a Virtual Private Network is a private network that is built upon a public network, typically using encryption for to secure the private communication.

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Two VPNs — full anonymity?

Lets assume the following set-up: VPN A in e.g. Russia VPN B in e.g. Israel Both registered through a one-time email and payed via Bitcoin A brand-new notebook with a virtual machine VPN A is ...
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191 views

Is a VPN really secure at the VPN providers side? [closed]

Please forgive my basic ignorance regarding a VPN connection. As I understand it, a VPN connection encrypts all the data between my computer and the VPN provider. Thus preventing my ISP from seeing ...
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2answers
1k views

Does a VPN hide what URLs I visit?

It's clear that someone listening on a network could still find out what website I visit over HTTPS (as discussed here) but what about when surfing in a VPN? What exactly can the underlying network ...
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6answers
337 views

Disadvantages of Using a VPN?

I've got a yearly subscription to a VPN service which is real quick and from the research I did at the time seems to be pretty legitimate, but are there any disadvantages or scenarios where you ...
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1answer
966 views

I'm using a Cisco ASA as a VPN endpoint. Where do the VPN clients get firewalled?

(Is this too application specific? It seems like a reasonable question that would be useful to other people...) So, I've got this ASA in front of a network that I didn't set up. It's been ...
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1answer
79 views

IPsec: Is AH in tunnel mode secure?

I have a site-to-site IPsec VPN which was performing poorly (10 -20% upload/download speeds as a percentage of available WAN circuit bandwidth) when using ESP in tunnel mode with DES encryption and ...
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4answers
169 views

Is password + second factor more secure than public key auth now? (SSH)

I ask this question because, I think, we now can reasonably assume the following: NSA can break VPN and SSH: This is stated many times in the unclassified slides. Also, GCHQ has demonstrated (and ...
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1answer
730 views

If I connect to VPN through proxy, who can see what?

I try to understand what happens when I use an HTTP(S) proxy in my OpenVPN client configuration. What's the advantage of an HTTPS proxy over plain HTTP? In any case the encryption takes place on the ...
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2answers
1k views

Hiding and faking my location?

I read this: Reveal the True IP of a User I am using Hola Unblocker to hide my IP address. This appears to work when I go to netflix as the site treats me as a US resident (which I am not). This ...
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1answer
13k views

OpenVPN Tap vs Tun Mode [closed]

I would like to know practical difference between TAP and TUN mode when use with OpenVPN. When to use TAP and When to use TUN ? What types of traffic will pass with both mode ?
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1answer
314 views

Is OpenVPN secure if both the certificate and private key, are publicly known?

My ISP is rubbish and the state of the internet in the UK seems to be heading to 1984. I've started looking at VPNs and stumbled on IPredator as a cheapy test. It gives you the option of OpenVPN and ...
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2answers
451 views

VPN Appliance Placement Options

I'm currently looking to implement a VPN solution (based on a Checkpoint Connectra) purely to provide remote access to staff (no site-to-site, or customer access), but the one design decision I can't ...
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2answers
157 views

Can First Hop Man in the Middle be Defeated with TOR or VPN?

I was reading this article about a certain in flight WiFi provider issuing fake SSL certificates for Google. This doesn't really surprise me all that much since I'm well aware of the concept of ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I detect if someone is using an ssh tunnel as a proxy to connect to a VPN?

I've got an SSH server setup in a remote location, which I use to tunnel traffic from an android tablet. On the tablet, I have the Cisco AnyConnect app to connect to my company's VPN. We want to be ...
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1answer
446 views

SSL VPN placement strategies

I wanted to know the advantages and disadvantages of placing an SSL VPN with respect to CIA in different locations: with firewall within the internal network within the DMZ Any reference also ...
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2answers
11k views

Does portforwarding present a risk to anonymity?

AirVPN by default has all ports closed but allows port-forwarding. I think this is required for P2P. Is this a threat to anonymity (e.g. would the person at the other end of the P2P transmission know ...
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3answers
340 views

Dedicated Server in Cloud Environment - SSL Remote Login vs Dedicated VPN

Thanks for taking your time to look into this question. Background I have my website hosted in a dedicated server in the cloud. The server is a Windows 2008 R2 machine. To publish I FTP files to ...
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1answer
94 views

iOS VPN profiles - are the signing certificates global? Can this be a MITM exploit?

I have installed an app on iOS to connect to a well-known VPN service. The app requests installation of a profile onto iOS, which as far as I can see are a collection of 7 certificates - 5 of which ...
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1answer
79 views

BYOD - Confirming that Devices are Approved

We currently run a Cisco ASA 5510 and a RSA token to authenticate users to our network for VPN access. The company is trying to start BYOD but would like to make sure that the PC has been approved by ...
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1answer
116 views

BYOD - Looking for Secure means of Wiping Data Remotely

We are in the process of implementing a Bring Your Own Device policy to allow our many employees to use their personal laptops and desktops (Windows platform) to VPN into our company's network. These ...
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1answer
3k views

Setup of Kali Linux for reverse shell connections over the internet

I am running Kali Linux as a VM on my Windows machine which is NAT'd behind my company network, if I wish to pen test a website for a client and believe that a reverse shell is possible, what is a ...
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2answers
1k views

What order is best for nesting VPNs?

if anyone is available to give me advice on a VPN situation I'd appreciate it. So the story is, I have one Swedish VPN which I trust not to log, and which I've connected to with my real IP, and I've ...
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103 views

Bypassing Hotel Wifi authentication using VPN [on hold]

I'm currently in a hotel with pay per day WiFi, I have have logged into it a couple of times on my phone. I just turned on my VPN before logging in to the WiFi and it seems to have bypassed the hotel ...
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2answers
79 views

Would a VPN with changing configs do the same job as different VMs

I was reading this question. So my question: Would using a VPN and swapping out configuration files that change your IP address mask the same as using different VMs?
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179 views

Does using NAT-T for L2TP / IPsec VPN pose a realistic security risk?

I'm working on upgrading an old Windows RAS server that hosts PPTP VPN. I want to move to a L2TP/IPsec VPN. Due to the firewall appliance we use, the VPN server has to be behind a NAT. This means ...
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3answers
334 views

Telnet and vpn - protected or not

I am curious how safe I am if I use telnet through a VPN-tunnel to my webhotel? I thought that the information was encrypted between my computer to the vpn-providers default-gateway. But when it ...
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3answers
279 views

Does the principle of the CRIME & BEAST attack affect VPNs?

I was recently reading about the attacks on SSL/TLS that CRIME and BEAST were able to exploit by attacking the compression in the secure session. Upon reading this I remembered that OpenVPN has ...
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3answers
375 views

Can authentication in social networks through VPN defeat the purpose of the latter?

If a person uses VPN and authenticates herself to some social network through the VPN, doesn't she lose her anonymity for as long as the VPN session is used ? By losing her anonymity, I mean that her ...
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18k views

Browsec - VPN and anonymizer

According to Browsec's website this application can be used to Bypass firewalls. So in countries like Iran it seems a useful tool to bypass censorship and filtering. For start using this application ...
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2answers
89 views

Expose the source code repository externally or allow VPN access?

To allow third party consultants, offshore developers and contractors working on the code, we can expose our Git repository externally. Or we can grant VPN access to the external parties and limit ...
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4answers
118 views

Is there a way to make Tor network your full VPN?

Is there a way to use Tor network as your VPN, proxy or something alike? I have been gone to their website but I've seen just browser (Tor Browser), bridge, relay and exit. Is there way to tell ...
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2answers
152 views

How to create an anti-flood mechanism without leaving VPN's out?

I'm trying to protect my applications from some bots that are either malfunctioning or trying to take my sites down (lots of requests from the same IPs in the logs). Every time someone requests an ...
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253 views

OpenSSL, x509: what is the correct way to picture signing authorities?

For the purposes of creating a VPN, I can't find a logical explanation of OpenSSL's/x509 scheme. I'm royally confused about these three terms, Certificate Authorities Gateway certificates End-point ...
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5k views

OpenSSL, x509: what's the significance of CN (Common Name)?

With regard to these three items Certificate Authorities (CA) Gateway certificates End-point Certificates (client-cert) What is the significance of the Common Name CN with regard to the a VPN? ...
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1answer
47 views

Double/Chained VPN - Which IP will be vissible to the VPN providers?

I am currently using a company VPN and use Juniper Network Connect on OS X to connect to this network. I'm interested in using another VPN and set this up at my internet router at home, so all ...
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4answers
197 views

Intrusion detection architecture

I want to propose an architecture of intrusion detection on the schema shown below. Should I place one IDS in front of each server, or would one be sufficient for all the servers?
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4answers
10k views

Can my company access my computer via the VPN?

The job I have requires that we have computers at home, a few years ago they had everyone install a VPN on our home personal computers (the company did not provide us with these computer) how safe if ...
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1answer
815 views

What is a DNS leak?

I'm planning on getting a VPN service (probably Privateinternetaccess) and read that it is imperative to plug DNS leaks. The only information I found on google describing what these are is here and I ...
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2answers
297 views

In theory, can a restricted-use ToR network be created with “Verifiable Encryption”? How should I approach learning it?

I have mobile devices (low power, low bandwidth) need to act as a proxy for certain types of P2P encrypted data, such as voting, bitcoin payment, or other specific-purpose usage, and I want to make ...
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1answer
334 views

Why should I use easy-rsa when using OpenVPN?

Reading this guide on how to setup an OpenVPN server on a Raspberry Pi, I saw this line: 4) You don’t want anyone who finds your VPN server address to be able to connect. So next, we’re going to ...
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4answers
2k views

IPSec VPNs and symmetric keys

When dealing with IPSec based VPNs, I understand that there is a slight "problem" with symmetric key exchange. Obviously, you can't send the keys over the VPN, since they are used to guarantee the ...
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2answers
113 views

Foolproof way to hide your IP when browsing [closed]

is there a fool proof-ish way to hide your IP from websites you visit? I heard even if you use VPN, there can be 'leaks'? And one step more secure is Anonymizer or Tor? Can they have 'leaks', too? ...
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2answers
1k views

Squid proxy and VPN software

I have some questions about squid proxies, we set a squid proxy server to block certain web sites for users. and some users only can access one website that related to our work.but after install some ...
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1answer
5k views

Risks of Microsoft Remote Desktop access behind a secure VPN

This is mostly for my own education, but a scenario has came up at work that has me skeptical. I'd like for the security experts to tell me if this policy is overbearing or not. I remote into a VPN ...
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3answers
892 views

Filtering In Iran

Since many of you already know the Iranian government aggressively uses internet censorship to block sites such as facebook, flicker, bbc, etc. The Iranian people use various methods to bypass ...
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2answers
556 views

Test Android Secure Encrypted Traffic

For testing android traffic encryption I have configured a VPN client in my phone. What simple test I can perform in my home wifi network to verify that the traffic is really encrypted and secure?
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1answer
66 views

Is it particularly unsafe to use openvpn or pptp with only username/password authentication instead of certificates?

I use a vpn server (supporting pptp and openvpn) built in to my router at home to make a secure connection back to my home network. I currently use OpenVPN with certificate authentication, but since ...
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298 views

What are the advantages to using a VPN over secured/trusted wifi

It's often recommended that you should use a VPN when using unsecured or untrusted networks, such as open public wifi or secured wifi that you don't control. What are the advantages to using a VPN on ...
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1answer
138 views

L2TP/IPSec: Mutual authentication BEFORE user can access VPN

I came across a question You are the network administrator for your company. You have deployed Windows Server 2008 on all server computers in your company. You have deployed the Network ...
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2answers
153 views

How to protect iKvM, IPMI, KvM Interfaces from 0day and other exploits

In REF to http://threatpost.com/ipmi-protocol-bmc-vulnerabilities-expose-thousands-of-servers-to-attack and the hacks of several companies and web hosts have been hit and had their servers wiped from ...