SSH (Secure shell) is a protocol for secure communication between computers to execute remote commands, transfer data and tunnel TCP connections.

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SFTP on Windows - is it likely to be disabled?

I'm a software engineer and I'm maintaining a product that allows a user to run commands and scripts on Linux servers via an SSH connection. We now need to extend this functionality onto Windows. We ...
9
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3answers
528 views

Can an attacker “simulate” a private IP address?

I have a SSH server with a rule that does not allow password connections outside the local network. So people already on the local network, either physically or via VPN, are allowed to connect with ...
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0answers
38 views

How to reset an HSM server without password? [on hold]

I purchased an HSM online but I do not know the password. Is there a way to reset a HSM server?
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2answers
620 views

Digital Ocean “Droplet” allgedly compromised for trivial, unpublicized website. Should I be worried abouty my own machine?

I got a message from D.O. about my Droplet saying they shut it down because there was a lot of outgoing traffic that looked like an attack. The site I had on that server was not very known at all. ...
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4answers
33k views

Converting keys between openssl and openssh

If I use the following openssl req -x509 -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout private.pem -out public.pem -nodes I get private.pem and public.pem If I use ssh-keygen -t rsa -f rsa I get rsa and ...
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2answers
32 views

Public/private key auth and VPN

If a server uses public/private key authentication to access SSH, will there be any advantage of restricting the access of SSH over VPN? This link describes both approaches to solve brute force ...
3
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2answers
35 views

Security of nested ssh

First of all, by nested ssh, I mean the following way of using ssh: ssh usera@Bob 'ssh usera@C' suppose A wants to login on server C, but for some reason C is not directly available to A (e.g. C's ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Can you use ssh for secure inter app communication on the same device?

I use ssh to get an encrypted connection between servers and local machines all the time. It's fast, it's secure, and there's a way to do it in nearly every system programming language that I've used ...
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2answers
55 views

Server compromised with magento vulnerability, possible rootkit

I am experiencing a security issue with one server that it happens that I manage. I will try to cite all relevant facts as briefly as possible. I am asking for any additional information and course of ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Analyzing log files for forensics homework?

Suppose two users have done a murder at 6pm at Dunkin Donuts, I have got the hard disks on site, disk1 and disk2. How do I identify the time and order of each user's activities on the hard disks? ...
15
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2answers
3k views

Security Concerns with X11 Forwarding

What are some of the security concerns and reasons either for or against allowing X11 Forwarding. I have generally taken an approach of not allowing it under the blanket guise of security. Recently, ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Will two virtual machines running on the same physical host machine get the same value from /dev/random?

Will two virtual machines running on the same physical host machine get the same value from /dev/random if read over the same time period? Say that Virtual-machine-1 wants to generate its ssh host ...
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1answer
32 views

Why does the server ssh public key not look like the key in client known hosts?

From my naive understanding of ssh, the server shares its public key ( /etc/shh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub ) with the client, who then adds it to the list of known hosts ( /user/.ssh/known_hosts ). So, I ...
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0answers
43 views

Does enabling VPN on our router increase the risk of our network being exposed to the outside network? [closed]

We are thinking about using VPN to connect our remote office and the main office and also support developers working from home. To do this, we are planning to purchase 2 CISCO (or similar) routers to ...
2
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0answers
53 views

Convert RSA openSSH key/putty key to gpg key [closed]

Scenario Two work sites, site 1 and site 2. Two Linux servers, server A and server B. Server A is reachable from both sites, while server B is reachable from site 1 only. Two Windows workstations, ...
78
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7answers
76k views

What is the difference between SSL vs SSH? Which is more secure?

What is the difference between SSH and SSL? Which one is more secure, if you can compare them together? Which has more potential vulnerabilities?
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2answers
76 views

Management of server keys

I plan to put an SSH server on micro-controller devices. There shall be many devices distributed in a wide range. The identity of the server is checked with the server key. The server needs to store ...
0
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0answers
11 views

RSA Fingerprints on EC2 Server Don't Match Locally Generated Fingerprint [migrated]

I have an EC2 instance with an elastic IP that hasn't changed in a little while, nor has the ssh key Amazon installed in the main user account used to ssh into the server after instantiation. I ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Risks of having SSH private key stolen

I'm afraid this is quite a common question, but searching several times through the questions did not prove useful, and I'm really eager of knowledge here :D I understand that keeping SSH private key ...
4
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2answers
226 views

Sharing RSA keys between PGP and SSH protocols: Does this pose a security risk?

If I generate a PGP subkey that only has the authentication capablity and use this to generate an SSH keypair to authenticate Git for example, does this pose a security threat? When I do, should I ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Metasploit SSH Error: could not settle on kex algorithm

I am running a trial of Cobalt Strike which runs over the Metasploit Framework. I am trying to perform an SSH related attack on my laptop, and I get the error in the title for all SSH related attacks. ...
6
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1answer
223 views

Is it considered worth it to replace OpenSSH's moduli file?

Consequences of tampered /etc/ssh/moduli describes a possible risk if the moduli file for an OpenSSH server has been tampered with. Taking the logic a step further, is there any concern with the ...
3
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1answer
85 views

How secure is Visual host key, and how is SHA2 converted into that representation?

SHA2 has 256 bits of possibilities. Visual host key seems to have the following upper and lowercase = 26*2 numbers and symbols = 20 Additional symbols = 22 Total 94 characters represented in ...
9
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1answer
706 views

SSH: benefits of using hashed known_hosts

What are the benefits of storing known_hosts in a hashed form? From what I read, it is supposed to protect the list of servers I am connecting to, presumably in a scenario where my account has been ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Things to do to ensure that data is secured on my virtual server [closed]

I'm not much of a server administrator but I'm maintaining a virtual server with Ubuntu OS where my website is hosted. I often use ssh, ftp and MySQL. As my website gets popular, I want to make sure ...
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2answers
42 views

How to handle disk encryption for remote connection?

I have at my workstation, an ubuntu 14.04 installation with full disk encryption. I now have to travel frequently for days and am planning to ssh into this machine from my chromebook to work remotely. ...
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2answers
156 views

Break in attempts from secureserver.net

Over the last few weeks I have seen dozens if not hundreds of break-in attempts from ip addresses which map back to secureserver.net. I know these are GoDaddy machines from the who is look up. ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How do I get the thumbprint of an SSH2 public key on windows?

I have a SSH2 public key with a .PUB extension and when viewed in notepad it has this header: ---- BEGIN SSH2 PUBLIC KEY ---- How do I view the thumbprint of this key? I've attempted ssh-keygen ...
5
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2answers
139 views

Malware known for stealing private ssh keys

The ssh private key file, stored under ~/.ssh/id_rsa in many *nix distros, is typically owned by the user, allowing any program invoked by that user to read the file, and perhaps upload it to a remote ...
3
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2answers
124 views

Risk in connecting wrong ssh host?

I've a ssh host key login setup in a remote server, for some reason, the DNS of that host is mapped to another server. So assume the mistaken host cannot be trusted, should I change my key?
2
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0answers
46 views

chroot ssh users [closed]

I am using CentOS 7. I need to give shell access to ssh users but restrict them in a jail. I have used jailkit to set up the jail. I have copied all necessary libraries, binaries that are needed for ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

SSH Key: Ed25519 vs RSA

A lot of people recommend using Ed25519 instead of RSA keys for SSH. The introduction page of Ed25519 (http://ed25519.cr.yp.to/) says: [..] breaking it has similar difficulty to breaking [..] RSA ...
3
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2answers
321 views

What stops an SSH server from MITMing logins?

When I read this question about what gets signed with the private key by the client I wondered: What stops the following scenario from happening: A client connects to an SSH server. The SSH server ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Bypassing CVE-2010-4478 (J-PAKE parameter validation) in OpenSSH 5.1

Did anyone successfully exploit CVE-2010-4478 in the past? This is insufficient validation of the J-PAKE public key parameters in OpenSSH up to 5.6. I'm dealing with a vulnerable machine running ...
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3answers
129 views

Sharing a common public and private SSH keys for a cluster of machines

I guess this is way to settle an internal debate I am having with myself. In my provisioning process, I am wanting to share a common public and private ssh keys for each machine in a clusters, ...
2
votes
1answer
352 views

Are there any security implications in creating an SSH key for the root user?

I've written an install script on a server to quickly set up new sites in the /srv directory. It needs to do a git clone, and has to be run via sudo in order to have the permissions to do all the ...
5
votes
1answer
729 views

How secure is OpenSSH on FreeBSD?

In a discussion about the recent OpenSSL information disclosure vulnerability, the subject of OpenSSH being vulnerable came up. While OpenSSH is not vulnerable due to the problem lying in the TLS ...
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0answers
339 views

SSH scan against D-Link routers: is there a (new) exploit?

TL;DR if you have a D-Link router perhaps it wouldn't be a bad idea to check its SSH settings and/or username/passwords. I am a long-time user of fail2ban on several machines, almost all Ubuntu 12 ...
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3answers
1k views

How to use public key in ~/.ssh for asymmetrical encryption with OpenSSL

I want to do an asymmetrical file encryption: openssl genrsa -des3 -out private.key 4096 openssl rsa -in private.key -pubout -out public.key openssl rsautl -encrypt -pubin -inkey public.key -in a ...
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0answers
64 views

Logging all traffic crossing SSH proxy

Is there a way to log SSH sessions proxied through a machine (User-> SSH Proxy -> Server (with SSH)) without modifying the SSH daemon on the proxy? I need to log all the commands as well as responses ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Using SSH Private keys in Production environment

I have a need to scp a bunch of files from a production box to my development environment. I am a developer and have limited read access to the production machines. Instead of entering password for ...
13
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3answers
584 views

Managing multiple SSH private keys for a team

I have a medium-sized team (~10 people, but we expect to grow) that manages a set of EC2 servers on AWS (currently a few dozens, but this is also expected to grow). As EC2 requires you to have an ...
3
votes
4answers
424 views

Bastion host that allows jailed users to SSH but protects private key

Basically, I'm trying to let the user use a private key without having read access to it. Use case: Employee needs to SSH to a server in the data center. There is 1 private key for all servers, ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Mount ecryptfs directory via SSH

I have access to a server that I use for backups. I use rsync with the --delete flag to make an exact copy of my backup directory. I have no need for incremental backups. The backup directory on the ...
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2answers
214 views

What are the risks associated with SSH'in from corporate LAN to untrusted server on the Internet

At work (a huge organisation) I found a server on the LAN that opens SFTP connections to 2 servers across the Internet. I assume the remote hosts are in the other parties DMZ. I know you are not ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

someone may be doing something nasty

I have an ssh server. earlier toady, I was about to login to my server, when I got a message that said something along the lines of "Someone may be trying to do something nasty" and indicating a man ...
2
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1answer
22 views

How is composed “public host key and certificates (K_S)” in SSH_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY message? (SSH2 key exchange)

I'm trying to implement SSH2 key exchange in Java, and having some difficulties. The RFC4419 states, that: The server responds with: byte SSH_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY string server public host ...
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votes
7answers
9k views

Should I change the default SSH port on linux servers?

Is there any advantage in changing the SSH port, I've seen people do that, but I can't seem to find the reason why. If you have a strong password and/or a certificate, is it useful for anything? ...
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votes
2answers
29k views

Secure Configuration of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH

Following on the heels of the previously posted question here, Taxonomy of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH?, I need some help to obtain the following design goals: Disable any 96-bit HMAC ...
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1answer
63 views

SSH: What's the difference or interplay between /etc/ssh/[host files] and ~/.ssh/[public key]

I'm new to SSH after a decade of dabbling with Ubuntu and other Linux builds. Today I successfully setup SSH, but I had a few hangups and headaches along the way. Although the system is now running ...