Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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1answer
673 views

Can suPHP lead to security issues due to hijacking people's accounts?

Bear in mind that, although I am pretty good at coding clientside javascript, I am not so great at dealing with serverside PHP. It doesn't help that there is very little information/tutorials/APIs on ...
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1answer
77 views

Does PHP have a XSS API?

ASP.NET has a cross site scripting API by default, however does PHP have a cross site scripting prevention API?
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2answers
250 views

In this example why do they hash a randomly generated piece of salt before hashing it with the password?

From here, in the code return substr(sha1(mt_rand()),0,22); what is the point of taking the sha1 value? It is appended to the password and together they are hashed using Blowfish. Why not just append ...
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2answers
2k views

Strongest cryptographic algorithm available in PHP 5.3

Which options are available in the default installation and which ones by third-parties like extensions or frameworks? P.S. By Cryptography I mean algorithms which could be decrypted, not one-way ...
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2answers
461 views

Potential insecurity in not sanitizing variables before INSERT with prepared statement in PDO

I use PDO with prepared statement when connecting to my database, and I do this because it is considered a safe way to do so, but one thing I could not help but to wonder was, can submitted data from ...
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2answers
310 views

PHP on IIS 7.5 Hacked - How do I find and fix the XSS Injection?

I discovered that someone had gained access via FileZilla server software to my Windows 2012 Server. It seems like they had created extra accounts and were trying brute force attempts to get in nearly ...
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1answer
884 views

ALERT - ASCII-NUL chars not allowed within request variables

In a Drupal site, I get this error in my Debian's syslog: suhosin[9413]: ALERT - ASCII-NUL chars not allowed within request variables - dropped variable 'name' (attacker 'x.x.x.x', file ...
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4answers
355 views

When logging out of a website is anything else required then destroying the session?

In PHP, I'm not sure if I should start the session before destroying it when a user wants to log out. session_start(); session_destroy(); Is there anything else that needs to be done? EDIT: I ...
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2answers
2k views

should i use urandom or openssl_random_pseudo_bytes?

I am developing a site in php 5.4 and i was wondering which is better to use to gen a random salt for password security? $salt = sha1(openssl_random_pseudo_bytes(23)); or $seed = ''; $a = ...
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3answers
1k views

User data encryption/decryption in a database (PHP)

I was wondering which is the best way to encrypt and decrypt user data in a database, to make it much more secure as it is possible? I was reading about AES but I would like to know if is really the ...
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3answers
235 views

If we cast a value is it still necessary to escape it with mysqli_real_escape_string()?

real_escape() is a function which needs memory for its functionality, so I was wondering that is there any necessity to do that if we've already cast it? $num = (int) $num; can we use real_escape() ...
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4answers
177 views

Session id on page html source code

I want to know if it's dangerous in any way to store the current logged user session id on the page generated source code. Why I wanted to do that? I'm trying to share the user session between two ...
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1answer
235 views

Inputting user ID's in URL?

I am currently working on functionality that will allow users to reset their passwords. My question pertains to the security in putting user ID's (a.k.a the auto increment ID's from database) in the ...
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3answers
123 views

A scammer placed a remote file on a Wordpress website?

A previous developer I have used has got upset and start compromising the files of my website on daily bases (such as changing the index of the site with weird messages, deleting the .htaccess, ...
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2answers
347 views

Suspicious entries in MySQL database from user input forms - sql injection?

I built a website from scratch using PHP and MySQL for my residential community and our budget is a big fat '0'. Five days ago I discovered that there were 222 entries in a table in my database that ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Mark parts of strings as unsafe?

Is there a smooth way to mark unsafe parts of a string? i.e. for use in SQL. example in php: someFunction("safe text" . $unsafeVariable . "safe text" . $anotherUnsafeVariable); Is there a smooth way ...
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2answers
493 views

how to bypass “header” in php

While reading an article I encounter an interesting thing I did not know about: if(!isset($_SESSION['usr_id']) || !isset($_SESSION['usr_name'])) { header('Location: index.php'); } ...Which ...
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1answer
173 views

Lamp server sandbox for testing malicious php script

Fortunately despite recently becoming a full time web developer, security is something I take very seriously. There's a developer that I work with who's system was recently compromised with obfuscated ...
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1answer
2k views

Stopping Session Hijacking

If you noticed, I put "stopping" instead "preventing" in the title because I want my PHP application to be as secure as possible. I am wondering if anyone has any better ways to prevent session ...
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2answers
671 views

How to make a simple file integrity checker

I've seen many PHP file checker on the net. Basically they computes the sha hash of a requested file. Your PC queries periodically the script and alerts you if the returned hash changes. The problem ...
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1answer
125 views

Is there a tool that puts on a webserver some .html or .php files filled with popular malware like java drive-bys or other browser exploit payloads?

As mentioned in the title I'm looking for a tool that puts on a webserver some .html or .php files filled with popular malware like java drive-bys or other browser exploit payloads? Maybe there is ...
2
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1answer
44 views

php crypt - trailing dollar sign - extract only the salt part from hash - padding the salt

I am reading up on PHP's crypt() function. I have a few questions on it - What is the significance of the trailing '$' sign at the end of the salt string that I see in most examples. The manual ...
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2answers
188 views

Are these two ways safe?

I have two scenarios and want to know if each is secure or which risk there are. Number One: If the User has the edit Link (edit/[md5hash]) he can edit a post. The editkey (the hash) is in an form ...
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3answers
393 views

MySQL database access prevention

I am doing a PHP website for a client who deals with third party financial information, and he is concerned about the developmers (me) having access to all the information, which is obviously a valid ...
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1answer
171 views

Safe User Login Questions

I need help determining how safe the login is. First of all, I have been reading this: The Definitive Guide To Forms based Website Authentication It's really well written, great information most of ...
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2answers
129 views

Any solution to passing a penetration test for an outdated php web application without upgrading the application?

A vulnerability list for my project's PHP version. The client would rather not upgrade the PHP version to the last version. Also, it's quite probable that some code will break after the switch from ...
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1answer
560 views

Advice if safe from mail header injection PHP [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: PHP mail() Header Injection Prevention Since I only started learning about header injection in the PHP mail() function, am uncertain if the form/code below is vulnerable ...
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2answers
261 views

How to properly secure OO PHP CMS?

I have OO PHP application which serves pages as well it does payment card processing via external RBS payment gateway. There is also reporting database. The problem is when somebody exploits this PHP, ...
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1answer
125 views

What is a good method to report security breaches that are being used to actively spam?

I received an email the other day purporting to be from a bank I hadn't even heard of, so I decided to poke around. On some quick investigation, it looks like something has just latched onto some poor ...
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1answer
252 views

Will htmlspecialchars (php) be enough for making secure PDF files with user entered data?

My app creates an PDF file and uses an user entered info. How can I avoid all attacks with PDF vector? Will htmlspecialchars be enough? I don't want to enable JavaScript in PDF.
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1answer
118 views

Submit form with token

I have a token that I want to use to prevent direct access of some php-files. Some of these php-files are loaded via AJAX. The token is used with a session to secure form submission AND to prevent ...
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1answer
188 views

Are GET, POST and windows.location vulnerable to XSS in a Wordpress theme?

I created a Wordpress theme for my client. He told me that he scanned my theme with a vulnerability scanner, and that it has security issues with the GET and windows.location methods. Is this really ...
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1answer
300 views

Bot detection ideas [php]

I am looking for bot detection ideas. I don't mind bots crawling my site, that's cool, the problem is when they start posting stuff. I recently had to erase 400 accounts because of a bad boy like ...
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1answer
108 views

Securely store two values per user in SQL

I have come across the need in my web app to store two values for each user. These values would need to be retrievable from a value stored in a URL. I would prefer to store neither of the values in ...
2
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1answer
57 views

How to install client securely?

I'm writing a program in PHP that sends data from one master to many clients (all Joomla websites). When the client software is installed, it should send a message to the master identifying itself, ...
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2answers
339 views

Unrestricted File Upload - Possible exploits

During a penetration test‎ (exercise) on a IIS web server + MYSQL DBMS, I have found an Unrestricted File Upload vulnerability for which I can upload a .php file. So I have tried to upload a php ...
2
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1answer
161 views

Communicate between two sites both with SSL

I now have two websites - site A and B, both with SSL-certificate, and they have exact same users. So when a user log into site A and click the link to site B, I want to make him auto log in to site ...
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1answer
287 views

When checking a session variable to see if a user is logged in, is it enough to check to see if the variable is set?

When displaying a page with content only logged in users should see, I simply check if(isset($_SESSION['hasLoggedIn'])) { //show content } else { echo 'you must log in'; } In this article it ...
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1answer
178 views

unix malicious scripts/ksh execution

I'm wondering whether my architecture poses a security risk. Details: The whole website is not ROOT owned but still, the APACHE user used instead has some pretty advanced permissions. I have a ...
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1answer
191 views

Is it safe to invoke PHP GD functions if you don't know whether file is a valid image?

There is image upload function in web application. After image is uploaded, it's resized using functions from PHP GD like imagecopyresampled and others. Before invocation of PHP GD's functions there ...
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1answer
468 views

Can /etc/passwd file be accessed on a cpanel shared hosting account?

Given standard server hardening was performed, can the /etc/passwd be accessed by a shared hosting account by using PHP or Perl scripts which is executed from the public_html of the shared account?
2
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1answer
296 views

Malicious(?) PHP / BASH Script. What is it?

I'm not sure if this is against the rules of the site. If it is, please let me know and I'll delete the question. I've seen variations of this script floating around recently. What the heck is it, ...
2
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1answer
856 views

Help in understanding a PHP exploit code found on a wordpress application

I've found this code in base 64 on all php files of one of my client's sites (wordpress) and I'm trying to understand what it does. I'm also trying to figure out if it was an application exploit or a ...
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1answer
62 views

Do PHP frameworks such as Zend, symfony and CakePHP provide default protection against cross site scripting?

ASP.NET MVC provides default protection against cross site scripting. Just wondering, if PHP frameworks do the same?
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0answers
274 views

how to prevent ASCII Encoded / Binary String SQL injection in Codeigniter

I am using CodeIgniter for two years and I am digging into penetration testing nowadays. I think that ActiveRecord does good job for preventing sql injections, but i have following questions: I want ...
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2answers
202 views

What are the security risks when users upload their HTML and javascript to AWS S3 and the content is used in a webapp?

I'm building this web app where users can login and build their own online presentation. To build the presentation they can use their own html, css and javascript. These user files are not uploaded to ...
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2answers
348 views

PHP socket_connect Stack Overflow

In the desciption of the vulnerability: Stack-based buffer overflow in the socket_connect function in ext/sockets/sockets.c in PHP 5.3.3 through 5.3.6 might allow context-dependent attackers to ...
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4answers
283 views

Malicious code in image. Harmful?

In my website, a user can upload his profile picture. After analysis of some pictures, I have found some pictures with malicious PHP code, just like the upload script. As an example, I have found a ...
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4answers
1k views

SQL Injection with pass MD5

I want to know, if in my login form there is any SQL injection possible. If there is, what could the exploit's web form entry look like? I send username and password by html form (POST). The login ...
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2answers
923 views

Possible attack on website

I am a developer and I therefor I have very little knowledge on security. So I need some help understanding the attack on website which we launched recently for one of our client. Website is built on ...