a Virtual Private Network is a private network that is built upon a public network, typically using encryption for to secure the private communication.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
509 views

Can IPs be trusted inside a VPN?

Question I have several linux clients connected to an OpenVPN server. Each client is given a persistent IP based on their X509 Common Name. Can I trust these IPs ? Context I have Client1 and ...
5
votes
0answers
831 views

SSL vs IPsec what's the difference [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference in security between a VPN- and a SSL-connection? Which is more secure? And offer better access control?
4
votes
3answers
262 views

How can an outsider tap into communications between two physical sites?

When referring to 'Sites' - I am not talking about a website, but of a physical place where a company resides. Today, to secure communications between two sites - Let's say between an office in ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Could I delete .csr files when the key is signed by CA

I'm creating my own openvpn server. The Certificate authority is located on a separated host. There is two kind of clients: which that just send a .csr and to which i send the .crt as an answer and ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Are firewalls required if using a VPN [closed]

If you are using a VPN to transmit data from router to router, do you still need a firewall? I am using a VPN Server to encapsulate data from one cisco router to another. Do I need to have a firewall ...
4
votes
4answers
9k views

VPN tunnel inside other VPN tunnel

This question is kind of asked already but it was asked with different context: VPN tunnel in VPN tunnel Connect through two VPN clients ...
4
votes
2answers
9k views

OpenSSL, x509: what's the significance of CN (Common Name)?

With regard to these three items Certificate Authorities (CA) Gateway certificates End-point Certificates (client-cert) What is the significance of the Common Name CN with regard to the a VPN? ...
4
votes
3answers
383 views

The safest way to circumventing Iran's Internet censorship

We usually buy services like VPN, SOCKS, Kerio [Kerio Connect?]... to circumvent Iran's Internet censorship policy. Recently, one of the shops started selling [one of] Kerio's products, for which I do ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Pros/Cons to OpenVPN vs “VPN over OpenSSH”

What are the major differences between using OpenVPN and using VPN over OpenSSH? Does adding a virtual tunnel interface to a SSH connection offer the same benefits of OpenVPN? Can PuTTY be used on ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How does VPN encryption work?

I've been searching and searching, but I can't seem to find a good-enough technical explanation. From what I've gathered, there are two "things" able to secure VPNs: 1) Pre-Shared Key: This handles ...
4
votes
3answers
11k views

Understanding VPNs : How VPNs can be used for anonymization?

Previously, I asked the question Why is it difficult to catch “Anonymous” or “Lulzsec” (groups)? I understood every answer except the VPN thing. Its because I never knew what VPNs were. Any how that ...
4
votes
2answers
365 views

Is OpenVPN secure if both the certificate and private key, are publicly known?

My ISP is rubbish and the state of the internet in the UK seems to be heading to 1984. I've started looking at VPNs and stumbled on IPredator as a cheapy test. It gives you the option of OpenVPN and ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it a bad idea to use a domain name to access my VPN?

I'm using a VPN mainly as a way of limiting access to my servers as it has a static IP address. Is it bad practise to use a domain name to access my VPN? That is, is it fine to use vpn.example.com, ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is setting up my own VPN more secure than buying from third party vendors?

When Googling for the most trusted VPN provider (for keeping your anonymity), some users say that the best way to go is to just setup your own (e.g., OpenVPN) using a dedicated server. How is this ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

I'm being followed on the web. Explanations for mysterious behavior

Am I being stalked? I was recently doing some basic Python development scripting. Python has a nice feature where it can run a simple HTTP server that serves the contents of the local directory, on ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there anything else than DNS leaks that I should be aware of while using VPN?

Is there anything else than DNS-leaks that I should be aware of while using VPN that could potentially leak my real IP address?
4
votes
1answer
413 views

How do VPNs bypass ISP monitoring

How exactly do VPNs bypass monitoring of the requests and traffic? I get that the traffic is encrypted, but how do VPNs manage to hide the DNS requests before establishing an encrypted transfer? If a ...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

Is it a security risk for users not to logout of a website?

Is it a security risk to myself that I am not logging out of Twitter, Facebook, StackExchange, and a majority of the sites which I am using? Is there a chance for someone to hijack my session or cause ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

IPSec AH + ESP used together

When ESP and AH are used together (ESP transport, AH transport) on the same packet does ESP encrypt the AH's hash, or is the hash left in the clear? If the hash isn't encrypted, there are obviously ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

BYOD - Confirming that Devices are Approved

We currently run a Cisco ASA 5510 and a RSA token to authenticate users to our network for VPN access. The company is trying to start BYOD but would like to make sure that the PC has been approved by ...
4
votes
1answer
326 views

Does using NAT-T for L2TP / IPsec VPN pose a realistic security risk?

I'm working on upgrading an old Windows RAS server that hosts PPTP VPN. I want to move to a L2TP/IPsec VPN. Due to the firewall appliance we use, the VPN server has to be behind a NAT. This means ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What order is best for nesting VPNs?

if anyone is available to give me advice on a VPN situation I'd appreciate it. So the story is, I have one Swedish VPN which I trust not to log, and which I've connected to with my real IP, and I've ...
4
votes
1answer
40 views

Can my VPN provider see the name of my WiFi?

Can my VPN provider track the wireless network name, besides the IP? If I'm connecting from home to the VPN via my WiFi called "Whatever" - do they see that my WiFi is called that?
4
votes
3answers
565 views

Prevent location being exposed through VPN

I use the Astrill VPN service to access websites that my country has blocked. There is nothing sinister going on here. Sites like google and youtube have all been blocked. This VPN service offers ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Setup of Kali Linux for reverse shell connections over the internet

I am running Kali Linux as a VM on my Windows machine which is NAT'd behind my company network, if I wish to pen test a website for a client and believe that a reverse shell is possible, what is a ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

Privacy/Security with SSH Tunnels and QuickVPN

I currently use QuickVPN, however, it does not seem to route my web browsing traffic through a tunnel. Am I correct? It only opens up a tunnel for accessing windows shares and documents back at the ...
4
votes
0answers
649 views

How is it possible for threatmetrix to detect VPN? [duplicate]

Threatmetrix is a fraud prevention SaaS aimed at preventing fraud. Their company website states: ThreatMetrix is also uniquely able to uncover hackers and fraudsters trying to cover their true ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

L2TP/IPsec shared secret: Can it be public?

My university provides a VPN service to gain access to internal services to all members. They are apparently using an L2TP/IPsec solution by Cisco. I'm able to connect just fine, but I'm a bit ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How do a VPNs route SSL traffic and do they compromise security?

If my understanding of how VPNs operate is correct, all traffic between me and the Internet at-large is routed through the VPN's servers. So an attacker would only be able to see encrypted traffic ...
3
votes
5answers
610 views

Securing data transfer between public network and personal accounts

I would be traveling soon and I am looking for all kinds of ways to encrypt the data transfer (usernames, passwords, emails ...) between the new networks to which I will connect my Laptop, that is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I make it more difficult for a user to create multiple accounts?

I would like to know the best way to increase security on a website so that the a single user can't create multiple accounts. What all of a user can be traced? I'm thinking: IP address Mac address ...
3
votes
2answers
424 views

Would our company system be more secure using a VPN?

I'm currently building a back-office system for our company [for internal use] that will manage our customers, accounts etc (not interested in don't reinvent the wheel comments today, thank you!). I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
302 views

Is a VPN really secure at the VPN providers side? [closed]

Please forgive my basic ignorance regarding a VPN connection. As I understand it, a VPN connection encrypts all the data between my computer and the VPN provider. Thus preventing my ISP from seeing ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What utilities exist to brute force a username and password?

I'm trying to persuade management to purchase two factor authentication for securing VPN and terminal server access. I've made significant progress by demoing TSGrinder, but would like to list other ...
3
votes
3answers
839 views

Privacy and VPN - does employer's VPN still log activity when I am connected by wifi?

A company I work for wanted to use a VPN client called Junos Pulse to connect to their file server. I am on my personal computer, and connected to my personal wifi. I was not using their VPN for ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

Two VPNs — full anonymity?

Lets assume the following set-up: VPN A in e.g. Russia VPN B in e.g. Israel Both registered through a one-time email and payed via Bitcoin A brand-new notebook with a virtual machine VPN A is ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Does a VPN hide what URLs I visit?

It's clear that someone listening on a network could still find out what website I visit over HTTPS (as discussed here) but what about when surfing in a VPN? What exactly can the underlying network ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

IKEv2 vs OpenVPN

I want to ask you for information about the IKEv2 protocol for a VPN connection. I haven't found so much information on the web. I am interested especially regarding the usage on a mobile phone. Is it ...
3
votes
2answers
27k views

Browsec - VPN and anonymizer

According to Browsec's website this application can be used to Bypass firewalls. So in countries like Iran it seems a useful tool to bypass censorship and filtering. For start using this application ...
3
votes
4answers
337 views

Intrusion detection architecture

I want to propose an architecture of intrusion detection on the schema shown below. Should I place one IDS in front of each server, or would one be sufficient for all the servers?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What is a DNS leak?

I'm planning on getting a VPN service (probably Privateinternetaccess) and read that it is imperative to plug DNS leaks. The only information I found on google describing what these are is here and I ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

I'm using a Cisco ASA as a VPN endpoint. Where do the VPN clients get firewalled?

(Is this too application specific? It seems like a reasonable question that would be useful to other people...) So, I've got this ASA in front of a network that I didn't set up. It's been ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

Detection and monitoring of important events on OpenVPN server

If an attacker can establish a VPN connection to the company network and have access to internal resources (by getting various certificates and credentials used to authenticate to the VPN server), ...
3
votes
3answers
153 views

What do browser VPNs actually do?

Firstly, I am not sure if this is the correct forum to be asking this question so I apologise if not. What I would like to know is, what do VPN browser plug-ins (such as zenmate) actually do and how ...
3
votes
4answers
503 views

Is using Tor and VPN combination more secure?

I have been reading more about Tor and its risks to personal data leakage to the exit nodes in the chain. This last node can snatch encryption keys or log in information of websites I may have ...
3
votes
1answer
17k views

OpenVPN Tap vs Tun Mode [closed]

I would like to know practical difference between TAP and TUN mode when use with OpenVPN. When to use TAP and When to use TUN ? What types of traffic will pass with both mode ?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is chaining multiple VPNs a good way to reach anonymity on the internet?

I would like to chain a couple, say 6 or 7, VPNs together to create a sort of "super" encrypted lane on the internet. I'm not too concerned about speeds, all I want is privacy and anonymity. I've ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

IPsec: Is AH in tunnel mode secure?

I have a site-to-site IPsec VPN which was performing poorly (10 -20% upload/download speeds as a percentage of available WAN circuit bandwidth) when using ESP in tunnel mode with DES encryption and ...
3
votes
4answers
244 views

Is password + second factor more secure than public key auth now? (SSH)

I ask this question because, I think, we now can reasonably assume the following: NSA can break VPN and SSH: This is stated many times in the unclassified slides. Also, GCHQ has demonstrated (and ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the advantages to using a VPN over secured/trusted wifi

It's often recommended that you should use a VPN when using unsecured or untrusted networks, such as open public wifi or secured wifi that you don't control. What are the advantages to using a VPN on ...