An application that is accessed over a network such as the Internet or an intranet using a browser.

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3
votes
3answers
4k views

How does a website owner decrypt ASP.NET's Viewstate, and cookies

I'd like to audit my viewstate for information I don't want to be sent down to the client. What are the steps needed to decrypt this information into human readable form? How would I decrypt the ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Best practice in web application security authentication to avoid bruteforce attack

I want to cover the possible cases of attacking. My application already has captcha and two-factor authentication, but how can I avoid a tiny attack without annoying my users? The possible cases that ...
90
votes
17answers
14k views

Does an established SSL connection mean a line is really secure?

From the view of somebody offering a web application, when somebody connects with SSL (https) to our service and submits the correct authentication data, is it safe to transmit all sensitive data over ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

ASP.NET MVC security check list

I am planning to start a new web site on ASP.NET MVC 2 (3). Does anybody a full (if possible) check list of actions, approaches I should reach to avoid almost problems with security?
21
votes
5answers
4k views

Should I use Suhosin for PHP?

Suhosin can be used to increase the security of your PHP application. I can really see the use of it when you are using shared hosts, with multiple (possibly evil) people running their PHP apps there. ...
8
votes
6answers
33k views

Playing with Referrer Header

There are 2 sites: http://www.site1.com http://www.site2.com http://www.site1.com contains link to http://www.site2.com as <a href="http://www.site2.com/">link<a/> When user clicks ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

How to safely decrypt user data in scheduled script

I have a web application with a lot of stored db data, some of which is encrypted. The data is encrypted with a surrogate key, which itself is encrypted with a hash of a user password. Upon request ...
24
votes
5answers
4k views

Security of an initial redirection from http://example.com to https://example.com

Suppose that http://example.com/<foo> systematically redirects to https://example.com/<foo>. I enter http://example.com in my browser's URL bar, and I see a page load and the URL bar now ...
5
votes
4answers
765 views

XSS for stealing cookies … not anymore?

The other day I found a XSS vulnerability in a website that a friend told me to Pentest. It was a page from a school that he's managing, so the important thing here is the login credentials == ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Practices for storing username/password in Web applications

I have read the following question: Storing password in Java application but I don't find the answers useful for my case. So here is my question somehow related to that. I have a Java Web application ...
7
votes
4answers
9k views

Testing clean urls with sqlmap

Is it possible to test for SQL injection vulnerabilities with using sqlmap with a url that is using mod rewrite (or something like it) to make the urls clean? I know how to test my sites that have ...
33
votes
8answers
3k views

Dealing with excessive “Carding” attempts

We are currently setup using Magento on a LAMP stack for our e-commerce platform. As of a month or two ago we began noticing a lot of carding attempts against our website. All attempted transactions ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

What to do when one's server is being scanned very agressively

I can see that my application, which is on several virtual instances, is being scanned; I guess the attackers are in "recon mode." What I know: I understand that we can block dirbuster, and other ...
18
votes
3answers
32k views

How to ensure that cookies are always sent via SSL when using ASP.NET on IIS 7.5?

Firesheep has brought the issue of insecure cookie exchanges to the forefront. How can you ensure that all cookie exchanges are forced to occur only via an SSL-secured connection to the server when ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Checksum Calculation for Source Code tar balls downloads

Http sites like OpenSSL provide checksum for each source code tarball available for download HTTPS sites like GitHub usually do not provide checksum with 'download zip' option. Some sites although ...
43
votes
2answers
7k views

Is this an attempted SQL injection?

Looking through error logs I found lots of requests to a web-app where the URL contains: ...
9
votes
2answers
588 views

Is allowing unfiltered curl request from a website a vulnerability?

Recently I was on a website which provided some non-sense feature: Enter a URL Press enter HTML source of a given URL is displayed It basically fetched a URL and just dumped the contents of it. ...
7
votes
3answers
293 views

Same Origin Policy - XHR response

I know that Same Origin Policy (SOP) prevents a page/script from one origin to read response from another origin, but it does not prevents the page/script from making a XMLHttpRequest (XHR) request to ...
61
votes
12answers
12k views

What to do about websites that store plain text passwords

I recently received an email from a popular graduate job web site (prospects.ac.uk) that I haven't used in a while suggesting I use a new feature. It contained both my username and password in plain ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

What measures must be taken to securely authenticate from web traffic to a WebSocket connection?

Obviously TLS is a must for any and all secure authentication. Please turn your paranoia settings up to 11 for this. Background: (In case people are unfamiliar with the WebSocket (WS) protocol and ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Persistent XSS in Blogger domain

I have discovered persistent XSS in blogger domain. I have reported vulnerability to Google Security Team and I received this is the response: Users are permitted to place arbitrary JavaScript, ...
1
vote
2answers
660 views

Centralized local hosted web based password manager

In our company we have more than 100 employers and everyone use several online applications daily. To access all of this sites they need a password which was now stored very insecurely. so I'm ...
-3
votes
3answers
81 views

What security problems are there with enabling directory listing on my webserver? [duplicate]

I want to to ensure that every file on my webserver is secured. The problems I am having right now: If you go to my website, and enter a url like mywebsite.com/img/ if there is no index page in ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

What security practices should I keep in mind during development? [closed]

I am beginning to develop apps for Android and iOS that make API calls to a PHP web application that I will be developing. Users will be required to sign up with a username, password, and (optional) ...
5
votes
2answers
724 views

Why are CSRF tokens used so often?

CSRF tokens are used a lot. The server sets a token in cookie for that domain that either (1) include in the HTML form or (2) Javascript can read and include in the request. The server verifies the ...
0
votes
4answers
488 views

How to secure my captcha application?

Hello information security stack exchange! I made a captcha application in PHP. It's certainly not a great idea to do so, but I was bored and I wanted to learn about Bézier curves and Bresenham line ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Ads appearing in our application when they should not be

I received a strange issue reported by one of my web application users. Apparently they are getting "ads" within the browser window when using my application. I didn't add advertisements at all. It's ...
2
votes
1answer
315 views

Google Analytics use of JSONP, what are the security risks?

These days Google Analytics uses a JSONP request to load ga.js into user's web pages via a callback function. According to the Wikipedia, JSONP can "inject any content into a website." What exactly ...
2
votes
1answer
273 views

Using RSA for Web Application Authentication

I have a network that is only accessible through bastion servers over ssh. In it, I am developing web applications that are exposed to end users via GUI's served up over websockets. All traffic into ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How to Develop Waf as Service [closed]

Recently, I've started a my educational project WAF as service. To develop this project as per my view, following things are required: Web Application Firewall is in-line with the web servers; it ...
0
votes
3answers
815 views

What is the most secure way to save user authentication: Cookies or Session Variable?

I'm developing a web application that is basically for all our employees. Right now we have 3500 employees and all of them will access this web application. All of them will use really confidential ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How to migrate users? (Changing the login system)

Let's say that you are about to change your log in system and you have a few millions of users that you want to switch to the new system. Specification Old System Username : email address Password ...
0
votes
3answers
457 views

What are the different payloads used for XSS vulnerability? [closed]

I am new to information security field. I am searching for XSS vulnerabilities. In XSS mostly they use <script>alert('XSS')</script> payload for attacking a websites. In the case of ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it safer to design websites and servers with HTML5 rather than flash?

I run a small business, designing and building websites. Currently our websites we build use Adobe Flash. We are thinking about migrating to HTML 5, are there any security advantages in doing such a ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Server based pdf signing using etoken from a client browser

I have a requirement where a PDF document is generated on the application server in a web based .Net application and the same is digitally signed and mailed to the recepient. The signing and mail ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

authentication model using oAuth

I am planning to use facebook authentication for my website window.fbAsyncInit = function() { FB.init({ appId: 'APPID', cookie : true, xfbml : true, version : ...
-2
votes
2answers
63 views

Exploiting SQL injection union base [closed]

A PHP website ends with php?id=1 and when I place a tic it prints this error: Warning: mysql_fetch_array(): supplied argument is not a valid MySQL result resource in ...
12
votes
5answers
6k views

What is a DoS Attack and how does it differ from a DDoS attack?

Can some one explain to me the concept of Dos Attacks for web applications ? Also what is the distinction between Dos and Distributed Dos ( ie DDos) attacks ? Wikipedia says : In computing, a ...
2
votes
2answers
399 views

What do I do if I find XSS on my website?

I found reflected XSS on my website. And its fixed now. There are a lot of websites which tell how a XSS can be detected or what can be compromised but I could not find what measures should be taken ...
20
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is it insecure to store the session ID in a cookie directly?

I am learning about session middleware. You have to supply a secret or the middleware complains: app.use(session({ secret: "abc", resave: false, saveUninitialized: false, store: new ...
6
votes
1answer
613 views

Preventing CSRF attacks against WebSocket communications

I have read the thread about CSRF attacks in websockets (Do websocket-powered web apps (e.g. "comet" apps) have to worry about CSRF?) and also some more material regarding websocket ...
5
votes
3answers
356 views

Session vs Cookie Authentication

Here what I means by the two : Session Authentication : Stored "Is authenticated" state in a session variable. Cookie Authentication : Stored "Is authenticated" state in a cookie protected from ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Different SSL/TLS certificates for subdomains

I have HSTS enabled on several domains that I host/maintain, and I'm using free verified certificates from a provider that only allows encryption of the root and one subdomain on the certificate. They ...
7
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the danger of Reflected Cross Site Scripting?

What is the danger of Reflected Cross Site Scripting? I understand the Reflected XSS is dangerous, because it's possible. But what practical attacks can be performed using Reflected XSS?
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Potential security issues in a two-part upload process

I use a pre-signed URL approach for uploading files to a private S3 bucket. A CloudFront distribution is configured to use this bucket as the source. The upload process is only available to ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Comparing Oauth and JWT auth in my web application

I have created an e-commerce website which has a REST API on the server side and Angular on the client side. I am considering to use OAuth to secure my API, but it seems to overkill because I have no ...
4
votes
2answers
363 views

Pawn in a nefarious porn marketing campaign?

About a month ago we upgraded (maybe not the right term) our site to WordPress. In that time we went from about 3800 inbound links (according to Google WebMaster) to about 5000. We exported our list ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to verify SSL cerficate If restored session after session broken?

For example: User accessed to my web through SSL wih MYCERT. Suddenly hacker break this session, set proxy between user and my web . User connected again over restored session through HACKERCERT. How ...
2
votes
3answers
211 views

Email confirmation techniques in major sites

The way I understood traditionally for email confirmations to work is the user registers to the site with their email and then to login they must verify their email. If they have not verified ...
10
votes
4answers
390 views

What are the drawbacks of login request throttling?

In a web application, one way to protect against password guessing attacks is to lock out accounts after a set number of failed logins. This could be done on both source IP address and username. For ...