SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and/or TLS (Transport Layer Security)

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Attacks in SSL and SSH

Assume that we have two end-host A and B connected by two routers R1 and R2. A wants to send a large file to B. A decides to establish SSH connection with host B using public key authentication. ...
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1answer
178 views

Anonymous access over SSL

I am using a paid VPN service and I just realized IP privacy does not exist at all when the connection is made over SSL. If I Google "what is my ip" using the HTTP version of Google, it will give me ...
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1answer
132 views

Can IE be made to imitate the behavior of Chrome's KeyGen element?

Is there any way I can repurpose existing ActiveX controls or functionality to get IE to work with the KeyGen element? Assistance getting Safari to work with this optional HTML5 spec would be ...
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3answers
2k views

Do client certificates provide protection against MITM?

I'm looking for a way to protect clients from a MITM attack without using a VPN, and ToR. My thought is that client certificates might do the job, but I'm not entirely sure since not too much server ...
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2answers
479 views

SSL/TLS: Version Change during Renegotiation or Resumption?

Can the version proposed by Client be changed during SSL Resumption or Renegotiation? Resumption Case: In case of Resumption, as I understand, Client will send a Client Hello with the Session ID of ...
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2answers
13k views

Chrome SSL Warning: “You cannot proceed because the website operator has requested heightened security for this domain. ”

I'm trying to go to the URL below, and Chrome warns me that the wildcard certificate is not valid for this domain. ...
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3answers
2k views

Making a Windows cert say it's purpose is “Ensures the identity of a remote computer”

Maybe this is a superuser.com question, I don't know. Anyway, I want my cert to show up like this when I double click on it in Windows: If I just double click on a random cert I get this: The ...
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4answers
10k views

how to import a private key in windows

Say I have an X.509 cert and a private key that corresponds to it. I can import X.509 certs easily enough into Windows but what about private keys? Is the only way I can do that by converting both ...
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2answers
305 views

Forged SSL without installation of root CA, possible?

Consider visiting a secure website like Gmail. Is it possible to forge the website certificate only by having full control over the internet provider? I mean is it practically possible for a provider ...
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5answers
250 views

Secure login feature with low CPU power

I'm developing a program that contains a login function in C++. The problem is that I don't know how to develop it in my situation. I want to run the software on a raspberry pi, it only has a CPU ...
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2answers
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If two endpoints establish a mutual authenticated connection (TLSv1.0) is the medium between the endpoints a concern?

What are the vulnerable areas when two endpoint connect via TLS? Does the physical layer or data link layer a factor of security concern between the two endpoints? Does it matter in terms of security, ...
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3answers
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Capturing and decrypting my own SSL traffic

When I use browser or wget to access another site, some sites will only use HTTPS / SSL automatically. When a site doesn't provide content without encryption, how do I capture what my computer sends ...
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How valid is this statement “SSL sit between application layer and network layer”

taken from http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/answer/How-does-SSL-sit-between-the-network-layer-and-application-layer The SSL protocol is quite unusual, as it doesn't just operate at one layer. ...
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3answers
4k views

help understanding client certificate verification

I am creating an API that only certain computers should have access to. Communication will be via SSL between the server and the clients. In order to verify that a client has access, I would like to ...
2
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1answer
163 views

how does OpenSSL create X.509 certs from SPKACs?

The SPKAC ASN.1 description: PublicKeyAndChallenge ::= SEQUENCE { spki SubjectPublicKeyInfo, challenge IA5STRING } SignedPublicKeyAndChallenge ::= SEQUENCE { publicKeyAndChallenge ...
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1answer
229 views

spkac: what is the purpose of the challenge string?

The SPKAC ASN.1 description: PublicKeyAndChallenge ::= SEQUENCE { spki SubjectPublicKeyInfo, challenge IA5STRING } SignedPublicKeyAndChallenge ::= SEQUENCE { publicKeyAndChallenge ...
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3answers
1k views

KDC(Key Distribution Center) vs Asymmetric Key Exchange

Today I was reading notes about cryptography and I came across a problem that exists in Symmetric Key encryption, which is how to share the secret key across the network. 1st Method : Make use of ...
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2answers
799 views

What did the certificate authority do with my CSR?

I needed to reach a web service which is not mine. The IT department of that web service has asked me to send them a CSR (certificate signing request). Then, he will send me back a signed certificate ...
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1answer
69 views

Signing CertificateRequest with special privileges

Well, I am not sure if I specified the question correctly. While I was browsing web, I checked several SSL certificates and noticed that even Root Certificate doesn't have set all attributes of ...
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3answers
2k views

What issues arise from sharing a SSL certificate's private key?

Scenario: I am hosting a website for a my client, who we'll call S. S owns the domain s.com and I own the servers that actually host the website. S now wants to enable SSL on their website. I have ...
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3answers
5k views

BEAST: IIS6: Failing PCI scan - are these ciphers OK?

Our PCI compliance scanner, TrustWave, have failed our Win 2003/IIS6 site on BEAST because of the following cyphers: Cipher Suite: SSLv3 : DES-CBC3-SHA Cipher Suite: SSLv3 : RC4-SHA Cipher Suite: ...
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2answers
2k views

openssl, create RC4-SHA certificate

gmail.com Google, fb,... use RC4-SHA. How does one create RC4-SHA self signed cert ? Or even with aes128 key ? I tried using using "genrsa -aes128", resulting cert was DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA openssl ...
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1answer
297 views

Configuring IIS SSL for PCI

Is there a clear, concise list of of SSL settings available for IIS which will pass my PCI audit scanning? Preferably something for both IIS 6 and IIS 7 I'm currently running into BEAST issues but ...
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1answer
823 views

IIS 6.0 - mitigating BEAST

Recently, my PCI assessor informed me that my servers are vulnerable to BEAST and failed me. I did my homework and I want to change our webservers to prefer RC4 ciphers over CBC. I followed every ...
4
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3answers
198 views

How can an outsider tap into communications between two physical sites?

When referring to 'Sites' - I am not talking about a website, but of a physical place where a company resides. Today, to secure communications between two sites - Let's say between an office in ...
2
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1answer
876 views

Will RSA parameters be sent in a Server Key Exchange Message in TLS 1.1?

The TLS 1.1 (RFC 4346), the section for Server Key Exchange Message (7.4.3) says It is not legal to send the server key exchange message for the following key exchange methods: RSA ...
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3answers
418 views

Server Certificates, certificate authority, and servers

I currently have a valid wildcard certificate installed on OS X 10.8.2 server. To make sure we know what I'm talking about the cert is *.domain.com (example only) I'd love to use this to secure as ...
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3answers
330 views

Public key in SSL protocol

I have gone through many of the posts including My understanding of how HTTPS works (gmail for example). Everywhere it's mentioning that before creating a https connection, the browser verifies the ...
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3answers
3k views

cookies “secure” flag

How does cookies "secure" attr work to determines whether cookie itself should be included? e.g. [HTTP(unencrypted) connection] 1. user has no cookie yet and tries to log in; 2. user logs in ...
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4answers
1k views

ESET warns: Skype attempting to communicate with unknown remote computer

I am frequently getting warnings from my ESET firewall, like that pictured below, that Skype is attempting to communicate over SSL with a remote computer that has an untrusted certificate: The ...
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3answers
2k views

Self sign SSL certificate for my mobile app?

My mobile (iOS and Android) connects to my server via a REST API over HTTP. I would like that HTTP to be secure, so HTTPS seems to be the obvious choice. All of the questions about self signing SSL ...
3
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1answer
256 views

Can TLS Compression be enabled on 3rd party CDN sites that have no authentication?

In this answer, @Thomas Pornin talks about remediating the CRIME attack and says: (It is a shame to have to remove SSL compression, because it is very useful to lower bandwidth requirements, ...
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2answers
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Configure SSL to prefer RC4 ciphers over block-based ciphers - BEAST

Our PCI scanners just informed us that we have BEAST (Browser Exploit Against SSL/TLS) Vulnerability Apparently, the remediation is as follows: Affected users should disable all block-based ...
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1answer
303 views

signatureAlgorithm vs. tbsCertificate -> signature

From the X.509 RFC: Certificate ::= SEQUENCE { tbsCertificate TBSCertificate, signatureAlgorithm AlgorithmIdentifier, signature BIT STRING } TBSCertificate ::= ...
2
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1answer
580 views

Are there any functional differences in the implementations of OpenSSL, GnuTLS, Java's TLS, and .NET's TLS?

Question Are there any functional (or detectable) differences between the various implementations of SSL/TLS? What are the differences between them? (e.g. which ones implement "False Start") ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Why is change cipher spec an independent protocol content type and not part of Handshake Messages?

RFC 2246 says: To help avoid pipeline stalls, ChangeCipherSpec is an independent TLS Protocol content type, and is not actually a TLS handshake message. What pipeline stalss is being spoken ...
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2answers
253 views

Reg HTTPS man in the middle [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How is it possible that people observing an HTTPS connection being established wouldn’t know how to decrypt it? A browser sends a request to gmail.com, gmail sends the ...
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3answers
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How can one decrypt a SSL/TLS session? Besides the private key what else is needed?

Suppose I have a non-DHE-based TLS session stored in a Wireshark or Netmon trace. What is required to decrypt this data? Is the private key of the certificate all that would be needed? What ...
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3answers
2k views

System time and certificates

Recently I accidentally changed the system time to a different month, and then I surfed to a secure site. I got a warning from Google Chrome that mentioned my system time and said the certificate ...
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4answers
1k views

Client Certificate in SSL HandShake insecure?

Imagine we have an application which is trying to establish a secure connection to a server by using SSL. Now we want the user to authenticate himself with a client certificate which he stores in an ...
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2answers
10k views

ssltest: Chain issues - Contains anchor

I've run ssltest on web application and it found "Chain issues - Contains anchor" (section "Additional Certificates (if supplied)") What does it mean? Should it be fixed? Can it be exploited?
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2answers
2k views

Not clear on ssl renegotiation vulnerabilty

When we read about TLS Renegotiation vulnerability, does it mean that a server is not supposed to ever accept renegotiation during a secure connection? I thought that by renegotiation security is ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Is it possible to regenerate my private key (SSL)?

I've managed to lose my private.key file for my SSL certificate. Is it at all possible to create a new one if I know the passkey and CSR info? If so, how do I do it?
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1answer
116 views

XER encoded X.509 certs [closed]

Would anyone happen to have an example of an XER encoded X.509 certificate so I can play around with it? Thanks!
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3answers
883 views

How secure is aSSL (javascript)? Does it effectively mimic SSL?

Some of you may be familiar with the aSSL project, which uses AJAX/PHP to mimic the SSL protocol. It uses RSA 512 or 1024 for the keys, and AES for the actual data. It looks impressive to me in ...
6
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2answers
892 views

How is certificate forgery with cheap CA's prevented?

In order to perform a successful man in the middle attack on HTTPS, one needs to either strip SSL layer and convert it to HTTP completely or needs to have a valid certificate from a CA for the same ...
5
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3answers
398 views

Issuing SSL certificates for device automation software package without domain names

We are developing the automation software for Windows which communicates with the certain devices via our own private connection protocol. That software package consists of several server (including ...
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5answers
581 views

Is snail mail or HTTPS webmail safer for sensitive information?

I've been curious about the safety of e-mail lately. As far as I know, the most vulnerable point of communication is the local network you send your mail from. That is unless you're trying to keep ...
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1answer
106 views

How are root CAs for SSL distributed?

For internet explorer or whatever, I get it... It's in essence a sneakernet, you get them on the physical media from which you install your system and browser. But what about for firefox and chrome? ...
4
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3answers
604 views

How do you verify a certificate belongs to a domain?

I'm using PHP and trying to verify a SSL certificate belongs to the SMTP domain/IP I'm connecting to. Currently I can verify the certificate is valid using the following code $resource = fsockopen( ...