Tor (short for The onion router) is a system intended to enable online anonymity. Tor client software routes Internet traffic through a worldwide volunteer network of servers in order to conceal a user's location or usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

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60
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6answers
9k views

How much can I trust Tor?

How much can I depend on Tor for anonymity? Is it completely secure? My usage is limited to accessing Twitter and Wordpress. I am a political activist from India and I do not enjoy the freedom of ...
10
votes
8answers
6k views

How anonymous is my setup?

my friend and I are trying to make the most anonymous setup for a computer to do things across the internet without being known the location from which it came. Our setup is as follows: A windows ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Why can a Tor exit node decrypt data, but not the entry node?

Me -> Node A -> Node B -> Node C -> destination The documentation on Tor always states that only the exit node C can see plain text data. How is this possible without me talking to Node C ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

Why is it so hard to close onion domains (e.g. The Silkroad)?

A few months ago when I started to experiment with bitcoin I came across The Silkroad (only accessible via Tor) For those who do not know what Tor is and who do not want to waste their time ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

How is Tor secure?

If Tor is open source and thus its process of concealing your IP is known, then how does it keep anything secure? Couldn't someone look at the source code and figure out how to reverse the routing ...
25
votes
2answers
5k views

Best practices for Tor use, in light of released NSA slides

It has been known in the security community that a tool as versatile as Tor is likely the target of intense interest from intelligence agencies. While the FBI has admitted responsibility for a Tor ...
24
votes
3answers
7k views

How does “check.torproject.org.” know if you're using TOR?

I'm looking at the results from the following URL and would like to know how does the TOR website "know" that TOR is being used or not. ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How are tor hidden nodes/services found?

Tor has "hidden services", which have an address like duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion. Now I was wondering: how is this duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion name mapped to the real server? I don't think there's a central ...
6
votes
4answers
12k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
20
votes
2answers
983 views

How does Tor protect against an attacker just running thousands of nodes?

Does Tor have any protection against an adversary simply running a very large number of nodes? Someone with the necessary resources could just run thousands of relay nodes (including exit nodes). If ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How does Tor protect against fake entry nodes / total redirection?

There is much material on how to protect yourself from malicous exit nodes, especially by using SSL and minimizing the leakage of identifying information (user-agent, screen size, etc.). However, I ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Is a Tor router really safer than a proxy?

If I use a Tor router to browse the regular internet that it has to leave the Tor network through an exit node. Apparently the exit node has all the information from the original user it came from on ...
3
votes
3answers
328 views

Attack on Tor with stolen private keys of main nodes

What could attacker do with stolen private keys of main nodes? Tor is based on 10 main nodes: moria1, tor26, dizum, Tonga, etc. IP Addresses of this nodes hard-coded into client. ./src/or/config.c: ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the fact that Tor's development is largely government funded cause for concern?

In light of recent events, I've been learning more about Tor, and I have a lot of questions. Here's one. Wikipedia's article states; As of 2012, 80% of the Tor Project's $2M annual budget comes ...