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12
votes
0answers
2k views

Should I Use Base64 or Unicode for Storing Hashes & Salts? [migrated]

I have never worked on the security side of web apps, as I am just out of college. Now, I am looking for a job and working on some websites on the side, to keep my skills sharp and gain new ones. One ...
6
votes
2answers
957 views

PHP: if charset mismatches (htmlentities UTF-8) viewed by client as ISO-8859-1 (or vice versa)

Short Question: Question: Could any security vulnerabilities arise if a server runs htmlentities as UTF-8 but the client views the results as ISO-8859-1? Assumption: No vulnerabilities exist when ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Minimum SHA256'd UTF8 encoded passphrase length not stored anywhere

For a passphrase that is UTF8 encoded and then SHA256'd, what is the minimum length to achieve a practically collision free result? The implementation is for a 32 byte cryptocurrency ed25519 seed ...
19
votes
4answers
7k views

How did Anonymous use UTF-16 ASCII to fool PHP escaping?

A few months ago, Anonymous took down a child pornography site using SQL-injection. I read in this article that Anonymous claimed that "the server was using hardened PHP with escaping," but they were ...
0
votes
4answers
987 views

SQL Injection via Unicode

My team currently uses ASP.NET with MS SQL Server for our software. Security has only become important since I started, in which there is injection vulnerabilities everywhere. Due to current ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

Is it okay to normalize unicode passwords with NFC/NFD?

I am currently designing a login for a web service. I will use a PBKDF2 implementation for hashing the passwords. However, I intend to allow unicode for passwords, as I will have international users, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Directory traversal attack %C0%AF work?

Introduction: I am trying to learn the basics of Directory Traversal. Question: While trying to understand the 2-Byte Unicode conversion of characters, I came across this_SANS ARTICLE that explains ...
4
votes
2answers
412 views

Is there a dictionary of visibly similar Unicode characters for Spam processing?

I have spam that looks like this: мy вυddy'ѕ мoм мαĸeѕ $74/нoυr oɴ тнe lαpтop. ѕнe нαѕ вeeɴ lαιd oғғ ғor ѕeveɴ мoɴтнѕ вυт lαѕт мoɴтн нer pαy cнecĸ wαѕ $19420 jυѕт worĸιɴɢ oɴ тнe lαpтop ғor α ...
3
votes
1answer
783 views

XSS via Unicode

Reading about XSS and its countermeasures from http://www.xssed.com/xssinfo#Avoiding_XSS_vulnerabilities , it says (in the 2nd last paragraph of the link) that: […] support for Unicode character ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there a way to bypass Django's XSS escaping with “unicode”?

Django (the Python web framework) escapes output to prevent XSS (Cross Site Scripting) attacks. It replaces ', ", <, >, & with their HTML safe versions. However this presentation on slide ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What exploit types do I need to protect against in PHP?

I recently learned that apparently, it is common for people to attempt SQL injections using the HTTP referrer in PHP. What other inputs do I need to protect against? I am currently "cleaning up" ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

How to defend against invalid UTF7/8 that hides a <script> tag?

I'm scanning HTML before it reaches a browser, and I've just heard about a type of exploit that uses invalid UTF7 or UTF8 sequences to embed an otherwise invisible script tag, which is used to execute ...
6
votes
1answer
435 views

White list or black list sanitation for international input?

There seem to be so many ways to create nefarious input that white-listing what input is good usually feels like the safer, simpler option. For instance, one can fairly easily craft a white list ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

What applications are at risk from “Backwards Unicode Names” and what are the mitigations?

There is a vulnerability where some applications (such as explorer.exe) respond to Unicode characters that change the direction of the text (right-to-left vs left-to-right). This may be used to mask ...