a Virtual Private Network is a private network that is built upon a public network, typically using encryption for to secure the private communication.

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L2TP/IPSec: Mutual authentication BEFORE user can access VPN

I came across a question You are the network administrator for your company. You have deployed Windows Server 2008 on all server computers in your company. You have deployed the Network ...
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If I connect to VPN through proxy, who can see what?

I try to understand what happens when I use an HTTP(S) proxy in my OpenVPN client configuration. What's the advantage of an HTTPS proxy over plain HTTP? In any case the encryption takes place on the ...
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Hiding and faking my location?

I read this: Reveal the True IP of a User I am using Hola Unblocker to hide my IP address. This appears to work when I go to netflix as the site treats me as a US resident (which I am not). This ...
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567 views

VPN Appliance Placement Options

I'm currently looking to implement a VPN solution (based on a Checkpoint Connectra) purely to provide remote access to staff (no site-to-site, or customer access), but the one design decision I can't ...
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217 views

Is WebRTC still enabled in Google Chrome Incognito/ FF Private mode?

WebRTC can leak your IP address, even though you are using a VPN, from what I learn here. My question is, if I am using Google Chrome Incognito/ FF Private mode along with VPN, am I protected ...
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210 views

Can First Hop Man in the Middle be Defeated with TOR or VPN?

I was reading this article about a certain in flight WiFi provider issuing fake SSL certificates for Google. This doesn't really surprise me all that much since I'm well aware of the concept of ...
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4k views

What are the practical risks of using IKE Aggressive mode with a pre-shared key?

Our scanning vendor is marking us down because we are using IKEv1 in Aggressive Mode with a pre-shared key. We are using Sonicwall's Global VPN Client to connect to the VPN device in question. I ...
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265 views

My Ipv6 is under attack by the smurf6?

When I go to whatsmyip.org under my host name I get "Your.Ipv6.Is.Under.Attack.By.The.Smurf6.Info". What does this mean? I'm using private internet access as my VPN so I'm guessing PIA is under some ...
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How can I detect if someone is using an ssh tunnel as a proxy to connect to a VPN?

I've got an SSH server setup in a remote location, which I use to tunnel traffic from an android tablet. On the tablet, I have the Cisco AnyConnect app to connect to my company's VPN. We want to be ...
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535 views

SSL VPN placement strategies

I wanted to know the advantages and disadvantages of placing an SSL VPN with respect to CIA in different locations: with firewall within the internal network within the DMZ Any reference also ...
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Does portforwarding present a risk to anonymity?

AirVPN by default has all ports closed but allows port-forwarding. I think this is required for P2P. Is this a threat to anonymity (e.g. would the person at the other end of the P2P transmission know ...
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Dedicated Server in Cloud Environment - SSL Remote Login vs Dedicated VPN

Thanks for taking your time to look into this question. Background I have my website hosted in a dedicated server in the cloud. The server is a Windows 2008 R2 machine. To publish I FTP files to ...
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91 views

Is DNS leak really an issue?

I'm reading about DNS leak and what threat it can pose to VPN users, for instance, this question. But generally, there's tons of similar topics on the internet. But what are people afraid of? I just ...
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4answers
163 views

How can a network be secured against attacks coming from the inside?

(updated to (hopefully) be less broad) No matter how well one secures a network there's always the chance of an attacker gaining access. In a shared home + home office network (eg. for a remote ...
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87 views

VPN Authentication and Network Administrators

Is it possible for a network admin (or attacker) to monitor traffic sent to a VPN server during authentication and end up being able to decrypt the data as if they were the legitimate user? I don't ...
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1k views

REST API communication between two Web Servers - VPN or https?

We have two servers that will be sharing data and communicate over a REST API: our main application server will communicate with the server of our client that is managing some assets. In short: Given ...
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94 views

How to design a right VPN connection for an organisation (Interconnected MPLS link or Individual FW)

Thanks in advance for your advice We have to implement VPN connection for nearly 7 countries Option 1 : As we have private MPLS link to all 7 countries. It is been outsourced Third party. They ...
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149 views

iOS VPN profiles - are the signing certificates global? Can this be a MITM exploit?

I have installed an app on iOS to connect to a well-known VPN service. The app requests installation of a profile onto iOS, which as far as I can see are a collection of 7 certificates - 5 of which ...
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2k views

Is using VPN on a router more secure than using a dedicated VPN machine?

I was looking at the features of the Asus RT-N66U router and noticed the built-in VPN feature. I am currently running an OpenVPN server on an ESXi VM, but I was wondering: would using the VPN feature ...
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142 views

BYOD - Looking for Secure means of Wiping Data Remotely

We are in the process of implementing a Bring Your Own Device policy to allow our many employees to use their personal laptops and desktops (Windows platform) to VPN into our company's network. These ...
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64 views

How do i know when IPSEC Phase 2 Has completed with Openswan?

When I bring up a connection using openswan I get the following output but I don't see any ESP traffic through ports 50, 500 or 4500. # ipsec auto --up globacom-vpn 104 "globacom-vpn" #44: ...
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How to make my traffic go out of one VPN into another? [duplicate]

This question has been asked before a number of times, but I seek a more in-depth answer: The objective is to mitigate the risk of being identified, by setting up chained VPN services so that the VPN ...
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Bypassing Hotel Wifi authentication using VPN [closed]

I'm currently in a hotel with pay per day WiFi, I have have logged into it a couple of times on my phone. I just turned on my VPN before logging in to the WiFi and it seems to have bypassed the hotel ...
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454 views

Is Two-way SSL sufficient for Multiple web servers communicating to each other?

I have a fixed number of web servers. Each web server represents a company and the users of the company talk to their assigned web server. I have this setup to decentralise the databases. So if one ...
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261 views

Some http requests are not send encrypted by vpn! Why?

I subscribed to a VPN service recently, and installed wireshark to take a look at the traffic sent from my computer. Practically all of it goes through UDP protocol, encrypted. But there are two HTTP ...
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What's The Easiest Way To Maintain Remote Users Access to a Webapp

Here is a real world case: A chain of high schools (several hundreds) has many websites (~ 3x number of Schools) that are content driven by users (the students). Every school maintains about 2-4 ...
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Telnet and vpn - protected or not

I am curious how safe I am if I use telnet through a VPN-tunnel to my webhotel? I thought that the information was encrypted between my computer to the vpn-providers default-gateway. But when it ...
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Open VPN has DNS leak

Since using www.dnsleaktest.com I have found that any VPN service using Open VPN will leak my DNS through the tunnel. I have tried and tested several VPN providers, even those who say that they have ...
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Can someone tell if you are using a VPN by your IP address?

I am wondering whether a website you are accessing can tell if you are using a VPN or not based on your IP address? I have done some Google research and it appears, that this is the case. However, I ...
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553 views

Can authentication in social networks through VPN defeat the purpose of the latter?

If a person uses VPN and authenticates herself to some social network through the VPN, doesn't she lose her anonymity for as long as the VPN session is used ? By losing her anonymity, I mean that her ...
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5k views

HTTPS or HTTPS within VPN for WIFI security?

I read that HTTPS can be comprimised and is not as safe as you think. With a free VPN you have to put some trust in a free VPN server with your data, and surely your data from when it leaves the vpn ...
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131 views

Risk to self-signed SSL certificate on OpenVPN server

I am building an OpenVPN server in AWS for my organization with a DNS record pointing it to vpn.myOrgnization.com. SIDE NOTE: We have recently migrated all of our SSL certificates over to the new ...
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Can an employer see cellular network traffic routed through company-owned device?

When on the road, I have a company issued iPad with Verizon service, my personal ipad (wifi only version), and my iPhone. If I turn on the hotspot on my company iPad, then connect my personal ...
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535 views

How to spoof my IP address to JavaScript and other security concerns

Many websites require JavaScript. However, enabling JS means that a website can run a JS snippet to retrieve the user's IP address (even if they are behind a proxy or VPN). So, how can I (the user) ...
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263 views

Expose the source code repository externally or allow VPN access?

To allow third party consultants, offshore developers and contractors working on the code, we can expose our Git repository externally. Or we can grant VPN access to the external parties and limit ...
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Why should I use easy-rsa when using OpenVPN?

Reading this guide on how to setup an OpenVPN server on a Raspberry Pi, I saw this line: 4) You don’t want anyone who finds your VPN server address to be able to connect. So next, we’re going to ...
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4answers
163 views

Is there a way to make Tor network your full VPN?

Is there a way to use Tor network as your VPN, proxy or something alike? I have been gone to their website but I've seen just browser (Tor Browser), bridge, relay and exit. Is there way to tell ...
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Is PPTP VPN ever secure? Under DD-WRT? [duplicate]

PPTP is not an open, ratified standard the way that, for example, SSL/TLS is. (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security#TLS_1.2 and http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc5246/ ) The ...
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199 views

How to create an anti-flood mechanism without leaving VPN's out?

I'm trying to protect my applications from some bots that are either malfunctioning or trying to take my sites down (lots of requests from the same IPs in the logs). Every time someone requests an ...
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2answers
316 views

OpenSSL, x509: what is the correct way to picture signing authorities?

For the purposes of creating a VPN, I can't find a logical explanation of OpenSSL's/x509 scheme. I'm royally confused about these three terms, Certificate Authorities Gateway certificates End-point ...
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1answer
130 views

Double/Chained VPN - Which IP will be vissible to the VPN providers?

I am currently using a company VPN and use Juniper Network Connect on OS X to connect to this network. I'm interested in using another VPN and set this up at my internet router at home, so all ...
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4answers
498 views

Help understanding VPN

I've been reading about VPNs lately, and I'm struggling to understand what they do and how they're essential components to upholding anonymity online. The basic idea I have is that a VPN allows two ...
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4answers
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Can my company access my computer via the VPN?

The job I have requires that we have computers at home, a few years ago they had everyone install a VPN on our home personal computers (the company did not provide us with these computer) how safe if ...
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2answers
63 views

Are there any benefits to using a semi-trusted network if a VPN is being used?

Let's say that I'm at Larry's Coffee Shop and they advertise that they have open WiFi. I open my laptop and find 2 open networks available, both called "Larry's Coffee". One of these is the authentic ...
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1answer
59 views

Why L2TP is required over IPSec

IPsec facilitates encryption and authentication with ESP. With tunnel mode, IPSec is also providing tunnelling. More importantly, one can use IPsec in tunnel mode, along with transport mode (i.e. ...
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170 views

Does a VPN Provider Know My MAC Address?

I know MAC is a layer 2 address, so it's only sent to the next router in the chain. Does a VPN provider get that information when I'm connected to their service? Is their router considered the next ...
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In theory, can a restricted-use ToR network be created with “Verifiable Encryption”? How should I approach learning it?

I have mobile devices (low power, low bandwidth) need to act as a proxy for certain types of P2P encrypted data, such as voting, bitcoin payment, or other specific-purpose usage, and I want to make ...
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1k views

How to hide real IP from browsers while using VPN?

You probably know that even when you use a VPN service, browsers like Chrome and Safari can still somehow provide your real location to Google Maps etc (if you give it a permission). My question is: ...
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Filtering In Iran

Since many of you already know the Iranian government aggressively uses internet censorship to block sites such as facebook, flicker, bbc, etc. The Iranian people use various methods to bypass ...
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IPSec VPNs and symmetric keys

When dealing with IPSec based VPNs, I understand that there is a slight "problem" with symmetric key exchange. Obviously, you can't send the keys over the VPN, since they are used to guarantee the ...