Terminology is the study of terms and their use.

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Does MITM refer to what you do in the middle or how you get there?

Does the term "MITM attack" refer to what happens once an attacker is between two hosts or to attacks like ARP poisoning, DHCP snooping that allow the attacker to insert himself between two hosts in ...
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3answers
10k views

What is the difference between Exploit and Payload?

In computer security, we know that weak points in software are called vulnerabilities (if related to security). And once the vulnerability is found, theoretically it requires a piece of code as proof ...
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3answers
391 views

Is array injection a vulnerability and what is the proper term for it?

When I'm penetration testing I sometimes notice undesirable behaviour of a PHP script when I inject a single or multidimensional array using the HTTP GET parameters. Possible availability risk This ...
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2answers
81 views

Does “Certificate Authority” refer to the organization or the software?

Does the term "certificate authority" refer to the organization issuing certificates (symantec, comodo, let's encrypt, ...) or to the device and software that issues certificates from CSRs or both?
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0answers
38 views

Is FAR (False Accept Rate) a property of algorithm or a property of the system?

As known in biometrics: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biometrics#Performance False match rate (FMR, also called FAR = False Accept Rate): the probability that the system incorrectly matches the ...
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Is the injection in a NoSQL database architecture also called SQL injection?

Is the injection in a NoSQL database architecture also called SQL injection and is it still part of the OWASP 2013 Top 10, category A1 Injection? For example an injection in code that communicates ...
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2answers
69 views

Do we still refer to a threat as a threat once it has been realised?

A threat is defined as something that might do harm but once a threat happens do we still refer to it as a threat? For instance, if malware infects our computer, do we still refer to the malware as a ...
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1answer
102 views

Incident response terminology

Does incident response pertain to incidents that are currently occurring (ex: a host is spreading malware on the network) or that occurred (ex: an attacker dumped our database but we noticed it few ...
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50 views

Can we consider injection of HTML tags without event attributes as XSS?

I'm wondering if we can consider the injection of HTML tags like a, image, img, video, audio, marquee or iframe without an event attribute as XSS? Since no JavaScript is involved and therefor no ...
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1answer
53 views

What is the difference between vulnerability identification and exploitation?

Are strings like AND '1' = '2 and <script>alert('xss')</script> used to identify SQL injection and XSS vulnerability exploits? If so, when black-box testing a house made web application, ...
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1answer
34 views

What is the difference between data and information when it comes to Data Security? [closed]

I'm currently enrolled for Data Security program and for our assignment the question is to differentiate data and information. What is the difference between those two?
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6answers
3k views

Correct terminology when describing password security to layman

I am writing a page for our website which describes the measures we take to keep our customer's information secure. On this page one section describes how we keep their passwords secure. We are ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Who defined the term “end-to-end encryption”?

I am trying to find the origin of the term "end-to-end encryption", but have been unsuccessful until now.
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1answer
32 views

Terminology - DMZ

The term DMZ is used to describe a separation area between a trusted zone and an untrusted zone. Ex: internal network vs internet. Can it be used to refer to a separation area between a trusted zone ...
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1answer
39 views

Terminology - entry point, data source, sink

In the context of application security, I often heard the terms entry point, data source and sink. Can you define them for me in simple terms please?
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0answers
42 views

What's is a security vulnerability that lets you inject server-side code called?

What is the name for a security vulnerability, that lets you inject server-side code into one of their server-sides pages (say PHP or ASPX)? I have googled 'Code Injection' though I'm not sure this is ...
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0answers
63 views

What is “Intentionally misleading Artificial Intelligence to create a misleading outcome” called?

I'm writing about a computer system that relies on Artificial Intelligence and the threats that this may include. One threat vector (for example) is to seed Bayesian AI with content to skew the ...
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1answer
35 views

Does this case fit the definition of a replay attack?

I read the definition of a replay attack on Wikipedia. However I don't know if the following case fits the description: An attacker captures a HTTP request sent to a web server, modifies the request ...
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1answer
73 views

Who defined the term “fully homomorphic encryption”?

Rivest et al. proposed the concept of privacy homomorphisms, but did not distinguish between partial versus fully homomorphic encryption. Gentry seems to take for granted the idea that fully ...
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1answer
60 views

Internet of things is what exactly? [closed]

I have found that the term IOT (internet of things) is pretty vague. I am wondering if a mobile device, a cell phone, is this considered a part of the IOT realm? It is a thing, and its connected to ...
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3answers
48k views

Secure Configuration of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH

Following on the heels of the previously posted question here, Taxonomy of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH?, I need some help to obtain the following design goals: Disable any 96-bit HMAC ...
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1answer
224 views

difference between need to know, least privilege and confidential

I'm studying for CISSP. Is least privilege, need to know and confidentiality all the same thing? In my book it says "confidentiality is sometimes referred to as the principle of least privilege" and ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Is there a name for an anti-virus station / kiosk?

I am not able to define the exact term for a station that is meant to scan whatever media coming from outside a company and that have the following specifications: The station should never be on any ...
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1answer
124 views

What is collusion and how does seperation of duties prevent it, or fail to prevent it?

I'm studying for CISSP and came across the term "collusion". I understand it means when people work together to steal something, but don't quite get it. For example, if two gunmen rob a bank would ...
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0answers
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Is there a term for the combination of principal and credential?

In an API that needs to take a principal and a credential as arguments, what is the pair of those two pieces of information commonly called? FFW Apache Shiro seems to call this an AuthenticationToken....
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1answer
49 views

Is there a 'key space' equivalent for encryption keys?

If a key space is the term given to the collection of all possible decryption keys for a given cryptosystem, then what is the collection of all possible encryption keys called?
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2answers
100 views

Distinction of DPI and IDS

I'm currently reading about Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and noticed a huge variety of definitions for the term of Deep Packet Inspection. Especially the NIST shows three different techniques in ...
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1answer
79 views

Do people use “phising” as a real term, or just a mistaken spelling of “phishing”

Is "phising" a commonly accepted term, or just a mis-spelling of "phishing"? I've always understood "phishing" is a common security term. However, recently I've started seeing serious articles and ...
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1answer
19 views

Technical term needed: Per default secured / blacklist vs whitelist

I'm currently working on a homework and missing a technical term / known best practice to describe what I have learned or what I feel that is better. It is about a publish / subscribe architecture, ...
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2answers
58 views

Confusing definitions of “parasitic virus” and “worm”

I was studying for CISSP certification when I came across the question "what type of virus attaches itself to an executable?" The answer was "parasitic". I find terms relating to viruses and malware ...
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2answers
151 views

What is the etymology of “Salt” in relation to password storage?

Simple question: When talking about appending a random string to a password before hashing in order to defend against dictionary attacks, we call it a salt. Why do we call it a salt?
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3answers
2k views

Why is the Samy Worm considered XSS?

Last night I was browsing notable computer attacks and came across the Samy worm, which apparently affected a huge portion of the MySpace network -- over one million users in under 24 hours, according ...
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3answers
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Is there a difference between “symmetric algorithms” and “symmetric ciphers” within the context of cryptography?

Is there a difference between "symmetric algorithms" and "symmetric ciphers" within the context of cryptography? In reading some security exam prep material, the author seems inconsistent when ...
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Is steganography a part of “cryptography”?

In preparing for a security exam, the prep book I'm reading states: In the field of cryptography, the topic of encryption gets by far the most attention ... ... Other techniques such as ...
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3answers
8k views

What are the main differences between the network-level and the application-level regarding information security?

I'm fresh new to the field of security, so I'm sorry if this question seems stupid to you. What are the main differences between the network-level and the application-level regarding information ...
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1answer
52 views

Terminology for attacks of extracting an application's shared library and using it stand-alone

Let say I got a library to read/write files securely on the hard disk (encrypt before writing and decrypt to read back). If the library is severely obfuscated, attackers may be intimidated. So they ...
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1answer
55 views

Social engineering attacks terminology

Let's suppose that a hacker send an email containing a Word document with a malicious macro to a sysadmin. Does this attack fall under the category of spear phishing?
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2answers
48 views

What is the message called someone sends to verify a key?

Suppose Alice wants to check if Bob has a certain keypair. Alice could send some random payload to Bob and let Bob sign that payload with his private key. Alice is now able to check if the signature ...
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1answer
50 views

Terminology involving malware/virus/worm [duplicate]

What is the difference between "worms", "viruses", and "malware"? Some sources I've found said both viruses and worms infect files. But others say worms are stand alone programs, and are ...
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1answer
101 views

False Match vs False Acceptance

Studying up on biometric security terms, can someone clarify the difference between 'Match'/'Non-Match' and 'Rejection'/'Acceptance'?
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How do you call an attack vector that consists of filling the whole server ram using a single process?

I’m aware of several attack method names, such as fork bombs or csrf, but how do you define an attack that consists of making a single request to fill the whole server ram with a single process? That ...
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5answers
283 views

Is there a name for this flawed way of thinking about security? [closed]

I've recently encountered a developer who thinks that she can implement security on the client end of a web application. Breaking the security is as trivial as reading a few lines of Javascript and ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Terminology: What kind of security applies to industrial control systems, fire alarm systems, etc.?

I am wondering what you would call the kind of security that applies to systems such as industrial control (SCADA) systems, building automation systems, fire alarm systems, etc. These systems are ...
0
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1answer
130 views

BitLocker : Update Volume Master Key and meaning of “keyed” vs “re-keyed”

Note: Below are some information from searching around the Internet. To skip to my main question, go to the last line of this post. I've been searching around on how to change the Volume Master Key (...
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2answers
108 views

Registration or Enrollment?

When joining an authenticated network, I have seen the terms "Enrollment" and "Registration" used to describe the process of initially setting up your credentials on the network. "Authentication" ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Terms for input/output to and from a Firewall

Is there an official/standard term for the stream of data sent into or out of a firewall? Obviously the inbound traffic would be the traffic under surveillance, and the outbound traffic would be the ...
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2answers
518 views

Difference between confidential, protected, and restricted data

I've been reading this article about Data Handling Security Measures, what's the difference between confidential, protected, and restricted data? Maybe I could understand it well with example of the ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the term for requiring a user to go through an additional activation/verification process on new devices only?

When I log onto my bank's website on a new device (be it a new phone or a web browser I haven't used before) it prompts me to send an activation code to my phone or email. I have to enter in this one-...
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Is constantly downloading large amount of files from a web server considered DDoS?

For example, there's like a million files stored on a website (publicly, anyone with a link can get it), and I wrote a program to retrieve it one by one. Since obviously my program pings the server ...
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1answer
119 views

Protecting vs Securing

I encountered a question "true or false, replication is NOT a way to protect data". I answered true since I felt that protecting data meant securing the network and preventing unauthorized access to ...