a Virtual Private Network is a private network that is built upon a public network, typically using encryption for to secure the private communication.

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How does VPN (IPSec) work?

Let's assume both, my VPN client and VPN gateway has public and private keys. I encrypt my request with VPN gateway's public key. VPN gateway gets the request, decrypts it with private key. Then, VPN ...
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1answer
127 views

How does tunneling actually work?

I recently saw a question in which someone implied that tunneling could foil MITM even if it were implemented while an MITM was taking place. My understanding of tunneling is that it is only capable ...
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391 views

What order is best for nesting VPNs?

if anyone is available to give me advice on a VPN situation I'd appreciate it. So the story is, I have one Swedish VPN which I trust not to log, and which I've connected to with my real IP, and I've ...
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1answer
66 views

Remote network security option

I'm a bit confused with some different network security techniques. Say we want a secure communication with a particular mail server in a remote company network. Reading and sending mails should be ...
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1answer
561 views

IPSec AH + ESP used together

When ESP and AH are used together (ESP transport, AH transport) on the same packet does ESP encrypt the AH's hash, or is the hash left in the clear? If the hash isn't encrypted, there are obviously ...
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2answers
1k views

When connecting to internet through VPN what precautions should be taken?

I've read this similar question and it has some very good information. Can a site that has personal information about you be accessed by another site to determine who you are/where you are? For ...
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1answer
2k views

Is it secure to install RSA SecurID Software Tokens on the same computer that will be used to access the VPN?

My office switched from using the old hardware RSA SecurID key tokens to the RSA SecurID Software Tokens and most users have them installed on the same machines they use to access the VPN. I asked ...
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2answers
579 views

Low level attacks on WLAN/LAN connection while connected to VPN

Is it really secure to connect to a (well-secured) VPN server over an unencrypted WLAN connection (or maybe a hotel Ethernet)? I know, that there have been questions like this - but I'm not asking ...
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3answers
65 views

Can HTTPS or VPN connection be sniffed through UTM device?

Someone told me that if my device communicates with a server on Internet via VPN connection or HTTPS, all the contents that I have sent can be sniffed and decrypted by the UTM device (or more ...
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64 views

Duration of torrent activity and ISP tracking [closed]

The only reason I use BitTorrent is to download Linux distros, Open source apps and large documentation files. My ISP contacted me once and warned me: Ok, you aren't downloading anything illegal ...
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3answers
552 views

Does the VPN provider know my dedicated IP?

Is it ok for a VPN provider to ask a new costumer to send a log file in order to solve a login probelm? I trusted him and sent him a log file because he said that would be the best way to see why i am ...
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3answers
1k views

How can I use a VPN to protect my privacy

How should I configure a VPN in order to access blocked websites and to hide my identity? Usually I use SSH tunneling to protect my privacy and to escape censorship. I know nothing else about VPNs ...
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3answers
357 views

Client side scripts through proxies

If you're trying to hide your IP address using VPN/proxies can a website using client side scripting record your real ip? If yes is there any alternative to blocking all scripts as that breaks ...
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3answers
1k views

What utilities exist to brute force a username and password?

I'm trying to persuade management to purchase two factor authentication for securing VPN and terminal server access. I've made significant progress by demoing TSGrinder, but would like to list other ...
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4answers
2k views

Open VPN has DNS leak

Since using www.dnsleaktest.com I have found that any VPN service using Open VPN will leak my DNS through the tunnel. I have tried and tested several VPN providers, even those who say that they have ...
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2answers
158 views

OpenSSL, x509: what is the correct way to picture signing authorities?

For the purposes of creating a VPN, I can't find a logical explanation of OpenSSL's/x509 scheme. I'm royally confused about these three terms, Certificate Authorities Gateway certificates End-point ...
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3answers
1k views

HTTPS or HTTPS within VPN for WIFI security?

I read that HTTPS can be comprimised and is not as safe as you think. With a free VPN you have to put some trust in a free VPN server with your data, and surely your data from when it leaves the vpn ...
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1answer
155 views

Setting up a ram based VPN

Are there any ram based VPN solutions that have options to keep no logs? I've been looking to set up a portable linux distro, probably Debian, that I'd run from CD without any form of persistence. It ...
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2answers
2k views

OpenSSL, x509: what's the significance of CN (Common Name)?

With regard to these three items Certificate Authorities (CA) Gateway certificates End-point Certificates (client-cert) What is the significance of the Common Name CN with regard to the a VPN? ...
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3answers
77 views

Howto pass overly protective corporate firewall

My Corporate Network was always being monitored, but a few days ago they started to block and censor all HTTPS traffic. Recently IT guys forged certificates for all major HTTPS web sites and acts as a ...
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4answers
824 views

IPSec VPNs and symmetric keys

When dealing with IPSec based VPNs, I understand that there is a slight "problem" with symmetric key exchange. Obviously, you can't send the keys over the VPN, since they are used to guarantee the ...
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2answers
206 views

Securing a VPN connection

I'm new to this we want to install a new VPN connection that will be used to connect using Internet to some networks in the office the contractor want to use a" Cisco NAC Network Module or Cisco IPS ...
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1answer
2k views

TLS v1.0 best cipher for OpenVPN setup

I'm trying to setup OpenVPN with as much security as I can. I'm in the process of selecting a cipher for OpenVPN. Which is the safest one, tls-cipher DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA or tls-cipher AES256-SHA? I've ...
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1answer
378 views

Openvpn in front of proxy? [closed]

I have been reading books on OpenVPN, and there is one thing I don't understand yet. What happens when a person connects to OpenVPN, and their web browser is set to a Socks5 or HTTP/HTTPS proxy and ...
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1answer
744 views

OpenVPN through company proxy and surfing history

Been trying to find an answer to no avail. Probably I just don't understand the terminology... So if anyone may shed some light in plain English, that would be awesome. I connect to a paid VPN ...
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1answer
667 views

Can I used Google Authenticator with Radius and VMwareview

We're looking to add 2 factor and one of the options is google authenticator and I was wondering if we can attach that to a radius server attached to our VM infrastructure for remote access. All ...
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1answer
3k views

What are the risks of removing ISATAP from the default global block list?

The process of installing Microsofts pseudo VPN called Direct Access requires me to remove the ISATAP name from the default global block list by running this command: dnscmd /config ...
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2answers
132 views

Idea for hiding your mobile phones' location, and still be able to place and receive calls. Any suggestions?

The diagram below is a thought experiment that could provide a certain level of privacy to mobile (smart)phone users, beyond what they currently have. Some of it is purely theoretical, but it should ...
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1answer
484 views

What is the difference between an HTTPS traffic setup with Stunnel and a SSL-VPN

We have a scenario where we cannot connect to our stunnel server running on port 443 on our network, which only allows access to Internet via a proxy server. On the contrary, when we tried a SSL VPN ...
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1answer
436 views

What's most standard way to secure internet connections and protect privacy?

It's common knowledge that Wi-Fi, or other Internet connections, should be encrypted via a VPN to be secure, and to hide our real IP address from intermediary network observers. However, one can't ...
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3answers
707 views

Sniffing on VPN configuration

Our company wants to implement a service based on sniffing for security purposes, since we manage important information this requirement is imperative. The situation is as follows. Everyone in the ...
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3answers
27 views

Is there any point to connecting to a VPN server while on the local network?

I plan on installing a VPN server on one of my computers that is running Ubuntu for purposes of connecting to my local network while I am not at home. At home I also have a desktop computer (separate ...
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1answer
96 views

how to continuously caputre all my network traffic? [closed]

I've got a Linux desktop that will be a gateway between my private network and the open internet. I'd like it to capture and store all network traffic passing through it continuously, 24/7 (until the ...
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2answers
113 views

Is QuickVPN Secure

Does QuickVPN create a secure tunnel or how does it work to provide encryption and security? When I did a see my IP it was using the remote locations IP and not my office network's IP so does that ...
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1answer
2k views

Is it safe to use VPNbook or similar sites? [duplicate]

Sometimes I need to use Internet from cybercafes or restaurants. I'm concerned about the security when accessing critical sites such as my bank, Paypal or just my Facebook. Besides the typical ...
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1answer
137 views

Is it necessary to use PEAP for L2TP/IPsec?

This is a sister question of Is EAP-MSCHAP v2 secure?. Based on my understanding, IPsec should have authenticated the server (we're using PKI) and secured the rest of the protocols before the user ...
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5answers
252 views

Manual DNS change

If I manually change my DNS setting in the router or in Windows settings from the provider's one to, say, 8.8.4.4 by Google - will it mean that my ISP has no idea which sites I am going to? Maybe it ...
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1answer
344 views

Can p2p use be traced by targeting a known individual rather than an offending IP Address?

My understanding of most filesharing lawsuits initiated by copyright holders is as follows: The monitoring agency will connect to a torrent swarm and collect the ip addresses of people downloading ...
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1answer
129 views

Is there a router that acts as a VPN to get into the network but also sends traffic out through a VPN?

I have several servers that I want to lock down so they're only assessable from inside the network so I need a router that allows me to VPN in. On top of that I want certain ports(22,8022) from my ...
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1answer
1k views

Is there a difference between a VTI and a regular VPN tunneling process?

Is there a difference between a VTI (Virtual Tunnel Interface) and a regular VPN tunneling process? Or have I got the whole concept wrong?
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285 views

What security protocols provide point-to-point confidentiality?

Am I right in thinking that VPN doesn't protect until you're out onto the external network (assuming you're connecting from within an internal network)? Or does VPN provide confidentiality from the ...
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37 views

Does using NAT-T for L2TP / IPsec VPN pose a realistic security risk?

I'm working on upgrading an old Windows RAS server that hosts PPTP VPN. I want to move to a L2TP/IPsec VPN. Due to the firewall appliance we use, the VPN server has to be behind a NAT. This means ...
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46 views

How to securely delete an OpenVPN connection profile

I store my OpenVPN profile (keys) in an encrypted drive but I run OpenVPN inside an OS that is not encrypted. When I finish my OpenVPN session and disconnect, the connection profiles are still there ...
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1answer
147 views

What does a Remote Desktop Connection risk for both computers?

I recently had a malware issue called "mysearchdial" that installed itself into my home computer's browser because someone didn't pay attention to what they were installing. I RDP'd into my work ...
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1answer
130 views

VPN Client - Addtional Security Layer or a Useless Feature

I have a corporate web portal which is used for staff collaboration including a web-based mail interface connected to MySQL Database, corporate calendar, file storage, customer contacts data with ...
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58 views

Are VPNs using shared secret susceptible to trivial MITM attacks

I'm looking at a few VPN providers and many seem to offer L2TP VPN but they seem to share their shared secrets publicly on their website, for example : Goldenfrog ...
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46 views

What's The Easiest Way To Maintain Remote Users Access to a Webapp

Here is a real world case: A chain of high schools (several hundreds) has many websites (~ 3x number of Schools) that are content driven by users (the students). Every school maintains about 2-4 ...
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53 views

How did these websites see through the VPN tunnel? [duplicate]

I'm using privateineternetaccess to VPN my internet connection. Recently I've noticed some web sites appear to know my real location and IP address. The most alarming incident I've seem to have been ...
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2answers
167 views

How to uniquely identify / tag client devices to whitelist VPN access?

I'm just wondering if there is any way to uniquely identify or tag client devices like laptops and towers in order to whitelist them for vpn access. (Note: This is a thought-experiment at the moment, ...
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932 views

Best practices for operating a Bitcoin-Qt client regarding netwok privacy?

As privacy is part of security, I know there is a Bitcoin SE here but they couldn't answer my question so I hope it's appropriate to ask it here. I don't ask about how to secure my wallet on my ...