a Virtual Private Network is a private network that is built upon a public network, typically using encryption for to secure the private communication.

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IPSec VPNs and symmetric keys

When dealing with IPSec based VPNs, I understand that there is a slight "problem" with symmetric key exchange. Obviously, you can't send the keys over the VPN, since they are used to guarantee the ...
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76 views

PPP over SSH - is this correct?

I see a lot of talk online about whipping up a VPN connection using PPP over SSH. This term confuses me, as SSH is an app tier protocol and PPP operates on the data-link layer. So, my question is: ...
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134 views

Foolproof way to hide your IP when browsing [closed]

is there a fool proof-ish way to hide your IP from websites you visit? I heard even if you use VPN, there can be 'leaks'? And one step more secure is Anonymizer or Tor? Can they have 'leaks', too? ...
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1k views

Are VPNS vulnerable to active man in the middle attacks?

I know that with SSL/TLS, man in the middle attacks are not possible. For example if Alice and Bob are trying to communicate and Trudy is trying to perform a man in the middle attack, then when Alice ...
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Squid proxy and VPN software

I have some questions about squid proxies, we set a squid proxy server to block certain web sites for users. and some users only can access one website that related to our work.but after install some ...
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1answer
660 views

Openvpn in front of proxy? [closed]

I have been reading books on OpenVPN, and there is one thing I don't understand yet. What happens when a person connects to OpenVPN, and their web browser is set to a Socks5 or HTTP/HTTPS proxy and ...
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1answer
5k views

Risks of Microsoft Remote Desktop access behind a secure VPN

This is mostly for my own education, but a scenario has came up at work that has me skeptical. I'd like for the security experts to tell me if this policy is overbearing or not. I remote into a VPN ...
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932 views

Filtering In Iran

Since many of you already know the Iranian government aggressively uses internet censorship to block sites such as facebook, flicker, bbc, etc. The Iranian people use various methods to bypass ...
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597 views

Test Android Secure Encrypted Traffic

For testing android traffic encryption I have configured a VPN client in my phone. What simple test I can perform in my home wifi network to verify that the traffic is really encrypted and secure?
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445 views

What security protocols provide point-to-point confidentiality?

Am I right in thinking that VPN doesn't protect until you're out onto the external network (assuming you're connecting from within an internal network)? Or does VPN provide confidentiality from the ...
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1answer
114 views

Is it particularly unsafe to use openvpn or pptp with only username/password authentication instead of certificates?

I use a vpn server (supporting pptp and openvpn) built in to my router at home to make a secure connection back to my home network. I currently use OpenVPN with certificate authentication, but since ...
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2answers
567 views

What are the advantages to using a VPN over secured/trusted wifi

It's often recommended that you should use a VPN when using unsecured or untrusted networks, such as open public wifi or secured wifi that you don't control. What are the advantages to using a VPN on ...
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194 views

L2TP/IPSec: Mutual authentication BEFORE user can access VPN

I came across a question You are the network administrator for your company. You have deployed Windows Server 2008 on all server computers in your company. You have deployed the Network ...
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168 views

How to protect iKvM, IPMI, KvM Interfaces from 0day and other exploits

In REF to http://threatpost.com/ipmi-protocol-bmc-vulnerabilities-expose-thousands-of-servers-to-attack and the hacks of several companies and web hosts have been hit and had their servers wiped from ...
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2answers
278 views

How can I protect myself from the VPN operator when using a VPN to gain free access to the Internet?

I live in a country that the government blocks most ways of accessing to the uncensored Internet (like blocking VPN pptp, l2tp), Luckily there are some very fast services still available like Kerio ...
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3k views

When connecting to internet through VPN what precautions should be taken?

I've read this similar question and it has some very good information. Can a site that has personal information about you be accessed by another site to determine who you are/where you are? For ...
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3answers
435 views

Are intermediate signing certs the only secure+practical way to manage OpenVPN client certs?

My organization needs to issue (and revoke) OpenVPN client certificates for people working remotely. Our system is based on a standard OpenSSL CA setup and the easy-rsa tools, and the whole directory ...
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2answers
889 views

Ordering of shared Phase 1/ISAKMP VPN policies

The various Phase 1 settings of a VPN tunnel policy are fairly well-established (encryption, hashing, DH group, lifetime), but in what order are they considered applicable to a more-secure tunnel? I ...
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1answer
897 views

Analyzing wireshark results (openvpn)

I signed up to Mullvad for VPN service, and manually run OpenVPN from my Linux box. I rebooted my computer and make sure not to start any OpenVPN service. Yet when I did a Wireshark analysis I am ...
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2answers
1k views

ISP role with VPN & VPS?

I have notice online that many people get a VPN so that ISP can not view the sites you visit, create a profile of you and so on. Reading How safe is it to connect to Internet through VPN?, Jonah ...
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1answer
4k views

Is there a difference between a VTI and a regular VPN tunneling process?

Is there a difference between a VTI (Virtual Tunnel Interface) and a regular VPN tunneling process? Or have I got the whole concept wrong?
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1answer
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Understanding OpenWRT LuCI Firewall Routing with VPN

I'm still fairly new to networking, and I'm having a little trouble grasping some concepts of the proper firewall rules I need to implement for my desired setup. I'm setting up a router with OpenWRT ...
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190 views

How do people know that IP adress belongs to VPN?

It seems that many servers know that I use VPN. They either block me completely or make me answer CAPTCHA etc. I want to use VPN but seems that many hosts don't want their customers to use VPN. How ...
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118 views

Does having a VPN service mean accessing my email etc. over public free open WiFi mean I have security/privacy? [duplicate]

Is my information secure over public WiFi if I use a VPN service? i.e. protection of emails and login details.
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2answers
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How would an attacker know the Gateway IP's of 2 VPN endpoints?

My office has two Sonicwall Routers each at a different physical location and with two different ISPs. There is an SSL-VPN tunnel between the two. Today I noticed that the same Chinese IP address ...
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154 views

Is there any point to connecting to a VPN server while on the local network?

I plan on installing a VPN server on one of my computers that is running Ubuntu for purposes of connecting to my local network while I am not at home. At home I also have a desktop computer (separate ...
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1answer
331 views

PFS incentive during IKE Phase 2

I'm trying to see the actual point in implementing Perfect Forward Secrecy during Internet Key Exchange Phase 2, if it had already been used during Phase 1. Quoting the IKEv2 RFC: RFC 5596 ...
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How does VPN (IPSec) work?

Let's assume both, my VPN client and VPN gateway has public and private keys. I encrypt my request with VPN gateway's public key. VPN gateway gets the request, decrypts it with private key. Then, VPN ...
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446 views

Skype Audio / Video Session over VPN?

Basically I'm wondering if a Skype video session along with audio could be logged (or recorded) over a virtual private network? I know whoever hosts the VPN server can log which websites you visit (or ...
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1answer
204 views

How does tunneling actually work?

I recently saw a question in which someone implied that tunneling could foil MITM even if it were implemented while an MITM was taking place. My understanding of tunneling is that it is only capable ...
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1answer
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Remote network security option

I'm a bit confused with some different network security techniques. Say we want a secure communication with a particular mail server in a remote company network. Reading and sending mails should be ...
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1answer
1k views

IPSec AH + ESP used together

When ESP and AH are used together (ESP transport, AH transport) on the same packet does ESP encrypt the AH's hash, or is the hash left in the clear? If the hash isn't encrypted, there are obviously ...
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1answer
4k views

Is it secure to install RSA SecurID Software Tokens on the same computer that will be used to access the VPN?

My office switched from using the old hardware RSA SecurID key tokens to the RSA SecurID Software Tokens and most users have them installed on the same machines they use to access the VPN. I asked ...
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867 views

Low level attacks on WLAN/LAN connection while connected to VPN

Is it really secure to connect to a (well-secured) VPN server over an unencrypted WLAN connection (or maybe a hotel Ethernet)? I know, that there have been questions like this - but I'm not asking ...
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OpenVPN redirect-gateway def1 bypass-dhcp not working on 3G [closed]

Edit I followed @begueradj advice in comments and posted the question on ServerFault : http://serverfault.com/questions/709340/openvpn-redirect-gateway-not-working-on-3g-cellular Original Question ...
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72 views

Ways to prevent traffic injection by ISP [closed]

I live in a big brother country (Egypt, but valid to many other countries), which apparently bought Hacking team and fin fisher software since couple of years. After reading about the very-easy ways ...
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Does enabling VPN on our router increase the risk of our network being exposed to the outside network? [closed]

We are thinking about using VPN to connect our remote office and the main office and also support developers working from home. To do this, we are planning to purchase 2 CISCO (or similar) routers to ...
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1answer
151 views

Is Two-way SSL sufficient for Multiple web servers communicating to each other?

I have a fixed number of web servers. Each web server represents a company and the users of the company talk to their assigned web server. I have this setup to decentralise the databases. So if one ...
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2answers
66 views

Can a website detect which method you are using to connect (LL2P, SSTP and PPTP)

When you connect to a website using a VPN with the same IP however using a different type of connection each time (LL2P, SSTP and PPTP) can the website detect the difference between these connection. ...
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1answer
96 views

Non-profit on limited budgets looking for safety with VPN/TOR etc [closed]

First off, thank you ahead of time for your patience. We are a small non-profit with a 100% volunteer staff. We deal with children and some adults that suffer from Mitochondrial disease. So, I was ...
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How to design a right VPN connection for an organisation (Interconnected MPLS link or Individual FW)

Thanks in advance for your advice We have to implement VPN connection for nearly 7 countries Option 1 : As we have private MPLS link to all 7 countries. It is been outsourced Third party. They ...
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1answer
403 views

Firewall and Torrent

I use my university internet network and all incoming connection is blocked on every port.(they use netasq firewall) They have no other restrictions which stops me from using a torrent client. Using ...
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224 views

Some http requests are not send encrypted by vpn! Why?

I subscribed to a VPN service recently, and installed wireshark to take a look at the traffic sent from my computer. Practically all of it goes through UDP protocol, encrypted. But there are two HTTP ...
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101 views

Can HTTPS or VPN connection be sniffed through UTM device? [duplicate]

Someone told me that if my device communicates with a server on Internet via VPN connection or HTTPS, all the contents that I have sent can be sniffed and decrypted by the UTM device (or more ...
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1answer
899 views

What does a Remote Desktop Connection risk for both computers?

I recently had a malware issue called "mysearchdial" that installed itself into my home computer's browser because someone didn't pay attention to what they were installing. I RDP'd into my work ...
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0answers
144 views

Duration of torrent activity and ISP tracking [closed]

The only reason I use BitTorrent is to download Linux distros, Open source apps and large documentation files. My ISP contacted me once and warned me: Ok, you aren't downloading anything illegal ...
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635 views

Protecting yourself from a malicious VPN

I am connecting to a VPN server that has been compromised and is under the complete control of an attacker. The virtual network itself contains numerous attackers waiting for a new target. What ...
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156 views

Can websites tell whether that I am visiting them using the same device?

Assuming that I am browsing a website ( say: Amazon.com) using Private/Incognito mode, and I clear my cookies, and have VPN turn on. Will the website still be able to identify that my device has been ...
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How can I use a VPN to protect my privacy

How should I configure a VPN in order to access blocked websites and to hide my identity? Usually I use SSH tunneling to protect my privacy and to escape censorship. I know nothing else about VPNs ...
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14k views

Can someone tell if you are using a VPN by your IP address?

I am wondering whether a website you are accessing can tell if you are using a VPN or not based on your IP address? I have done some Google research and it appears, that this is the case. However, I ...