A public-key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of hardware, software, people, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates. In cryptography, a PKI is an arrangement that binds public keys with respective user identities by means of a ...

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3
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4answers
934 views

How can we trust PKI, for example, Verisign?

We want to send an encrypted message to Alice. We can ask her a public key over the network, encrypt with it a message and send that message back. It is bad, because someone can pretend to be Alice ...
3
votes
4answers
585 views

Biometric non revocable major flaw

The major problem with biometric methods of identification is that they are impossible to revoke. Once my fingerprint, under whichever form, is stolen, I can't put it on a worldwide revocation list, ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

What stops a hacker from installing it's own CA certificate?

Taking a look at this (now rather old) article about the generated rogue DigiNotar certificates, it states the following: ...Such is the case with that small company in the Netherlands, ...
0
votes
4answers
388 views

Changing private keys [closed]

My question is a bit of weird one and doesn't apply to me so much as I'm just curious. My question is: If a large company (say, Google, Facebook, or a bank) were to have its private key stolen, how ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

SSL fingerprint inconsistency: what does it mean?

I apologize if this is not the best place to ask my question on the stackexchange network, I couldn't figure out where to get enough attention and be relevant. Facebook provides a SSL host, it can be ...
3
votes
4answers
487 views

Trust among the root-CAs

The system of CAs with the root-CAs and their subordinate CAs are IMHO in principle akin to the system of banks with their main sites and subsidiries. In the case of banks, a customer of a bank ...
1
vote
1answer
746 views

Additional security for WebRTC/DTLS-SRTP with PGP?

I am having a thought experiment. Can you help me? Two clients who both use PGP. They initiate a WebRTC call using DTLS-SRTP via a 3rd party server. Is there any benefit of encrypting, via their ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

In theory, can x509 certificates use Accumulator-based revocation schemes? How do these schemes work?

On page 3 of this U-Prove document regarding toke revocation, the author says the benefit of Accumulator-based revocation schemes is A cryptographic accumulator allows the aggregation of a large ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Validate XML-DSig by DVCS

Is it possible to validate an XML message (with XML-DSig or XAdES signature) by a Data Validation and Certification Server (RFC 3029)? Should it understand XML signatures or not? Could it parse XML? ...
4
votes
2answers
387 views

Totally secure public key distrubition

Public-key cryptography secures communications provided that you use pre-shared public-keys. The problem is how to share these public-keys while maintaining authenticity? How can we be sure that ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Possible to use a YubiKey in HSM mode to secure a Windows CA infrastructure?

I'm looking for a low-cost Hardware Security module, and discovered that YubiKey has a HSM mode. I'm not entirely clear if this HSM mode is what I'm thinking, but I'd like to use it as the offline ...
22
votes
6answers
3k views

Shouldn't GPG key fetching use a secure connection?

If I run this for example: gpg --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 0xFBB75451 then does the importing occur in a secure way? I mean does it go over only secured connections? (HKP?) ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

accepted naming convention for public keys/certificates

Is there an accepted naming convention for referring to PKI artifacts? There seems to be a lot of confusion with naming of artifacts. For example, it seems that some people refer to: public keys ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Bootstrapping dual SMIME certificates for signing and encryption?

To maintain the non-repudiation property of signing while still having escrow for the encryption key, it's recommended to have a separate certificates (and pub-priv keys) for signing (say CertSign) ...
3
votes
2answers
441 views

Requirements for qualified certificates in DIRECTIVE 1999/93/EC

DIRECTIVE 1999/93/EC at ANNEX I Requirements for qualified certificates states that one requirement for qualified certificates is (a) an indication that the certificate is issued as a qualified ...
8
votes
2answers
514 views

Is there a way to negotiate a secret between 2 parties with no prior knowledge?

Is there a way for 2 parties to negotiate a shared secret (for example, a session key) without having a pre-shared knowledge? SSL does this by using asymmetric encryption. Is there any other way to ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

How does an SSL server prove its identity?

This document says that a challenge response authentication proves the servers identity. But is a man in the middle attack still possible if the client does not verify domain name ? Please help me ...
29
votes
4answers
25k views

How to achieve non-repudiation?

If I have a message that I need to send to another person, how do I achieve non repudiation ? Is digitally signing the message sufficient ?
4
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the meaning of http://uri.etsi.org/TrstSvc/eSigDir-1999-93-EC-TrustedList/SvcInfoExt/RootCA-QC from ETSI TS 102 231 V3.1.2

From Technical Spec http://uri.etsi.org/TrstSvc/eSigDir-1999-93-EC-TrustedList/SvcInfoExt/RootCA-QC a Root Certification Authority from which a certification path can be established down to ...
38
votes
4answers
7k views

What alternatives are there to the existing Certificate Authority system for SSL?

Whilst the current CA system works very well for a lot of people, it does put a lot of power into individual CAs' hands, and makes a CA hack potentially devastating for customers and business. What ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Can an intermediate CA be trusted like a self-signed root CA?

Is it possible within the limits of the X.509 specification to mark an intermediate CA as trusted for a specific purpose, e.g. to verify a VPN, HTTPS etc. server key, just like it would work with a ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I share my S/MIME public key?

I have setup S/MIME encryption for my email address, and I'd like to allow people to download the public key from my website, rather than having to first receive an email from me. I want the public ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the alternative to PKI certificates in mesh networks?

My particular problem has to do with secure communications over a mesh network (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesh_network), in particular man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks. The difficulty is that mesh ...
13
votes
2answers
812 views

Is PGP secure against a rogue keyserver?

Imagine Eve taking over the keyserver both Alica and Bob are using. By replacing Alices and Bobs public keys with her own, she can do a man-in-the-middle attack decrypting messages and relaying them ...
14
votes
3answers
23k views

Is it possible to use wildcard certificates on multiple devices?

I have a server that I want to use a wildcard cert on. It runs multiple services. I purchase a wildcard cert so that I can protect mail.something.dom, www.something.dom, im.something.dom, calendar....
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Two certificates on smart card

I have a question regarding Swedish gov eID (but I guess it is a pki/smart card general question); Why is there two certificates/keys on the card? Background: In Sweden you can have a "citizen ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How are possible uses for X.509 (SSL) certificates denoted?

X.509 certificates can be used for servers, clients, email, code signing and more applications. http://twitpic.com/6gdxaq indicates that a certificate can have different of these 'capabilities' on it -...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

Deciding whether to sign someones key

How do i decide whether to sign someones PGP public key? I was looking at some contact pages and they have a request for people to sign their public key. How serious of a commitment is it to sign ...
2
votes
1answer
357 views

What is the optimal result for the elliptic curve patent issue?

I saw an article this morning, discussing the fact that RSA and DH may be significantly less secure in the upcoming five years. Although the chance that this will materialize is small, I immediately ...
-1
votes
1answer
348 views

Posting public key [closed]

Should I put my public key on my website so that people can securely contact me. I have seen personal sites where there public key is at the bottom of the page such as this site by the computer ...
0
votes
1answer
738 views

Splitting up symmetric key to be able to encrypt using 1024 bit RSA public key

The application which I am writing generates a 256 bit symmetric key everytime it wants to communicate with the server and encrypts the data and sends it to the server. This is to avoid storing the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Root SSL certificates and browser support

I have given three certs to be install on nginx AddTrustExternalCARoot.crt PositiveSSLCA2.crt www_example_com.crt So I concat them into a chained cert cat www_example_com.crt PositiveSSLCA2.crt ...
5
votes
1answer
240 views

Password strengthening for PGP

I'm wondering about some of the semantics and security implications of using something like scrypt or bcrypt to "enhance" a password protecting a PGP private key. Essentially, I'm asking about the ...
5
votes
2answers
801 views

How to implement a Web of Trust?

How to implement a Web of Trust, or something similar? Alice get a public and a private key from the RSA guy. Bob need to send to Alice a nuclear secret code (or his babysiter's phone number). Bob ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do embedded systems store server's public certificate in ROM?

In the home automation scenario, smart gateway can bridge the many smart devices with Internet. In many cases, a server's public certificate is stored in the embedded system's ROM during manufacturing....
1
vote
1answer
403 views

Generate Keytool Object from CSR

I have to develop an application which uses another application for generating a CSR. After generating the CSR I have to provide this CSR along with a SHA256 hash of the public key to a CA. The ...
5
votes
1answer
986 views

Thunderbird - what happens if Gmail SSL cert gets spoofed?

I use a good MUA: Thunderbird [to read/reply to my emails on Gmail]. So: what happens, if i go to a place, where is public wifi, and someone tryes to sniff my password/username/emails? Questions: -...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

Renewing Microsoft Certificate Services Root Certificate

We currently have Microsoft Enterprise Certificate Server installed on a domain member machine which issues 1 year certificates to users for authenticating to VPN. We'd like to start issuing web ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Moving from a one tier to a two tier Microsoft Certificate Authority hierachy

Right now we have a single Microsoft Enterprise Root CA which issues certificates to our VPN users for two factor authentication. We're planning to extend use of the CA to issue certificates for RDP ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views
5
votes
1answer
5k views

AIA/CRL locations for Offline Root

I've read the answer to the following "Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)" and I have one questions based on the system I am trying building It's an ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

How can a certificate be valid in the Hybrid Model but not in the Chain Model?

All dates in European format! I am learning about validity models, but the solution for this assignment confuses me. Translation: The relevant data for the applicable certificates are shown ...
181
votes
7answers
24k views

How do certification authorities store their private root keys?

Knowledge of a CA private key would allow MitM attackers to transparently supplant any certificates signed by that private key. It would also allow cyber criminals to start forging their own trusted ...
4
votes
1answer
624 views

generating RSA keys through the browser

HTML5 has the element that sends an SPKAC to the server (as I understand it). But how do you do it in IE? One CA's websites gives me the following prompt: This Web site is attempting to perform a ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Does Java's implementation of OCSP and CRL checking handle intermediate CAs?

I've read that Java provides OCSP and CRL checking for CertPaths via: Security.setProperty("ocsp.enable", "true"); System.setProperty("com.sun.security.enableCRLDP", "true"); Do these implementations ...
3
votes
1answer
632 views

signatureAlgorithm vs. tbsCertificate -> signature

From the X.509 RFC: Certificate ::= SEQUENCE { tbsCertificate TBSCertificate, signatureAlgorithm AlgorithmIdentifier, signature BIT STRING } TBSCertificate ::= ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

OCSP and CRLs: Specified in CA or client certificate?

Here's an example PKI setup: * Root CA (offline) * Issuing CA * Client 1 * Client 2 I'd like to specify a CRL distribution point for CRLs generated by Root CA, and an OCSP URL for Issuing ...
3
votes
1answer
613 views

Internal CA for Digital Signature Solution - PKI Based

I'm trying to set up a digital signature solution which would work with a internal PKI. We have considered Microsoft Certificate Services, but we don't want to rule out any other option to set up a ...
-1
votes
1answer
157 views

XER encoded X.509 certs [closed]

Would anyone happen to have an example of an XER encoded X.509 certificate so I can play around with it? Thanks!
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Public key Infrastructure

Here the MD5 hash is being encrypted with the private key of the sender. But I read in a paper that private key is only used for signing and not encrypting. Is the image wrong or can private key also ...