The word "proxy" is mostly used as short for "proxy server", which is a server that acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet so that the enterprise can ensure security, administrative control, and caching service.

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99 views

HTTP GET Request to a webpage that does not exist [closed]

I am seeing a machine is making a HTTP GET request to webpage (ex: www.sample.com/1.png), proxy devices respond with status code 407 (proxy auth required). But when I checked for the site via ...
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1answer
235 views

Proxies, and how they can be traced

When you make an connection with a proxy and you do something shifty to a server, the people working the server could just call up all ISP's and then your ISP sees the last connection you made was to ...
2
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1answer
244 views

Can a corporate proxy downgrade an SSL handshake?

At work, I'm behind an NTLM Proxy. When the SSL Poodle flaw came out, I hardened the configuration of my private server, and found out that even if the client and server shared common ciphers, some ...
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1answer
845 views

Interpreting anti-hacker-alliance analysis [closed]

One of security tools available for web browsing is (http://anti-hacker-alliance.com) Please find below two readings: a) Reading for IP 205.x.x.x that state among other-things "you are using proxy ...
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1answer
353 views

How can I convert a Windows certificate into a PEM format, that includes the chain + root?

I need to import a certificate into a Cisco Ironport for Web SSL inspection. The only input format supported is PEM. Based on my research the PEM format does support all certificates in the chain, ...
3
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2answers
91 views

Would a VPN with changing configs do the same job as different VMs

I was reading this question. So my question: Would using a VPN and swapping out configuration files that change your IP address mask the same as using different VMs?
2
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1answer
135 views

Standard for Determining the Anonymity Level of a Proxy

Is there a standard for determining the anonymity level of a proxy? After reading various articles, I have come to the conclusion that you determine the anonymity level by analyzing the headers but I ...
0
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1answer
248 views

Iphone app not allowing proxy

Hi everyone I am interested in how a banking app works, especially the way it handles https requests. So I installed one, set my proxy settings, started burp suite and expected it to work. As you may ...
0
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1answer
152 views

MITM faking certificates

I am looking at the theory behind MITM attacks in order to see some unencrypted packets from the 3DS. From research here is what I understand so far: 3DS > Proxy > Nintendo server I am going to try ...
1
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1answer
85 views

VPN Tunnel Routing Question

I'm a little confused about how VPNs work ... I read that they provide an end-to-end encrypted tunnel between you and whoever you're trying to connect to but is that actually the case? VPNs let you ...
2
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3answers
167 views

MITM on program with no proxy settings

I'm trying to inspect the traffic of a program (which is running on my computer) that uses SSL over TCP to a non-standard port. The traffic may or may not be HTTP traffic, likely isn't. Neither ...
0
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1answer
329 views

iptables intercept received packet with proxy and then forward to destination

Lets say I receive internet through my eth1 port and share it via hotspot to other devices (wlan0 port) [internet]----(eth1)[my computer](wlan0 hotspot) | ...
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1answer
3k views

Can wifi network administrators see through proxy servers?

I've looked at a lot of VPNs, and "what's my ip address" sites confirm that outsiders can't tell where I really am when I'm using them, but I haven't been able to get my own WiFi yet, so I don't know ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Intercepting SSL traffic on Android app

I am trying to intercept SSL traffic from my Android app to test the security. I am using certificate pinning in the hopes I can prevent people from snooping. I have tested by configuring ProxyDroid ...
1
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2answers
86 views

making online transactions over proxy

So I went over quite a lot of topics here and on the internet.. but I still can't seem to completely understand this issue. How secure really are services like proxies, VPN or VPS? VPN is promoted ...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

Decrypting TLS Traffic

Context: I want to reverse engineer a protocol in place for the Nintendo 3DS. The implementation however, uses TLS, which makes it difficult to reverse engineer. I'm currently able to sniff packets ...
3
votes
1answer
962 views

If I connect to VPN through proxy, who can see what?

I try to understand what happens when I use an HTTP(S) proxy in my OpenVPN client configuration. What's the advantage of an HTTPS proxy over plain HTTP? In any case the encryption takes place on the ...
1
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2answers
237 views

I'm wondering how I hide my identity online well [duplicate]

what are the different ways to become anonymous. Is quicksilver a good email for that? What are the different options? I know about proxies, Tor, and VPNs. Should I do all three? I like computers but ...
0
votes
3answers
346 views

Confusion over a firewall and proxy

A proxy usually controls HTTP(S) traffic going outbound. IE it can be blocked, and so forth. How is this different to a firewall working on port 80/443? Also, if a firewall is to control outbound ...
0
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1answer
314 views

Privacy of web surfing by Free gate

I am connected to the internet in the university where I don't want the administrator or any organization to find out some of the websites and contents I check in them. I'm afraid that they might ...
0
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2answers
68 views

How do I prove my proxy is scanning for viruses?

I have a proxy server in my DMZ that among other tasks has the role of scanning incoming messages - email, SOAP - for viruses. How do I prove to my team leader that it is performing this role on all ...
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2answers
85 views

Which web browser supports a proxy in proxy configuration? [closed]

Normally you are forced to use a corporate proxy. This is necessary for the company to protect against the internet. But a side effect is, that the internet usage of every proxy user can be monitored ...
0
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1answer
81 views

Pivoting through XSS

I'll start off by saying this is a purely academic question; I'm trying to fill some gaps in my knowledge. If a website is vulnerable to XSS, and the target host is another machine that can browse to ...
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2answers
253 views

Why the Websense blocks same site when used with http & not when used https? [closed]

I have been working in a IT firm. I have access to some social sites. When I try to open site Links in mail (that are having http://), the websense prompts me that the access is blocked. However, when ...
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2answers
715 views

Will the cookies crumble when it comes to proxy servers?

One important use of proxy servers as I understand reading Wikipedia is to keep you anonymous from other servers by acting as a middle-man. If that is indeed the case, consider the following ...
0
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2answers
239 views

Finding the IP address origin of malware attacker behind VPN and proxies

I have a client that wants me to begin doing research on finding the origin of a persistent attacker to their network and employees. I haven't gotten the specifics yet, but I'm trying to think of ways ...
0
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2answers
953 views

How to mask my IP using a proxy server? [duplicate]

I heard that it is possible to use a proxy server to mask my true IP address and surf anonymously online. Also I have a list of valid Proxy IPs and corresponding ports. How can I use them to get ...
1
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1answer
200 views

What does proxyexec + cagefs.server mean in the e-mail X-Source-Args?

I've the following headers in the e-mail which I've received as spam: X-Source: X-Source-Args: /usr/sbin/proxyexec -q -d -s /var/run/proxyexec/cagefs.sock/socket /bin/cagefs.server X-Source-Dir: ...
0
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2answers
69 views

what is the cons and pros of using webfiltering based on cloud security?

nowadays some vendors offering web filtering based on cloud security , where your web traffic will be forwarded to vendor cloud to be filtered and controlled at the vendor proxy , the vendor will ...
3
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1answer
252 views

How the whatismyip knows real ip address?

I just realize that this website knows the real ip address even if you use proxy ,i found this question, so start to test every possible way,first, this website don't have a X-Forwarded-For or ...
4
votes
2answers
355 views

How to get rid of an Ad bot?

The issue started due to setting up a proxy server on a PC connected to my network. I then realized that all of my devices that connected to the network, including PCs and phones, are all infected by ...
5
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3answers
5k views

How trustable are third party root certificates?

I recently tried to use Fiddler2 from a third-party vendor Telerik. While decrypting the HTTPS traffic of my network, it asked me to install its own root certificate in my Windows operating system: ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Squid proxy and VPN software

I have some questions about squid proxies, we set a squid proxy server to block certain web sites for users. and some users only can access one website that related to our work.but after install some ...
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1answer
235 views

How can they catch me, how can i hide my self [duplicate]

Im using a website and somehow they can find out that i am using a proxy. My first question is how can they do. How can they find out this? And Second what can i do i mean how can i hide my self, is ...
2
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1answer
164 views

Connecting to public proxy servers

I use public proxies a lot. I was wondering, is it possible that they can modify the html and send back malicious javascript, etc?
0
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1answer
2k views

internal proxy server vs DMZ proxy server

What would be reason for placing a proxy server in a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)? I understand that a DMZ is a separate network to your internal network (lies inbetween internal network and firewall). I ...
-1
votes
2answers
216 views

Installing self-made cert as trusted CA on windows?

I'm looking into using mitm-proxy, but part of the process of filtering/snooping SSL is that you must generate and install a root cert as a trusted CA, so that mitm-proxy can generate and throw out ...
1
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2answers
303 views

How do proxy servers protect their SSL certificates?

Suppose that there is a http proxy server outside the firewall of an organization hosting a web server. All client connections to the web server happen through this proxy. The client negotiates SSL ...
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votes
1answer
1k views

Man-in-the-middle attack with public wifi

I'm using Charles to sniff out the traffic on my iPhone at Starbucks and for some reason it won't work with at&t wifi. Google Starbucks wifi does, however. I use my iPhone to connect to the same ...
0
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2answers
473 views

How to post comments on websites without being traced back

Just trying to get some general sense about the security on internet now-a-days. There are so many websites I go and comment on different things. If some comments are political and they don't like, I ...
0
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1answer
2k views

OWASP Zap proxy Fuzz XSS pentest against REST API

I am looking to PEN test my application against XSS attacks. The application is a REST API... As such when you POST some JSON to /cart/add to see the result of that attack you would need to GET ...
0
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0answers
335 views

How to config Squid SSL bump to let Paloalto PA series firewall recognize App-ID

A Paloalto firewall(PA-2050,POS 4.1x) was capable of recognizing the websites which users are visiting(thru http/https) then flag them with a App-ID and apply application control on the traffic, for ...
0
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1answer
79 views

MITM attack in a star network with proxy server

My community centre has a public computer center. I am pretty sure that it's connected in a star topology with some switch in the center. It also have a proxy server which we need to enter a username ...
7
votes
1answer
383 views

What Steps Does An Anonymous Artist Need To Take to Retain Anonymity? [closed]

I read these questions which had great information: How can I keep my identity anonymous as a website owner/administrator? and How much can I trust Tor?, however I wonder if this is too extreme for my ...
3
votes
3answers
218 views

How to get net anonymity while browsing?

I am a college student and am getting free wifi for using the 'Hostel campus" facility ', to access net, I have to put a proxy IP address to my browser. I have heard that they can see what all ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Does an HTTPS proxy encrypt traffic between proxy client and server for HTTP requests?

To bypass censorship in a DIY fashion, I plan to set up private proxies for my personal use. One of the possible methods I would try is to use an HTTPS proxy (not a web proxy, to be explicit) hosted ...
1
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1answer
80 views

Protecting encryption of outdated software with a server

I have a 1st generation iPad, and I usually use it for web browsing when I'm home. The 1st gen iPad can't run newer versions of iOS (I'm stuck with iOS 5). I went to a website that tells if your SSL ...
1
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2answers
229 views

Security risk of Microsoft AD Certificate Services?

We have an internal CA server for our domain located at http://cert_srvr.local.domain/certsrv/certrqxt.asp. This server runs Microsoft Active Directory Certificate Services. When I went to the ...
0
votes
1answer
229 views

SSL decryption without installing a certificate on each client

Given a proxy performing MITM SSL decryption and inspection, is it possible to install a wildcard certificate (*.domain.com) on the proxy signed by a root CA (such as VeriSign or GoDaddy) such that ...
1
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1answer
883 views

Strange bug in ModSecurity with the rule 950901

I have a classic ModSecurity configuration (apt-get...) SecRuleEngine Off SecPcreMatchLimit 1000 SecPcreMatchLimitRecursion 1000 SecAction "phase:1,t:none,nolog,pass, \ ...