A public-key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of hardware, software, people, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates. In cryptography, a PKI is an arrangement that binds public keys with respective user identities by means of a ...

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124 views

Why can't I upload a new ECC key to key servers, which is supported by GnuPG 2.1?

My OpenPGP key is soon to expire so I wanted to create a new one. GPG 2.1 came out a month ago including ECC support and I wanted to try the new key types. So I have generated a brand new ed25519 ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Definitions of PKCS#11 abbreviations

Is there a complete definition list for all CKx abbreviations in PKCS#11? I believe I gathered most of them: CK = Cryptoki CKA = ... Attribute CKC = ... Certificate type CKD = ... Key derivation ...
0
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0answers
164 views

Why is the public key extracted from the CSR different than the one extracted from the associated certificate?

I am playing around with pyopenssl. I am trying to extract the public key from a CSR and to check if it is the same than the one I find in the associated certificate. There is a small difference ...
1
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4answers
144 views

Data anonymization/ encryption requirement

I did check out the previous postings and didnt find what I was looking for- apologies if this is a repetition. I am working on an analytics engagement for a customer and he needs to share access to ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Must the distinguished subject name of an issued SSL Certificate match that of the generated Certificate Signing Request?

For example: from Issued SSL Certificate: CN = abc.com.my, OU = Room, O = House, C = MY from generated CSR: CN = abc.com.my, OU = Room , O = House, L = KL, ST = KL , C = MY Is it legal for a ...
3
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3answers
4k views

Extracting the PGP keyid from the Public key file?

is there a way via an CLI tool or some kind of API to extract the PGP KEY ID from the PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK ? I did find the hexa value of the key in the binary file, however I guess the position is ...
1
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2answers
207 views

Certificate security in intranet environment?

We have this topology in our company: A new rule says that each document being sent by Outlook should be encrypted. We decided using PGP. We already have a certificate (self-signed). The problem ...
1
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3answers
471 views

What is the web of trust?

I'm studying network and system security and I came across the phrase "web of trust". From Wikipedia: In cryptography, a web of trust is a concept used in PGP, GnuPG, and other ...
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2answers
68 views

Get the Signature algorithm from a public key? [closed]

When I do PublicKey.getAlgorithm(), it only returns me RSA. Am looking for something to return Sha1RSA. Basically to identify if it is a sha1 or sha2 algorithm. Any help is appreciated. Thanks,
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1answer
402 views

Authenticated Diffie Hellman Key Exchange

It appears that the textbook version of Diffie-Hellman is susceptible to man in the middle attack and the use of digital signatures could prevent this attack from occurring. Digital signatures could ...
1
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1answer
83 views

What happens if my signing subkeys are compromised?

Let's say my subkeys are compromised, but my master keypair is safe and secure, so I revoke the old subkeys and issue new ones. With encryption keys, the results are pretty clear: I can still decrypt ...
4
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3answers
523 views

Anonymiszing sensitive data in MySQL DB while retaining searchability [closed]

I have a MySQL database that stores sensitive (personal) data about individuals; and have been tasked with ensuring that this data is encrypted in some way to protect the individuals and their data if ...
4
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1answer
195 views

How long do keys stay on keyservers?

Do GPG/PGP keyservers "garbage collect" old keys which have expired, been revoked, or simply haven't been updated in a decade? Or does the server (theoretically) keep every key it has ever seen from ...
1
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1answer
85 views

How to understand socat certificate check limitation?

I have set up a certificate-based connection with socat using this tutorial: http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/doc/socat-openssltunnel.html My socat connection works as following (only the relevant ...
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1answer
122 views

How is PKI used to encrypt an e-mail for multiple recipients?

My understanding is that when an e-mail is encrypted and sent to a recipient, the recipient's public key is used to encrypt the e-mail, and then only the recipient can decrypt it with their private ...
0
votes
1answer
255 views

How can the private key be obtained in PKI without alerting a third party? [closed]

For example, I sent a message to Ardi and encrypted it with Ardi's public key. Ardi must decrypt the message with his private key. How can Ardi's private key be obtained in PKI without anyone else ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Distributing public keys; with or without a sub-key?

Most of the public keys I am getting from friends have a sub key in addition to the pub key. For educational purposes I retrieved some public keys and came across this Linus Torvalds' key that does ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Shall I set “RSAAuthentication yes” in sshd_config if I use only ECDSA key?

In a context of proprietary client boxes and servers, I want to limit authentication to ECDSA keys. Historically, "RSAAuthentication yes" was used to enable authentication with RSA and maybe DSA keys. ...
4
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2answers
5k views

Is your PGP passphrase used to decrypt an encrypted private key, or needed in conjunction with the private key to decrypt the message?

If the former, then if the private key can be used to digitally sign messages, why doesn't your client offer to encrypt this highly sensitive piece of data? If the latter, then if someone had access ...
8
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1answer
6k views

Reset Windows trusted certificates store to its default

Over the time I have installed several additional trusted CA certificates to Windows trust store, sometimes because an app pushed me to do so, some other times for development and testing. Is there ...
1
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2answers
389 views

What's the benefit of hybrid cryptosystem vs asymmetric for small data blocks?

It's a common belief hybrid cryptosystems are better than asymmetric only. Is that allways like that? What's the benefit of using symmetric and asymmetric encryption for small data blocks (< 100 ...
1
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1answer
94 views

How long can a pkcs#8 passphrase be?

A program is using a private key to read messages. To improve security, besides randomness, I'm trying to create the longest passphrase that makes sense. How long should it be? After which amount of ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

What would cause a server to only send over 1 SSL certificate to a client? [closed]

We have a secure server that seems to only be sending over the identity certificate. Running the hostname through Qualys says that only 1 cert was provided. The intermediate had to be downloaded on ...
5
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2answers
5k views

How does Authy's 2FA work, if it doesn't connect to the server?

I thought I knew how two-factor authentication works: I enter the password. Server generates a random number (token) and sends it to me via SMS. I enter this token. Server checks that the token I ...
3
votes
3answers
415 views

Best practices for GPG user ids

What is the best practice for choosing GPG user id(s)? I've read various bits of advice, which sometimes even contradict each other. For instance, I've read that one should not use comments, because ...
0
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0answers
81 views

Attack Vector for Wildcard Cert

So I am looking to the security risks of WildCard Certs, in a previous post most of the questions were answered however I have one follow up question for that. In my instance I use DigiCert, so ...
1
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1answer
100 views

Problem with common factor in RSA [duplicate]

In the RSA key generation steps, what if two entities select a common factor to generate n (i.e. p*q1=n1 and p*q2=n2) resulting in gcd(n1,n2) <> 1 ? This will lead to a problem that everyone ...
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2answers
175 views

With RSA, can one ensure that two entities will not have the same private key?

With the RSA encryption algorithm, is there any guarantee that two different entities will not be given the same private keys?
11
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4answers
2k views

Multiple CAs signing a single Cert/CSR?

Just saw this suggested on Slashdot So I've seen quite a few people wanting a switch to self-signed certs (who IMO mostly don't understand what making that secure actually involves), and an idea ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

How will SHA1 deprecation affect internal CA's?

I am hearing that the SHA1 Deprecation notices from MS/CHROME only apply to certs that are a part of a public trusted root program. This makes one believe that IE will have new logic built in to allow ...
0
votes
5answers
260 views

Are most MiTM attacks done to impersonate web sites, or simply decrypt traffic?

The more I read about impersonating web sites the more I get confused. Does an attacker need the private key of the server in order to impersonate a website or does having the private key simply give ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Recommended Key Usage for a client certificate

My program has the following flow: a client sends a CSR to server, the server sends back a client certificate and after that the client communicate with the server to a path that requires a ...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

Why are CA's now signing root certs with SHA2?

I see that CA's are now giving the option of having the root CA cert signed with SHA2. I have been told that the hashing function in a root has no security value, and is irrelevant as far as a ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

The reason to insert Subject Alternative Names into CA certificate

I am trying to understand meaning of the Subject Alternative Name extension. The reason of usage it in SSL X.509 certificates or other end-entities certificates is mostly clear for me. However, I ...
0
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2answers
234 views

What does 2^77.1 calls presented in a SHA1 attack mean?

Regarding the SHA 1 deprecation, I found this information here: http://blogs.technet.com/b/srd/archive/2013/11/12/security-advisory-2880823-recommendation-to-discontinue-use-of-sha-1.aspx I know ...
2
votes
2answers
233 views

Does adding multiple recipients to an encrypted message decrease security?

Let's say you want to send the same GPG/OpenPGP encrypted message to 50+ recipients. Assuming everyone you send to is trusted, and there is no risk of any recipient leaking their secret key, is ...
1
vote
2answers
223 views

Does a smart card do encryption or does it just provide a private certificate?

I don't really understand how smart cards work. Do they sign or encrypt themselves (where the computer provides data to it to sign) or do they provide a computer with the private certificate when I ...
0
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2answers
264 views

Can Subject Alternative Name(SAN) Certificate install on different Web Server or OS?

Let say: application.house.com apache tomcat : physical server email.house.com apache tomcat : virtual finance.house.com Oracle Wallet Manager : physical server ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

adding certificate that resides on smartcard to the microsoft store with private key ownership

how can we solve CryptAcquireCertificatePrivateKey fails with 0x8009200B when adding certificate from smartcard to local user store? in an enrollment system where users generate smartcard certificate ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Cryptography behind chip based credit cards (smart cards)?

Why are chips safer than magnetic stripes? The answers to the above question explain that the chip based cards can not be cloned as the "secret number" is embedded in the chip and protected by the ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Which PGP settings have been found to be vulnerable?

Digging through articles, one often finds recommendations such as "Use the default key type/size X", whereas an article written a few years later will write "Key type/size X has been found to be ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Smart Token Security Test [closed]

I have a question. One of my colleague gave me a Smart Token which consists of public/private key inside and asked me if I can test its security. I said it should be tested in a equipped lab for ...
4
votes
1answer
615 views

Encrypting/decrypting our license key

We need to provide a license key to customers for our application. The actual license is XML but we need to encrypt it and then in our program decrypt it. I think it is the following, but am asking to ...
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2answers
152 views

Does where I put my PKI certificates matter?

I have an intermediate and a root PKI certificate that I see were already imported into a computers (windows server 2003) certificate store. However both the intermediate and root certificates were ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Anything to do about old gpg keys?

Quite A few years ago (in middle school) I created some gpg keys, published them to a keyserver, etc. because I was l33test kid on the block. Now I have gone through a few new computers and OS's, ...
1
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0answers
81 views

Protecting data on a remote device

Background I have am developing a service which consists in a small headless client device (e.g. OLinuXino) which will contain sensitive data. The device will be plugged to a remote network (maybe ...
2
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1answer
490 views

OpenVPN: Storage location and creation of keys/certificates?

I am re-setting up some OpenVPN infrastructure to be more secure than the original and wanted some guidance. It's noted that the best security policy is to keep the Certificate Authority (CA) offline ...
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2answers
148 views

Does public key encryption/decryption speed actually matter?

There have been wars fought over RSA, DSA, and I'm sure other public key encryption algorithms, and usually the arguments are "Algorithm A is faster to encode, but algorithm B is faster to decode". ...
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1answer
953 views