Tor (short for The onion router) is a system intended to enable online anonymity. Tor client software routes Internet traffic through a worldwide volunteer network of servers in order to conceal a user's location or usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

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105
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4answers
17k views

How would a resourceful government block Tor?

I came across this article saying that after the November 2015 Paris attacks, some French police officers proposed to ban Tor. Tor is used to circumvent censorship! What security techniques would ...
93
votes
6answers
17k views

How much can I trust Tor?

How much can I depend on Tor for anonymity? Is it completely secure? My usage is limited to accessing Twitter and Wordpress. I am a political activist from India and I do not enjoy the freedom of ...
68
votes
2answers
15k views

Best practices for Tor use, in light of released NSA slides

It has been known in the security community that a tool as versatile as Tor is likely the target of intense interest from intelligence agencies. While the FBI has admitted responsibility for a Tor ...
64
votes
1answer
5k views

Tell browser my site has no scripts

I have created a Tor hidden service site which has absolutely no JavaScript or other types of client side scripts. The page is HTML, CSS, images, and some JSP for handling user input. I encourage ...
54
votes
5answers
8k views

How can you be tracked using screen resolution/monitor size in Tor?

Whenever I maximize the Tor browser, it shows a warning: Maximizing Tor Browser can allow websites to determine you monitor size, which can be used to track you... How can screen resolution or ...
38
votes
5answers
33k views

How do you get a specific .onion address for your hidden service?

.onion addresses normally should be made of a base32 string of the first 80 bits of the SHA1 hash of the private key of the server (see .onion address specification). Today I ran into a service which ...
38
votes
2answers
8k views

Why hasn't anyone taken over Tor yet?

Tor is known to encrypt the transferred content and the meta information by layering the encryption. I know there have been correlation attacks that deanonymized some users by federal agencies. Why ...
36
votes
3answers
15k views

How does check.torproject.org know if you're using TOR?

I'm looking at the results from the following URL and would like to know how does the TOR website "know" that TOR is being used or not. https://check.torproject.org/?lang=en-US&small=1&...
35
votes
8answers
12k views

If I visit a HTTPS website when using Tor, is my IP exposed?

HTTPS is an end-to-end encrypted connection. Given this, does the website I am visiting know my original IP? The website is only available over HTTPS (not unencrypted HTTP).
32
votes
6answers
21k views

Differences between using Tor browser and VPN

I can't quite figure out the differences between using the Tor browser and using a VPN (like concretely proXPN). From what I understand the idea is the same, that they both hide the IP address. The ...
31
votes
5answers
3k views

How does Tor protect against an attacker just running thousands of nodes?

Does Tor have any protection against an adversary simply running a very large number of nodes? Someone with the necessary resources could just run thousands of relay nodes (including exit nodes). If ...
28
votes
3answers
6k views

Why can a Tor exit node decrypt data, but not the entry node?

Me -> Node A -> Node B -> Node C -> destination The documentation on Tor always states that only the exit node C can see plain text data. How is this possible without me talking to Node C ...
25
votes
4answers
1k views

Can anonymizing techniques make you less anonymous?

There's a recent report in the news of a Harvard student who emailed in a bomb threat so as to postpone year-end exams. According to the report, he carefully covered his tracks using the best ...
22
votes
2answers
6k views

In the SilkRoad takedown, what does it mean “An IP address was leaking” in Tor?

According to the official complaint, on Page 28 they mention: on May 24, 2013, a Silk Road user sent him a private message warning him that "some sort of external IP address" was "leaking" from ...
21
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is Home --> VPN --> TOR worse than Home --> TOR?

I've read lot of questions asked on various websites about the pros & cons of using a VPN with Tor. As said on Tails website VPN make the situation worse by introducing a permanent entry guard or ...
20
votes
3answers
16k views

Can my workplace view my Tor traffic? [duplicate]

I connect to the internet using my company's Wi-Fi and Tor. Can they still see the websites I visit?
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Could someone explain parts of the FBI's Firefox 0-day?

Here is the full Javascript (and related iframes) that the FBI apparently injected into all "Freedom Hosting" pages in the course of their recent takedown. http://pastebin.mozilla.org/2776374 The ...
17
votes
3answers
4k views

TOR cracked: How do you think the FBI did it? [closed]

I read in this article that the FBI was able to crack the anonymity of TOR. From what I heard and read , onion routing makes it almost impossible to de-anonymize a user. The last time I heard anyone ...
16
votes
4answers
4k views

Does Tor Hidden Service Protocol provide more threat protection than a standard HTTPS session?

DuckDuckGo is a search engine that has a Tor Exit Enclave and hidden service. This site is focused on the safe, secure searching of its users. Since DNS is not used in Tor, it appears that HTTPS is ...
15
votes
4answers
14k views

Tor and regular browser side by side. Does that make sense?

Can I use a Tor browser session and a regular Firefox session side by side without corrupting the security of the Tor session? E.g. when I download a new Eclipse version or when I'm searching for ...
14
votes
3answers
6k views

How does the hacker manage to spoof a different IP address?

For the last 2 days, +/- every 15 minutes, someone is attempting to sign-in to my online email account. When I verify recent activity, the IP address (and the corresponding country) is different for ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Is the fact that Tor's development is largely government funded cause for concern?

In light of recent events, I've been learning more about Tor, and I have a lot of questions. Here's one. Wikipedia's article states; As of 2012, 80% of the Tor Project's $2M annual budget comes ...
12
votes
8answers
10k views

How anonymous is my setup?

my friend and I are trying to make the most anonymous setup for a computer to do things across the internet without being known the location from which it came. Our setup is as follows: A windows ...
12
votes
5answers
11k views

Why is Tor safer than a proxy?

If I use a Tor router to browse the regular internet, my traffic must leave the Tor network through an exit node. Apparently the exit node can see the data originally sent. Is this true? If an ...
12
votes
3answers
376 views

Is there any difference between visiting Facebook via their Tor address, and visiting them via their normal address over Tor?

From a security perspective, is visiting via the .onion address more/less secure? I'm using Facebook as an example, but this question is really about any website which has both a 'normal' and a Tor ...
12
votes
3answers
10k views

Detecting Tor proxy by reading request headers

I am a newbie to the field of security. As I was trying to explore more about HTTP request and response headers, I came across this website which provides a detailed analysis of the request header ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

How does Tor protect against fake entry nodes / total redirection?

There is much material on how to protect yourself from malicous exit nodes, especially by using SSL and minimizing the leakage of identifying information (user-agent, screen size, etc.). However, I ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Can someone use WiFi snooping to see data I send through Tor Browser when I'm not using SSL?

(NOTE: I've read other similar questions, but I'm not at all certain about this, therefore I'm asking.) I travel a lot, and I generally use public WiFi spots and hotels/hostels/boarding houses etc. ...
11
votes
2answers
598 views

Why is Tor over HTTPS insecure?

I don't get how a HTTPS connection over Tor can be insecure. Where's the difference between a normal HTTPS connection and a Tor -> HTTP connection? Many sites recommend to use the Onion-URL instead of ...
11
votes
2answers
8k views

Why is it so hard to close onion domains (e.g. The Silkroad)?

A few months ago when I started to experiment with bitcoin I came across The Silkroad (only accessible via Tor) For those who do not know what Tor is and who do not want to waste their time ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

How are tor hidden nodes/services found?

Tor has "hidden services", which have an address like duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion. Now I was wondering: how is this duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion name mapped to the real server? I don't think there's a central ...
11
votes
1answer
484 views

Is TLS in Tor useless?

I am trying to optimize the Orchid Tor client library for my needs and noticed that every connection with every node uses TLS with turned off certificate verification. Actually there are no TLS ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

How safe is Tor from MITM/snooping attacks?

I am behind an HTTP proxy, and I frequently tunnel out via an ssh -D SOCKS proxy (I have access to a couple of outside servers which I can tunnel to) when the HTTP proxy causes problems1. Now, this ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

How is Tor secure despite being open source?

If Tor is open source (and thus its process of concealing your IP is known), then how does it keep anything secure? Couldn't someone look at the source code and figure out how to reverse the routing ...
9
votes
3answers
26k views

Downloading files using Tor

I have the Tor Browser Bundle installed and have been using the Firefox Tor browser. If I attempt to download a file or email attachment I get the following warning I understand that if I download ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Does excluding Tor nodes by country improve privacy? [closed]

Here's the situation: the government of West Nauru is known to run a lot of TOR exit nodes and to collect a lot of data on the traffic, using extra large arithmometers to collate & correlate stuff....
8
votes
4answers
8k views

What are the disadvantages of Tor?

I've just started using Tor recently, and I'm not sure exactly what security issues come with the benefits. What should/shouldn't I be worried about (in both everyday normal-web browsing use, in ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Why disable JavaScript in Tor? [duplicate]

Why it is not advisable to use JavaScript with Tor? Yet with JavaScript, you cannot get the IP address of the user except through an external website. How could using JavaScript with Tor expose one's ...
8
votes
4answers
32k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
8
votes
1answer
6k views

How to connect Tor to the web using a specific server?

Some websites restrict access based on which country the accessing IP comes from. I'd like to use TOR to circumvent such restrictions. So I'd like to use an exit node that's located in a specific ...
8
votes
1answer
620 views

What Steps Does An Anonymous Artist Need To Take to Retain Anonymity? [closed]

I read these questions which had great information: How can I keep my identity anonymous as a website owner/administrator? and How much can I trust Tor?, however I wonder if this is too extreme for my ...
8
votes
2answers
266 views

Why does Tor use a new route every few minutes

As far as I know, Tor selects three new nodes every few minutes. What is the advantage of this? The only thing I came up with was to prevent "Bad exit nodes" from viewing too much of your (hopefully ...
7
votes
3answers
368 views

In Tor, what stops the end server from following the breadcrumbs back to their origin?

This would probably require knocking on people's doors, but — couldn't the endpoint ask the exit node what the relay node was, and then ask the relay node what the entry node was, and then ask the ...
7
votes
1answer
956 views

How are Tor packets decrypted on the client?

I am a bit confused about packet decryption of Tor on the client. I understand that if a client sends a request to a web server by using Tor, the request will be encrypted a couple of times, and ...
7
votes
4answers
256 views

Solution to remain anonymous on a website that dismiss tor users?

I want to access to a website who recognize tor users and dismiss them. I have read that if you connect to a proxy after your tor exit node, the website wouldn't know that you are a tor user and ...
6
votes
4answers
722 views

What are the most effective ways to stay anonymous in the internet? [duplicate]

I wonder how hackers can stay anonymous in the Internet. I have some ideas like using TOR or a chain of servers (for example a few SSH tunnels through different countries) but which of them are common?...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

TOR: I'm repeatedly being connected to a couple of Entry Nodes!

I'm using TOR (Orbot for Android), and when I look at the log of the connection establishment phase, I see that I'm repeatedly being connected to familiar nodes, especially the Entry Nodes which 3 out ...
6
votes
3answers
978 views

Is the connection to Tor hidden services encrypted?

It's possible for Tor exit nodes to sniff traffic on normal websites, unless you connect via SSL/HTTPS. But what about hidden services, they don't seem to support the HTTPS protocol. Can the exit ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the implications of running a TOR non-exit relay node?

Intuitively, running a non-exit TOR node should bring the benefit of plausible deniability that a packet originated from your device. Unlike exit nodes however, you would not have to worry about ...
6
votes
2answers
358 views

TOR: same exact entry node since a week ago

Since a few days ago, my copy of TOR (4.5.3) keeps using exactly the same entry node every single time I use it. I am pretty sure that that's not how it used to be in the past. I feel a bit ...