In computer security, a shellcode is a small piece of code used as the payload in the exploitation of a software vulnerability. It is called "shellcode" because it typically starts a command shell from which the attacker can control the compromised machine, but any piece of code that performs a ...

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1answer
128 views

Possible shellcode mailed to me

When I opened my email this morning I found a rather odd message in my mail box. It didn't seem like your every day spam email as it looked like a base64 encoded string and nothing else. Here is a ...
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0answers
16 views

Findout address of shellcode dynamically, placed on stack [migrated]

I am using shellcode to spawn a shell,I am curious to findout the starting address of shellcode dynamically,which is placed on stack and not hard code the address in the shellcode kindly share your ...
1
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0answers
46 views

What exactly is shellcode? [closed]

What is shellcode and how does it work? I used to think it was just a binary string encoded with hex, but I recently started reading more and it seems it is something completely different. I know it ...
0
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1answer
92 views

How does the NOP sled work with MSFVenom? [closed]

I'm generating payloads with MSFVenom and here's a sample output: user@localhost:~ $ msfvenom -p windows/shell_bind_tcp -b '\x00\x0a\x0d\x20' -i 3 -n 200 -f python No platform was selected, choosing ...
1
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0answers
31 views

unable to execute shellcode,which is place on stack [duplicate]

I am trying to execute the shellcode to spawn an "sh" shell. I have taken shellcode as command line arguement,copied it to stack and tried to overwrite the return address of main function with the ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Intercept Android's http/https traffic with shell access [closed]

Assuming you have a shell access on a rooted Android device. Let's say the shell was given upon an exploitation, eg. Android Webview vulnerability. The question is what is the best way to intercept ...
19
votes
8answers
2k views

PHP malware/shell keeps resurrecting [duplicate]

So I've been fighting this problem for months now and decided that it's beyond my limited (if at all) server skills, and that I need help from the pros. I have a VPS (with root access) which hosts ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Execute form environmental variable while stack is not executable

Strange thing happened. I created EGG=NOPs + shellcode. Then i get the address of EGG; I made buffer overflow and jumped to it and get the shell(address of shell is the second parametr). How is this ...
1
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1answer
109 views

MySQL vs MSSQL injection to shell uploading

What is the difference between uploading a shell via sqli in mysql vs mssql?
0
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2answers
88 views

Safe to use setuid with absolutely no input?

I have a shell script which syncs some files from a remote source and I have a pretty typical HTTP server set-up. There is a user who owns the files served by the HTTP server and a user which runs the ...
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votes
2answers
113 views

Cannot get simple shellcode runner to work [closed]

I'm just trying to execute shellcode directly from the command line. I send a simple 0x90 NOP and get a segmentation fault? root@server:~# gcc shellcode.c -o shellrun -fno-stack-protector -z ...
1
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1answer
165 views

Program exiting after executing int 0x80 instruction when running shellcode

In school I was given an assignment to perform a buffer overflow, which would execute some shellcode and open a new shell. After a bit of fiddling the buffer overflow succeeded, and when I ran the ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Backdoor under Akismet wordpress plugin

my site recently got hacked or my users leaked out their passwords. The hacker install this plugin with a shell or backdoor in it. The file name is the "honda.zip" and inside is some Akismet plugin's ...
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votes
1answer
89 views

Why should I use ROP for exploit dev? [closed]

Return Oriented Programming is a technique for bypassing DEP which based on ret2libc.. ROP is used for formatting the API function parameters in order to make a reliable shellcode.. I dont get ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Are stack buffer overflows even possible in this instance?

Let's say there is a C program that simply takes a string argv[1] and uses sprintf to copy it in a finite buffer. Classic stack buffer overflow. Let's even say the program is more complicated, ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Are shell scripts / bash inherently less secure than other (script) languages such as python?

Are shell scripts / bash suitable for any kind of task as long as the developer(s) write correct, security bug free scripts? Or are shell scripts / bash less advisable for some tasks such as parsing ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Execute a remote PHP shell which is inside a file I dont have permission to access

Hi need some help here. I am trying to exploit an unsanitized file upload with a PHP backdoor. Basically the file uploads successfully and I can see my backdoor inside the web applications /images/ ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

Which shell is more secure, mksh or bash?

Which shell is more secure, mksh or bash? There has been some discussion pointing into the direction, that mksh is more secure. How to come to that conclusion? By looking which code was more audited ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

PHP shellcode inside /tmp. Is the server compromised?

I have a Debian 7 VPS that runs Nginx, PHP5-FPM and MariaDB. This server runs a couple of WordPress installations, phpMyAdmin and Roundcube Webmail. One is my personal blog running WP 3.9.1 and ...
1
vote
1answer
284 views

Metasploit generating strange shellcode

So I just used metasploit to generate the payload/linux/x86/shell_bind_tcp payload without null bytes (generate -t raw -b '\x00' -f shellcode). Here's the shellcode: $ xxd -p shellcode ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

msfvenom -b flag not working?

When using msfvenom, I am under the assumption that the following syntax should give me shellcode without \x00 \x0a \x0d or \x40, because of the -b option msfvenom -p windows/shell/bind_tcp -b ...
0
votes
2answers
691 views

Can pipe | shell | nc > pipe achieve remote shell?

In one of the articles I have came across an exploit of Dell devices that said when you trigger the following line of code (executed somewhere in php) you will get a remote root shell : mkfifo ...
1
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2answers
83 views

Detect blocked reverse shell

I am wondering if there is a way to detect if a reverse shell is blocked by egress filtering or an obligatory proxy, or the exploit just failed. I am asking this question in the context of a SE media ...
1
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3answers
335 views

Documentation on Meterpreter Shells

I've been looking for some decent documentation on Meterpreter shells, but I can't seem to find anything useful. I would like to know when to use what kind of shell for a certain situation. All I ...
2
votes
1answer
575 views

Clamav can't detect encoded virus files

I have a PHP sheller file (like c99 file) but it's Encoded ( with this functions: eval(gzinflate(base64_decode("7P3rehblahblah)) ) and the clamav virus scan can't detect it. How i can detect virus ...
1
vote
1answer
290 views

How to deny shell execution in all sub-directories?

I want nginx to deny users who have folders inside /webroot/uploads e.g. /webroot/uploads/user1 /webroot/uploads/user2 /webroot/uploads/user999 to execute any shell (php, pl, py, binary). The ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

How to find malicious images in server?

Recently my Drupal site on a Linux server has been targeted by session hijacking attacks. I guess the attacks were originated from images containing malicious code which where uploaded to the web root ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

NX bit: does it protect the stack?

I once heard the NX bit was a panacea, then that it was not. One detail I've wondered about though: Does the NX (no execute) bit protect against code inserted into the stack and executed there? It ...
1
vote
2answers
238 views

How do arbitrary payloads execute on the remote machine?

I understand executing something like a reverse TCP bind via shell relies on resources being available on the victim machine... and in the case of running a, shall we say, Ruby script from the command ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Starting a new shell in a strcpy exploit using buffer overflow

I'm learning about buffer overflows and have this vulnerable code which I'm trying to start a shell from: #include <string.h> void myfunction(char *arg); int main(int argc, char **argv) { ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Stack buffer overflow confusion

I am trying to dig deeper into the nuts and bolts a stack buffer overflow using the classical NOP-sled technique. Reading some articles and watching videos brought me to a confusion which can be ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Could someone explain parts of the FBI's Firefox 0-day?

Here is the full Javascript (and related iframes) that the FBI apparently injected into all "Freedom Hosting" pages in the course of their recent takedown. http://pastebin.mozilla.org/2776374 The ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to determine the size of payloads available in MetaSploit

I've noticed that there are a lot of different payloads to choose from in MetaSploit, and the choice (assuming there's enough room in the target) usually depends on what you're trying to do. However, ...
6
votes
3answers
325 views

Buffer overflow stack adjustment

I am quite new to buffer overflows and I am practicing right now different types of buffer overflow attacks. the shellcode was not executed until it was padded with NOPs although its set properly in ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to deal with MySQL's Errcode 13 when trying to write a shell

My attack machine is running Kali and the server is running CentOS 6.4 with DVWA. I'm trying to write a shell through an SQL injection. The payload is ' UNION SELECT '', '<?PHP ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it possible to write shellcode in C++?

Usually I write assembly programs and then dump their contents to get the shellcode. What I was wondering is whether I could write a C++ program instead of assembly, then dump and use that instead of ...
4
votes
3answers
686 views

Is writing shellcode still a valid skill to have/learn?

Following up from this question: Should I bother teaching buffer overflows any more? I am a it sec researcher and also security course instructor. Recently questions have been raised about the ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

NOPS in Metasploit

Problem I do not know what a "NOP" is in Metasploit Framework or otherwise. What I do know MS Unleashed says, "Nops keep the payload sizes consistent." A few question posts mention buffer ...
4
votes
2answers
871 views

ASLR and how a program can actually call its functions

I'm studying protection techniques and I've got a doubt about how ASLR works for a program in a Windows environment. As far as I know ASLR works by randomizing part of the imagebase address when ...
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votes
1answer
145 views

E-mail with obfuscated code / no trace in e-mail server

I've got a situation where one of my clients sent me an e-mail with what appears to be obfuscated shell code. The really bizarre thing here is that I see no trace of this e-mail showing up in the mail ...
0
votes
1answer
257 views

Shellcode Segfault mid execution?

In doing a university assignment, we are launching a shell on a remote server. That's all fine, I have connect back shell code, and when I hardcode the hex attack string into the server and jump to ...
4
votes
1answer
512 views

NX bit causes segfault on NOP slide?

doing an assignment for university. We have to exec a shell on a remote server. We're told the NX bit is not set, however, when we redirect to our injected code, the server has a segmentation fault. ...
8
votes
1answer
542 views

Better way to import Win32 APIs from injected shellcode

I'm injecting native x86 code into a .NET application, via a TLS callback in the binary image. Unfortunately, .NET executables only import mscorlib.dll within the PE, and have kernel32.dll mapped ...
2
votes
1answer
636 views

SafeSEH and x64

I read here that /SAFESEH is only valid when linking for x86 targets. /SAFESEH is not supported for platforms that already have the exception handlers noted. For example, on x64 and Itanium, ...
0
votes
1answer
210 views

Does filtering HTML syntax prevent a web shell from being dropped through a textbox? [closed]

I have an admin panel that is running off a mysql db. On that panel, I have text boxes that allow an "Admin" to input plain text OR HTML Styling that will be displayed on a section of the site that is ...
5
votes
1answer
375 views

Stack canaries protection and ROP

As far as I know stack canaries are values written on the stack that, if overwritten by a buffer overflow, force the application to close at return. My question is: if I overwrite both EIP and stack ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Do I always have to overwrite EIP to get to write on the stack in a buffer overflow?

Do I always have to overwrite EIP to get to write on the stack in a buffer overflow? How's the memory organized? I can't find a proper graph with google
10
votes
2answers
5k views

How “leaking pointers” to bypass DEP/ASLR works

I was wondering if anyone could give me some clues on how "leaking pointers" to bypass DEP/ASLR work. I read here: The only way to reliably bypass DEP and ASLR is through an pointer leak. This ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Stack smashing keep getting segmentation fault

I have a homework assignment to do stack smashing, The exploit code creates a badfile in which the vulnerable file reads and buffer over flow occurs. I have already did the 2 commands below to ...
2
votes
1answer
321 views

How to achieve interactive shell attack?

Usually when a person gets a shell by attacking some vulnerabilities, what a person gets is non-interactive shell. So when I call FTP interactive client, shell fails. Is there any way I can do ...