SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and/or TLS (Transport Layer Security)

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1answer
292 views

Wireshark Decode HTTPS Root Certificate

I'm currently dealing with a "Sniffy" java application. Well I can see it connecting to some kind of server using HTTPS. I would like to see what its sending or getting over HTTPS. i have read some ...
7
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3answers
2k views

What kind of attack was this?

So our website was hacked, and these are the things that were done: Some entries in the database were changed. I don't know if this was via SQL injection, or direct database access (only root is ...
4
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3answers
967 views

Multiple SSL connections in a single HTTPS web request

I set up Apache2 with SSL and tried to request the default Apache2 web page ("It works!") using https://[IP_ADDRESS]. The Chrome developer tool shows that only one HTTP connection is established, ...
9
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2answers
5k views

Decrypting TLS in Wireshark when using DHE_RSA ciphersuites

How can I decrypt TLS messages when an ephemeral Diffie-Hellman ciphersuite is used? I am able to expose the premaster secret and master secret from the SSL Client. Using that, how to decrypt the ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between SSL and X.509 Certificates?

I used openssl to create a X.509 certificate but I don't quite understand the relationship between a X.509 and a SSL certificate. Are they the same? Is a SSL certificate just a X.509 certificate that ...
3
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1answer
193 views

How is the TLS protected against length field of the header being modified?

I know this question looks very silly, but, it has been bothering me for a while and I am unable to come up with an answer by myself. So, here it goes.. Packets in the TLS protocol consist of a 5 ...
6
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3answers
1k views

What are the risks of a localhost signed cerificate?

In our company we have an internal CA certificate for signing various things including the proxied (MITM'd) HTTPS connections. Suppose we use this CA to sign a key for "localhost" for use in ...
7
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1answer
424 views

Does HTTPS Encrypt PHP Arguments?

I am working on a web app that will need to have a secret key(s) passed from one server to another - I'll need to do this over PHP. Consider the following URL: ...
1
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1answer
112 views

SSL Communication and Proxy

Let us say that I have a client and a server communicating using SSL. If a hacker sets up a proxy between the client and the server, will he be able to decrypt the data which is being sent?
15
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1answer
9k views

Configure SSL Mutual (Two-way) Authentication

A lot of tutorials, a lot of pages, a lot of question and they differ in implementation of this issue "Configure SSL Mutual (Two-way) Authentication". I have to do it with Linux, and I don't know from ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Why clients offer handshaking with SSL 2.0 protocol

According to the book, Data Center Fundamentals, page 369, SSLv3 support was added in Netscape 2.x and Internet Explorer 3.x, and TLS was added in Netscape 4.x and Internet Explorer 4.x. I am ...
4
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1answer
2k views

If SSL encrypts urls, then how are https messages routed?

I've googled around and it seems like SSL encrypts URLs. (Correct?) As I understand it, if I go to a site like http://security.stackexchange.com then a DNS server looks at the URL, says hey, he wants ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Checking client hello for https classification

I need to detect https packets in network traffic . Until now I were marking all "443" as https but I don't want to use port information for these any more . Will it be enough to check client hello ...
3
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1answer
221 views

Has a HTTP server access to SSL session ID?

I want to know if a HTTP server (Apache, nginx etc.) can access a SSL/TLS session ID. Assume we have some hardware which does only SSL/TLS and behind a webserver which sends and receives the requests. ...
2
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2answers
1k views

How to you manually decrypt a SOAP message using openssl?

So I have a SOAP message like this (key data and encrypted data has been truncated): <s:Envelope xmlns:s="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" ...
1
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2answers
142 views

Question about HTTPS [duplicate]

I have a question about HTTPS, which I need help understanding. So if I type: https://www.facebook.com/FOOBAR and as the connection is encrypted, will someone in the middle (say my ISP or someone who ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Best practice for securing user credentials once they reach the server using Basic Auth + SSL

I know it's generally said that storing user credentials in plaintext is a horrible idea. I'm in the middle of implementing Basic Auth over SSL and was wondering what I should do with the user ...
4
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3answers
245 views

What SSL options should not be used?

What SSL options should be avoided, due to recently discovered weaknesses? This might include symmetric algorithms, or MAC functions.
2
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2answers
462 views

BEAST mitigation on a Cisco ACE 4710 load balancer

We are looking to mitigate BEAST (and similar) on our Cisco ACE appliance (running version A4(2.0)), which is the 'endpoint' for a handful of load-balanced services. Some of these service still run ...
2
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2answers
906 views

For TLS how to instruct IIS 7 to include Intermediate CAs to be included in the Certificate Request frame?

I am observing an issue in which the TLS handshake is failing between a Java Client and a web service hosted under IIS 7. Upon wiresharking the attempt it seems that the problem is the list of ...
8
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3answers
751 views

Is it possible to “protect” against MITM attacks over HTTP?

In a conversation on twitter I warned a site about a security vulnerability. Specifically, the possibility of a MITM (Man in the Middle) attack used to compromise their registration form. The ...
3
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3answers
769 views

Self signed certificates for https

Where I work, currently for internal sites, self signed certificates are being used. In Firefox, the info regarding the certificate are displayed: site domain: example.com Owner: Site doesn't supply ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Man-in-the-middle Blue coat proxy ssl or what?

I have just discovered that my workplace have enabled some new feature in the blue coat network proxy. It seems like all https certificates in chrome on windows is being issued by this internal ...
2
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2answers
424 views

SSL: How to send generated client certificate from server to avoid MITM?

The question I have is simply how do I prevent a MiTM attack on a certificate once the server side creates a new one and tries to send it to a client? Does the certificate get encrypted by rsa and ...
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2answers
385 views

Generate openSSL certificates from within C code using commands?

This is an openSSL command for generating a private key and a certificate, openssl req -out CSR.csr -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout privateKey.key The question I have is whether there is some ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Preventing a spoofing man in the middle attack?

I was humming along with my usual routine of listening to old Defcon videos trying to understand some of the basics of what's going on in the IT Security world, when I came across one explaining man ...
3
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6answers
407 views

Can one reliably show HTTPS status in browser (not just the lock in the URL bar)?

I'm almost certain this isn't possible, as it would probably be too exploitable, but I wanted to ask the community just in case. Is there a way to determine and display the state of HTTPS on a page ...
11
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4answers
1k views

Handling passwords in a web application

I am trying to learn how a secure web application is developed. Particularly, I am unsure of how passwords are sent from the client to the server. For a typical user/password login form. If the client ...
4
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7answers
2k views

Is it compulsory to have https on e-commerce site?

I saw that some e-commerce scripts can also run without ssl, but everyone recommends to activate it to protect sensitive data. I just saw a site that has an e-shop link, if i click it my browser says ...
6
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3answers
519 views

Are secret URLs secure over HTTPS?

Imagine a service that makes sensitive information available under a secret URL via HTTPS only, without requiring any other authentication. In fact, these are already widespread. What level of ...
2
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2answers
435 views

Looking for general guidance on securing web API application for client applications and users

I have a web service built with WebAPI that accepts JSON requests and responds accordingly. The core architecture is built but there isn't any authentication/authorization. After a lot of googling ...
6
votes
2answers
409 views

Client authentication vs. user authentication

I am currently looking into authentication protocols which work well with REST API, in java. There is something fundamental I don't understand: I read a lot of material about OAuth protocol, SSL, ...
1
vote
1answer
533 views

Why a web server HTTPS certificate can't sign its subdomain HTTPS certificates?

Why having a valid certificate for "exampe.com" I can't make a "child" certificate for "subdomain.example.com"? What insecurities will arise if browsers start allowing domain's certificates to be ...
4
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2answers
97 views

Using SSL Certification in Multiple Locations

I have some issues with respect to using SSL Certificates. I have a website hosted in UK and I also have an organisation in South Africa hosting my company application online for web access. The ...
1
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1answer
205 views

Following redirects from HTTPS to HTTP - Secure?

So I have an HTTP client which supports HTTPS. However, it doesn't follow the HTTP spec recommendation for redirects on POST(which is to ask the user before redirecting) This means, in theory, if you ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Man-in-the-middle scenario for TLS

Consider the following scenario: You want to securely communicate with a.com and you only trust the VeriSign root certificate. a.com presents a certificate signed by VeriSign with CN=a.com, so you ...
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0answers
36 views

Using SSL on my sites for everything or just some things? [duplicate]

I have a server which provides a few services through the web, some of those services must be logged into to be able to use them. For these services I have implemented SSL using level 3 CACert ...
5
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1answer
3k views

SSL Encryption (for HTTPs) & Security vs Performance

I was looking into server performance when using various SSL Certificates. Specifically 1024-bits vs 2048 vs 4096. It turns out, it makes a big difference! I've heard a lot of talk lately about ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Does Java's implementation of OCSP and CRL checking handle intermediate CAs?

I've read that Java provides OCSP and CRL checking for CertPaths via: Security.setProperty("ocsp.enable", "true"); System.setProperty("com.sun.security.enableCRLDP", "true"); Do these implementations ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

How do I diagnose client-side SSL errors?

Often on my home network I get random SSL certificate errors when I visit certain well-known sites. Today it was a Google SSL error, where Google apparently tried to identify itself as *.icloud.com. ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Do keyservers keep logs of who adds whom to their keyrings?

Maybe it depends on the keyserver. Does that pose privacy issues?
0
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3answers
91 views

Is connection to keyserver encrypted?

When you retrieve someone's information from a keyserver to add him to your pgp keyring, that is made through unencrypted keyservers, unless the user uploaded it to https://keyserver.pgp.com/. Even ...
2
votes
2answers
238 views

Will using SSL to secure Wordpress admin area only still actually be secure?

The vast majority of our website contains no sensitive information, logins, forms, etc. However there are portions driven by wordpress so we are looking into getting SSL to secure these areas. There ...
28
votes
4answers
22k views

What's an easy way to perform a man-in-the-middle attack on SSL?

I'd like to perform a man-in-the-middle attack on SSL connections between clients and a server. Assuming the following: I've got a certificate that the client will accept, via poor cert validation ...
1
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1answer
246 views

How to insert custom packets into SSL handshake?

I am trying to communicate with an SSL server whose protocol is non-standard. I want to insert custom packets into the handshake. I am using several SSL tools, so changing source code on every tool ...
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votes
1answer
155 views

What mode of operation is secure for block ciphers?

as RC4 is not secure and AES-CBC is same thing the only solution is using EAX mode for AES. but why mozilla NSS don't support EAX mod ? is there any secure EAX implementation ? and why wikipedia says ...
3
votes
1answer
576 views

ECDH and Forward Secrecy

I just read about ECDH and while getting a overview over the process, I noticed that this key exchange method does neither provide any forward secrecy, nor does it protect against replay-attacks, ...
2
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1answer
523 views

Is TLS 1.2 client authentication really different from that earlier ersion of TLS

From wikipedia link (cannot post due to stackexchange constraints). "http://www.yassl.com/yaSSL/Blog/Entries/2010/10/7_Differences_between_SSL_and_TLS_Protocol_Versions.html" and and also from the ...
4
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1answer
780 views

Would introducing client certificates for a mobile app improve security?

I have developed a REST API which has been configured to only operate over HTTPS. The sole purpose of this API (at least for the moment) is to operate as the backend entry point for a mobile ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Why is NIST removing & not updating TLS guidance? What is the replacement?

The document NIST Special Publication 800-52 Guidelines for the Selection and Use of Transport Layer Security (TLS) Implementations was retired without superseding it with a newer document. In ...