Tor (short for The onion router) is a system intended to enable online anonymity. Tor client software routes Internet traffic through a worldwide volunteer network of servers in order to conceal a user's location or usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

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1k views

How does Tor protect against an attacker just running thousands of nodes?

Does Tor have any protection against an adversary simply running a very large number of nodes? Someone with the necessary resources could just run thousands of relay nodes (including exit nodes). If ...
3
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1answer
216 views

Encryption key exchange for Tor

I've been studying how Tor works - including the great QA "Why can a Tor exit node decrypt data, but not the entry node?". I understand the concept of onion routing and multiple layers of ...
2
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3answers
6k views

Why is JavaScript disabled in the Tor Browser Bundle?

Didn't Tor create a local socks proxy? Why doesn't all the Web traffic go over this local socks proxy and why is JavaScript disabled in the Tor Browser bundle? If you would connect with firefox for ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Tor via Python - can the real IP address leak?

I was thinking about how safe it really is to use Tor as a "local proxy" to grab information from webpages anonymously. Is it possible that the real IP address can be seen? On the official Tor ...
0
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4answers
495 views

How can i protect myself from tor vulnerablity on windows

Recently I came across an article regarding Tor. According to article there is speculation that the uncovered malware was used by a law enforcement agency to harvest the IP addresses of users ...
18
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1answer
1k views

Could someone explain parts of the FBI's Firefox 0-day?

Here is the full Javascript (and related iframes) that the FBI apparently injected into all "Freedom Hosting" pages in the course of their recent takedown. http://pastebin.mozilla.org/2776374 The ...
8
votes
3answers
926 views

Does excluding Tor nodes by country improve privacy? [closed]

Here's the situation: the government of West Nauru is known to run a lot of TOR exit nodes and to collect a lot of data on the traffic, using extra large arithmometers to collate & correlate ...
4
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3answers
8k views

Downloading files using Tor

I have the Tor Browser Bundle installed and have been using the Firefox Tor browser. If I attempt to download a file or email attachment I get the following warning I understand that if I download ...
7
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3answers
3k views

Detecting Tor proxy by reading request headers

I am a newbie to the field of security. As I was trying to explore more about HTTP request and response headers, I came across this website which provides a detailed analysis of the request header ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Tor and regular browser side by side. Does that make sense?

Can I use a Tor browser session and a regular Firefox session side by side without corrupting the security of the Tor session? E.g. when I download a new Eclipse version or when I'm searching for ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How can I get the IP address for a ToR Hidden Service (HSP) with a .onion address?

I'd like to find out the IP address of a given .onion address. Is it possible for me to simply assign an exit node (that I control) to my client and just monitor it to determine what IP address ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Use Tor when testing on web apps that allow testing & have bounty programs?

When testing live web apps that allow / encourage security research & disclosure should I be routing my traffic through Tor? Is there a good reason not to? Does it imply a certain malicious ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Is the fact that Tor's development is largely government funded cause for concern?

In light of recent events, I've been learning more about Tor, and I have a lot of questions. Here's one. Wikipedia's article states; As of 2012, 80% of the Tor Project's $2M annual budget comes ...
2
votes
2answers
546 views

How actually is Tor hidden service hidden from public?

Let's suppose I have a web server X, listening on port N for instance and configured as a Tor hidden service. How and where is implemented its' hiddenness from public access?
26
votes
2answers
3k views

Why can a Tor exit node decrypt data, but not the entry node?

Me -> Node A -> Node B -> Node C -> destination The documentation on Tor always states that only the exit node C can see plain text data. How is this possible without me talking to Node C ...
4
votes
1answer
665 views

TOR detection in network

After I read this link, I tried to understand how they manage detect TOR traffic The most understandable source for me was this paper He is saying TOR trafic can be detected by port, cipher suite ...
1
vote
1answer
757 views

How was Lulzsec caught? [closed]

I saw that the leader connected to IRC without using TOR and they traced their IP address, but the identity of each member was supposed to be unknown to the others. So even if the leader was acting as ...
2
votes
2answers
698 views

Using Tor from behind a Proxy (like Burp Suite)

I am interested in exploring a bit of the darknet, and I was wondering about the feasibility of running a Tor exit node from behind a local proxy like Burp Suite so that I could ID the destination ...
-5
votes
1answer
293 views

Is there a way to get Tor “for free”? (free as in time, not money)

I'm wondering if there's a way to get the functionality for Tor in Firefox (or my general OS) for "free", meaning that I spend 10 minutes setting up part of the functionality to work and skip the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How safe is Tor from MITM/snooping attacks?

I am behind an HTTP proxy, and I frequently tunnel out via an ssh -D SOCKS proxy (I have access to a couple of outside servers which I can tunnel to) when the HTTP proxy causes problems1. Now, this ...
1
vote
2answers
370 views

Is there an anti-proxy detection available?

Sites like Wikipedia and Google (among others) don't let you sign up through a proxy or TOR (at least with Google, you have to provide SMS verification if you sign up through proxy.) Somehow they ...
1
vote
1answer
291 views

Tor traffic seems to be exiting from different Tor exit nodes - is that expected?

I seem to be observing some odd behaviour whilst experimenting with TOR. It's entirely possible this is just my own ignorance as well, in which case I would appreciate some ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the disadvantages of Tor?

I've just started using Tor recently, and I'm not sure exactly what security issues come with the benefits. What should/shouldn't I be worried about (in both everyday normal-web browsing use, in ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Is a Tor router really safer than a proxy?

If I use a Tor router to browse the regular internet that it has to leave the Tor network through an exit node. Apparently the exit node has all the information from the original user it came from on ...
4
votes
1answer
547 views

Could TOR nodes collect IPs and filter them to unmask .onion url IP addresses?

I feel that I generally understand TOR onion routing. From what I understand, the node knows the IP it is receiving data from and the IP it is sending data to. So surely a node can collect the IP ...
16
votes
4answers
12k views

How do you get a specific .onion address for your hidden service?

.onion addresses normally should be made of a base32 string of the first 80 bytes of the SHA1 hash of the private key of the server. Today I ran into a service which clearly doesn't have an arbitrary ...
0
votes
2answers
230 views

Is encryption of Onion Proxy possible?

I wanted to know that if we are using onion routing in P2P networks, and when the data comes from the provider to onion proxy(proxy connected with requester), the data is not any more encrypted, ...
1
vote
2answers
377 views

Tor - chain of connected nodes?

For a long time now I have been wondering how to find out where you actually connect to with Tor. The only thing you can do in Vidalia is show a Network Map of all available Nodes worldwide, which is ...
1
vote
2answers
965 views

Best practices for operating a Bitcoin-Qt client regarding netwok privacy?

As privacy is part of security, I know there is a Bitcoin SE here but they couldn't answer my question so I hope it's appropriate to ask it here. I don't ask about how to secure my wallet on my ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

How is Tor secure?

If Tor is open source and thus its process of concealing your IP is known, then how does it keep anything secure? Couldn't someone look at the source code and figure out how to reverse the routing ...
1
vote
1answer
455 views

What's most standard way to secure internet connections and protect privacy?

It's common knowledge that Wi-Fi, or other Internet connections, should be encrypted via a VPN to be secure, and to hide our real IP address from intermediary network observers. However, one can't ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

How to connect Tor to the web using a specific server?

Some websites restrict access based on which country the accessing IP comes from. I'd like to use TOR to circumvent such restrictions. So I'd like to use an exit node that's located in a specific ...
-5
votes
2answers
248 views

What technologies are recommended for E-banking? [closed]

If a Linux user need use his bank account from Internet, then what technologies and procedures should use? Is better to use the Guest Account (if exist) of the OS, or an Administrator Account? What ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Why is it so hard to close onion domains (e.g. The Silkroad)?

A few months ago when I started to experiment with bitcoin I came across The Silkroad (only accessible via Tor) For those who do not know what Tor is and who do not want to waste their time ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How does Tor protect against fake entry nodes / total redirection?

There is much material on how to protect yourself from malicous exit nodes, especially by using SSL and minimizing the leakage of identifying information (user-agent, screen size, etc.). However, I ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How are tor hidden nodes/services found?

Tor has "hidden services", which have an address like duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion. Now I was wondering: how is this duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion name mapped to the real server? I don't think there's a central ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Is TOR used to perform hostile hacking?

I was wondering, if in order to protect myself from hostile hacking, should I consider access via TOR to be OK to perform e.g. havoc without anyone being able to track my ip back?
2
votes
2answers
655 views

Using tor with SET to bypass firewall policy?

I'm doing a credential harvesting attack using SET from backtrack. I want to sent a spoof email using an open relay server. However, any outbound connection for smtp is blocked by the firewall. I ...
3
votes
1answer
354 views

anonymization for scanning and hacking

What kind of anonymization can be used for scanning and exploiting? Of course there are VPNs and VPS, but thats a different story. I know some scanning can be done via TOR, but how can an exploit or ...
6
votes
4answers
15k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

tor and widecap dns leak

I am using a program that I coded in C#. All it does is use HttpWebRequest to request some pages and read info from them. I tried running it through Tor. I installed the Vidalia Bundle and Widecap. My ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How do you properly setup Tor on Windows 7?

How do you properly setup Tor on a Windows 7 box to guarantee that ALL connections will run through Tor?
2
votes
2answers
692 views

Interesting article on a vulnerability found in Tor

This article describes how French researchers compromised users using Tor. I'm not sure I fully understand or agree with it. I don't see what Bit Torrent has to do with anything? I mean they start out ...
2
votes
2answers
874 views

How to run a Tor exit node securely on a vps

I want to run a TOR exit node on a vps, what security measures do I have to put in place on the vps? I know it will be a huge target for hackers and the three letter word agencies in the USA so I need ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

What does Bluffdale mean for privacy?

I posted a question related to tracing webserver attacks over here and the responses got me google-ing. My understanding has always been that privacy is dead and that essentially there's always ...
3
votes
3answers
350 views

Are there any same origin issues (SOP) with TOR?

Are there any issues with Same Origin Policy (SOP) with TOR or *.onion addresses? I'm thinking of cookies Plugins (Silverlight, Flash, Java, etc) Javascript
25
votes
3answers
8k views

How does “check.torproject.org.” know if you're using TOR?

I'm looking at the results from the following URL and would like to know how does the TOR website "know" that TOR is being used or not. ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Does Tor Hidden Service Protocol provide more threat protection than a standard HTTPS session?

DuckDuckGo is a search engine that has a Tor Exit Enclave and hidden service. This site is focused on the safe, secure searching of its users. Since DNS is not used in Tor, it appears that HTTPS is ...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

Tor: requesting a tor website

When you have a website that's hosted within the Tor network and one accesses this website with a Tor browser, does this person still use an exit-node ? Or will this be an encrypted connection ...
11
votes
8answers
6k views

How anonymous is my setup?

my friend and I are trying to make the most anonymous setup for a computer to do things across the internet without being known the location from which it came. Our setup is as follows: A windows ...