The word "proxy" is mostly used as short for "proxy server", which is a server that acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet so that the enterprise can ensure security, administrative control, and caching service.

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25
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8answers
12k views

Can my company see what HTTPS sites I went to?

At work my company uses internet monitoring software (websense). I know if I visit a https ssl-encrypted site (such as https://secure.logmein.com) they can't see what I'm doing on the site since all ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

Anonymous web browser. Is it real?

Do anonymous browsers work? What principles do they use? Can I use them to test access to my web site? Can I detect if a visitor is using one? What is the different between traditional and anonymous ...
15
votes
5answers
8k views

Does using an http proxy completely hide my real IP address?

If I obscure my IP by going through a free http proxy and visit a page, will that site's admin ever be able to find out my true IP or anything related to my true connection/info?
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Authenticating a Proxy server over HTTPS

When browsing to a website over HTTPS, the web browser typically does a lot of work in the background - negotiating a secure channel, validating the site's certificate, verifying the trust chain, etc. ...
10
votes
6answers
362 views

Should we configure all devices to never request SSL 2.0, and reject it if offered?

In an effort to reduce man in the middle attacks, when will it be (or was it) an industry accepted practice to reject SSL 2.0 connections on the client and server side? Is configuring this on a proxy ...
10
votes
1answer
658 views

Is Nokia's “institutional MITM” of SSL traffic vulnerable to CRIME attack?

It's recently been in the news that some Nokia phones proxy all traffic, including SSL connections, through a Nokia proxy. This is effectively an "institutional MITM" attack on users those phones. ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Bypassing a reverse proxy/NAT

Reverse proxies and NAT would seem to obscure a network behind such technologies to the point where it would be hard if not impossible to identify ports open and services running. Given that many ...
9
votes
4answers
985 views

Can real end-to-end SSL encryption be made?

I've read the various questions tagged [ssl] and [mitm] and [proxy] and I couldn't find a duplicate. I've got a very precise question but first I need to give some background. Basically I'm very ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Is SOCKS secure?

In order to create a VPN, I open an SSH tunnel with a command like ssh -D 9000 user@host, and then I set my system's proxy settings to use SOCKS5 through localhost:9000. Well, setting up my home ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Is a Tor router really safer than a proxy?

If I use a Tor router to browse the regular internet that it has to leave the Tor network through an exit node. Apparently the exit node has all the information from the original user it came from on ...
8
votes
3answers
953 views

How do I log all my internet-connections

How can I (maybe with a proxy, but I need names of programs!?) log all my interactions of programs with my Internet connection, so that I could see WHAT a program is sending and WHAT it is receiving. ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How effective are reverse proxies as a web application security measure?

How effective are reverse proxies as a web application security device? Which types of threats do they mitigate against and which don't they? For example are they more effective in preventing ...
8
votes
6answers
675 views

Getting credentials using proxy server

Is it possible to get the username and password we enter into sites like facebook using proxy server? The scenario is like this : 1.My laptop is connected to a network. 2.It is configured to use a ...
8
votes
7answers
714 views

Does a chain of proxies (e.g. one connecting to another and another and so on) make tracing the original IP harder/impossible?

I see nobody here has asked this question. What if one, instead of just using a single proxy, connected a proxy-to-proxy in a very long chain and downloaded something (illegal) using secure packets ...
8
votes
2answers
674 views

HTTPS login vs MITM attack

http://www.troyhunt.com/2013/05/your-login-form-posts-to-https-but-you.html My question is, if the threat is that someone controls your internet connection and can serve up bad login pages, couldn't ...
8
votes
5answers
977 views

Creating tunnel with most ports closed?

How can I create a proxy tunnel from a network that has all ports but port 80 closed? I guess I'd have to bind SSH on my server to port 80, but would that introduce problems to my home network since ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Detecting Tor proxy by reading request headers

I am a newbie to the field of security. As I was trying to explore more about HTTP request and response headers, I came across this website which provides a detailed analysis of the request header ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

SOCKS proxy security concerns

As claimed, "A socks proxy simply transfers data from a client to a server, not penetrating into this data contents (therefore it can work with HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, NNTP, etc.)", I really can't buy ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How is tunnelling SSH through Poxytunnel/HTTPS different from doing it through SSL with Stunnel?

In an answer to What is the difference between SSL, TLS, and HTTPS, it's said that HTTPS is HTTP over SSL/TLS. That is, an SSL/TLS connection is established first, and then normal HTTP data is ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Proxy vs. Firewall

I understand that very simply put a proxy is a sort of 'man in the middle' allowing/denying access to certain services/resources. Strictly in terms of security (I mean here privacy, parental control ...
6
votes
4answers
12k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
6
votes
7answers
832 views

HTTP Proxy vs bump-in-wire

If I'm an administrator of a corporate network, I could use an HTTP proxy to examine outgoing connections to monitor what websites my employees are going to, and terminate connections based upon ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How can end-users detect malicious attempts at SSL spoofing when the network already has an authorized SSL proxy?

I'm working on one client's network where they have enabled HTTPS authority spoofing on their proxy. This allows them to effectively perform a man-in-the-middle attack to decipher all outgoing ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there anything like a known proxy server IP list/database?

I'm looking for something like a known proxy servers IP list (text, comma seperated or database based). Do you happen to know if anything like that exists? Free would be nice. I doubt it because these ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Is it possible to locate Tor/proxy users? Spam is getting on my nerves

I'm managing a huge forum (over 15k posts and 500 users) and lately some guy uses a VPN (probably) to spam my forums with topics such as: "GAYGAYGAYGAYGAYGAYGAY" "FRIGHT IS GAY HAHAHAHHAA" "ADMINS ...
5
votes
4answers
873 views

How to keep secure while browsing on open wifi when SSL VPN is blocked?

After a recent visit to a hotel I was surprised to discover that they blocked access to my OpenVPN server. I often use this as a way to secure my internet traffic when I am on public wireless. ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Any good free SSL proxy on windows?

I'm looking for SSL proxy capable of dumping requests. I want to test custom browser against SSL-MITM attacks. I'm able to re-route all traffic ongoing from browser to machine with proxy. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I check that I have a direct SSL connection to a website?

I always thought that if I had an SSL connection there would be no MITM attacks. Now it appears that isn't true (see comments in this question Is it okay from a security perspective to read foreign ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Man-in-the-middle Blue coat proxy ssl or what?

I have just discovered that my workplace have enabled some new feature in the blue coat network proxy. It seems like all https certificates in chrome on windows is being issued by this internal ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

MiTM - Non-HTTP TLS

I'm doing some research into the privacy of various iOS applications. My main source of data is via wireshark or Burp (HTTP/S proxy). This has been rather sucessfull for MiTM for decrypting HTTPS ...
5
votes
4answers
478 views

One time password over SMS - exposing the Authentication Server to the internet

Consider a Internet Based Website which does authentication. The Web Application can do the authentication by calling an Authentication Server which is not connected to the internet. The ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

Is it actually feasible or useful to use a high number of proxy servers?

In the movies, it's not uncommon to see the digitized global map projected on a huge wall with a line of light (presumably a user's connection) travelling back and forth all over the globe in a ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

Retrieving client certificate using Tcpdump results in zero length certificate

I am trying to proxy a mobile app (with Fiddler), which sends a client certificate to the server it connects to. I would think that capturing traffic with Tcpdump, retrieving the client certificate ...
4
votes
1answer
480 views

How does dnsleaktest.com find my DNS provider

Can't see how they find this over the web. I'm on Windows, its in my network config. It changes when I use a VPN provider, but not when I use a local socks proxy connected to a remote server over ...
4
votes
3answers
263 views

The safest way to circumventing Iran's Internet censorship

We usually buy services like VPN, SOCKS, Kerio [Kerio Connect?]... to circumvent Iran's Internet censorship policy. Recently, one of the shops started selling [one of] Kerio's products, for which I do ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Java applets reveal the real IP address, even when using proxy or vpn?

Can a Java applet reveal the original client IP address, when browsing through a proxy or a VPN? Why?
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How do you properly setup Tor on Windows 7?

How do you properly setup Tor on a Windows 7 box to guarantee that ALL connections will run through Tor?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it possible to connect to a proxy with an ssl (or otherwise encrypted) connection?

What i want to know is whether it is possible to connect to a proxy with an ssl (or otherwise encrypted) connection? (I'm suspecting this is possible because TOR encrypts user connections to it's ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How can reverse proxies be used to bypass acceptable use policies of a company?

I am wondering how reverse proxies can be used to bypass company acceptable use policies? What can be done to prevent it?
3
votes
1answer
262 views

Could somebody explain connect loop DoS?

I'm trying to understand this vulnerability. How can I reproduce this?
3
votes
2answers
338 views

loadbalancer, 2 webserver, 1 webserver hacked , how to tunnel out?

Lets say I have one load balancer (HAProxy) and two web servers one gets hacked. Is the attacker able to make outgoing connections when the web servers have no direct internet access (only ubuntu ...
3
votes
2answers
720 views

What is your approach to handling Guest Internet access?

Suppose you're a company that uses a web proxy to block objectionable content on your corporate network, and this technology may cause issues with some 3rd party VPNs. Or perhaps this 3rd party is ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Is using a WebServer as a proxy a secure solution

There are 2 machines - both running Windows Server. Machine1 can access the internet. Machine2 cannot access the internet, but can access Machine1. Machine2 needs to continuously access one external ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

Warn about specific CA in Firefox

Consider a setup where all HTTP/HTTPS traffic goes through a proxy. The certificate of this proxy must be trusted by all browsers (in this case, Firefox). This certificate replaces the original ...
3
votes
2answers
572 views

Securely expose WebService from Enterprise Network to Internet Client

(coming from stackoverflow) Are there any standards (or certified solutions) to expose a (Web-)Service to the internet from a very security-sensitive network (e.g. Banking/Finance)? I am not ...
3
votes
3answers
10k views

How to force ALL programs to use my Proxy?

I have a local proxy on my PC. (localhost:8888) But unfortunately there are many programs which are not able to go through this proxy. So how can I force all my programs to go through my local proxy ...
3
votes
1answer
383 views

Documented Best Practices for Reverse Proxy Implementation

I'm looking for some best practices documentation for implementation of a reverse proxy. We need to allow an internal database / web server incoming access to the outside world and are trying to ...
3
votes
4answers
276 views

Outbound proxy which whitelists by server certificate?

Short version: Are you aware of any proxy or firewall device which will permit outbound SSL connections to hosts with approved* SSL certificates only? Long version: Consider the following ...
3
votes
1answer
710 views

How can I detect if someone is using an ssh tunnel as a proxy to connect to a VPN?

I've got an SSH server setup in a remote location, which I use to tunnel traffic from an android tablet. On the tablet, I have the Cisco AnyConnect app to connect to my company's VPN. We want to be ...
3
votes
2answers
682 views

How can I implement authentication in my proxy server?

I have a proxy server, it will have a captive portal page. Users will be required to sign in before gaining access to the internet. So far I am aware of IP and/or MAC address based authentication. ...