SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and/or TLS (Transport Layer Security)

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

11
votes
5answers
3k views

Does HTTPS Everywhere defend me against sslsniff-like attacks?

http://www.thoughtcrime.org/software/sslsniff/ If I have a domain on my HTTPS Everywhere list, so that theoretically it could be only visited via an HTTPS connection in my Firefox, then could an ...
11
votes
6answers
2k views

Can I use a single SSL cert on two different servers?

I have a master server installed on AWS and the slave server installed on GoDaddy. How many SSL certificates do I need to buy? Can I use a single certificate for both?
11
votes
4answers
1k views

What kinds of SSL certificates are usable for encryption?

I know that Verizon SSL certificates cost close to $600. There are couple of cheap alternatives, but I never really understood why Verizon does not offer such certificates. Look for RapidSSL at ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Handling passwords in a web application

I am trying to learn how a secure web application is developed. Particularly, I am unsure of how passwords are sent from the client to the server. For a typical user/password login form. If the client ...
11
votes
7answers
2k views

Should we force user to HTTPS on website?

Should we force website from HTTP to HTTPS , one of the method is using .htaccess: RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80 RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.example.com/$1 [R,L] But what I notice is that some ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

SFTP, FTPS and SecureFTP differences and security implications

What are the basic differences and security implications of using SFTP, FTPS and SecureFTP.
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Secure communication between applications using SSL Certificates

I am looking for a way how to secure communication between our applications. There is a "server" application listening on some TCP port and "client" application which is communicating with the ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between Certificate Authorities

I've been wondering for a long time about is. There are many certificate authorities having different types of certificates. But even certificates of the same security level cost a lot more with one ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

What should I know about SPDY before enabling it?

I've been looking at SPDY for increased performance, particularly with full-site SSL. I understand most of what it does, but I've not had time to go through and do a full review of it. What should I ...
11
votes
1answer
8k views

What is the actual value of a certificate fingerprint?

In a x509 digital certificate there is a "certificate fingerprint" section. It contains md5, sha1 and sha256. How are these obtained, and during the SSL connection, how are these values checked for?
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is faking SSL certificate difficult?

In the news that comes from Iran, you hear that Iran has succeeded in making fake ssl certificates, so that they can find people's gmail account credentials. Some analysts are saying this is possible ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Which cipher suites with AES cipher provide forward secrecy?

Does standard AES with RSA (reported by Opera as TLS v1.0 256 bit AES (1024 bit RSA/SHA)) provide perfect forward secrecy? Which SSL3.0 and TLS1.0 ciphers do provide forward secrecy? Which ciphers ...
11
votes
4answers
640 views

What is the risk of a packet being sniffed when travelling over the internet without SSL/TLS?

We all know to use SSL/TLS to stop people eavesdropping on our connection, but how likely is it that an attacker will actually sniff your unencrypted password or cookie if you don't? If we exclude ...
11
votes
2answers
17k views

Advantages of client certificates for client authentication?

I'm no security expert, so please just ask in a comment if I haven't made my question clear enough for an answer. The Scenario We have a server running WCF services, and a number of clients ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Does having 2-factor authentication help with HeartBleed?

I was talking with a friend about HeartBleed, and he mentioned that he had 2-factor authentication enabled on all the sites that supported it, so even with his username and passwords, nobody would be ...
11
votes
1answer
15k views

How is OpenSSL related to OpenSSH?

Is OpenSSH using OpenSSL to encrypt traffic? Or something else?
11
votes
1answer
350 views

Is using a CA more secure if I'm self-signing anyway?

We have a web application that we run for clients at their booth on fairs. The communication between clients and the server was done over HTTP until recently. We're currently working on improving ...
11
votes
1answer
9k views

Tools to test for BEAST/CRIME that AREN'T Internet-based?

We have increasing pressure to identify and remediate any HTTPS server configurations that are vulnerable to BEAST (CBC) and CRIME (compression). We need to fix servers that are accessible to the ...
11
votes
4answers
8k views

How are Chrome and Firefox validating SSL Certificates?

How are Chrome and Firefox validating SSL Certificates? Are they requesting data from an SSL certification website, like GeoTrust, to validate the certificate received from the web server?
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Apple's push notification service implementation vulnerable to a MitM attack

Recently(more info) I've spotted a strange message in the logs on my quite recent, fresh installation of OS X Mavericks 10.9.2 Apr 27 15:26:47 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: Unrecognized leaf ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

SSL TLS renegotiation vulnerability - current situation in clients

Reading about the SSL renegotiation problem CVE-2009-3555 one knows that servers supporting old type of renegotiation are vulnerable to data injection. We also have tools to test them (openssl ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How secure is HTTP / HTTPS over 3G?

Suppose I log into a website, such as Twitter, from a 3G-enabled smartphone or similar device. How secure is this from interception? Can someone steal my password or login? What if I use HTTPS? What ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How does an SSL server prove its identity?

This document says that a challenge response authentication proves the servers identity. But is a man in the middle attack still possible if the client does not verify domain name ? Please help me ...
10
votes
6answers
386 views

Should we configure all devices to never request SSL 2.0, and reject it if offered?

In an effort to reduce man in the middle attacks, when will it be (or was it) an industry accepted practice to reject SSL 2.0 connections on the client and server side? Is configuring this on a proxy ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do browsers warn about mixed content for images?

I'm dealing with a phpBB forum user who wants to set up SSL on their entire site to secure user credentials and "private" parts of the website. However, they want to preserve the traditional forum ...
10
votes
5answers
8k views

Where does SSL encryption take place?

I checked the data transmission of an HTTPS website (gmail.com) using Firebug. But I can't see any encryption to my submitted data (username and password). Where does SSL encryption take place?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there really functioning quantum computers?

I saw this video on youtube on quantum computing. It says that a company called dwavesys has already made commercially available quantum computer. I checked on the website and it exists. I thought ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

If an attacker is intercepting all of my traffic, will he be able to listen on my VPN session?

If I am a remote user, connecting to my firm from home, using IPSec VPN tunnel or through SSL, and an attacker is intercepting all of my traffic, will he be able to watch my VPN session on the clear ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

SSL Inspection and privacy

I know my company is testing something called "SSL Inspection" based on Websense, which is our proxy. I can not provide more detail about this, but does this mean that in principle all my SSL traffic, ...
10
votes
2answers
642 views

Why are we still using HTTP? [duplicate]

I've been reading a lot of online articles and blogs about advantages of using HTTPS (HTTP over SSL/TLS) and the performance issues involved in deploying a website over HTTPS. What I understood is ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How might the U.K. Government's proposed internet surveillance equipment “bypass” encryption?

http://www.channel4.com/news/black-boxes-to-monitor-all-internet-and-phone-data http://rt.com/news/uk-privacy-internet-freedom-186/ 'Black boxes' will be installed by internet services providers ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

SSL decryption in Wireshark

Is it possible to decrypt SSL traffic in Wireshark if you do not have the server certificate? I making some tests with SSL and Wireshark and people out there claim that Wireshark only decrypts SSL if ...
10
votes
1answer
500 views

How can SSL vendors limit the amount of servers they can be installed on?

I've recently purchased an SSL certificate, and it says that it's limited to three servers. Surely if I have the key and certificate on multiple servers (more than 3), the SSL will still be valid? Can ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

What are the differences between the versions of TLS?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but my understanding is that SSLv3 and TLSv1 is just a rename of the earlier protocol... but TLSv1 adds the ability to have secured and unsecured traffic on the same ...
10
votes
4answers
707 views

What was SSL 1.0?

What was SSL 1.0? SSL 2.0 and 3.0 are well-known and well-documented. But what did the SSL 1.0 protocol look like? Wikipedia says there was a SSL 1.0 but doesn't say anything about how it worked. ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

Is AES-GCM recommended for SSL?

I'm looking at turning on site-wide SSL for a website I manage, and I'm wondering what the best practices for SSL configuration. I'm not too worried about compatibility with old browsers and more ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

What changed between TLS and DTLS

What did the DTLS (TLS over UDP) authors have to change so that it could run without TCP? Bonus points: Do any of the protocol difference affect the way it should be used, both in terms of interface ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Can real end-to-end SSL encryption be made?

I've read the various questions tagged [ssl] and [mitm] and [proxy] and I couldn't find a duplicate. I've got a very precise question but first I need to give some background. Basically I'm very ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Do my Android apps use TLS or other encryption when connected to public Wifi? How can I tell?

I have an Android phone. When it's connected only to my carrier's 3G network I imagine it's reasonably secure against eavesdropping (although not invulnerable). However, at times due to lack of ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Can Javascript/Flash verify the SSL connection to prevent “SSL Inspection”?

I'd like to determine if an SSL webpage is being debugged through Fiddler, or if it's going through an SSL Proxy. So some people may ask What is the point of re-validating SSL using javascript? ...
10
votes
1answer
693 views

Is Nokia's “institutional MITM” of SSL traffic vulnerable to CRIME attack?

It's recently been in the news that some Nokia phones proxy all traffic, including SSL connections, through a Nokia proxy. This is effectively an "institutional MITM" attack on users those phones. ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Is accessing bank account on the internet really secure?

Before I ask my question, I would like to make sure that I understand the settings correctly. So, the given: A client, using some web browser (firefox, for instance) - the Client The bank server - ...
9
votes
5answers
3k views

SSL/TLS - Distinction between self-signed cert and self-signed CA, and other questions?

I have a small personal website which I wish to serve securely over HTTPS. At the moment I do not wish to use a third party CA to sign my certs. I was reading this document on generating a self-signed ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Can I determine a private key given the encrypted data and corresponding cleartext?

If I know that Data A is an encrypted form of Data B is that sufficient information to determine the private key?
9
votes
2answers
236 views

Why do some certificates specifically identify a corporation and most don't?

Looking at a handful of websites that allow for/require HTTPS, I realized that the certificate for a few of them specifically identifies the owning corporation, but some (most) don't. What's the ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Can a wildcard SSL certificate be issued for a second level domain?

Something like *.com or *.net? How about *.edu.au? The RFC 2818 does not say anything about this topic.
9
votes
3answers
9k views

SSL handshake failure modes

In SSL if the handshake is not succesful, does it always end with a handshake alert? Or are there other ways to finish the SSL connection (acceptable by standard). I am asking this, because in an ...
9
votes
3answers
222 views

What simple security considerations can I / should I make for a read-only API?

Right now I'm setting up an API, to be consumed on the client-side to set up a directory site. I'm wondering what extra steps I need to take just to prevent people from gaining write access to the ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

SSL Certificate revocation check

In the SSL protocol I don't see where the certificate is checked for revocation status. https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Introduction_to_SSL Is the Certificate Revocation and Status Checking not ...
9
votes
2answers
740 views

Why is Firesheep Unable to Session Hijack over SSL?

Why is Firesheep unable to session hijack when a user is using SSL?