The word "proxy" is mostly used as short for "proxy server", which is a server that acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet so that the enterprise can ensure security, administrative control, and caching service.

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6
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2answers
802 views

How does dnsleaktest.com find my DNS provider

Can't see how they find this over the web. I'm on Windows, its in my network config. It changes when I use a VPN provider, but not when I use a local socks proxy connected to a remote server over ...
-3
votes
0answers
24 views

Is it possible to use Whatsapp as a proxy on Android? [on hold]

My carrier has made all Whatsapp traffic free from billing. I was simply curious if it was possible to utilize Whatsapp as a traffic proxy for other internet traffic, or whether their end-to-end ...
52
votes
4answers
3k views

What security risks are posed by software vendors deploying SSL Intercepting proxies on user desktops (e.g. Superfish)

There has been quite a bit of concern noted relating to the recent discovery that Lenovo are pre-installing a piece of Adware (Superfish) which has the capability of intercepting SSL traffic from ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Sniffing external networks from a public network (place)

There is something that I can not understand. If you are preparing, building up an attack from a public place (coffee shop, restaurant ect.). How can you be tracked by law enforcement? I'm asking ...
3
votes
1answer
950 views

HTTP Reverse Proxy: Correct way to do SSL to backend

If I have a HTTP reverse proxy that communicates with it's backends in an untrusted datacenter, or across datacenters, I would want to use HTTPS in the backend, as talked about here: Reverse Proxy ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Rogue WPAD server attack

Today I encountered something I have certainly not seen before first hand. Our IDS blocked some outbound traffic attempts from 5 servers with no WAN access. This traffic was leading to an inactive ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How can I intercept XMPP traffic on Android?

I have been learning about security testing on Android apps, and to intercept traffic I was using Burp Suite. I know it works perfectly for HTTP/HTTPS traffic, but most of the messenger apps are using ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Would a VPN with changing configs do the same job as different VMs

I was reading this question. So my question: Would using a VPN and swapping out configuration files that change your IP address mask the same as using different VMs?
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Proxpy- certificate issue

I am using proxpy, a proxy server written in Python. It comes with its certificates and after installing one of the certificates in Firefox, I got 'Connection is untrusted'. Any help in this regard ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

How to force clients to browse Internet through Squid Proxy

I am using Windows Server 2012 in which I have shared internet through NAT to a secondary LAN card using routing and remote service. The problem is that when my clients are browsing through proxy ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Intercepting HTTPS Android app traffic

I'm trying to intercept Android application traffic from my Android phone....Basically what worked before was that i had simply installed fiddler proxy on my PC, exported the root certificate (and ...
1
vote
3answers
57 views

Secure tunnel set up in an office environment

Suppose I am a rogue employee and I want to syphon some sensitive data out of the office and I only have office internet access for this. My office internet access needs to go through a proxy server, ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

How do you properly setup Tor on Windows 7?

How do you properly setup Tor on a Windows 7 box to guarantee that ALL connections will run through Tor?
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Securing elasticsearch behind a reverse proxy

I intend to run an Elasticsearch index to store a persistent copy of data retrieved from an external service. My plan is to host the Elasticsearch index on AWS, and have it listen on 127.0.0.1 only. I ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

How to intercept and analyze mobile SSL application traffic?

What is the best way to analyze requests sent by a mobile application over SSL? The communication protocol is not necessarily HTTP/S so intercepting them with BURP/ZAP/Fiddler or any other HTTP proxy ...
0
votes
1answer
637 views

internal proxy server vs DMZ proxy server

What would be reason for placing a proxy server in a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)? I understand that a DMZ is a separate network to your internal network (lies inbetween internal network and firewall). I ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Security of HTTP proxies

If POST requests are being made to a website via a browser using an HTTP proxy from sslproxies.org, is it possible to trace the origin of those AJAX requests without having access to the proxy being ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

HTTP GET Request to a webpage that does not exist [closed]

I am seeing a machine is making a HTTP GET request to webpage (ex: www.sample.com/1.png), proxy devices respond with status code 407 (proxy auth required). But when I checked for the site via ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Can a corporate proxy downgrade an SSL handshake?

At work, I'm behind an NTLM Proxy. When the SSL Poodle flaw came out, I hardened the configuration of my private server, and found out that even if the client and server shared common ciphers, some ...
-2
votes
1answer
68 views

Proxies, and how they can be traced

When you make an connection with a proxy and you do something shifty to a server, the people working the server could just call up all ISP's and then your ISP sees the last connection you made was to ...
3
votes
3answers
14k views

How to force ALL programs to use my Proxy?

I have a local proxy on my PC. (localhost:8888) But unfortunately there are many programs which are not able to go through this proxy. So how can I force all my programs to go through my local proxy ...
-1
votes
1answer
200 views

Interpreting anti-hacker-alliance analysis [closed]

One of security tools available for web browsing is (http://anti-hacker-alliance.com) Please find below two readings: a) Reading for IP 205.x.x.x that state among other-things "you are using proxy ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Iphone app not allowing proxy

Hi everyone I am interested in how a banking app works, especially the way it handles https requests. So I installed one, set my proxy settings, started burp suite and expected it to work. As you may ...
8
votes
4answers
20k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How can I convert a Windows certificate into a PEM format, that includes the chain + root?

I need to import a certificate into a Cisco Ironport for Web SSL inspection. The only input format supported is PEM. Based on my research the PEM format does support all certificates in the chain, ...
2
votes
2answers
620 views

Squid proxy and VPN software

I have some questions about squid proxies, we set a squid proxy server to block certain web sites for users. and some users only can access one website that related to our work.but after install some ...
16
votes
3answers
11k views

Authenticating a Proxy server over HTTPS

When browsing to a website over HTTPS, the web browser typically does a lot of work in the background - negotiating a secure channel, validating the site's certificate, verifying the trust chain, etc. ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What does proxyexec + cagefs.server mean in the e-mail X-Source-Args?

I've the following headers in the e-mail which I've received as spam: X-Source: X-Source-Args: /usr/sbin/proxyexec -q -d -s /var/run/proxyexec/cagefs.sock/socket /bin/cagefs.server X-Source-Dir: ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Standard for Determining the Anonymity Level of a Proxy

Is there a standard for determining the anonymity level of a proxy? After reading various articles, I have come to the conclusion that you determine the anonymity level by analyzing the headers but I ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How trustable are third party root certificates?

I recently tried to use Fiddler2 from a third-party vendor Telerik. While decrypting the HTTPS traffic of my network, it asked me to install its own root certificate in my Windows operating system: ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

MITM faking certificates

I am looking at the theory behind MITM attacks in order to see some unencrypted packets from the 3DS. From research here is what I understand so far: 3DS > Proxy > Nintendo server I am going to try ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

VPN Tunnel Routing Question

I'm a little confused about how VPNs work ... I read that they provide an end-to-end encrypted tunnel between you and whoever you're trying to connect to but is that actually the case? VPNs let you ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

MITM on program with no proxy settings

I'm trying to inspect the traffic of a program (which is running on my computer) that uses SSL over TCP to a non-standard port. The traffic may or may not be HTTP traffic, likely isn't. Neither ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

iptables intercept received packet with proxy and then forward to destination

Lets say I receive internet through my eth1 port and share it via hotspot to other devices (wlan0 port) [internet]----(eth1)[my computer](wlan0 hotspot) | ...
1
vote
2answers
551 views

Intercepting SSL traffic on Android app

I am trying to intercept SSL traffic from my Android app to test the security. I am using certificate pinning in the hopes I can prevent people from snooping. I have tested by configuring ProxyDroid ...
1
vote
1answer
627 views

Can wifi network administrators see through proxy servers?

I've looked at a lot of VPNs, and "what's my ip address" sites confirm that outsiders can't tell where I really am when I'm using them, but I haven't been able to get my own WiFi yet, so I don't know ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

making online transactions over proxy

So I went over quite a lot of topics here and on the internet.. but I still can't seem to completely understand this issue. How secure really are services like proxies, VPN or VPS? VPN is promoted ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Decrypting TLS Traffic

Context: I want to reverse engineer a protocol in place for the Nintendo 3DS. The implementation however, uses TLS, which makes it difficult to reverse engineer. I'm currently able to sniff packets ...
3
votes
3answers
180 views

How to get net anonymity while browsing?

I am a college student and am getting free wifi for using the 'Hostel campus" facility ', to access net, I have to put a proxy IP address to my browser. I have heard that they can see what all ...
3
votes
1answer
364 views

If I connect to VPN through proxy, who can see what?

I try to understand what happens when I use an HTTP(S) proxy in my OpenVPN client configuration. What's the advantage of an HTTPS proxy over plain HTTP? In any case the encryption takes place on the ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

I'm wondering how I hide my identity online well

what are the different ways to become anonymous. Is quicksilver a good email for that? What are the different options? I know about proxies, Tor, and VPNs. Should I do all three? I like computers but ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How can end-users detect malicious attempts at SSL spoofing when the network already has an authorized SSL proxy?

I'm working on one client's network where they have enabled HTTPS authority spoofing on their proxy. This allows them to effectively perform a man-in-the-middle attack to decipher all outgoing ...
0
votes
3answers
112 views

Confusion over a firewall and proxy

A proxy usually controls HTTP(S) traffic going outbound. IE it can be blocked, and so forth. How is this different to a firewall working on port 80/443? Also, if a firewall is to control outbound ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

Privacy of web surfing by Free gate

I am connected to the internet in the university where I don't want the administrator or any organization to find out some of the websites and contents I check in them. I'm afraid that they might ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

How do I prove my proxy is scanning for viruses?

I have a proxy server in my DMZ that among other tasks has the role of scanning incoming messages - email, SOAP - for viruses. How do I prove to my team leader that it is performing this role on all ...
-1
votes
2answers
67 views

Which web browser supports a proxy in proxy configuration? [closed]

Normally you are forced to use a corporate proxy. This is necessary for the company to protect against the internet. But a side effect is, that the internet usage of every proxy user can be monitored ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Pivoting through XSS

I'll start off by saying this is a purely academic question; I'm trying to fill some gaps in my knowledge. If a website is vulnerable to XSS, and the target host is another machine that can browse to ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Problems with intermediate ssl certificates and ssl proxy

I'm currently implementing a SSL-proxy, and have run into some problems regarding certificates. We have a offline "Company Root CA", and an online "Company intermediate CA". On the proxy I have ...
1
vote
2answers
149 views

Why the Websense blocks same site when used with http & not when used https? [closed]

I have been working in a IT firm. I have access to some social sites. When I try to open site Links in mail (that are having http://), the websense prompts me that the access is blocked. However, when ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Will the cookies crumble when it comes to proxy servers?

One important use of proxy servers as I understand reading Wikipedia is to keep you anonymous from other servers by acting as a middle-man. If that is indeed the case, consider the following ...