The word "proxy" is mostly used as short for "proxy server", which is a server that acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet so that the enterprise can ensure security, administrative control, and caching service.

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Locking down internet activities [closed]

I have an issue here. We have a bunch of programmers helping to develop code in a lab. However, sometimes they need to surf the web for materials. Our proxy (which is not managed by me and cannot be ...
3
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1answer
1k views

HTTP Reverse Proxy: Correct way to do SSL to backend

If I have a HTTP reverse proxy that communicates with it's backends in an untrusted datacenter, or across datacenters, I would want to use HTTPS in the backend, as talked about here: Reverse Proxy ...
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1answer
85 views

How can I intercept XMPP traffic on Android?

I have been learning about security testing on Android apps, and to intercept traffic I was using Burp Suite. I know it works perfectly for HTTP/HTTPS traffic, but most of the messenger apps are using ...
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1answer
29 views

Splitting data between wifi networks for security

Does there exist, software or technology, that can use more than one wifi network, in such a way that only part of the data travels through each 'side'? You would probably need an end address like a ...
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2answers
58 views

Would a VPN with changing configs do the same job as different VMs

I was reading this question. So my question: Would using a VPN and swapping out configuration files that change your IP address mask the same as using different VMs?
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2answers
158 views

Finding the IP address origin of malware attacker behind VPN and proxies

I have a client that wants me to begin doing research on finding the origin of a persistent attacker to their network and employees. I haven't gotten the specifics yet, but I'm trying to think of ways ...
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19 views

Can IPS monitor both inbound and outbound traffic? [migrated]

We have a user traffic flow like below (PC - Internet) PC => Cisco ASA FW+IPS integrated => Fortigate Proxy (ISP connected to this Proxy) = > Internet PC = > ASA+IPS ==> Fortigate Proxy ==> ...
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1answer
49 views

How does a reverse proxy change the security posture of a web server residing in the DMZ? [closed]

How does the reverse proxy change internal and external security posture with a reverse proxy compared to not having a reverse proxy? For example, you have a publicly accessible iis server, what is ...
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1answer
46 views

proxy servers and restricted work computers

I have a work-issued computer that I have limited access to the Internet due to the security protocols in place on the device. I want to use this machine at home, for work. I want to be able to hide ...
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3answers
234 views

How to intercept and analyze mobile SSL application traffic?

What is the best way to analyze requests sent by a mobile application over SSL? The communication protocol is not necessarily HTTP/S so intercepting them with BURP/ZAP/Fiddler or any other HTTP proxy ...
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47 views

VPN Server + Anonymity + Adblock for mobile Devices

In order to improve private security and anonymity while browsing the web on my mobile devices I wanted to tunnel all traffic to my own server via VPN and use a proxy software to filter unwanted ...
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1answer
60 views

End-to-end encryption with a reverse proxy and an application server

Lets say that I have an nginx reverse proxy that proxies the traffic to a Tomcat on the same server. I think the most common way to configure this setup is to enable SSL on nginx and then proxy the ...
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0answers
16 views

How can a reverse proxy be specified in windows? [migrated]

End goal: Intercept HTTP request destined for xyz.com, reply with static precomputed response. I have used mitmproxy before in reverse mode to accomplish this using a web browser but my goal is to ...
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2answers
83 views

Using free subdomains to circumvent web filtering systems

(I was told that this was the place to ask this by someone from Webmasters, if I've got it wrong again please give me a chance!) I'm running a personal proxy service for the use of myself and some of ...
6
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2answers
834 views

How does dnsleaktest.com find my DNS provider

Can't see how they find this over the web. I'm on Windows, its in my network config. It changes when I use a VPN provider, but not when I use a local socks proxy connected to a remote server over ...
52
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4answers
4k views

What security risks are posed by software vendors deploying SSL Intercepting proxies on user desktops (e.g. Superfish)

There has been quite a bit of concern noted relating to the recent discovery that Lenovo are pre-installing a piece of Adware (Superfish) which has the capability of intercepting SSL traffic from ...
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1answer
67 views

Sniffing external networks from a public network (place)

There is something that I can not understand. If you are preparing, building up an attack from a public place (coffee shop, restaurant ect.). How can you be tracked by law enforcement? I'm asking ...
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0answers
55 views

Rogue WPAD server attack

Today I encountered something I have certainly not seen before first hand. Our IDS blocked some outbound traffic attempts from 5 servers with no WAN access. This traffic was leading to an inactive ...
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0answers
20 views

Proxpy- certificate issue

I am using proxpy, a proxy server written in Python. It comes with its certificates and after installing one of the certificates in Firefox, I got 'Connection is untrusted'. Any help in this regard ...
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2answers
69 views

How to force clients to browse Internet through Squid Proxy

I am using Windows Server 2012 in which I have shared internet through NAT to a secondary LAN card using routing and remote service. The problem is that when my clients are browsing through proxy ...
2
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1answer
177 views

Intercepting HTTPS Android app traffic

I'm trying to intercept Android application traffic from my Android phone....Basically what worked before was that i had simply installed fiddler proxy on my PC, exported the root certificate (and ...
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3answers
61 views

Secure tunnel set up in an office environment

Suppose I am a rogue employee and I want to syphon some sensitive data out of the office and I only have office internet access for this. My office internet access needs to go through a proxy server, ...
4
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3answers
8k views

How do you properly setup Tor on Windows 7?

How do you properly setup Tor on a Windows 7 box to guarantee that ALL connections will run through Tor?
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0answers
56 views

Securing elasticsearch behind a reverse proxy

I intend to run an Elasticsearch index to store a persistent copy of data retrieved from an external service. My plan is to host the Elasticsearch index on AWS, and have it listen on 127.0.0.1 only. I ...
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1answer
765 views

internal proxy server vs DMZ proxy server

What would be reason for placing a proxy server in a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)? I understand that a DMZ is a separate network to your internal network (lies inbetween internal network and firewall). I ...
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2answers
76 views

Security of HTTP proxies

If POST requests are being made to a website via a browser using an HTTP proxy from sslproxies.org, is it possible to trace the origin of those AJAX requests without having access to the proxy being ...
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0answers
58 views

HTTP GET Request to a webpage that does not exist [closed]

I am seeing a machine is making a HTTP GET request to webpage (ex: www.sample.com/1.png), proxy devices respond with status code 407 (proxy auth required). But when I checked for the site via ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Can a corporate proxy downgrade an SSL handshake?

At work, I'm behind an NTLM Proxy. When the SSL Poodle flaw came out, I hardened the configuration of my private server, and found out that even if the client and server shared common ciphers, some ...
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1answer
81 views

Proxies, and how they can be traced

When you make an connection with a proxy and you do something shifty to a server, the people working the server could just call up all ISP's and then your ISP sees the last connection you made was to ...
3
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3answers
15k views

How to force ALL programs to use my Proxy?

I have a local proxy on my PC. (localhost:8888) But unfortunately there are many programs which are not able to go through this proxy. So how can I force all my programs to go through my local proxy ...
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1answer
286 views

Interpreting anti-hacker-alliance analysis [closed]

One of security tools available for web browsing is (http://anti-hacker-alliance.com) Please find below two readings: a) Reading for IP 205.x.x.x that state among other-things "you are using proxy ...
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1answer
87 views

Iphone app not allowing proxy

Hi everyone I am interested in how a banking app works, especially the way it handles https requests. So I installed one, set my proxy settings, started burp suite and expected it to work. As you may ...
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4answers
21k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
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1answer
137 views

How can I convert a Windows certificate into a PEM format, that includes the chain + root?

I need to import a certificate into a Cisco Ironport for Web SSL inspection. The only input format supported is PEM. Based on my research the PEM format does support all certificates in the chain, ...
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2answers
740 views

Squid proxy and VPN software

I have some questions about squid proxies, we set a squid proxy server to block certain web sites for users. and some users only can access one website that related to our work.but after install some ...
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3answers
12k views

Authenticating a Proxy server over HTTPS

When browsing to a website over HTTPS, the web browser typically does a lot of work in the background - negotiating a secure channel, validating the site's certificate, verifying the trust chain, etc. ...
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1answer
105 views

What does proxyexec + cagefs.server mean in the e-mail X-Source-Args?

I've the following headers in the e-mail which I've received as spam: X-Source: X-Source-Args: /usr/sbin/proxyexec -q -d -s /var/run/proxyexec/cagefs.sock/socket /bin/cagefs.server X-Source-Dir: ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Standard for Determining the Anonymity Level of a Proxy

Is there a standard for determining the anonymity level of a proxy? After reading various articles, I have come to the conclusion that you determine the anonymity level by analyzing the headers but I ...
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3answers
4k views

How trustable are third party root certificates?

I recently tried to use Fiddler2 from a third-party vendor Telerik. While decrypting the HTTPS traffic of my network, it asked me to install its own root certificate in my Windows operating system: ...
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1answer
113 views

MITM faking certificates

I am looking at the theory behind MITM attacks in order to see some unencrypted packets from the 3DS. From research here is what I understand so far: 3DS > Proxy > Nintendo server I am going to try ...
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1answer
60 views

VPN Tunnel Routing Question

I'm a little confused about how VPNs work ... I read that they provide an end-to-end encrypted tunnel between you and whoever you're trying to connect to but is that actually the case? VPNs let you ...
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2answers
86 views

MITM on program with no proxy settings

I'm trying to inspect the traffic of a program (which is running on my computer) that uses SSL over TCP to a non-standard port. The traffic may or may not be HTTP traffic, likely isn't. Neither ...
0
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1answer
151 views

iptables intercept received packet with proxy and then forward to destination

Lets say I receive internet through my eth1 port and share it via hotspot to other devices (wlan0 port) [internet]----(eth1)[my computer](wlan0 hotspot) | ...
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2answers
699 views

Intercepting SSL traffic on Android app

I am trying to intercept SSL traffic from my Android app to test the security. I am using certificate pinning in the hopes I can prevent people from snooping. I have tested by configuring ProxyDroid ...
1
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1answer
972 views

Can wifi network administrators see through proxy servers?

I've looked at a lot of VPNs, and "what's my ip address" sites confirm that outsiders can't tell where I really am when I'm using them, but I haven't been able to get my own WiFi yet, so I don't know ...
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2answers
64 views

making online transactions over proxy

So I went over quite a lot of topics here and on the internet.. but I still can't seem to completely understand this issue. How secure really are services like proxies, VPN or VPS? VPN is promoted ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Decrypting TLS Traffic

Context: I want to reverse engineer a protocol in place for the Nintendo 3DS. The implementation however, uses TLS, which makes it difficult to reverse engineer. I'm currently able to sniff packets ...
3
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3answers
186 views

How to get net anonymity while browsing?

I am a college student and am getting free wifi for using the 'Hostel campus" facility ', to access net, I have to put a proxy IP address to my browser. I have heard that they can see what all ...
3
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1answer
429 views

If I connect to VPN through proxy, who can see what?

I try to understand what happens when I use an HTTP(S) proxy in my OpenVPN client configuration. What's the advantage of an HTTPS proxy over plain HTTP? In any case the encryption takes place on the ...
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2answers
153 views

I'm wondering how I hide my identity online well

what are the different ways to become anonymous. Is quicksilver a good email for that? What are the different options? I know about proxies, Tor, and VPNs. Should I do all three? I like computers but ...