SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and/or TLS (Transport Layer Security)

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Does an HTTPS proxy encrypt traffic between proxy client and server for HTTP requests?

To bypass censorship in a DIY fashion, I plan to set up private proxies for my personal use. One of the possible methods I would try is to use an HTTPS proxy (not a web proxy, to be explicit) hosted ...
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1answer
284 views

Can HSTS be defeated?

As I know HSTS is mainly implemented to mitigate famous sslstrip attack in which browser is forced to use ssl when connecting to particular site. And I think it also prevents user to proceed to site ...
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2answers
55 views

HTTP Header disabling non-SSL (or TLS) content on this page

Is there an HTTP Response header that disallows any non-SSL content from being displayed on the current page? The idea is some times external content that needs to be on the website (cough, ad ...
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1answer
143 views

How is the new “Dyer” malware bypassing SSL?

Apparently the new Dyer malware is bypassing SSL to swipe bank credentials. I read that it's using "process hooks" to hook the browsers and see the data BEFORE it is encrypted and sent to the bank ...
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2answers
136 views

Phone Applications having SSL/TLS enabled behind the scenes?

Please Note: This question is slightly based on me being a tin foiled hat with the issues that has arisen from the leaks, documents, and questioning trust thanks to Edward Snowden. Thanks to adding ...
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1answer
47 views

Protecting encryption of outdated software with a server

I have a 1st generation iPad, and I usually use it for web browsing when I'm home. The 1st gen iPad can't run newer versions of iOS (I'm stuck with iOS 5). I went to a website that tells if your SSL ...
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5answers
4k views

Is there any way for my ISP or LAN admin to learn my gmail address as a result of me logging into gmail's web interface through via their network?

The title says it all, really. I'm Alice, and I want to login to Gmail's web interface through my browser. Ike, the internet service provider, and Adam, the local network administrator, would like to ...
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2answers
168 views

How does the SSL connection protocol work with self-signed certificate?

I'm using the self-signed certificate, but I don't know how this protocol works. I connect two apps with a socket SSL and it works fine. The server is a Python app and the client is an Android app. I ...
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0answers
161 views

Socket.IO & WebSocket security - query certifcate/public key a leak?

Socket.IO and WebSocket do not provide underlying connection information (like the certificate or public key of the SSL/TLS channel), and I'm trying to understand the reasoning. The context for this ...
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2answers
66 views

Security risk of Microsoft AD Certificate Services?

We have an internal CA server for our domain located at http://cert_srvr.local.domain/certsrv/certrqxt.asp. This server runs Microsoft Active Directory Certificate Services. When I went to the ...
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3answers
125 views

Is it secure to be using LDAP, or is LDAPS the only secure option?

I am currently using an LDAP setup. I am wondering if it is secure from Man-in-the-middle attacks or other vulnerabilities?
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1answer
161 views

Mixing green (EV) ssl certificate with non EV certificate

We have a green (EV) SSL certificate for our site and images are fetched from the same domain (https). Currently we are planning to change the images domain (for performance issues) and put them in a ...
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1answer
67 views

Server SSLv2 enabled on non-webservers

Using Nessus I'm scanning our internal network for vulnerabilities and exploits. I've found a large number of instances where SSLv2 is enabled and is as a result, being flagged as a vulnerability. I ...
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1answer
93 views

Why middleman cannot capture the encryption key of https/tor traffic? [duplicate]

When we use Tor or https traffic , the encryption- decryption key has to be exchanged between the browser and the website server. Why somebody who can capture entire traffic , say ISP or somebody who ...
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0answers
24 views

How digital certificate works? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the digital certificate concept , but I am confused , Below goes my understanding & question, We are using Digital certificate because if Bob & Alice share their ...
0
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1answer
143 views

Security risk among shared wifi users [duplicate]

I understand that the shared users on a wifi can see each other's HTTP traffic using proper tools. Is it possible for shared users to read HTTPS traffic or encrypted traffic like TOR ?
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2answers
113 views

Is the lack of https reason enough to abort form submission?

Preamble: Am in awe about the quality of both questions and answers on https / SSL on this site. My humble question below pales in comparison. Both on professional and amateur websites I've ...
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5answers
4k views

HTTPS still NSA-safe? [closed]

There are exerpts, that say that using https can be broken by the NSA by now. So is https still a solution for secure web-browsing? source: ...
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1answer
80 views

Certificate pinning in a browser

I am trying to understand certificate pinning. Google started adding a whitelist of CA certs that they use for their certificates and if a cert for a google service is issued outside of this list ...
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1answer
89 views

Why has Convergence stalled out? [closed]

Convergence is a well-thought out system to replace certificate authorities built by Marlin Moxiespike back in 2011. Since it's debut, it seems to have largely stalled out, with no additional major ...
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1answer
281 views

cURL cert validation with curlopt_cainfo not working

I want to validate my SSL certificate each time I run API calls. I've been following this guide: http://artur.ejsmont.org/blog/content/how-to-properly-secure-remote-api-calls-from-php-application ...
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1answer
494 views

SSL certificate chain verification

After reading many articles and watching many tutorials I decided to be specific because there are some things about SSL certificate chain verification and SSL cetificate verification in general that ...
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1answer
78 views

ChangeCipherSpec Authentication

According to RFC 5246, 7.1. Change Cipher Spec Protocol: The ChangeCipherSpec message is sent during the handshake after the security parameters have been agreed upon, but before the verifying ...
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1answer
165 views

What is “Multi-Protocol Unified Hello” and what are the impacts of disabling/enabling it?

This article describes how to disable old versions of TLS, but in addition to doing so, "Multi-Protocol Unified Hello" is also disabled. # Disable Multi-Protocol Unified Hello md ...
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2answers
193 views

How widely deployed is TLS with cipher ECDHE?

Microsoft deployed a patch for Windows 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 that adds the following ciphers. Cipher suite Exchange Encryption Hash TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 DH ...
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1answer
114 views

SSL decryption without installing a certificate on each client

Given a proxy performing MITM SSL decryption and inspection, is it possible to install a wildcard certificate (*.domain.com) on the proxy signed by a root CA (such as VeriSign or GoDaddy) such that ...
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2answers
1k views

Does CVE-2014-0195 affect HTTPS?

Does CVE-2014-0195 (openSSL) affect HTTPS or only VPN tunnels? Reference: https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/DSA-2950-1, https://isc.sans.edu/
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1answer
114 views

Why does facebook php sdk (and multiple others clients) include CA bundle with a lot of CAs?

This is what facebook ships with their API php client: https://github.com/facebook/facebook-php-sdk-v4/blob/master/src/Facebook/fb_ca_chain_bundle.crt It contains dozens (hundreds?) Root CAs. But ...
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2answers
132 views

Certificate authority structure - best practices

I'm working for a company that sells software products to customers some of which do not have the resources and/or know-how to build and maintain their own CA (used for the SSL communication of our ...
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1answer
156 views

When SSL detect a replay attack?

Suppose an attacker records all messages of a SSL handshake (RSA one-way), and starts a replay attack. When (after which message) can the server possibly detect the attack? Now suppose the attacker ...
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0answers
483 views

GnuTLS ServerHello exploit (CVE-2014-3466) - how to verify?

So pretty much all of the GNUTLS world is worrying about CVE-2014-3466. I checked my Kali and it responds with this - # apt-cache rdepends libgnutls26 | grep -v lib Reverse Depends: ...
5
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3answers
427 views

What exactly determines what version of SSL/TLS is used when accessing a site?

If I click on the little lock icon in Chrome it says that the site in question is using TLS v1. I also checked using openssl and was able to hit the site using TLS1, SSL2 and SSL3. From what I ...
5
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2answers
658 views

GET over HTTPS vs POST over HTTPS [duplicate]

How safe is a hybrid mobile application developed using a GET Web service over HTTPS? What are the pros and cons of using it and how safe is POST over HTTPS?
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1answer
116 views

nonce in SSL/TLS handshake

In SSH/TLS handshake, a nonce is always sent by the client to server and vice versa. Nonce basically consists a random number and unix timestamp. What is the need of unix timestamp ? As the nonce is ...
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2answers
123 views

SSL Finished message contents

Hi everyone I'm little bit confused about contents of Finished Message used during Handshake Protocol.In particular this message (client/side) contains the connection-id originally sent from the ...
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1answer
176 views

Why do you need a 4096-bit DSA Key when AES is only 256-bits?

This is something which I have been wondering and trying to find an answer for, but yet to come even remotely to one. Why do you need a 4096-bit DSA/El-Gamal key when AES uses only 256-bit keys?
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2answers
1k views

Which browsers are using openssl

It is asked in stackoverflow, but I suppose maybe it is more suitable to ask here. It is said that openssl are widely used, however, as far as I know, the most popular browsers seem not use openssl, ...
4
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1answer
124 views

Tor and (SSL) response

I have two questions regarding Tor (onion routing). How do I receive responds from a server when I use onion routing, I've read that, the last node(exit node) will use the same path I used but in the ...
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4answers
247 views

What's the need of multiple implementations of SSL/TLS? [closed]

I've been reading about SSL/TLS and I was surprised when I saw the amount SSL/TLS implementations that exist. wikipedia. So, is there really a need for all these different implementations? Wouldn't ...
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2answers
259 views

Implementing Own TLS mechanism

I wish to implement SSL/TLS for my site. How can I do this on my own without using a certificate authority. The site will be accessed only via certain machines so I can easily install the public ...
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1answer
93 views

What can entreprise admins do with our secured sessions?

The enterprise where I work has a proxy server that traces and filters our web activities. Employees claim that they can know the links that we visited and see the content of HTTP web sites, but they ...
5
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1answer
630 views

What's keeping a malicious man in the middle server from forging a valid certificate

According to process of authenticating a server certificate: What's keeping a malicious server to fill up a valid server certificate since it knows all the things: Forged Server public key (man ...
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3answers
401 views

How can I get my SSL certificate signed by an CA for web application that runs on localhost

I have a web application that runs on localhost. I have a self-signed certificate for tomcat configured but when loading the website on firefox, I get a security exception. Can I get a CA to sign my ...
3
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2answers
200 views

Web security - use of cookie in https

I am taking a web security class and was told by the instructor that most of the websites today use https for authentication and then use a cookie (authentication token) in plain text to keep track of ...
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3answers
82 views

OpenSSL encrypting small packets bandwidth overhead

I have an c/c++ program used for encrypting data for communicating between two ends. Encryption is done using OpenSSL (0.9.8d-fips, Sep 2006). Think it'll be worthy to mention that I'm not much ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Reverse Proxy SSL

I am having trouble finding out if a potential server configuration is secure. I have a server running a nginx reverse proxy that is accessible from a public ip address on the ports 80 and 443. I then ...
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2answers
304 views

Securing JSON data

I am planning to use JSON as the data transport mechanism between my iOS app and my server (the server is a WCF service). While learning about JSON, I realized that all the data is passed around ...
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3answers
95 views

Where do my keys come from for requests over SSL? [duplicate]

From what I understand, when you send information to a website over SSL, you encrypt the information you send with their public key. However, if you want to be able to decrypt the information they ...
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2answers
97 views

Using HTTPS, can the target domain be seen?

If I go to https://google.com/q=test_query with from my browser, what traffic can be seen on the router? Can the domain name (google.com) be seen? If so, can I block all of the traffic to a web page ...
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2answers
786 views

Test STARTTLS configuration of SMTP server

Is there an easy way to test an SMTP server to check for configuration issues associated with STARTTLS encryption, and report on whether it has been configured properly so that email will be encrypted ...