Tagged Questions

Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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2
votes
2answers
663 views

PHP on IIS 7.5 Hacked - How do I find and fix the XSS Injection?

I discovered that someone had gained access via FileZilla server software to my Windows 2012 Server. It seems like they had created extra accounts and were trying brute force attempts to get in nearly ...
8
votes
2answers
10k views

Protect against POST //cgi-bin/php attacks?

I am being attacked with this cgi injection: POST ...
1
vote
4answers
425 views

Authenticate user without knowing their password

I'm working on a project where each each user will have a public/private RSA key-pair. Users will be able to send encrypted messages to each other using the each target user's public key so that only ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Service TO Service Authentication & authorization [duplicate]

I have two web services A and B the requests between those services is http. I want so establish a secure connection between service A and service B to ensure the authorized and authenticate request ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Implementation of different BCrypt versions

I'm fairly new to encryption, and I am investigating the different kind of encryptions. I want to encrypt passwords in a secure way. I discussed this with my colleague, and he said that BCrypt is the ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Security on Ubuntu 12.04 LST Server for Business App

I am developing bussines application based on php and mysql on ubuntu 12.04 lts server. I have closed all ports except :80 and php code can be executed only by security login and not using cookies but ...
4
votes
2answers
824 views

Does bcrypt compare the hashes in “length-constant” time?

I saw this function slowEquals() while reading Salted Password Hashing - Doing it Right, which uses a byte-level xor comparison to avoid timing attacks. I was wondering whether this is what Bcrypt ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

File-structure when using token

I'm using a form-token to secure the validation process of my php-file. Basically the structure of the php-file looks like this: if ($_POST) {//form has been submitted? if (validateFormToken) { ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Submit form with token

I have a token that I want to use to prevent direct access of some php-files. Some of these php-files are loaded via AJAX. The token is used with a session to secure form submission AND to prevent ...
3
votes
1answer
382 views

Why does MySQLi using question marks (?) instead of the sprintf formatting?

As the title states, why does MySQLi use question marks instead of sprintf() formatting? For example, why is it $stmt = $mysqli->prepare("SELECT * FROM table WHERE column1 = ?"); ...
0
votes
1answer
288 views

Can query string command line exploits in older CGI implementations of PHP be protected against without updating PHP versions?

We recently received this from a security audit: PHP is a general purpose scripting language that can be embedded into HTML. A vulnerability exists in PHP versions prior to 5.3.12 and 5.4.2 due to ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Generating a TRULY random string in PHP [duplicate]

I need to generate thousands (possibly millions) of unique codes for a client. These codes may have a monetary value, so it's vital that they are TRULY random, and that no pattern could be spotted and ...
0
votes
1answer
433 views

Am I correctly preventing XSS in PHP? [duplicate]

While building my website I put together a security class which includes two functions, one takes input and returns it as a string passed through htmlentities function of PHP. The other strips out ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Is what flexi_auth does with its use of its $this->auth object good practice?

I am looking at the authentication library Flexi_auth for CodeIgniter. To use the library you have to create a object one time in the controller before the lib is used Like this: `$this->auth ...
2
votes
1answer
675 views

Using Random Numbers As Session variables

I am using randomly generated numbers as session variables to identify the sessions in a PHP application. To make further security proof what ways should I follow?
3
votes
2answers
525 views

PHP null byte include failing explation seeked

I am watching a tutorial on YouTube about how to include remote files or local through a standard include command. Here is the code: <?php if(isset($_GET["language"])) { $language = ...
-3
votes
2answers
401 views

How to secure a login.php file? [closed]

I have a hand built website, and am triying to build a cms/admin-panel, and my username and password, are not stored in a database, but, in a two setup file like seen below. index.php <?php ...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

Server attack attempts, what are they trying to achieve?

Recently, I have got a few 404 errors where the user has requested PHP pages. The URLs are range around the cgi-bin and php versions, eg, /cgi-bin/php4. There is also some query string as part of ...
5
votes
3answers
233 views

Can I limit PHP include() to specific directory trees?

I know I can use the php.ini open_basedir directive to limit the directory trees where files can be opened by PHP. But in a directory structure such as this: ├── application │   ├── index.php │   ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Is $_REQUEST['id'] vulnerable to sql injection

I have the code below in my newsview.php.I want to know why the code below vulnerable to sql injection.I already test the sql injection in the code below. $id = intval($_REQUEST['id']); $result = ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Is phpseclib a secure and reliable alternative to OpenSSL?

I know that OpenSSL needs to be installed and activated via apache and the config files, which can be cumbersome or even impossible, and that phpseclib is more flexible and easier to handle than ...
1
vote
4answers
5k views

SQL injection with “INSERT” statement

I am currently studying the most basic SQL injections that are possible. Pure and solely for the purpose of teaching myself the basics before advancing to more advanced ones. I am recreating this ...
3
votes
3answers
549 views

Tokenless REST API security concerns

I'm designing an API in PHP/MySQL that, by its design, will not store a user's password in the database and thus does not generate authorization tokens for the client to hold. The reason for this is ...
1
vote
3answers
351 views

Pentesting my Own Server File Upload

I recently created my own IIS server (set on version 7.5) and I was going through checks to make sure my webdav is not vulnerable. My users need to upload files to their individual accounts and can ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

IIS 7.5 WebDav Security Issues with Students

Hello Currently I am setting up a server for college students (this includes tech-savy IT students as well) and I will be using IIS 7.5 with Webdav for the students to access their files from home. ...
2
votes
0answers
355 views

how to prevent ASCII Encoded / Binary String SQL injection in Codeigniter

I am using CodeIgniter for two years and I am digging into penetration testing nowadays. I think that ActiveRecord does good job for preventing sql injections, but i have following questions: I want ...
9
votes
4answers
552 views

How can I be secure with a global salt?

If I understood the basic of password hashing and storing, what we need are: a "strong" salt a "real" random salt a unique salt per password a password hashing function with a high CPU cost We ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

Communicate between two sites both with SSL

I now have two websites - site A and B, both with SSL-certificate, and they have exact same users. So when a user log into site A and click the link to site B, I want to make him auto log in to site ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it possible for a hacker to bypass upload php file?

I wanna give a filtering system in my script. here it is : <?php $allowedExts = array("gif", "jpeg", "jpg", "png","bmp"); $temp = explode(".", $_FILES["file"]["name"]); $extension = end($temp); ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Google Authenticator - Counter Based [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand How google authenticator - counter based work. I have tried googling around finding a demo or at least how this work. I understand its a one time password but not like TOTP. I ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Removing PHP Shell from server [duplicate]

I have looked at a few other questions related to this but nothing specifically answered what I was wondering about. Say for example you have a server that is infected with a php shell such as c99. ...
10
votes
3answers
450 views

has scrypt withstood the test of time?

I've always heard that scrypt was better than bcrpyt... because of memory causing GPU a very difficult time to crack. However, the notion always was that scrypt hadn't been tested, it was kind of a ...
6
votes
1answer
451 views

Web Applications terminate strings on null-byte

I have just been doing some penetration testing on a site, and I have noticed (and I have noticed before but now seems like a good point to bring it up) that putting a null byte in the search string ...
1
vote
1answer
877 views

Why: Default salt and cipher seed value at Cake PHP Framework?

I am wondering, why in cake php framework, they include default values for this variable: salt cipher seed I found these default values while doing application review (white box approach). And I ...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

PHP gethostbyname security implications

I'm working on a PHP application. There is a requirement to find IP's by hostname and i have to resort to gethostbynamel for that. Looks like there is no other way. I was wondering if there are any ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

How can I migrate from filter-on-output to filter-on-input?

I recently joined a company with a million+ lines-of-code PHP app. The security approach to XSS appears to be to filter output whenever the dev thought of it. Not surprisingly, they didn't catch ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Edit virtual host file using php [closed]

I have a php application and somethings related to the application need changes to vhost.conf file. Presently i'm making the changes manually. But i would like to automate it using a php script. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
357 views

Restrict file access in php.ini

Can anyone explain me the difference between include_path and open_basedir in PHP? My php.ini looks like this: include_path = ".:/usr/share/php:/usr/share/pear:/var/www" If for example I try using ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

SQL Injection with pass MD5

I want to know, if in my login form there is any SQL injection possible. If there is, what could the exploit's web form entry look like? I send username and password by html form (POST). The login ...
0
votes
3answers
837 views

How to find vulnerable sites on a web server

A client of mine has a managed VPS with dozens of websites on it, maybe even hundreds. Now his server keeps getting infected on a regular basis. The webhost / server admins keep digging in the dark. ...
0
votes
3answers
210 views

Does validating a mime-type reduce or stop the need for virus scanning?

I am building a small web app in php, that accepts .doc /.docx / .rtf and .txt files. I've validated them against their mime-types. But now I'm thinking about virus scanning. I know there are systems ...
4
votes
2answers
457 views

How to implement client side encryption for CalDav & CardDav content?

I'm looking for a client-side encryption implementation that would be able to secure CardDav & CalDav data so that they couldn't be compromised even by the hosting provider. Server side: PHP or ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

Inputting user ID's in URL?

I am currently working on functionality that will allow users to reset their passwords. My question pertains to the security in putting user ID's (a.k.a the auto increment ID's from database) in the ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

If my website does not take any user input, is there any danger in showing my code and folder structure?

First time posting here; apologies for any mistakes I've made, please edit, retag, migrate as appropriate. I have a simple homepage whose purpose is (essentially) to contain my contact info and some ...
0
votes
1answer
608 views

How long would it take to brute force the AES encryption?

I'm trying to write a secure code that can keep my site users passwords as safe as possible. Now I'm fairly new to encryption and would like some professional opinions and suggestions. As well as a ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Uploading images safe of XSS, php code and virus

I know that my question has been responded lot of times, but most the responses addresses functions that I don't even use (like use include with images) and that makes me worry because maybe I'm not ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

Website Link Spam Hacking Protection [closed]

I've recently been employed as a junior web and software developer for a small company, and noticed that their Home page has had links to completely unrelated sites added like spam to the index.html ...
2
votes
3answers
148 views

A scammer placed a remote file on a Wordpress website?

A previous developer I have used has got upset and start compromising the files of my website on daily bases (such as changing the index of the site with weird messages, deleting the .htaccess, ...
-3
votes
3answers
3k views

Generating an unguesable token for confirmation e-mails

I'm generating a token to be used when clicking on the link in a verification e-mail. I plan on using uniqid() but the output will be predictable allowing an attacker to bypass the confirmation ...
3
votes
2answers
431 views

Is mt_rand() suitable for generating a salt?

Assumed I have to following code in order to generate a random blowfish salt for saving a new password: $blowfishCharacters = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789./'; $salt ...