A web browser is an application which uses http and related protocols to retrieve HTML and XML data from servers. As the web has become a critical source of information and communication, web browsers have become a critical component in information request, transfer, and management.

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1answer
190 views

How to check whether a link is safe or not? [closed]

I've been working on a task to find threats in a social network called Skyrock. For which, I've managed to retrieve a significant amount of URLs by crawling various user profiles and parsing the data ...
1
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1answer
147 views

Closed Internet Explorer inprivate trace

Suppose that a user uses inprivate mode in Internet Explorer and browsed something. Now, an administrator wants to search the user's activity in Internet Explorer using the user's PC without having ...
71
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5answers
2k views

How can I protect myself from this kind of clipboard abuse?

Clipboard abuse from websites Many websites use JavaScript or CSS to stealthily insert or replace text in the user's clipboard whenever they copy information from the page. As far as I know this is ...
25
votes
5answers
2k views

IMG tag vulnerability

Is it safe to display images from arbitrary domains? I.e. let's say I have an image on my page: <img src="http://badguy.com/image.gif" /> What if image.gif will return some js attack vector, ...
22
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9answers
4k views

Is encryption in HTTPS done by the browser or by the system?

This may be a common sense question, but I am not able to find any documentation on this after searching on google for a long time When browser makes a HTTPs request, does it encrypt the data then ...
28
votes
4answers
25k views

Why is passing the session id as url parameter insecure?

I recently followed a discussion, where one person was stating that passing the session id as url parameter is insecure and that cookies should be used instead. The other person said the opposite and ...
41
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12answers
6k views

Why should I care if a site uses encryption or not if I'm not exchanging any sensitive data? [duplicate]

Lots of sites these days, that don't deal with sensitive data, enable encryption. I think it's mostly to make (paranoid?) users feel safer. In cases where there is a user's account being logged in, ...
15
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5answers
5k views

Preventing information disclosure from browser back button/history?

I have sensitive data that will be hosted on a website, and I would like to prevent the data from being exposed in this scenario: The primary user logs off the application, but does not close the ...
22
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6answers
4k views

How can I prevent tracking by ETAGs?

An ETAG is a HTTP header that is sent-behind-the-scenes between a web browser and an web server. This value is intended to control how long a particular file is cached on the client side. There is ...
35
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8answers
2k views

Is the Web browser status bar always trustable?

If I bring the mouse pointer to a link, but not click on it, I can see in the left/bottom corner that it displays the URL of it. Q: Could this URL (in the left/bottom) be different from the one that ...
12
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3answers
425 views

Is it inconsistent to tell users to “not click on password links in email”, and requiring clicks on “forgot password” links?

On one hand, IT Security shops have been telling users to not click on links in email because they can do damage to your computer, or phish your personal information. Many of those issues are ...
16
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4answers
2k views

Why does Facebook serve several SSL certificates?

Facebook seems to be alternately serving two SSL certificates, one from DigiCert and one from VeriSign. There are only two reasons for this that I can think of: They're in the middle of a ...
12
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4answers
10k views

Remove RC4 from SSL/TLS ciphers in Chromium

Recently I started to live without RC4 within my Firefox session. Discussion about it can be found here. While it is quite easy in Firefox (Enter about:config and then rc4), I found no possibility to ...
11
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2answers
408 views

What should I look for when auditing a Firefox extension / plugin?

I've been asked to do a security audit on a Firefox add-on developed by a third party. I am a web developer with a reasonable grasp of JavaScript but am not a browser security expert. What kinds of ...
8
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5answers
1k views

Websites that interactively test browser security (XSS, CSRF, Javascript, etc)

I'm looking for a comprehensive list of browser test sites so that I can visually prove that the browser is patched and configured for safe web browsing. My intent is to know what risks may exist ...
6
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4answers
17k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
30
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4answers
9k views

Can web sites detect whether you are using private browsing mode?

Most modern browsers support "private browsing mode" (also known in Chrome as "Incognito mode"), where the browser does not save any information to disk about your browsing while in this mode. In ...
7
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3answers
2k views

SQL Injection How to inject Clean/Rest URLS

I have a question I'm hoping you could help me with? Unclean url's: http://example.com/index.php?page=foo http://example.com/products?category=2&pid=25 ...
31
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9answers
4k views

Why is it a security problem not to update one's browser?

Is it in general a security problem not to update your browser. Firefox constantly prompts me to update my browser, but how dangerous is it to not update? As part of this question, I would like to ...
22
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1answer
2k views

Why would the BBC web site always ask for a personal certificate, and how do I avoid giving it away?

After installing a CAcert personal certificate, every time I land on the BBC weather site it asks me to identify myself with a certificate. Why would any non-malicious web site do that unless I've ...
7
votes
2answers
38k views

How to determine if a browser is using an SSL or TLS connection?

I want to know whether my browser is using SSL or TLS connection if I see HTTPS. I want to know for IE, Firefox, Chrome and Safari. I want to know the protocol version.
5
votes
4answers
597 views

What is a good browser for web application pen testing? [closed]

I am getting started in testing web applications, and I am having trouble verifying vulnerabilities. It seems all modern browsers have protections against things like XSS. When something like Burp ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Does Java applets reveal the real IP address, even when using proxy or vpn?

Can a Java applet reveal the original client IP address, when browsing through a proxy or a VPN? Why?
11
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6answers
494 views

Can a website determine what OS or webbrowser a visitor is using if the useragent is blanked/changed?

Assume that a visitor to a website has changed his useragent to something like the following, but he's using linux: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; rv:20.0) Gecko/20121202 Firefox/20.0 Assume that the ...
11
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6answers
6k views

Why are iframes allowed at all in modern browsers?

I read a number of IT security blogs (though I'm no security expert), and it seems a significant percentage of exploits in the wild are delivered through adding malicious iframes to a hacked website, ...
6
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3answers
286 views

How safe are copies of Firefox that are on various Mozilla mirror sites?

If I end up downloading a .dmg or .exe (depending on OS) installer from some mirror site, how can I be sure that a virus or trojan or spyware has not been added? I don't see any mechanism for ...
4
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3answers
10k views

Can a website still detect my real MAC address even if I use different virtual machine each time I visit the website?

Suppose I use a proxy and a different virtual machine each time I visit a particular website, will a website still be able to detect my MAC address and/or uniquely identify me? Assume that the website ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Browser hijacked - how to fix and prevent?

For the second time in a month, my work PC has been infected with malware that is hijacking my Google search results in Firefox. A search for the URL hijacked searches end up at turns up nothing on ...
1
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3answers
2k views

Do client certificates provide protection against MITM?

I'm looking for a way to protect clients from a MITM attack without using a VPN, and ToR. My thought is that client certificates might do the job, but I'm not entirely sure since not too much server ...
10
votes
5answers
8k views

Benefits of identifying clients based upon the “X-Forwarded-For” or similar HTTP header in addition to Client IP

The X-Forwarded-For header is used by some HTTP proxies to identify the IP address of the client. The wiki page (linked above) mentions that ISPs may use this header as well. In addition there are a ...
9
votes
2answers
504 views

User-specific Subdomains : JavaScript security

If I provide a public-facing website for users on my website at their own subdomain (e.g. bob.myapp.com) under their own control, can I allow them to execute arbitrary JavaScript without putting my ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Does Google Chrome protect against cross site scripting (XSS)?

In Firefox I've been using the NoScript extension to protect myself from certain kinds of malware attacks. NoScript is well known as a very powerful extension for Firefox and introduced protection ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Any browser that supports script-nonce?

I was trying to include script-nonce on my html file, but seems like none of the current browsers support it. Is anyone aware of any version of any browser that supports this functionality? I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
402 views

How do I check the code of a Chrome extension to make sure it's not stealing my info?

I've been reading more and more about just how much access browser extensions can have to your data. This is a little unsettling, so I'm curious if there is a way to Vet these extensions and make sure ...
6
votes
2answers
528 views

Firefox Add-ons not using HTTPS? Security bug. (?)

If I add a rule in Privoxy: echo '{ +redirect{s@http://@https://@} } .mozilla.org' >> /etc/privoxy/user.action then I can't install Firefox Add-ons. Why? I though the Firefox Add-ons ...
6
votes
4answers
444 views

What abuses can an infected webpage do to me if I'm using Chrome and Flash is disabled

as a follow-up to this question Can you get virus just by visiting a website in chrome., I've read these pages: http://www.straightsectalk.com/?p=47 ...
5
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2answers
574 views

Workarounds for :visited CSS History reconnaissance

Several years ago it was possible to use a:visited { background: url('/log.php'); } to figure out on what website user has been previously. But now it is restricted by browsers. Is there any ...
5
votes
4answers
11k views

Security issues using iframes

We are looking to move to iframes due to technical challenges. By moving to iframes it will be easier to manage the technical issues. But we are not totally sure of security implications of iframes. ...
5
votes
3answers
495 views

Are there security (esp. privacy) benefits to deleting cookies?

As the title says, I'm wondering if there are any security/privacy benefits to managing cookies - that is, managing by deleting cookies you don't want or need. I deleted all my cookies about a week ...
4
votes
1answer
324 views

Do iframes maintain the security of the nested website?

I am planning to add iframes to my webpage to sites such as www.dropbox.com and was wondering if the security of the site would be impaired if i did this. As in, could peoples account be hacked if ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is online banking more secure on iOS than a desktop computer?

Does Apple's iOS provide a more secure environment for online commerce (banking or shopping) than Windows or Mac OS X? Since the only software that can run on iOS must be vetted by Apple, the ...
4
votes
2answers
192 views

Is using a “Red” and a “Green” browser to balance LOB requirements and security a good approach?

I currently work in a manufacturing company with round about 5000 computers and 6000 employees. We use a lot of web based line of business applications (all internal, non over the Internet) in order ...
3
votes
1answer
331 views

Can a site I browse in private browsing mode tell if I visited it in regular mode before?

I've noticed when updating a blog, that sometimes refreshing the page won't actually fetch it again, because it is still in the cache. Now, even when I open it in incognito in that same browser(say ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

How can I use certificates to secure my webservices? What is available to javascript?

I have a few web services that are accessed over public wifi connections and I think it would be a good idea to issue certificates to encrypt data, prevent MITM, and invalid impersonation (beyond what ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Do most browsers handle mixed encrypted and unencrypted content correctly?

In Google Chrome, when I go to an encrypted page that contains unencrypted content, I get the following pop-down, which allows me to either load or not load the insecure content, making a clear ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

How can I assess the trust worthiness of a browser add-on?

Having learned a bit more about what add-ons/extensions can do in Firefox, I want to minimize my risk and use some safer mechanism to download videos (FLV in particular) for later viewing. ...
2
votes
1answer
539 views

Different SSL states as seen by Safari, Chrome and Firefox

Today, I visited some sites of the German DHL group. While Chrome and Safari complain about an invalid certificate of Firefox accepts it. Which one is right, which one is wrong? Which decision ...
2
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5answers
1k views

Does the padlock on my browser really indicate a reasonable assurance against eavesdropping?

I know that there have been broken or weak SSL implementations. Do browsers actually have decent standards for what they'll accept and display "the padlock"? Furthermore, are there any practical ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Secure SSL Session from losing itself into unsecure http

I've seen some implementations of HTTPS SSL and, as a visitor, forced to rely to a lot of those. What would a secure implementation look like and where can one expect problems? I expect the installer ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Why doesn't the client's web browser need to be PCI compliant?

A hypothetical online store that accepts credit card payment will have to be PCI compliant because it receives (transmit), process and possibly store credit card numbers. But the client's web browser ...