [duplicate]

What I'm about to say is probably going to make me look like an idiot but it's better to be wrong and learn than have unanswered questions. Ever since I started dealing with passwords I wondered what ...
5
votes
3answers
293 views

PHP | Security for allowing user uploads

My Sittuation: I am creating a web application with PHP which allows users to scan their files for viruses. It allows the user to upload their files via the html "file" input type or via a URL. I ...
1
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1answer
68 views

How much access to the file system does the recent Drupal vulnerability give?

A friends drupal site was hacked. What is strange is that the root directory of the installation at the hosting company (let us call it rootdir) was copied (or renamed) rootdir_hacked and the ...
1
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2answers
190 views

How to test the php vulnerability CVE-2014-3515

How to test if I'm vulnerable regarding CVE-2014-3515? My vendor supplied me with a patch and verified that it installed however I would like to verify that I am no longer vulnerable. My vendor ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Unidentified contents injected in include file [closed]

This code was injected into a "include" file on my server. http://pastebin.com/Eueu8unY Any file that included this gave a 301 Moved Permanently error. I wish to know: Is this due to an insecure ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Using INTO OUTFILE with INSERT

I have some free time so I'm testing various local vulnerable machines. In one particular lab machine, you first have to gain administration panel, and then use the available "insert" command and ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

How does this wordpress XSS work?

There is a new Wordpress exploit in wp-includes/formatting.php $textarr = preg_split('/(<.*>|\[.*\])/Us', $text, -1, PREG_SPLIT_DELIM_CAPTURE); General problem here is that they try to parse ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

Why does this CSRF vulnerability work?

Recently Laravel 4 was updated to address a security concern: there was a CSRF vulnerability in their code. Here's the old code: if (Session::token() != Input::get('_token')) { throw new ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

Root server hacked via httpd - consequences and future prevention

Since before mid 2014, my root server was targeted by hackers and recently they gained limited access. I disabled all services once I realized the server has been compromised and started ...
0
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2answers
77 views

PHP Plugin Security

I've been working on a Home Automation system now for a little more than a year and I've added a plugin system to it. I've also added so others can submit their plugins and if I accept them then ...
0
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0answers
497 views

Codeigniter RESTful web api creation for mobile and web applications general guidelines

I'm having application with running good in codeigniter, mysql and jquery. Currently we are planning to evaluate our web application with mobile application. So we planned to develop web application, ...
7
votes
1answer
214 views

What is the name for this type of URL attack?

Say a PHP page accepts URL path as a POST parameter (like the answer to this question): $path = $_POST['url_path']; file_get_contents('http://example.com' . $path); A maliicious user POSTs ...
2
votes
2answers
734 views

Preventing SQL Injections

So I'm pretty new to SQL so I'm not too familiar with how to prevent any SQL injections. I have 1 main form that's being used as a poll and it currently only has 1 text field. At the moment I think ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

htaccess - protect php file execution in specific directory

How can I protect php execution in specific upload directory? Mostly, people put .htaccess in upload folder to protect php execution. But someone says it can be replaced by attackers. So how can I ...
1
vote
2answers
339 views

SQL Injection Issue Multi-line query

I am currently doing a SQL Injection attack against a website in school(that the tech created) sadly I can't point anyone to the site in question, the teacher has allowed us to gain knowledge as ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Prevent a server side script from a direct URL access

There is a server side script written in php(say backend_file.php) or coldfusion(say backend_file.cfm). Lets say, i am using Apache and I have a sample web folder (on my Localhost) like: ...
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votes
1answer
124 views

Is there a way to bypass the inbuilt php functions for sqlinjection

If there is a way to bypass the built-in functions of PHP to protect against SQL injection or I should rely on some other filters rather than depending on built-in functions?
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0answers
29 views

Improve the security of a website implementing the least privilege principle [duplicate]

I am a beginner and I am trying to program a secure website to improve my skills and knowledge. I am under Linux and I am using LAMP with php. My website is similar to a social network so people will ...
20
votes
8answers
3k views

PHP malware/shell keeps resurrecting [duplicate]

So I've been fighting this problem for months now and decided that it's beyond my limited (if at all) server skills, and that I need help from the pros. I have a VPS (with root access) which hosts ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

Improve the security of a website implementing the least privilege principle

I am a beginner and I am trying to program a secure website to improve my skills and knowledge. I am under Linux and I am using LAMP with php. My website is similar to a social network so people will ...