A public-key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of hardware, software, people, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates. In cryptography, a PKI is an arrangement that binds public keys with respective user identities by means of a ...

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1answer
115 views

What is the purpose of the CA-BUNDLE on a webserver?

So I purchase a certificate from DigiCert. The process goes like this: Generate private key and CSR on web server. Submit CSR to DigiCert. Get a signed certificate back as well as their root ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Why should I have my GPG key expire? [duplicate]

When creating a key pair using gpg it asks me for an expiration date: $ gpg --gen-key Please specify how long the key should be valid. 0 = key does not expire <n> = key expires ...
2
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4answers
817 views

If a MITM has your public key and you are SSH-ing through the MITM, what is the maximum attack it can perpetrate?

Firstly, let me start by saying that I am not attempting to hack anyone or anything (not that I would know how or where to begin, if I were). For illustration purposes, let's call the primary key ...
-5
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2answers
308 views

Is “HTTPS” ~100% secure? [duplicate]

Assuming that we have a "green bar connection" to a website, e.g.: Is an attacker still able to sniff our traffic? How secure is a user from man-in-the-middle attacks when he has established a ...
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3answers
78 views

Secure tunnel set up in an office environment

Suppose I am a rogue employee and I want to syphon some sensitive data out of the office and I only have office internet access for this. My office internet access needs to go through a proxy server, ...
0
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1answer
145 views

Two-factor encryption model [closed]

Please some on help me to understand this "Are you ready for this? With the two-factor encryption model your data is protected two-fold. First, a unique key is generated, encrypted, and turned into ...
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2answers
137 views

How can I create my own public certificate using openssl?

I have a public key/private key pair i generated using two primes p and q. I now need to use openssl to sign and create the certificate. I heard req utility and wrote this from the man pages. openssl ...
4
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1answer
41 views

Mail Signing Certificate – What are the impacts when revocated?

Suppose I open a signed mail on 1st January 2000, signature is OK. What about this two cases : 1) If next CRL is to be published one week later, I found it strange that it is “probably” valid until ...
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0answers
21 views

why DH is unbreakable and what are the facts that leads to strong DH? [duplicate]

I am new to DH and learned the basic about DH working and suspecting it can be breakable by normal MIM , then how we can use DH in plain http for sharing secret. correct me if i am wrong.
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1answer
49 views

PKCS#12 File - security impacts when imported in Web Browser or Windows Store?

When a PKCS12 file is imported into a Web browser or Windows store the user is prompted for private key password. How does the browser or operating system manage this password? Is it secure?
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1answer
552 views

Sign PKCS#7 and verify PKCS#7 signature with OpenSSL

If someone have to transfer X.509 certificates in a single bundle, usually, it is recommended to pack them into PKCS#7. And content of PKCS#7 can be signed. OpenSSL allows to pack certificates into ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Relationship between RSA, Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange, PKI and X.509?

I am getting confused with RSA, Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange, PKI and X.509v3. I took a look of RSA's mathematics algorithm, it seems like a encryption algorithm, right? Generating public key and ...
3
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3answers
380 views

Corporate PKI - SHA1 deprecation

Here is the context. Suppose you have a corporate PKI with : AC_Root (offline in safe store - SHA1 signature) SubRootA and SubrootB (offline in safe store - SHA1 signature) SubSubRootC, SubSubRootD, ...
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2answers
189 views

Verify digital signature without key public key in signature

When receiving emails, I sometimes see the following: -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 I found an integer overflow in PHP, in the conversation of dates to "Julian Day Count" function. ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Does SSL/TLS have the feasibility of detecting malicious things during transmission? [closed]

As per my knowledge the current implementation of SSL/TLS does not have the capability to identify the data is malicious or not during the transmission or before encrypt the data. If its have , kindly ...
2
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1answer
649 views

CSR from IIS 8 and Keeping my Private Key a Secret

I've been trying to understand something. When you generate a CSR from IIS, how is the private key kept as a secret, or is it? Do CA's email you a certificate that includes your private key? Because ...
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1answer
58 views

Can a PKCS12 file be distributed over insecure channel?

Is the PKCS12 only as secure as the password protecting private keys ? Can I distribute the p12 file over an insecure channel ?
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8answers
546 views

Authencity of information displayed on an untrusted device

Suppose I have a (bluetooth/usb) device which needs to displays information on an external pc/phone. Is there a simple and effective method to garantuee that the information displayed hasn't been ...
4
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3answers
164 views

How can I create a unique identifier that can not easily be reversed?

I've been working on the design of a longitudinal study and one requirement is: all participants will have a unique identifier that is not reversible from the data storage/analyst side of the study ...
0
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1answer
247 views

PGP Key publishing on MIT PGP Public Key Server [duplicate]

I have a public pgp key, so that users can send me an encrypted message. Ofcourse, any user that wants to send me a message, wants to verify that the public key (s)he has, really belongs to me. From ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Openssl adding a telephone number or cell number to the distinguished_name

In the openssl.cnf file, I see fields like countryName, stateOrProvinceName etc which are typically present in the distinguished_name. Where can I get a list of fields which can be added to the ...
31
votes
4answers
3k views

What's the common pragmatic strategy for managing key pairs?

I have a small number of different workstations (plus client devices like iPhone) that I use for to connecting to numerous servers using SSH. Originally when I learned about PKI, I created a single ...
2
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1answer
301 views

Making a bitcoin-like secure mail protocol, how to tackle public keys?

I'm making a new mail protocol (probably already exists, but I've learnt a lot of things about security and privacy on the way). Here's the summary(much simpler if you know bitcoin's inner workings): ...
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1answer
114 views

Compromised submarine cables and the consequences to internet?

I recently read an article that Google wants to build a submarine cable connecting to my country supposedly to increase overall speed and while I hope my government will never allow this kind of thing ...
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0answers
35 views

Security schemes regularly in use on cloud

I've been looking into how connections are managed in the cloud, in order to better understand the threats users and their deployments may face. The most important and common ones in use seem to be ...
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1answer
22 views

Web of Trust: What is “signatory trust”?

I am learning about the Web of Trust and how to use it. However, I have some issues to fully grasp the concept of Signatory Trust. What is an easily understandable definition of signatory trust? An ...
5
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1answer
154 views

Help - Somebody stole my OpenPGP key ID, what can I do?

I received a key transition statement because somebody found himself in the exact same situation described here. This issue will target more and more OpenPGP users in future, probably even all of ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Is there a way of achieving perfect forward security with one directional messages?

Using for example ECDH and ephimeral keys, it is possible for two parties to establish a shared key with perfect forward security, i.e. even if the long term keys are lost, it will not be possible to ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Installing a CA only for specific domains

For many reasons, it's often convenient for organizations to have their own CA (self-signed or otherwise). As I understand it, adding the CA certificate to a OS or browser will make it trust the ...
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2answers
177 views

Typical mistakes when implementing digital signatures?

I am looking for a list of typical mistakes someone can make when implementing digital signatures for a software. And of course why they are mistakes and how an attacker could take advantage of them. ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Banking card certificate

Does anyone have an idea of what kind of public-key technologies are used in the bank perimeter ? Does banking card embedded x509 certificate ? OpenPGP ? Perhaps a standard exists or a de-facto ...
1
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0answers
114 views

Distribute S/MIME public keys and CA cert for email security

I have my own CA. I want to distribute S/MIME certificates for 10 different users. I saw S/MIME keyservers from http://wiki.cacert.org/KeyServers, but I don't want to use public servers. What is the ...
8
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3answers
816 views

Does the SSL encryption strength or validation level of a website really matter?

When looking to get an SSL certificate one is presented with a lot of options. For example lets take Network Solutions since they have a nice comparison chart. Immediately there seems to be 4 major ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Smartcard - main differences between .NET and Java smartcard?

My question focuses on the differences regarding PKCS11 implementation between a .Net and a Java smartcard. More generally, do smartcard use a specific "OS" (or firmware) and only differ in the ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

PKI - Why Root CA is in intermediate CA section?

I can't understand why, when I accept to "install" a custom self signed Root CA on IE browser, the root certificate ends up in the "intermediate CA" section, rather than in "Root CA" section in the ...
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8answers
3k views

Can a HTTPS connection be compromised because of a rogue DNS server

If I'm visiting (just a desktop PC, client side) a site that has a valid HTTPS cert/connection, that can it be compromised if I'm using a rogue DNS server (not deliberately, I'm concerned about an ...
1
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3answers
140 views

How to avoid identity theft at key signing parties?

Let me begin by distinguishing two kinds of identity theft: Conventional identity theft (e.g. using credentials from ID documents, bank accounts, etc, to commit fraud or other mischief). ...
4
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2answers
191 views

Using a verified certificate to sign others

This relates to PKI and certificates generally but websites more specifically. Could you get a verified certificate from a CA that is signed and fine for use, and then use it to sign your own ...
11
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1answer
279 views

Is TLS in Tor useless?

I am trying to optimize the Orchid Tor client library for my needs and noticed that every connection with every node uses TLS with turned off certificate verification. Actually there are no TLS ...
1
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1answer
191 views

OpenTSA and PKCS11

We are planning to implement the time-stamping service (RFC 3161) using OpenTSA and we wanted to know: Does OpenTSA support PKCS #11 (Cryptoki) to talk to HSMs? BTW: I did not find documentation or ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Use of RSA in Yaksha Security System

So I'm reading over the Yaksha Security System and see it is based on the RSA cryptosystem and a centralized server, easy enough. What I'm slightly confused on is the math behind the related keys. It ...
0
votes
2answers
158 views

SHA1 - S/MIME and CRL validity after deprecation?

In an internal PKI using SHA1 for hashing, will S/MIME signature and CRL/ARL signature be considered invalid in the next few years (SHA1 Deprecation) ? End certificates can be revoked, CA ...
0
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0answers
87 views

How should I organize my keys?

Suppose I have a set of computers with variegate level of trust (for example): I fully trust my own desktop pc at home I trust a bit also my smartphone, but I know it could be stolen I trust a bit ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

Email Encryption

I'm hoping someone can point me in the right direction. If I wanted to implement email encryption within an organisation what would be the best way? I've been searching the web tonight but all my ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Does it matter which key is considered private and which public?

Mathematically, is there a difference which set of characters is private_key and which one is public_key? @Edit At the moment of asking I was thinking on RSA, not asymmetric crypto in general.
0
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1answer
138 views

How can I generate some public and private keys on both sides with low overhead?

We have an Authority Center (CA) generating some public and private keys for each client (more than one pair for each client). One method for sending keys to client is sharing a secret key between CA ...
0
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0answers
71 views

Is ADCS overkill just to replace self-signed certs?

Several of our internal applications are either not using SSL certificates, or are using self-signed certificates. I wanted to utilize ADCS to create a trusted, internal-only root CA that our browsers ...
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2answers
74 views

Certificates - What about signing again Intermediate CA certificates?

I an thinking about this issue and it is hard to estimate technical impacts. For any relevant reasons, one want to modify one the x509 field of an intermediate CA. This intermediate CA was signed by ...
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2answers
599 views

Encrypt files on FTP server

I have a practical situation here, my company is a FTP server provider for some clients. The clients are sharing their files on our FTP server and have had no problem with access management and ...
0
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1answer
117 views

PKI - Security concerns when changing a certificate hash algorithm

Suppose I want to change the hash algorithm used for a certificate signature (ex: SHA1 to SHA2). Is it better to revoke the previous certificate and issue a new one with expected hash algorithm ? Or ...