SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and/or TLS (Transport Layer Security)

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15
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2answers
696 views

Twitter's HTTP response vs Google's HTTP response

I was looking at the HTTP responses form https://twitter.com and https://encrypted.google.com. These two responses have interesting similarities and differences in their security definitions. Both ...
4
votes
4answers
574 views

Is it possible to detect SSL private key changes?

I wonder if it would be possible to detect a change of an SSL private key? If you change the key, then I think one must issue a new certificate, but new certificates could be issued without changing ...
0
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2answers
112 views

Force https, complex implementation

I have a website running on a dedicated server (single IP) on apache. Multiple domains are pointed to the website . For ex: sub.abc.com, sub.bcdaf.com I have now purchased a single SSL certificate ...
4
votes
1answer
402 views

Is possible that a TLS server send more than one certificate to the client for the same site?

What I'm trying to archive is enable ECDSA and DSS ciphers in my site, but at the same time not depend just of self signed certificates, so I could sent to my client more than one certificate and them ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

What are the implications of using the same DH parameters in a TLS server?

For a DHE cipher, nginx hard-codes the Diffie-Hellman parameters to use base 2 and a fixed 1024-bit prime (modulus) if no custom DH parameters are configured. These parameters are public (sent in ...
3
votes
1answer
801 views

What could be the order of these ciphers following as first criteria the security and just then the performance?

I need some guide to decide in which order I must put the following ciphers if I want prioritize security and in cases of tied, consider performance to decide. ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 TLSv1.2 ...
0
votes
1answer
907 views

Why Qualys SSL Server Test is giving me 80 and not 100 in Key Exchange?

My openssl ciphers -v 'CIPHER' output is the following: ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH Au=ECDSA Enc=AESGCM(256) Mac=AEAD ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH Au=RSA ...
0
votes
3answers
5k views

How force that all connections to my Apache use TLSv1.1 or TLSv1.2?

I tested on Ubuntu 12.04 (apache 2.2.22-1ubuntu1.4 and openssl 1.0.1-4ubuntu5.10) and Ubuntu 13.04 (apache 2.2.22-6ubuntu5.1 and openssl 1.0.1c-4ubuntu8.1). here explain how to do so, but I have the ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

SSL on domain will affect un-secured sub-domain

I have a plan to buy a SSL certificate for my domain. I don't have much budget so I decided to buy standard SSL with no support for sub-domains. I have a WCF web-service that works on sub-domain. This ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

How can a non-technical user verify a message was sent “securely”? …or over TLS?

I have a situation where B2B and B2C communication needs to be sent securely and not visible to most SMTP hijackers. I don't care about conspiracy theories or NSA style attacks, but want to provide ...
3
votes
2answers
250 views

Is it true, that using symetric encryption, if attacker knows encrypted text, original message, and algorithm means he can calculate the secret?

I am a newbie in the security field, so sorry for the naive question. In my understanding, using symetric encryption, if attacker knows encrypted text, original message, and algorithm means he can ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Communicate between two sites both with SSL

I now have two websites - site A and B, both with SSL-certificate, and they have exact same users. So when a user log into site A and click the link to site B, I want to make him auto log in to site ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

non-MiTM Reverse SSL

Do non-MiTM Reverse SSL Proxies exist? Or do all proxies that do SSL-SSL mappings decode and then re-encode HTTPS traffic? If this is the case and I want to map https://mypublicdomain.com -> ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Plausibly deniable SSH - does it make sense?

My colleague just told me he can't make outbound SSH connections in his corporate networks, so I advised him to set up a server on 443 port and it worked. I then started thinking that the ...
2
votes
1answer
668 views

Evaluate the signature of an X509 certificate in .NET

This is my scenario: A CA signs a certificate with its private key and sends it to a client via https response. From this response the client creates a X509Certificate2 class, that represents the ...
3
votes
2answers
530 views

Is there a problem with issuing a HSTS header in PHP?

I want to trial a HSTS policy on my blog without enabling it site wide initially. As a HSTS policy is just a HTTP response header would there be any problem with sending the header in PHP like so: ...
4
votes
3answers
689 views

Does Google's SSL encryption for searches thwart NSA spying?

Given everything that is suspected about NSA (and GCHQ, DGSE, etc.) access to user data: Avoiding speculation, can and do we know whether Google's recent action to make all searches use SSL ...
0
votes
3answers
761 views

On a public wifi I just tried to access google over HTTPS and was forced on to HTTP, how?

I'm on a coffee shop wifi. I just typed https://google.com in to my browser and noticed that I got redirected to http://google.com. I tried other google domains (google.ie) and these work fine, so ...
6
votes
2answers
915 views

Is SSL terminated at a load balancer PCI compliant?

I've read this nice question: Should SSL be terminated at a load balancer? And I have the same question, but with PCI-DSS compliance in mind. Is SSL terminated at the load balancer, with clear ...
11
votes
1answer
347 views

Is using a CA more secure if I'm self-signing anyway?

We have a web application that we run for clients at their booth on fairs. The communication between clients and the server was done over HTTP until recently. We're currently working on improving ...
1
vote
1answer
380 views

Force browser to use higher security connection

How can I force my Chrome broswer (or even Firefox) to always use a higher security encryption?, for example 256bit (or more) encryption when using https. I guess it should be some flag to force the ...
1
vote
1answer
319 views

ReverseProxy and PCI Compliance

My company has a PCI compliant billing gateway and they expose a service for submitting credit card payment details. I am writing a (Single Page Application/end-to-end javascript) website for them ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Which is better for server-to-server-communication: IPSec or TLS?

Maybe you could help me with a small problem. Would you recommend IPSec or TLS for a Server-to-Server-Connection? I need two or three arguments for reasoning a decision within my final paper, but ...
1
vote
3answers
241 views

What information can be seen from HTTPS to HTTP?

Assuming a secured page https://google.com/redirect.php?keyword=apple which redirects the visitor to a non-secured website http://apple.com, would an eavesdropper (anyone watching over the network) be ...
4
votes
2answers
372 views

Is cookie information hackable by “Man in middle” Attack over HTTPS?

Just I want to know, is it possible to extract header data by 'Man in middle attack' in HTTPS connection and is there any other way or hack to achieve same thing? If there is way to hack, is it ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

1024-bit DHE vs 2048-bit RSA

Currently with apache/mod_ssl, if DHE is enabled then a 1024-bit ephemeral key will be used. I found the following quote in Adam Langley's blog: Ideally the DH group would match or exceed the RSA ...
1
vote
2answers
267 views

Could a user never store a password if a username/email hash was used instead?

So I was just thinking about token_authenticatable setup from devise (rails gem), and this thought occurred to me: Could we strengthen web security by hashing username/password with javascript before ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

SSL VPN Detection and possible to block

Is it possible to determine the difference between a VPN on port 443 compared to standard SSL traffic? In order to access SSL websites you need port 443 open but if you setup a VPN Service on port ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Can the random keys generated during handshake be guessed

During the handshaking of an SSL connection, the server sends its public key, the client generates a random password, encrypts it with the pk, and sends it back, then the server decrypts it and all is ...
1
vote
3answers
413 views

How does SSL protect against network level attacks on integity?

I would like to know if there is any way to demonstrate how an attacker may attack the integrity of a website due to an unencrypted connection and how SSL will avoid this. For the aspect of ...
5
votes
2answers
688 views

Website: Pre-Shared-Key Authentication

We have this web-application with high valuable (business) data. All communication is encrypted through TLS/SSL. While I consider this a really safe protocol, it can still be compromised if someone ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Are self-signed certificates actually more secure than CA signed certificates now?

Are self-signed certificates actually more secure than CA signed certificates now? I ask this because recent leaks about the NSA spy programs and the secret FISA courts mean that the US government ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How to detect the NSA MITM attack on SSL?

As Bruce Schneider reported here... https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2013/09/new_nsa_leak_sh.html ...the NSA reportedly performed a MITM attack on a company in brazil and decrypted their SSL ...
6
votes
2answers
427 views

Should you use VPN if the website uses HTTPS?

If I visit the website which uses https, is there a point using an VPN? In places like coffee shop where internet is not secure. Because I think https already encrypts data?
1
vote
1answer
297 views

OpenSSL DH modp size

If OpenSSL is configured to use a DH for key exchange, e.g. TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, where does it take the size for modp (or even modp itself) from? The following is a screenshot from ...
6
votes
3answers
480 views

What can a web application developer do to protect user information from powerful adversaries like the NSA or China

Some well funded intelligence services with potentially untrustworthy employees intercept and store encrypted data for years, in hopes of cracking it with future technology. What can I do to make this ...
5
votes
1answer
247 views

Any not totally insecure browser vulnerable to BEAST?

People still worry about BEAST quite a lot when configuring web servers to the point of preferring RC4 over AES-CBC. But most browsers mitigate BEAST even while using TLS 1.0. Is there a browser ...
2
votes
1answer
548 views

Configuring GCM cipher suites in Jetty based server

I have a Jetty based secure http service, and I wish to support GCM cipher suites. I know that Jetty internally use JSSE based ciphers, and there are many GCM ciphers coming with JSSE as documented ...
7
votes
1answer
564 views

Can custom elliptic curves be used in common TLS implementations?

Recent developments have cast some doubt on the elliptic curves specified by NIST and used in many standards like TLS (for signatures with ECDSA and key agreement with ECDHE). It seems like the ...
0
votes
1answer
723 views

OpenSSL: Enable cipher suites per protocol version

Is there a way to explicitly configure OpenSSL to allow AES (or in general, block ciphers) only for clients that use a TLS version >= 1.1? This would protect against the BEAST attack, while still ...
7
votes
3answers
680 views

How do you verify if an app is using secure comms?

Any modern day browser provides feedback to the end user confirming whether or not you are using HTTPS and some basic validation of the cert. When using a mobile application it seems the end user ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

how to experiment with BEAST attacks

from basic research my understanding is: it is vulnerable in TLS 1.0 in SSL 3 Attacker can inject javascript and pass some known text to some server where attacker will get the encrypted version of ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

How does SSLstrip work?

I've been reading up on SSLstrip and I'm not 100% sure on my understanding of how it works. A lot of documentation seems to indicate that it simply replaces occurrences of "https" with "http" in ...
1
vote
2answers
661 views

Sniffing From Squid SSL

I created a Squid proxy and a self-signed SSL certificate. The SSL certificate on the server is a private certificate linked to the ssl-bump feature. I am using tshark to dump the SSL traffic, but I ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

SSL-certificates for overlapping domain regions?

Suppose, a server hosts https://www.master.com/ and thus is equipped with a (single domain) SSL certificate. Furthermore, suppose there are some web apps below master.com: ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

SSL is cracked. What is the alternative? [duplicate]

According to Der Spiegel: SSL should be cracked Exactly how much the two intelligence agencies can actually read along from the encrypted traffic in the network, is not entirely clear. But ...
4
votes
2answers
581 views

Single domain SSL certificates, actually support 2 subdomains?

While browsing for SSL certificates, specifically domain validation type (the cheapest), I noticed that they advertise as valid for a single domain/subdomain, but then I noticed that they are valid ...
4
votes
2answers
325 views

Login security without SSL

I have a web app without SSL (I know it's not good, I try to take it as a challenge). The login is two step. First the admin sshs into the server and runs a maintenance companion program that provides ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

What extra protection is added to an REST API over HTTPS by the use of some kind of HMAC?

I'm designing a RESTFUL API that will always be used over HTTPS, what security advantages over the use of HTTP Basic Auth could be brought to my system by using such kind of message authentication ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

Can the client certificate authentication process treated as a user digitally signed the content(and then get verified on the server)?

The authentication was triggered by certain event (like approving button) on the form. In the process of client certificate authentication (in IIS), user was asked to use their PIN (private key) and ...