Security aspects concerning code written in the programming language PHP which is often used for web applications.

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question for pentesters: PHP proc_open() in safe_mode

Can anybody explain to me how proc_open() is affected when PHP is running in safe_mode? As far as i have noticed, the command to execute is appended to a '/' - is there anything else and is it ...
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88 views

PHP SQL Injection Vulnerability In UPDATE Statements

Take the following SQL query as an example: UPDATE `sqlinjection2` SET `$vote`=`$vote`+1 Our goal is to increment the vote count by more than one, in one request. We cannot access the code itself. ...
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625 views

PHP | Security for allowing user uploads

My Sittuation: I am creating a web application with PHP which allows users to scan their files for viruses. It allows the user to upload their files via the html "file" input type or via a URL. I ...
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2k views

prevent session hijacking in PHP

I wrote the log In/log Out scripts of my web page and when the user logs in I store in the $_SESSION variable the user agent. Now each time a page is loaded I check if the user is logged in or not and ...
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723 views

How to safely display external pictures?

i want to write (and currently writing) a php script to display external images, not hosted on my website. Something like facebook's safe_image. What I'm currently doing is file_get_contents('pic') (...
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How secure is AES-256-CBC with user provided password and initialization vector

From my understanding the IV is used as a previous block for the first block only. But since each block is used by the following this adds significant security is a IV is provided and not based on the ...
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Is this PHP code XSS proof?

Is the following PHP code XSS proof? <?php $site = $_GET["url"]; echo "<a href='".str_replace(array("\"", "'", "javascript:", "vbscript:"), array("%22", "%27", "", ""), $site)."'>Site</...
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Website Login Security (Secure enough?)

I'm making a bigger site for the first time so security really matters, unlike for my really-bad boards with maybe 10 users. So I wanted to ask if the way I'm doing it is secure enough for a semi-big ...
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487 views

I think my site was hacked. Can someone explain the “GET / HTTP/1.0” garbage in my Apache log, and what it's doing?

Please see below the log entry from the hack, I have decoded the base_64 code and ultimately some files are dropped onto the server and a directory listing becomes available among other niceties! ...
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606 views

PHP code injection using GET and echo

I have found a piece of this code in a web application (simplified): <?php $password="very-secret-password"; $param = $_GET["param"]; ?> <html> ... Param: <?php echo $param; ?> ... &...
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SQL injection using letters and numbers?

I was wondering if it is at all possible for a hacker to perform an SQL injection attack using just letters and numbers. For example, let's take a look at this PHP code which uses regular expressions ...
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545 views

Is this admin area secure enough?

EDIT: Please view the revised question instead The admin area has special access to the database (modifying orders, etc). To help explain, I drew a diagram, so here is my process: Notes: I ...
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719 views

Can one get infected through visiting a site with a PHP script on it and if yes, how?

I can imagine a clientside JavaScript that gets executed in a vulnerable browser to do some harm, but how can this be done with PHP? Since it's serverside it shouldn't have access to the visitor's ...
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3k views

Are PHP Sessions based on cookies or a cookie-IP pair?

I have a PHP website and my question is: If someone manages to steal my users' cookies via an XSS attack, is it enough for him to be identified as the user? Or does his IP also have to be the same as ...
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1k views

Site constantly getting infected

I am the webmaster of some websites running Typo3, 2 of which are getting infected constantly. These 2 sites are being owned by the same client. Something happens on those 2 sites that causes ...
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197 views

Does PHP have a XSS API?

ASP.NET has a cross site scripting API by default, however does PHP have a cross site scripting prevention API?
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2k views

Altering a $_SESSION variable in PHP via XSS?

Not sure if what I'm saying makes sense... but is it possible for me to alter a $_SESSION variable from outside the target PHP script? One of our scripts uses a $_SESSION variable and I'm not sure if ...
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95 views

What is an example of arithmetic and buffer overflows in a php application?

I'm trying to find evidence whether it is possible to have overflows in a php application, whether buffer overflows or arithmetic overflows. I believe it's possible to have these overflows in the ...
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Is phpseclib a secure and reliable alternative to OpenSSL?

I know that OpenSSL needs to be installed and activated via apache and the config files, which can be cumbersome or even impossible, and that phpseclib is more flexible and easier to handle than ...
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Is it possible for a hacker to bypass upload php file?

I wanna give a filtering system in my script. here it is : <?php $allowedExts = array("gif", "jpeg", "jpg", "png","bmp"); $temp = explode(".", $_FILES["file"]["name"]); $extension = end($temp); ...
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835 views

Is it secure to centralize database information?

I would know if it is secure to centralize database information into one file like this : db_infos.php: $server = "localhost"; $user = "root"; $password = "1234"; $database = "foo"; $table = "bar"; ...
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1k views

Secure login system - using sessions?

I'm looking for a secure way to let users login on my website. Currently, I've always used a session system, like this: <?php session_start(); if (validPass() || isset($_SESSION['userId'])) { ...
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172.16.33.197, 127.0.0.1 IP addresses in visitor logs

I have a website running Apache and PHP. I see that there are visitors with IP addresses 172.16.33.197 and 127.0.0.1. These addresses do not belong to our network. I get the visitor IP addresses with ...
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Is this sanitization method secure?

I implemented this sanitization fix: function san($str, $type="full") { switch ($type) { case "full": $str = preg_replace("/[^a-zA-Z0-9_\-]/i", "", $str); break; ...
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184 views

Why there are so many web servers which get exploited by generating obfuscated files?

TL & DR How do those obfuscated files many users complain on this SE-site about get on their systems? And after that, even more interesting how they get executed? Is this caused by the way php ...
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PHP IP check as security?

Would just like some input on a PHP script I'm writing. It's just a simple script that only myself should be able to access. I don't have a dynamic IP address, so this isn't an issue for me, but I'm ...
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4k views

How do I capture POST data then forward user to another page?

I currently have a demo site setup where I load the login form over HTTP and then POST to a HTTPS URL. The aim is to demonstrate that this is not a secure method of handling the login. I'm using ...
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7k views

How secure is ionCube compiled code?

I use ionCube to keep the code I write concealed for my customers. If I would store a password inside the code and compile (not encrypt) it with ionCube encoder, would it be possible for a potential ...
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Restarting nginx with Jenkins or Phing - is it safe to allow Jenkins to run sudo without prompt for password

I am implementing the recommendations from Integrating PHP projects with Jenkins for my own PHP projects. I have created a jenkins user in my ubuntu 12.10 server. I used Phing as my build tool and I ...
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2k views

How to find and protect against the exploited vulnerability in a PHP application based on the logged URL?

I have been attacked on a shared host server and they said I should configure my own php.ini file properly. I have a little PHP/MySQL program with a registering function, a little admin site. ...
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718 views

Attack vectors in POSTing variables from one php script to the next?

I have an application which is structured in the following way for its signup page. After this signup, the user is directly granted access into the system - there is no email verification (as intended)...
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Securely Erasing Cookies

Is there any sort of officially defined procedure (Eg from IETF) on how to correctly unset a cookie? I've always considered it best practice to unset any session cookies at logout for a web ...
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317 views

Pentesting Web Server for Remote File Inclusion

For educational purposes, I am in the process of pentesting a web server of mine(running on Windows) where there is a Remote File Inclusion vulnerability. I can already get simple things like command ...
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221 views

Is this a safe way to connect to a server

I am using a software to backup my website .sql data every 3 days and it connects simply to the server logs in and downloads the .sql file to my computer. While its downloading the connection is not ...
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851 views

PHP/JavaScript with RSA

I have a few columns in the database which should be encrypted. I'm wondering if the way I chose to make this system work is ok, and I'm looking forward to hear some opinions: I chose RSA algorithm (...
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1k views

Is web app safe in not public folder?

I'am wondering if it's really safe to use this structure of my web application. WEBAPP Application Controllers Models Views ... Framework ... ...
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Exploited by newbie3viLc063s

My debian server got exploited by some scriptiekiddie who used Newbie3viLc063 http://pastebin.com/jma8JRG1 . Scriptkiddie uploaded logo_php.png to my server (My permissions sucked :s) and he did run ...
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Which encryption algo should be best for an Android application [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Which type of encryption algorithms android supports, and which would be better? I am confused about to use of DES. Triple DES, RSA and AES algorithms, I think I couldn't ...
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167 views

Is this PHP code vulnerable SQL injection?

Im given control over the $vote variable (in the "challenge" function) Is there any way to sql inject the query? (BTW I can see/read whatever the challenge function returns e.g. the sql errors. I ...
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217 views

As a result of attack; random folders and files in public_html. What kind of attack is this?

As a result of attack there are random folders and php files inside them in public_html directories. Sites are Wordpress, Opencart or just HTML. All sites exposed to attack. Screenshot of the ...
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369 views

Wordpress infected with Trojan

So recently our (VPS CentOS6.5) server began hosting a WP site that was, or became, infected (via revslider plugin) with some kind of trojan (probably spam sender, as we ended up on Spamhaus list very ...
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595 views

Root server hacked via httpd - consequences and future prevention

Since before mid 2014, my root server was targeted by hackers and recently they gained limited access. I disabled all services once I realized the server has been compromised and started investigating....
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249 views

Protecting code injection via chattr on php files?

Recently, a website I hosted (a wordpress site) for a friend got hacked and all php pages had added code at the bottom in the form of echo base64_encode(...);. Thus there were unwanted ads on very ...
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Can password_verify() be used to identify password after database breach?

I am a newbie to PHP and password hashing. I am following the instructions provided here to hash my user password before storing. My questions are: PHP recommends password_hash() method as a ...
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5k views

SQL Injection Modify / Insert Table Values

Is it possible to update a field in a MySQL database or insert a new row using SQL injection in this case: The only protection in the PHP code is mysql_real_escape_string(). The query is ...
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483 views

Understanding JVM zero day in relationship with other runtimes

I am a .net and php developer and since java has been in the news recently thanks to the string of zero days, I decided to brush up on security. In regards to the java zero days, this question has ...
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What are possible consequences for applications that depends on Safe Mode for security?

PHP finally removed safe_mode feature: Safe Mode Warning This feature has been DEPRECATED as of PHP 5.3.0 and REMOVED as of PHP 5.4.0. The PHP safe mode is an attempt to solve the ...
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CodeIgniter CSRF confusion

I have been working with CodeIgniter for about 3 weeks and am very well on the way to loving this framework. However I have been looking at the core code of the framework and I was reading over the ...
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210 views

SQLi-protection ORDER BY

What would be a good check to remove all possibility of SQL-injection on an ORDER BY col where col is an unsafe variable? I'm currently removing [^A-Za-z0-9_] from the string in php. Is this too ...
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382 views

Demonstrating SQL injection

I want to do a demo for a login page that is vulnerable to SQL injection for training purposes. I already tried to build one using PHP and MySQL. I commented the code sanitation to make the page ...