a Virtual Private Network is a private network that is built upon a public network, typically using encryption for to secure the private communication.

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Hide Docker Containers Behind VPN

I want to run all services within Docker containers (including RA and site-to-site VPN) such that all containers except the VPN are not exposed on the public IP, but are reachable on the VPN IP. This ...
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91 views

How to design a right VPN connection for an organisation (Interconnected MPLS link or Individual FW)

Thanks in advance for your advice We have to implement VPN connection for nearly 7 countries Option 1 : As we have private MPLS link to all 7 countries. It is been outsourced Third party. They ...
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1answer
135 views

iOS VPN profiles - are the signing certificates global? Can this be a MITM exploit?

I have installed an app on iOS to connect to a well-known VPN service. The app requests installation of a profile onto iOS, which as far as I can see are a collection of 7 certificates - 5 of which ...
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1k views

Is using VPN on a router more secure than using a dedicated VPN machine?

I was looking at the features of the Asus RT-N66U router and noticed the built-in VPN feature. I am currently running an OpenVPN server on an ESXi VM, but I was wondering: would using the VPN feature ...
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2answers
118 views

Would a VPN with changing configs do the same job as different VMs

I was reading this post: Can a website still detect my real MAC address even if I use different virtual machine each time I visit the website? So my question: Would using a VPN and swapping out ...
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132 views

BYOD - Looking for Secure means of Wiping Data Remotely

We are in the process of implementing a Bring Your Own Device policy to allow our many employees to use their personal laptops and desktops (Windows platform) to VPN into our company's network. These ...
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3k views

Setup of Kali Linux for reverse shell connections over the internet

I am running Kali Linux as a VM on my Windows machine which is NAT'd behind my company network, if I wish to pen test a website for a client and believe that a reverse shell is possible, what is a ...
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14 views

How do i know when IPSEC Phase 2 Has completed with Openswan?

When I bring up a connection using openswan I get the following output but I don't see any ESP traffic through ports 50, 500 or 4500. # ipsec auto --up globacom-vpn 104 "globacom-vpn" #44: ...
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How to make my traffic go out of one VPN into another? [duplicate]

This question has been asked before a number of times, but I seek a more in-depth answer: The objective is to mitigate the risk of being identified, by setting up chained VPN services so that the VPN ...
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1k views

Bypassing Hotel Wifi authentication using VPN [closed]

I'm currently in a hotel with pay per day WiFi, I have have logged into it a couple of times on my phone. I just turned on my VPN before logging in to the WiFi and it seems to have bypassed the hotel ...
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1answer
309 views

Is Two-way SSL sufficient for Multiple web servers communicating to each other?

I have a fixed number of web servers. Each web server represents a company and the users of the company talk to their assigned web server. I have this setup to decentralise the databases. So if one ...
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255 views

Some http requests are not send encrypted by vpn! Why?

I subscribed to a VPN service recently, and installed wireshark to take a look at the traffic sent from my computer. Practically all of it goes through UDP protocol, encrypted. But there are two HTTP ...
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64 views

What's The Easiest Way To Maintain Remote Users Access to a Webapp

Here is a real world case: A chain of high schools (several hundreds) has many websites (~ 3x number of Schools) that are content driven by users (the students). Every school maintains about 2-4 ...
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3answers
791 views

Telnet and vpn - protected or not

I am curious how safe I am if I use telnet through a VPN-tunnel to my webhotel? I thought that the information was encrypted between my computer to the vpn-providers default-gateway. But when it ...
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5answers
11k views

Open VPN has DNS leak

Since using www.dnsleaktest.com I have found that any VPN service using Open VPN will leak my DNS through the tunnel. I have tried and tested several VPN providers, even those who say that they have ...
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3answers
507 views

Can authentication in social networks through VPN defeat the purpose of the latter?

If a person uses VPN and authenticates herself to some social network through the VPN, doesn't she lose her anonymity for as long as the VPN session is used ? By losing her anonymity, I mean that her ...
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4answers
18k views

Can someone tell if you are using a VPN by your IP address?

I am wondering whether a website you are accessing can tell if you are using a VPN or not based on your IP address? I have done some Google research and it appears, that this is the case. However, I ...
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2answers
25k views

Browsec - VPN and anonymizer

According to Browsec's website this application can be used to Bypass firewalls. So in countries like Iran it seems a useful tool to bypass censorship and filtering. For start using this application ...
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2answers
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OpenSSL, x509: what's the significance of CN (Common Name)?

With regard to these three items Certificate Authorities (CA) Gateway certificates End-point Certificates (client-cert) What is the significance of the Common Name CN with regard to the a VPN? ...
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2answers
50 views

Risk to self-signed SSL certificate on OpenVPN server

I am building an OpenVPN server in AWS for my organization with a DNS record pointing it to vpn.myOrgnization.com. SIDE NOTE: We have recently migrated all of our SSL certificates over to the new ...
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2answers
672 views

Can an employer see cellular network traffic routed through company-owned device?

When on the road, I have a company issued iPad with Verizon service, my personal ipad (wifi only version), and my iPhone. If I turn on the hotspot on my company iPad, then connect my personal ...
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3answers
394 views

How to spoof my IP address to JavaScript and other security concerns

Many websites require JavaScript. However, enabling JS means that a website can run a JS snippet to retrieve the user's IP address (even if they are behind a proxy or VPN). So, how can I (the user) ...
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2answers
206 views

Expose the source code repository externally or allow VPN access?

To allow third party consultants, offshore developers and contractors working on the code, we can expose our Git repository externally. Or we can grant VPN access to the external parties and limit ...
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4answers
149 views

Is there a way to make Tor network your full VPN?

Is there a way to use Tor network as your VPN, proxy or something alike? I have been gone to their website but I've seen just browser (Tor Browser), bridge, relay and exit. Is there way to tell ...
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1answer
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Is PPTP VPN ever secure? Under DD-WRT? [duplicate]

PPTP is not an open, ratified standard the way that, for example, SSL/TLS is. (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security#TLS_1.2 and http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc5246/ ) The ...
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2answers
190 views

How to create an anti-flood mechanism without leaving VPN's out?

I'm trying to protect my applications from some bots that are either malfunctioning or trying to take my sites down (lots of requests from the same IPs in the logs). Every time someone requests an ...
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2answers
295 views

OpenSSL, x509: what is the correct way to picture signing authorities?

For the purposes of creating a VPN, I can't find a logical explanation of OpenSSL's/x509 scheme. I'm royally confused about these three terms, Certificate Authorities Gateway certificates End-point ...
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1answer
104 views

Double/Chained VPN - Which IP will be vissible to the VPN providers?

I am currently using a company VPN and use Juniper Network Connect on OS X to connect to this network. I'm interested in using another VPN and set this up at my internet router at home, so all ...
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4answers
276 views

Intrusion detection architecture

I want to propose an architecture of intrusion detection on the schema shown below. Should I place one IDS in front of each server, or would one be sufficient for all the servers?
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4answers
15k views

Can my company access my computer via the VPN?

The job I have requires that we have computers at home, a few years ago they had everyone install a VPN on our home personal computers (the company did not provide us with these computer) how safe if ...
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1answer
37 views

Why L2TP is required over IPSec

IPsec facilitates encryption and authentication with ESP. With tunnel mode, IPSec is also providing tunnelling. More importantly, one can use IPsec in tunnel mode, along with transport mode (i.e. ...
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1answer
163 views

Does a VPN Provider Know My MAC Address?

I know MAC is a layer 2 address, so it's only sent to the next router in the chain. Does a VPN provider get that information when I'm connected to their service? Is their router considered the next ...
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2answers
305 views

In theory, can a restricted-use ToR network be created with “Verifiable Encryption”? How should I approach learning it?

I have mobile devices (low power, low bandwidth) need to act as a proxy for certain types of P2P encrypted data, such as voting, bitcoin payment, or other specific-purpose usage, and I want to make ...
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1answer
2k views

Why should I use easy-rsa when using OpenVPN?

Reading this guide on how to setup an OpenVPN server on a Raspberry Pi, I saw this line: 4) You don’t want anyone who finds your VPN server address to be able to connect. So next, we’re going to ...
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1k views

Filtering In Iran

Since many of you already know the Iranian government aggressively uses internet censorship to block sites such as facebook, flicker, bbc, etc. The Iranian people use various methods to bypass ...
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4answers
2k views

IPSec VPNs and symmetric keys

When dealing with IPSec based VPNs, I understand that there is a slight "problem" with symmetric key exchange. Obviously, you can't send the keys over the VPN, since they are used to guarantee the ...
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1answer
64 views

How do VPN services in the US choose to comply with foreign law enforcement requests? [closed]

Imagine a user from Russia uses a VPN-service which obeys US jurisdiction. This user did violate Russian legislation and the violation is being investigated by Russian law enforcement. Let's assume ...
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1answer
481 views

IKEv2 vs OpenVPN

I want to ask you for information about the IKEv2 protocol for a VPN connection. I haven't found so much information on the web. I am interested especially regarding the usage on a mobile phone. Is it ...
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1answer
150 views

PPP over SSH - is this correct?

I see a lot of talk online about whipping up a VPN connection using PPP over SSH. This term confuses me, as SSH is an app tier protocol and PPP operates on the data-link layer. So, my question is: ...
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2answers
178 views

Foolproof way to hide your IP when browsing [closed]

is there a fool proof-ish way to hide your IP from websites you visit? I heard even if you use VPN, there can be 'leaks'? And one step more secure is Anonymizer or Tor? Can they have 'leaks', too? ...
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2answers
228 views

Is using an free and anonymous VPN service safe? [closed]

There are VPN services that are totally free and high speed vpn which makes me think, how can they offer such a service for free without ads nor donations? Is using this VPN safe? Regarding my ...
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2answers
294 views

What can my university see by installing a CA root certificate on my computer, even when I'm using a VPN?

To use the wifi at my university, you must install a CA root certificate by them. In my case, I am using a Mac computer with a VPN installed. I'm curious, what can they see me do on my computer by ...
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2answers
2k views

Squid proxy and VPN software

I have some questions about squid proxies, we set a squid proxy server to block certain web sites for users. and some users only can access one website that related to our work.but after install some ...
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1answer
753 views

Openvpn in front of proxy? [closed]

I have been reading books on OpenVPN, and there is one thing I don't understand yet. What happens when a person connects to OpenVPN, and their web browser is set to a Socks5 or HTTP/HTTPS proxy and ...
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1answer
5k views

Risks of Microsoft Remote Desktop access behind a secure VPN

This is mostly for my own education, but a scenario has came up at work that has me skeptical. I'd like for the security experts to tell me if this policy is overbearing or not. I remote into a VPN ...
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2answers
683 views

Test Android Secure Encrypted Traffic

For testing android traffic encryption I have configured a VPN client in my phone. What simple test I can perform in my home wifi network to verify that the traffic is really encrypted and secure?
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510 views

What security protocols provide point-to-point confidentiality?

Am I right in thinking that VPN doesn't protect until you're out onto the external network (assuming you're connecting from within an internal network)? Or does VPN provide confidentiality from the ...
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1answer
75 views

Can in a VPN LAN-to-LAN one site be completely isolated from the other?

In a VPN LAN-to-LAN setting, is it possible to isolate one site from the other? I know that we can use a firewall but that would obligate us to manage specific rules in the firewall. I would like to ...
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2answers
106 views

Public AP: How to reduce vulnerability window between Captive Portal and starting VPN?

I always use a VPN on my Mac when I access over public APs (such as coffee shop free WiFi) How much should I worry about the window of time where I am in the captive portal (the agreement screen) and ...
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1answer
214 views

Is it particularly unsafe to use openvpn or pptp with only username/password authentication instead of certificates?

I use a vpn server (supporting pptp and openvpn) built in to my router at home to make a secure connection back to my home network. I currently use OpenVPN with certificate authentication, but since ...