SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and/or TLS (Transport Layer Security)

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177
votes
9answers
15k views

How is it possible that people observing an HTTPS connection being established wouldn't know how to decrypt it?

I've often heard it said that if you're logging in to a website - a bank, GMail, whatever - via HTTPS, that the information you transmit is safe from snooping by 3rd parties. I've always been a little ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

SSL Handshake failed

I’m working on windows desktop application which is created using C++ (IDE : Qt creator). It has login panel, where i do user validation via https connection using openssl 1.0 library. Application is ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

What major vulnerabilities have there been to TLS libraries? [on hold]

I'm trying to compile a list of large security vulnerabilities in TLS (and SSL) libraries. Examples of things I'm looking for are: Heartbleed Goto fail The Firefox/NSS PKCS11 (IIRC) parsing bug
0
votes
0answers
15 views

DTLS CertificateVerify doubt

In DTLS 1.2 RFC 6347, section 4.2.6: CertificateVerify and Finished messages have the same format as in TLS. Hash calculations include entire handshake messages, including DTLS-specific fields: ...
57
votes
3answers
5k views

Heartbleed: Why does the client supply the length of the message at all?

"The fix for this bug is simple: check that the length of the message actually matches the length of the incoming request." Why do we even have the client report the length at all? If we can know ...
3
votes
3answers
379 views

Why are SSL certificates valid only from a certain date?

Each SSL certificate is valid starting from a specific date and up to the expiration date. What's the point in that "valid from" date? Why do we want a certificate to only be valid after a specific ...
2
votes
5answers
882 views

Does the padlock on my browser really indicate a reasonable assurance against eavesdropping?

I know that there have been broken or weak SSL implementations. Do browsers actually have decent standards for what they'll accept and display "the padlock"? Furthermore, are there any practical ...
24
votes
2answers
12k views

Why is it possible to sniff an HTTPS / SSL request?

I'm new to the realm of HTTP requests and security and all that good stuff, but from what I've read, if you want your requests and responses encrypted, use HTTPS and SSL, and you'll be good. Someone ...
22
votes
4answers
5k views

Why aren't application downloads routinely done over HTTPS?

We all know we should be using SSL whenever we collect passwords or other sensitive information. SSL provides two main benefits: Encryption: The data can't be read by a middle-man while in transit. ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Does HTTPS Everywhere defend me against sslsniff-like attacks?

http://www.thoughtcrime.org/software/sslsniff/ If I have a domain on my HTTPS Everywhere list, so that theoretically it could be only visited via an HTTPS connection in my Firefox, then could an ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Understanding Hearthbleed attacks [duplicate]

In order for a Heartbleed attack to happen and for someone to grab the SSL private key and even spy they have to be on the local network with a router, switch or server, correct? Or can this be done ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

SSL Certificate framework 101: How does the browser actually verify the validity of a given server certificate? [duplicate]

Sorry I know this is a complete noob question and at the risk of posting a somewhat duplicate topic. I have a basic understanding of public/private key, hashing, digital signature... I have been ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Do I need an SSL Certificate for a HTTP only site?

The cert for our public facing site is about to expire soon. Our site is entirely http. The site runs on SharePoint, and with SharePoint working with NTLM, the credentials that are passed over the ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How do I securely deal with SSL certificate validation failure when the client date is incorrect?

I have an application that runs in mobile devices and connects to my server via HTTPS. At times the connection fail because the device has a date set in the past (before the 'valid from' date on my ...
-1
votes
0answers
51 views

Secure connection failed (OCSP)

I've been getting a lot of failed connections lately, namely from Facebook and now Google (German site works, French does not). This happened to other sites as well but these two are the kind you do ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Identifying SSL traffic?

How does DPI basically identify SSL data traffic? Just by the number “443” in port section or the SSL traffic has some other particular properties other than “443”? Thanks in advance,
0
votes
0answers
69 views

OpenSSL: Bad Record MAC on TLS Heart Beat

I am trying to see the heartbleed bug in action with my OpenSSL server application. My server uses the OpenSSL library - openssl-1.0.1b I successfully connect with s_client (openssl-1.0.1b) to my ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Why do public key certificate “Trust anchor”? Does this introduce a single point of failure?

When you look at currently used concept of Root CA (primarily in SSL/TLS context), you can see a single-point-of-failure vulnerability, which means, if your private key is disclosed, you automatically ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Python SSH vs SSL? [duplicate]

I read the What is the difference between SSL vs SSH? Which is more secure? , and it mentions there is the possibility they can be affected by similar attacks. Now that the heartbleed thing is out, ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Outbound Port 443 Open but Not Allowing SSH [on hold]

My college wireless network has a firewall blocking all outbound ports except 443 and 80. The wired network, however, has none of these restrictions. I can connect to HTTPS sites (obviously). On my ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

How do I allow websites to call my desktop app over HTTPS?

I'm building a desktop app. I'd like websites to be able to communicate with the app over HTTPS. The general idea is that a website could run a JSONP call to https://127.0.0.1:8844 and send data to ...
4
votes
2answers
299 views

Trustworthy Android recovery image that allows rooting?

I have an unlocked but not rooted Android device (Nexus 7 2013 WiFi "flo", legitimately unlocked using fastboot oem unlock from an x86 computer). Neither adb root nor adb shell followed by su let me ...
3
votes
3answers
115 views

Risk in buying SSL cert from non well-know party

Let say I knew a guy is selling SSL cert in a very cheap price, assume they will generate a real and valid cert for me, since I need to submit my CSR to them and they pass to th CA, are there any ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

VPN Client - Addtional Security Layer or a Useless Feature

I have a corporate web portal which is used for staff collaboration including a web-based mail interface connected to MySQL Database, corporate calendar, file storage, customer contacts data with ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

SSL can stop MiTMs … but on the long run, can it really? [duplicate]

SSL uses CAs which sign certificates for the domains after they validate that the person requesting is truly the owner and by a public/private key pair a encrypted connection is achieved which cant be ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Best way to set up SSL certificates for consuming web service from Azure

I need to purchase and install the correct Verisgin SSL certificate(s) (X.509) on Azure. I have never done this before and would really appreciate some advice on how to go about it and what is ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

What are the OpenSSL standard Diffie Hellmann parameters (primes)?

I recently generated some custom Diffie Hellmann parameters which are basically just long (in the below case 4096 bit) primes. Those are then used in the key exchange process. I used the following ...
5
votes
2answers
141 views

Can Heartbleed expose a TOR user's IP address?

It is interesting to observe, that TOR exit nodes with out-of-date OpenSSL implementations can themselves be affected by the Heartbleed bug. Can Heartbleed expose a TOR user's IP address merely by ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Apache 2.2 mod_ssl configuration Forward Secrecy/BREACH/BEAST/CRIME

I am looking for mod_ssl configuration which protects against common attacks like Breach, Beast and Crime. I already disabled gzip to avoid Crime but I'm unsure about the others. RC4 should only be ...
2
votes
7answers
115 views

How can I allow only authorized browsers to access a website?

I have a website and I want it to be accessible only by authorized clients/browsers (ex. with a certficate). The idea is that the users can only access the webpage in their office's computers ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Downloading list of pinned certificates

I'm thinking about implementing certificate pinning in a mobile app. The app will need to connect to several secure sites. Rather than having to update the app every time one of their certificates ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Is it bad to put a certificate as CA in Firefox?

I know I can add a self-signed certificate from a website to Firefox, but only in the CA list of it. Question: does this mean I have to ultimately trust that self-signed certificate? Can someone ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Nmap SSL service detection: How to check all open ports only for SSL service?

I am running nmap to probe services that use SSL.¹ In order to detect vulnerability in non-standard ports, I am using the -sV option to perform service discovery. But it is very slow since it runs ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

What prevents me from using ARP poisoning to force a client to use HTTP?

So I was just thinking about how ARP poisoning can be used to intercept a clients request, forge an SSL cert, and send it back, with the caveat of not meeting certificate validation, but what if I ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Are there any “offline” open source software with I can check my HTTPS site? [closed]

There are many sites that can rank the HTTPS quality of a website. But are there any that is open-source and can be used "offline"? So example in an intranet environment. The tool needs to check for ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

How to prevent attacks before HSTS is established for the first time? [closed]

What is the best way to accomplish this and prevent attacks like SSL Strip?
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Why is the SSL handshake not shown in Wireshark?

I am trying to figure out if some Android applications with login functions are vulnerable to man in the middle attacks or not. I have set up a MITM proxy (as an attacker) on my lubuntu machine and ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Using the Synchronizer Token pattern, should you ensure the CSRF token is only communicated via HTTPS?

Put simply, CSRF tokens can be sniffed out of responses from the server unless the request/response are transmitted using encryption. Is this enough of a concern to worry about, or is it reasonable ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

error in net excess [closed]

Incorrect certificate for host. The server presented a certificate that doesn't match built-in expectations. These expectations are included for certain, high-security websites in order to protect ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How force that all connections to my Apache use TLSv1.1 or TLSv1.2?

I tested on Ubuntu 12.04 (apache 2.2.22-1ubuntu1.4 and openssl 1.0.1-4ubuntu5.10) and Ubuntu 13.04 (apache 2.2.22-6ubuntu5.1 and openssl 1.0.1c-4ubuntu8.1). here explain how to do so, but I have the ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Squid upgrade HTTP to HTTPS [migrated]

I want to use Squid to upgrade HTTP request to HTTPS using my own certificate, in order to make clients handshake with a server (a reverse proxy) that requires mutual authentication. How can I ...
4
votes
1answer
563 views

What Ubuntu packages are still affected by gnutls bug CVE-2014-0092?

Right now the internet is abuzz with news about a severe breach in GnuTLS. An update to the relevant GnuTLS packages has already been released. But I am worried whether some packages might have had ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

IE11 on windows 8.1 and ssl fallback

I'm having problems with SSL certs and my SSL accelerator. I have a Sonicwall SSL-R and it only supports SSLv2, SSLv3, and TLS1.0. I have it configured to decode SSL with SSLv3 as the TLS1.0 ...
7
votes
1answer
92 views

How can I verify if a website revoked its old SSL certificate keys? [duplicate]

Through reading from multiple sources and watching Security Now's How the Heartbleeds, I have come to the understanding that the following procedure is recommended to be safe from the Heartbleed ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

CNN Money Portfolio and Heartbleed [duplicate]

Is/was CNN Money Portfolio ever vulnerable to heartbleed? It states 256 bit SSL bank level encryption on the website..
2
votes
1answer
49 views

TestSSLServer Results

I ran TestSSLServer.exe (from http://www.bolet.org/TestSSLServer/) against a web server in my organization. The results seemed self explanatory save for one section I'm not sure how to interpret. ...
55
votes
4answers
21k views

Does Heartbleed mean new certificates for every SSL server?

If you haven't heard of the Heartbleed Bug, it's something to take a look at immediately. It essentially means that an attacker can exploit a vulnerability in many versions of OpenSSL to be able to ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How do I renew an SSL certificate correctly? [closed]

I have an SSL certificate which is about to expire under GoDaddy. So what I did after I renewed was Generate a Keystore and CSR in Tomcat Install SSL in Tomcat The above is based on the steps ...
1
vote
3answers
292 views

TLS 1.2 Server certificate and signature_algorithms

In the specification for TLS 1.2, it says the following: If the client provided a "signature_algorithms" extension, then all certificates provided by the server MUST be signed by a hash/signature ...
3
votes
3answers
832 views

Heartbleed - Read only the next 64k and hyping the threat

My understanding of the Heartbleed vulnerability is that there is no bounds check on the payload length/buffer size so the server can read into memory outside of its process space. But can the start ...