Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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5
votes
1answer
304 views

Web Applications terminate strings on null-byte

I have just been doing some penetration testing on a site, and I have noticed (and I have noticed before but now seems like a good point to bring it up) that putting a null byte in the search string ...
1
vote
1answer
649 views

Why: Default salt and cipher seed value at Cake PHP Framework?

I am wondering, why in cake php framework, they include default values for this variable: salt cipher seed I found these default values while doing application review (white box approach). And I ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

PHP gethostbyname security implications

I'm working on a PHP application. There is a requirement to find IP's by hostname and i have to resort to gethostbynamel for that. Looks like there is no other way. I was wondering if there are any ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

How can I migrate from filter-on-output to filter-on-input?

I recently joined a company with a million+ lines-of-code PHP app. The security approach to XSS appears to be to filter output whenever the dev thought of it. Not surprisingly, they didn't catch ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Edit virtual host file using php [closed]

I have a php application and somethings related to the application need changes to vhost.conf file. Presently i'm making the changes manually. But i would like to automate it using a php script. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

Restrict file access in php.ini

Can anyone explain me the difference between include_path and open_basedir in PHP? My php.ini looks like this: include_path = ".:/usr/share/php:/usr/share/pear:/var/www" If for example I try using ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

SQL Injection with pass MD5

I want to know, if in my login form there is any SQL injection possible. If there is, what could the exploit's web form entry look like? I send username and password by html form (POST). The login ...
0
votes
3answers
799 views

How to find vulnerable sites on a web server

A client of mine has a managed VPS with dozens of websites on it, maybe even hundreds. Now his server keeps getting infected on a regular basis. The webhost / server admins keep digging in the dark. ...
0
votes
3answers
174 views

Does validating a mime-type reduce or stop the need for virus scanning?

I am building a small web app in php, that accepts .doc /.docx / .rtf and .txt files. I've validated them against their mime-types. But now I'm thinking about virus scanning. I know there are systems ...
4
votes
2answers
386 views

How to implement client side encryption for CalDav & CardDav content?

I'm looking for a client-side encryption implementation that would be able to secure CardDav & CalDav data so that they couldn't be compromised even by the hosting provider. Server side: PHP or ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

Inputting user ID's in URL?

I am currently working on functionality that will allow users to reset their passwords. My question pertains to the security in putting user ID's (a.k.a the auto increment ID's from database) in the ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

If my website does not take any user input, is there any danger in showing my code and folder structure?

First time posting here; apologies for any mistakes I've made, please edit, retag, migrate as appropriate. I have a simple homepage whose purpose is (essentially) to contain my contact info and some ...
0
votes
1answer
575 views

How long would it take to brute force the AES encryption?

I'm trying to write a secure code that can keep my site users passwords as safe as possible. Now I'm fairly new to encryption and would like some professional opinions and suggestions. As well as a ...
1
vote
1answer
833 views

Uploading images safe of XSS, php code and virus

I know that my question has been responded lot of times, but most the responses addresses functions that I don't even use (like use include with images) and that makes me worry because maybe I'm not ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Website Link Spam Hacking Protection [closed]

I've recently been employed as a junior web and software developer for a small company, and noticed that their Home page has had links to completely unrelated sites added like spam to the index.html ...
2
votes
3answers
140 views

A scammer placed a remote file on a Wordpress website?

A previous developer I have used has got upset and start compromising the files of my website on daily bases (such as changing the index of the site with weird messages, deleting the .htaccess, ...
-3
votes
3answers
2k views

Generating an unguesable token for confirmation e-mails

I'm generating a token to be used when clicking on the link in a verification e-mail. I plan on using uniqid() but the output will be predictable allowing an attacker to bypass the confirmation ...
3
votes
2answers
383 views

Is mt_rand() suitable for generating a salt?

Assumed I have to following code in order to generate a random blowfish salt for saving a new password: $blowfishCharacters = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789./'; $salt ...
0
votes
2answers
263 views

How do I securely identify a remote (self programmed embedded) device in PHP?

Is there a reliable way in PHP to identify a device that might be behind a Router (so the IP is not unique)? Background: I have several embedded devices (self programmed & adaptable) that contact ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I capture POST data then forward user to another page?

I currently have a demo site setup where I load the login form over HTTP and then POST to a HTTPS URL. The aim is to demonstrate that this is not a secure method of handling the login. I'm using ...
0
votes
3answers
635 views

Ways to keep AES encryption key safe.? [closed]

I am using AES encryption to secure some sensitive data. For that i have to provide a certain key for encrypting and decrypting. It's not safe to keep the key somewhere on the server. So instead of ...
8
votes
3answers
889 views

Is this code snippet good enough for password hash and salt

After a few days reading up about salting and hashing passwords, I found an actual bit of code that tells how to do it. This is what I found: $blowfish_salt = ...
-4
votes
3answers
286 views

PHP web application security [closed]

I am building a PHP web application, that needs enhanced security, due to the fact that it contains very sensitive information (in a database). I think that I want to use self-signed SSL ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

SQL injection can bypass login but not drop table

I've setup a test environment for running some SQL Injection against my code and learning how to defend against it. I can bypass the login form using the following in the password field: ' OR ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

SQL injection not returning expected results

I've created a test site in order to learn about SQLi and then protect against it. I may be misunderstanding how it is supposed to behave but at present I'm not getting the results I expect. The ...
0
votes
1answer
352 views

Elgamal algorithm PHP code [closed]

I was wondering if there is a PHP implementation for Elgamal algorithm for website data security ? I found that for EC, Diffie-Hellman but could not find any about elgamal. Thanks in advance.
6
votes
2answers
472 views

Modern, security-conscious, PHP book?

I posted this on StackOverflow and they redirected me here. Sorry if this isn't the correct area! After creating a simple login system and trying to protect it against things like SQL injection, ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Building a web app with encrypted MySQL database entries?

I have some experience in building PHP based websites with MySQL access, storing encrypted user details, but all other fields being plain text. My most recent project will require sensitive data to be ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Mysql database password and webform password

I have a Mysql database where one table is meant to store user complaints/comments/suggestions. I am using Mysqli to connect to the database with a ...
2
votes
2answers
404 views

Suspicious entries in MySQL database from user input forms - sql injection?

I built a website from scratch using PHP and MySQL for my residential community and our budget is a big fat '0'. Five days ago I discovered that there were 222 entries in a table in my database that ...
-1
votes
1answer
356 views

Protect against Tamper Data add-on

When it comes to uploading images on a website. I know you can trick the php to believe that the file is an image by changing the extension to ".jpg" from ".php". Then once the file is uploading you ...
3
votes
3answers
875 views

SQL injection using letters and numbers?

I was wondering if it is at all possible for a hacker to perform an SQL injection attack using just letters and numbers. For example, let's take a look at this PHP code which uses regular expressions ...
8
votes
4answers
721 views

How dangerous is it to store password in plain text on sites like GitHub?

I have a few private repositories set up on GitHub for some of the projects I am working on for my company. These applications connect to databases and I have database authentication credentials ...
1
vote
0answers
426 views

How to set up a smart card for web login? [closed]

I'm a web developer with a login system (in PHP) that I would like to extend to allow those with a smart card to sign into the system. But I have no idea where to begin and I don't have a massive ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Encrypt-function inside PHP code that you have to publish

If you write a PHP application, where you have to deliver the compiled code to the customer, how could you include a functionality to send encrypted data from that application to others, and include ...
2
votes
1answer
233 views

Are GET, POST and windows.location vulnerable to XSS in a Wordpress theme?

I created a Wordpress theme for my client. He told me that he scanned my theme with a vulnerability scanner, and that it has security issues with the GET and windows.location methods. Is this really ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How secure is ionCube compiled code?

I use ionCube to keep the code I write concealed for my customers. If I would store a password inside the code and compile (not encrypt) it with ionCube encoder, would it be possible for a potential ...
-3
votes
1answer
386 views

Cross-site request forgery attack. How can we stopped this? [closed]

On one of our websites, we are seeing this code is adding itself. I tried to figured out but no success. One thing I have noticed when I removed the html, head and body starting tags, it's gone. Our ...
3
votes
0answers
494 views

Where to store sensitive client details (MYSQL DB credentials) [duplicate]

I have a security related question about storing some client information - specifically their database login credentials. My app works based on the client and so the database details need to be set ...
0
votes
2answers
337 views

How to implement shamir's secret sharing algorithm using AES_ENCYRPT

I am using MySQL AES_ENCRYTP() and AES_DECRYPT() to store sensitive details in a database, and currently storing the key in a php file outside of the web root with read access only. The key file looks ...
1
vote
2answers
562 views

Generating session CSRF token based on SSL session ID

Following situation: Application is only accessible via HTTPS/SPDY nginx is sending the SSL session ID to the upstream server Upon session start I'd like to use the first 128 characters of that ...
0
votes
1answer
286 views

Site Hacked - Where to go from here? [closed]

Our magento based e-commerce site was hacked over the weekend, the hackers managed to gain access to the magento files and embed some scrambled code into the get.php file in the root directory. I ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

WordPress Hacked - Found a suspicious “class-wp-style-table.php” [closed]

I recently had all of my WordPress accounts on my server hacked. The only suspicious files I found are listed below. These were the only files edited in the last 5 days (June 3, to be specific). ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Bot detection ideas [php]

I am looking for bot detection ideas. I don't mind bots crawling my site, that's cool, the problem is when they start posting stuff. I recently had to erase 400 accounts because of a bad boy like ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

Is enabling PHP script execution on HTML document file extensions a security concern?

I am working on a very old and messy site, which doesn't have a CMS, or a database. However, it has a lot of .htm and .php files. I need to add some PHP code to some of the .htm files, but want to ...
-1
votes
2answers
160 views

my websites got infected with a malware i cannot get any info on [closed]

we have a server, on which we host about 30 sites. these are test sites for our customers. most of them are not even indexed by google. some run on php, some on nodejs, some on ruby. all of them that ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Is it possible for users to insert forbidden characters into sites with htmlentities or mysqlescapestring?

So, in my brief research in PHP security, I have been guided toward two important functions to remove forbidden characters from forms. One being "htmlentities" and the other being ...
4
votes
1answer
465 views

Malicious script analysis

Could somebody tell me what can this malicious code do? I see that in the beginning it turns off the error reporting and logging. Then something with get post method and files stuff. But I am not ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Exploiting PHP via GET params

To be clear, this is in the interest of ethical testing to secure an application on behalf of my work. Now that that's out of the way, here are the details: Un-sanitised GET params are used in a ...
3
votes
3answers
328 views

Understanding JVM zero day in relationship with other runtimes

I am a .net and php developer and since java has been in the news recently thanks to the string of zero days, I decided to brush up on security. In regards to the java zero days, this question has ...