A public-key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of hardware, software, people, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates. In cryptography, a PKI is an arrangement that binds public keys with respective user identities by means of a ...

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How are TLSv1.0 ciphers negotiated as TLSv1.2?

I'm a little confused about something I am reading in Bulletproof SSL. "TLS 1.2 is the only protocol that allows suites to define their PRFs. This means that for the suites defined before TLS 1.2 ...
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2answers
41 views

ECDSA ciphers and forward secrecy question about key exchange

I have heard that with forward secrecy that the ECDSA ciphers generate different keys for "each session" because they are not dependent on the private key of the server. My question is how is "each ...
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2answers
72 views

What would cause a server to only send over 1 SSL certificate to a client?

We have a secure server that seems to only be sending over the identity certificate. Running the hostname through Qualys says that only 1 cert was provided. The intermediate had to be downloaded on ...
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0answers
62 views

Do SSH private keys always contain enough information to derive a public key?

I am working on a persistence model for SSH Private keys. The technology used is Java. Since the persistence structure of the public and private keys is pretty similar and using some of the Java APIs ...
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1answer
35 views

ECDSA/RSA certifcates and cipher selection

In this image can someone tell me if a standard RSA certificate can support the EC*_RSA ciphers listed? If so do you create the typical RSA keys when you are creating the CSR? Also I am fairly ...
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47 views

Smart Token Security Test

I have a question. One of my colleague gave me a Smart Token which consists of public/private key inside and asked me if I can test its security. I said it should be tested in a equipped lab for ...
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1answer
64 views

What is the deal with Valicert SSL root certificates?

Does anyone know what the status of the "Valicert Class 2 Validation Authority" root certificate is or what's going on with Valicert in general? I've heard that that cert has been deprecated, no ...
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2answers
60 views

Does where I put my PKI certificates matter?

I have an intermediate and a root PKI certificate that I see were already imported into a computers (windows server 2003) certificate store. However both the intermediate and root certificates were ...
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25 views

Key management for hosting applications

We're looking to host a number of client applications in our environment. Some of those will use crypto, e.g. for ssl or database encryption and obviously we'll need to manage keys for that. I am ...
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4answers
129 views

SSL root certificate optional?

I may have been under the wrong impression on how servers should be setup and what certificates actually get sent over during the server hello certificate message. I came across this today from ...
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1answer
37 views

Can a CSR be created in OpenSSL with SHA2?

Can a CSR be created in OpenSSL with SHA2? If so, what would the command be and what does this tell the CA, if anything? If you could create a CSR using SHA2 would it "tell" the signing CA to use it ...
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132 views

4096 bit RSA encryption keys vs 2048

Where do 4096 bit RSA keys for SSL certs currently stand in terms of things like CA support, browser support, etc? In the overall scheme of things is the increased security worth the risk of 4096 bit ...
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24 views

Is there any benefit to providing multiple types of public keys?

Say I have a page on my website which lists public keys to be used in case people would either allow me access to a server, or send me encrypted information. Is there any benefit to me providing ...
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2answers
59 views

Typical mistakes when implementing digital signatures?

I am looking for a list of typical mistakes someone can make when implementing digital signatures for a software. And of course why they are mistakes and how an attacker could take advantage of them. ...
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48 views

Public/Private key validation

Suppose I have this scenario: User --> Inputs License Key --> I validate it --> If success, good, move onto main window. If not, prompt the user to reenter the license key. The license key will not ...
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1answer
55 views

Self-signing client certificates and distributing them, is the following a sound procedure?

I have a case at hand as follows: There is a number of clients in Internet (i.e. untrusted channel), initially in hundreds but growing in numbers. There is a server doing processing related to these ...
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3answers
46 views

Digital Signature and man-in-the-middle

While reading this page about Public-Private key encryption, I asked myself a question about digital signature: Alice wants to sign a message for Bob; she uses her private key to sign the message. ...
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1answer
73 views

CSR from IIS 8 and Keeping my Private Key a Secret

I've been trying to understand something. When you generate a CSR from IIS, how is the private key kept as a secret, or is it? Do CA's email you a certificate that includes your private key? Because ...
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4answers
103 views

Using a Public-Key-Encryption browser side to avoid PCI compliance

We're developing a web application in which certain not logged users (clients) need to send their credit card details to other users (merchants) - which, we'll assume, are PCI compliant. We are ...
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2answers
57 views

Is there a secret-sharing public-key-encryption-based service? [closed]

I need to share some sensitive information with someone else who can only communicate via E-mail. I don't love the idea of sharing this information freely over email in plain text, so I was ...
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2answers
170 views

Export non-extractable private key from Keychain on OS X

I have a PKI certificate in Keychain Access.app on OS X 10.9, together with the private key. The manual page for /usr/bin/security indicates that there is a -x option for security import to specify ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it possible to distinguish between a SHA256 hash and an ecc256 key?

If an attacker were just given 256 bits, and they were either a SHA256 hash or a 256 bit elliptic curve key, would they be able to tell which one it is? Just out of curiosity, would they be able to ...
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2answers
283 views

How can we revoke all ssl certificates issued for our domain?

After having the hostmaster@domain.com email compromised, we found that someone issued a Domain Validated SSL certificate for our domain. Now we want to have all such certificates revoked. Is there ...
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0answers
62 views

How can I generate some public and private keys on both sides with low overhead?

We have an Authority Center (CA) generating some public and private keys for each client (more than one pair for each client). One method for sending keys to client is sharing a secret key between CA ...
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24 views

Secure access of web application on a newly created AWS instance using the associated keypair

I create an AWS instance using a private AMI (Linux) with an embedded web application (Jetty) which is activated on instance start. As soon as the instance is launched first time, I want the ...
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2answers
71 views

Encryption mechanism

I want to send data over the Internet securely. For that, I am using an public key of the receiver to encrypt the data. In this case, if an intruder in the network modifies the data, like placing the ...
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1answer
51 views

How to safely renew user and CA certificates in a PKI

I am currently developing my own PKI where x.509-client-certificates are issued by a public server. At the moment, the CA-public key is distributed with the binary and there are no routines for ...
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39 views

What's stopping DANE? [closed]

As I understand it, DANE (RFC 6698) is a promising candidate for addressing issues with current TLS Trust Anchors (i.e. Trust Anchors). My attempt at explaining the issue: Currently, CAs are ...
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2answers
55 views

What's the mitigation strategy for when a CA's private key is stolen?

I'm new to SSL/TSL and was wondering if you could walk me through the following scenario. Scenario Let's say I am one of a thousand websites that has a certificate signed by some certificate ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Is there any mechanism to audit which signed certificates are unrevoked?

We are currently using EasyRSA and OpenSSL to manage our user VPN certificates for OpenVPN. The process we have in place currently is: User generates a CSR on their laptop and sends it to us to sign ...
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2answers
61 views

Client Authentication Certificate Not Expiring, but “parent” cert IS

So I have a client-authencation cert installed on client PCs, which doesn't expire for 5 more years. Unfortunately, the cert on our gateway which is used to validate the client cert, expires this ...
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3answers
83 views

Trusting SSL and the Trust Chain

As we all know, when an SSL Certificate is assigned, there is a trust chain that is created for verify everyone from the Certificate Authority to the actual website's SSL Certificate. Thanks to a ...
3
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2answers
141 views

How to prove flyer was (not) authored by specific person?

Let's say we create a flyer in some desktop publishing software (e.g., InDesign, Illustrator), physically print it and post it somewhere. We don't want inauthentic claims of authorship. Is there a ...
2
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1answer
64 views

What should a client verify after getting a client certificate?

I have a client that generates a csr, sends it to a server, the server then sign it and return the certificate as a String. the String is then decoded to a x509Certificate (using Bouncycastle's ...
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1answer
52 views

What crypto prevents & detects “invisible” CAs? (e.g. in X509v4)

For this question, I'm calling an "invisible CA" one that Is signed by a root ca and exists as a 2nd or 3rd tier Is valid, not expired or revoked Has a different Public key than one that is ...
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2answers
37 views

determine X.509 certificate class

I am very familiar with OpenPGP but don't even use X.509 / S/MIME. I know that there are several classes for certificates (from email check to personal ID check). I would like to know how you ...
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1answer
41 views

MITM protection, key distribution

I want to make sure each of my apps users only get their own data, and that nobody tampers with it or sniffs it in a MITM fashion. Encryption of everything should be the solution, right? But how do I ...
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2answers
41 views

How to encode a username in PKIX certificate?

I was reading through RFC 5280, PKIX Certificate and CRL Profile, Section 4.2.1.6, Subject Alternative Name: The subject alternative name extension allows identities to be bound to the subject ...
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1answer
44 views

Are “Certificate Templates” used only as a “Template” or do they validate a certificate request?

I'm trying to learn how Microsoft Certificate Templates interact with a certificate request, and can only guess that they take on one of the two/three forms: They simply help the client create a ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Bastion host that allows jailed users to SSH but protects private key

Basically, I'm trying to let the user use a private key without having read access to it. Use case: Employee needs to SSH to a server in the data center. There is 1 private key for all servers, ...
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2answers
53 views

Data anonymization/ encryption requirement

I did check out the previous postings and didnt find what I was looking for- apologies if this is a repetition. I am working on an analytics engagement for a customer and he needs to share access to ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Temporarily suspending a Certificate Authority's Certiticate

The PKI RFC talks about revoking or suspending certificates. It also talks about revoking CA certs. However, I could not find anything about whether a CA or a Sub CA's certificates can be revoked or ...
2
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1answer
84 views

How do I get a third-party-signed ssl client certificate?

I've been given a requirement of providing a client certificate to authenticate between two application's web services. The other application (that I don't host) is requiring an SSL client certificate ...
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2answers
67 views

Should I use more than 2048 bits in my SSH-2 RAS Key?

I've been asked to generate a public key with PuTTY Key Generator. The default is 2048 bits, Should I add additional bits to the generated key? Or is it unnecessary?
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3answers
155 views

From a trust perspective, is renewing a CA certificate the same as trusting a sub-CA?

I'm trying to understand the validation logic that would occur in the following hypothetical scenario An unpatched XP user who trusts a list of root CAs. Those CAs in particular have been renewed ...
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3answers
52 views

Public key encryption vs Digital signatures

For same chunk of data, which one is faster? Public key encryption or digital signature? Confidentiality is not important. I am trying to achieve non-repudiation for the communication. Thanks!
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26 views

OpenTSA and PKCS11

We are planning to implement the time-stamping service(RFC 3161) using OpenTSA wanted to know If OpenTSA supports PKCS-11 (Cryptoki) to talk to HSMs? BTW: I did not find documentation or much ...
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143 views

x509 serial number - hex or decimal

When I run the openssl command openssl x509 -noout -text -in certname on different certs, on some I get a serial number which looks like this. Serial Number: 256 (0x100) On others, I get one ...
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1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.12 Logotype extension - how can it be generated from openssl command line

If you look at this subCA Certificate from Verisign http://www.tbs-certificats.com/FAQ/en/495.html?p=en/495.html It has the following field 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.12: ...
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Openssl command line: How to get “Policy: X509v3 Any Policy” in a certificate I am generating through openssl

I am trying to generate a certificate through openssl which has the following line X509v3 Certificate Policies: Policy: X509v3 Any Policy But I end up getting X509v3 Certificate Policies: ...