Tor (short for The onion router) is a system intended to enable online anonymity. Tor client software routes Internet traffic through a worldwide volunteer network of servers in order to conceal a user's location or usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

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Difference between X-Forwarded-For IP, X-Real-IP, VPNs and TOR

I have this Google Chrome Privacy Preserving Extension that I am working on. Where I can spoof the header information e.g user agents and else. When I spoof X-Forwarded-For IP and go to ...
2
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1answer
26 views

DynDNS alongside Tor? [on hold]

Is there a way to resolve Dynamic DNS with Tor so that I can connect to my computer behind a NAT even if I am in a country that consider supicious connections to my native country ?
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4answers
154 views

Solution to remain anonymous on a website that dismiss tor users?

I want to access to a website who recognize tor users and dismiss them. I have read that if you connect to a proxy after your tor exit node, the website wouldn't know that you are a tor user and ...
5
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2answers
366 views

Questions on true anonymity

I am going to use Tails to connect to Tor through VPN which has AES-256 data encryption, SHA-256 data authentication and RSA-4096 handshake encryption on my Mac on my school's WiFi (as public as I can ...
2
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2answers
37 views

Could my DNS requests get manipulated while using tor?

I just downloaded Tor Browser Bundle and extracted it. I had no copy of my Tor Nodes Settings so i just browsed using the standard nodes and i forgot to disabke Java Script. I did not notice ...
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1answer
43 views

Going to host a “hidden service”, should I “wipe” or edit file metadata?

I have made a site that is a hidden service on the Tor network. I was wondering if there any security risks by leaving metadata untouched for various files including but not limited to stylesheets ...
6
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1answer
49 views

VirtualBox: Ubuntu With or Without Virtual Hard Drive

I've been working on a setup using VirtualBox that uses the Whonix Gateway as a Tor middlebox and I am planning on using Ubuntu for the workstation. I don't plan on storing any information on the ...
4
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3answers
168 views

Using Tor browser on a Windows machine

Suppose a person is running a Windows 7/8 operating system. If she/he uses the TOR web-browser, can Microsoft see what they are browsing? Would that not defeat the point of using TOR in the first ...
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4answers
2k views

Why disable JavaScript in Tor? [duplicate]

Why it is not advisable to use JavaScript with Tor? Yet with JavaScript, you cannot get the IP address of the user except through an external website. How could using JavaScript with Tor expose one's ...
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2answers
99 views

TOR: same exact entry node since a week ago

Since a few days ago, my copy of TOR (4.5.3) keeps using exactly the same entry node every single time I use it. I am pretty sure that that's not how it used to be in the past. I feel a bit ...
4
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3answers
9k views

How do you properly setup Tor on Windows 7?

How do you properly setup Tor on a Windows 7 box to guarantee that ALL connections will run through Tor?
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0answers
43 views

Can high network usage be detected and prevented in Tor? [closed]

I've already asked this question here but as of yet it has no views/answers. I was wondering if there is any way for Tor to detect high network usage in the context of transferring large files using ...
52
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2answers
11k views

Best practices for Tor use, in light of released NSA slides

It has been known in the security community that a tool as versatile as Tor is likely the target of intense interest from intelligence agencies. While the FBI has admitted responsibility for a Tor ...
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0answers
7 views

Can I change my .onion address name? [migrated]

So I already created a .onion site but I want to change my address to something else, that is more than just symbols. I tried using shallot but that is not working and when I tried to install or find ...
6
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3answers
17k views

Downloading files using Tor

I have the Tor Browser Bundle installed and have been using the Firefox Tor browser. If I attempt to download a file or email attachment I get the following warning I understand that if I download ...
5
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1answer
209 views

About onion packet and onion routing?

I was just wondering if anyone has a diagram showing what is encrypted inside an onion packet when it leaves the sender? When a Tor client sends the packet out, wouldn't the entry onion node know ...
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4answers
8k views

Differences between using Tor browser and VPN

I can't quite figure out the differences between using the Tor browser and using a VPN (like concretely proXPN). From what I understand the idea is the same, that they both hide the IP address. The ...
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1answer
62 views

why tor nodes maintain tls keys with all other tor nodes?

I read that tor proxy maintains session key with tor nodes and use it while encrypting data but why tor nodes maintain keys with other tor nodes?
3
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2answers
378 views

Can Tor nodes infect my computer with malware?

Can I get "hacked" by a Tor node? My computer is sending packets through the Tor nodes and receiving packets from them as well. Can I be sure that there are no Tor nodes that manipulate the packets ...
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2answers
56 views

Could anyone technically see my requests with TOR if the person has access to my router?

I was wondering if someone could sniff the packets I send via my computer with something like Wireshark I guess even if I use TOR and the person could access the router like stated.
5
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4answers
117 views

MITM attack between me and TOR entry node

In which ways can my ISP, who by the way controls the WiFi router I connect to, do a MITM attack on my TOR connections and hence read the traffic?
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0answers
21 views

Route outgoing traffic through whonix gateway/tails, allow incoming vpn traffic (me->my vpn server-> tor) [migrated]

Basically I want to do VPN -> tor, but with all outgoing traffic from the VPN server going through tor, and the Virtual Machines only on the VPN server, not on my PC. So I will have a VPN which will ...
5
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1answer
305 views

Multiple gateways (Whonix with Tails)?

I've been reading Whonix's documentation and threads here to be more anonymous and secure. For the best anonymity Whonix recommends having two different computers, one being the gateway and the other ...
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1answer
78 views

Using Tor browser to use YouTube, account security is the problem

YouTube is not available in my country, but I want to make an account at YouTube and use it. I'm not interested in protecting my identity. It is fine if anyone can monitor it. The thing I'm interested ...
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1answer
58 views

Tor website HPKP (key pinning) failure

I'm currently facing a key pinning error when trying to access the torproject.org website with Firefox. Is anyone facing the same problem? Does anyone know if they changed their certificate? If not, ...
6
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1answer
475 views

proxychains + dnscrypt + tor

I'm currently working in Kali and I'm trying to boost my security and anonymity online. Please, bear with me for I am no expert yet. Googling and searching here has yielded useful info but not enough ...
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0answers
82 views

How 'private' is my setup?

I'm currently running QubesOS (so essentially a virtualized Fedora operating system), which I use to access an offshore VPS through I2P (using garliccat). I then route all my traffic through the VPS ...
4
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1answer
145 views

Decrypting TOR traffic?

Is there any way to decrypt tor traffic from an exit node or relay? I know it's possible to analyze the traffic using something like tcpflow or tcpdump, but it comes back as encrypted giberish. Is ...
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0answers
64 views

Is this a security flaw in tor? [duplicate]

I realize this question more belongs on the tor exchange (and i have indeed posted it there) so if you want to vote to close this question I completely understand. But I have noticed that this site it ...
1
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2answers
134 views

Online anonymity for a journalist in a dangerous country [closed]

I am a journalist in a corrupt country. I am concerned that my online usage will allow my antagonists to track me down, and it wouldn't end very good. I am aware that I may use TOR and VPNs, and ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Theoretical VPN and Tor Encryption Chain

Okay, so I've been looking around at the benefits of using tor to access you vpn and vice versa. Here's what I've come up with: VPN -> Tor Pros: Hides Tor usages from isp Hides your activities ...
9
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5answers
8k views

Is a Tor router really safer than a proxy?

If I use a Tor router to browse the regular internet that it has to leave the Tor network through an exit node. Apparently the exit node has all the information from the original user it came from on ...
3
votes
4answers
206 views

In a monitored network, can the admins tell if Tor is being used?

I'm not asking if Tor is secure, I'm asking if an observer can know you are using Tor? For example if a persons ISP or company network monitors traffic would they be able to determine with certainty ...
4
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1answer
56 views

TOR makes multiple connections - why?

When using TOR, I issued this in terminal sudo netstat -punta | grep 443. Output was tcp 0 0 x.x.x.x:y a.a.a.a:443 ESTABLISHED 5769/tor tcp 0 0 x.x.x.x:y ...
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0answers
18 views

Whonix Signature verification failure

I've downloaded Whonix images and I have successfully imported the signing key (https://www.whonix.org/wiki/Whonix_Signing_Key). I have also established trust for the said key and verified that by ...
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2answers
46 views

Can Tor pre-built binaries be different than if someone builds from source? [closed]

Is there a possibility (and how likely is it) that the pre-built binaries of Tor that most of us use are backdoored or altered in some way, unlike the source code?
2
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1answer
96 views

Are darknets in the internet like Tor and i2p similar to darknets implemented for security like the CAIDA network telescope.?

I am planning to implement a darknet in an organizational network to work alongside SNORT to detect malicious scanning activities in the network like the CAIDA network telescope/Internet Motion ...
8
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4answers
7k views

How is Tor secure?

If Tor is open source and thus its process of concealing your IP is known, then how does it keep anything secure? Couldn't someone look at the source code and figure out how to reverse the routing ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the best setup to keep my email private from both attackers and government agencies?

I am attempting to setup a secure and private email account for my company. we currently use gmail which actually requests the emails from a hosting service provider that is configured with our ...
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0answers
68 views

Setting the exit node of a tor relay by country [closed]

I'm having some trouble in setting the country of the tor exit nodes. Following this link, by adding the bellow entries to the ./Data/torrc ExitNodes {ru} StrictNodes 1 an exit node from the ...
78
votes
6answers
14k views

How much can I trust Tor?

How much can I depend on Tor for anonymity? Is it completely secure? My usage is limited to accessing Twitter and Wordpress. I am a political activist from India and I do not enjoy the freedom of ...
2
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2answers
300 views

In theory, can a restricted-use ToR network be created with “Verifiable Encryption”? How should I approach learning it?

I have mobile devices (low power, low bandwidth) need to act as a proxy for certain types of P2P encrypted data, such as voting, bitcoin payment, or other specific-purpose usage, and I want to make ...
3
votes
2answers
196 views

How does a Tor exit node know the public key of the client?

When the Tor exit node executes the client's request and receives a response from the server, it must create an onion cell that can be reversely decrypted along a circuit through the Tor network. ...
7
votes
1answer
369 views

What Steps Does An Anonymous Artist Need To Take to Retain Anonymity? [closed]

I read these questions which had great information: How can I keep my identity anonymous as a website owner/administrator? and How much can I trust Tor?, however I wonder if this is too extreme for my ...
0
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0answers
33 views

How to detect if Tor is being used in the network [duplicate]

I believe Tor is an excellent tool to anonymise the internet usage. However as an admin, how can someone detect if Tor is being used on the network? This becomes crucial in case of institutions like ...
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2answers
81 views

Is there any benefit to login to a website as anonymously as possible, if you've already been there from an identifiable IP address?

Here's a basic example of the situation I am in: 1.Friend downloads full-length, new release movie on shady internet site (felony). 2.Uploads it to a randomly created, cloud hosting service account ...
29
votes
4answers
2k views

How does Tor protect against an attacker just running thousands of nodes?

Does Tor have any protection against an adversary simply running a very large number of nodes? Someone with the necessary resources could just run thousands of relay nodes (including exit nodes). If ...
4
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2answers
141 views

How do dissidents use Tor?

The most common justification for Tor is that people in countries like China that don't have full protections on free speech can use it to publish dissenting opinions or access foreign information. I ...
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2answers
184 views

Is chaining multiple VPNs a good way to reach anonymity on the internet?

I would like to chain a couple, say 6 or 7, VPNs together to create a sort of "super" encrypted lane on the internet. I'm not too concerned about speeds, all I want is privacy and anonymity. I've ...
4
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3answers
110 views

Does using DNSSEC in parallel with an anonymisation network decrease your privacy?

When using an anonymous communication network like Tor, to ensure privacy you must route your DNS traffic through the system even if your computer always uses DNSSEC for DNS lookups, would this be ...