A web browser is an application which uses http and related protocols to retrieve HTML and XML data from servers. As the web has become a critical source of information and communication, web browsers have become a critical component in information request, transfer, and management.

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25
votes
4answers
21k views

Why is passing the session id as url parameter insecure?

I recently followed a discussion, where one person was stating that passing the session id as url parameter is insecure and that cookies should be used instead. The other person said the opposite and ...
41
votes
12answers
6k views

Why should I care if a site uses encryption or not if I'm not exchanging any sensitive data? [duplicate]

Lots of sites these days, that don't deal with sensitive data, enable encryption. I think it's mostly to make (paranoid?) users feel safer. In cases where there is a user's account being logged in, ...
15
votes
5answers
4k views

Preventing information disclosure from browser back button/history?

I have sensitive data that will be hosted on a website, and I would like to prevent the data from being exposed in this scenario: The primary user logs off the application, but does not close the ...
20
votes
6answers
4k views

How can I prevent tracking by ETAGs?

An ETAG is a HTTP header that is sent-behind-the-scenes between a web browser and an web server. This value is intended to control how long a particular file is cached on the client side. There is ...
30
votes
8answers
1k views

Is the Web browser status bar always trustable?

If I bring the mouse pointer to a link, but not click on it, I can see in the left/bottom corner that it displays the URL of it. Q: Could this URL (in the left/bottom) be different from the one that ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

NoScript: How to determine which sites/scripts to whitelist?

NoScript is a great plug-in, both for security and for ad blocking. However, I've found it's not always easy to figure out what scripts need to be permitted on certain pages, to be able to use the ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does Facebook serve several SSL certificates?

Facebook seems to be alternately serving two SSL certificates, one from DigiCert and one from VeriSign. There are only two reasons for this that I can think of: They're in the middle of a ...
11
votes
2answers
381 views

What should I look for when auditing a Firefox extension / plugin?

I've been asked to do a security audit on a Firefox add-on developed by a third party. I am a web developer with a reasonable grasp of JavaScript but am not a browser security expert. What kinds of ...
11
votes
3answers
382 views

Is it inconsistent to tell users to “not click on password links in email”, and requiring clicks on “forgot password” links?

On one hand, IT Security shops have been telling users to not click on links in email because they can do damage to your computer, or phish your personal information. Many of those issues are ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Websites that interactively test browser security (XSS, CSRF, Javascript, etc)

I'm looking for a comprehensive list of browser test sites so that I can visually prove that the browser is patched and configured for safe web browsing. My intent is to know what risks may exist ...
6
votes
4answers
15k views

Advanced techniques for detecting a proxy/getting original IP

In what manner can a website detect my original IP address, even though I'm using a proxy server? I've noticed this with a few sites. There are four proxy methods I've used: Firefox with a proxy ...
27
votes
4answers
8k views

Can web sites detect whether you are using private browsing mode?

Most modern browsers support "private browsing mode" (also known in Chrome as "Incognito mode"), where the browser does not save any information to disk about your browsing while in this mode. In ...
22
votes
1answer
2k views

Why would the BBC web site always ask for a personal certificate, and how do I avoid giving it away?

After installing a CAcert personal certificate, every time I land on the BBC weather site it asks me to identify myself with a certificate. Why would any non-malicious web site do that unless I've ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Worst case scenario, what can a Chrome extension do with “Your data on all websites” and “Your tabs and browsing activity”?

Chrome extensions, and just like other browsers, appear to often get quite some extensive access to your browser data. In fact, most extensions I've installed require access to: Your data on all ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

SQL Injection How to inject Clean/Rest URLS

I have a question I'm hoping you could help me with? Unclean url's: http://example.com/index.php?page=foo http://example.com/products?category=2&pid=25 ...
7
votes
2answers
30k views

How to determine if a browser is using an SSL or TLS connection?

I want to know whether my browser is using SSL or TLS connection if I see HTTPS. I want to know for IE, Firefox, Chrome and Safari. I want to know the protocol version.
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Java applets reveal the real IP address, even when using proxy or vpn?

Can a Java applet reveal the original client IP address, when browsing through a proxy or a VPN? Why?
11
votes
6answers
446 views

Can a website determine what OS or webbrowser a visitor is using if the useragent is blanked/changed?

Assume that a visitor to a website has changed his useragent to something like the following, but he's using linux: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; rv:20.0) Gecko/20121202 Firefox/20.0 Assume that the ...
7
votes
6answers
4k views

Why are iframes allowed at all in modern browsers?

I read a number of IT security blogs (though I'm no security expert), and it seems a significant percentage of exploits in the wild are delivered through adding malicious iframes to a hacked website, ...
6
votes
3answers
270 views

How safe are copies of Firefox that are on various Mozilla mirror sites?

If I end up downloading a .dmg or .exe (depending on OS) installer from some mirror site, how can I be sure that a virus or trojan or spyware has not been added? I don't see any mechanism for ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Browser hijacked - how to fix and prevent?

For the second time in a month, my work PC has been infected with malware that is hijacking my Google search results in Firefox. A search for the URL hijacked searches end up at turns up nothing on ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Do client certificates provide protection against MITM?

I'm looking for a way to protect clients from a MITM attack without using a VPN, and ToR. My thought is that client certificates might do the job, but I'm not entirely sure since not too much server ...
9
votes
2answers
462 views

User-specific Subdomains : JavaScript security

If I provide a public-facing website for users on my website at their own subdomain (e.g. bob.myapp.com) under their own control, can I allow them to execute arbitrary JavaScript without putting my ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

Does Google Chrome protect against cross site scripting (XSS)?

In Firefox I've been using the NoScript extension to protect myself from certain kinds of malware attacks. NoScript is well known as a very powerful extension for Firefox and introduced protection ...
6
votes
1answer
377 views

How do I check the code of a Chrome extension to make sure it's not stealing my info?

I've been reading more and more about just how much access browser extensions can have to your data. This is a little unsettling, so I'm curious if there is a way to Vet these extensions and make sure ...
6
votes
2answers
520 views

Firefox Add-ons not using HTTPS? Security bug. (?)

If I add a rule in Privoxy: echo '{ +redirect{s@http://@https://@} } .mozilla.org' >> /etc/privoxy/user.action then I can't install Firefox Add-ons. Why? I though the Firefox Add-ons ...
6
votes
4answers
412 views

What abuses can an infected webpage do to me if I'm using Chrome and Flash is disabled

as a follow-up to this question Can you get virus just by visiting a website in chrome., I've read these pages: http://www.straightsectalk.com/?p=47 ...
5
votes
3answers
778 views

Any browser that supports script-nonce?

I was trying to include script-nonce on my html file, but seems like none of the current browsers support it. Is anyone aware of any version of any browser that supports this functionality? I'm ...
5
votes
4answers
10k views

Security issues using iframes

We are looking to move to iframes due to technical challenges. By moving to iframes it will be easier to manage the technical issues. But we are not totally sure of security implications of iframes. ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

Do iframes maintain the security of the nested website?

I am planning to add iframes to my webpage to sites such as www.dropbox.com and was wondering if the security of the site would be impaired if i did this. As in, could peoples account be hacked if ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Is online banking more secure on iOS than a desktop computer?

Does Apple's iOS provide a more secure environment for online commerce (banking or shopping) than Windows or Mac OS X? Since the only software that can run on iOS must be vetted by Apple, the ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

Is using a “Red” and a “Green” browser to balance LOB requirements and security a good approach?

I currently work in a manufacturing company with round about 5000 computers and 6000 employees. We use a lot of web based line of business applications (all internal, non over the Internet) in order ...
4
votes
3answers
465 views

Are there security (esp. privacy) benefits to deleting cookies?

As the title says, I'm wondering if there are any security/privacy benefits to managing cookies - that is, managing by deleting cookies you don't want or need. I deleted all my cookies about a week ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Can a site I browse in private browsing mode tell if I visited it in regular mode before?

I've noticed when updating a blog, that sometimes refreshing the page won't actually fetch it again, because it is still in the cache. Now, even when I open it in incognito in that same browser(say ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

Can a website still detect my real MAC address even if I use different virtual machine each time I visit the website?

Suppose I use a proxy and a different virtual machine each time I visit a particular website, will a website still be able to detect my MAC address and/or uniquely identify me? Assume that the website ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

How can I use certificates to secure my webservices? What is available to javascript?

I have a few web services that are accessed over public wifi connections and I think it would be a good idea to issue certificates to encrypt data, prevent MITM, and invalid impersonation (beyond what ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Javascript Malware: How does it work, and how can it be mitigated?

I am wondering how malware gets served through Javascript. I've noticed a few illegitimate pop-ups while visiting some financial websites. I wonder how malware exploits work against the application ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Do most browsers handle mixed encrypted and unencrypted content correctly?

In Google Chrome, when I go to an encrypted page that contains unencrypted content, I get the following pop-down, which allows me to either load or not load the insecure content, making a clear ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

How can I assess the trust worthiness of a browser add-on?

Having learned a bit more about what add-ons/extensions can do in Firefox, I want to minimize my risk and use some safer mechanism to download videos (FLV in particular) for later viewing. ...
2
votes
1answer
409 views

Different SSL states as seen by Safari, Chrome and Firefox

Today, I visited some sites of the German DHL group. While Chrome and Safari complain about an invalid certificate of Firefox accepts it. Which one is right, which one is wrong? Which decision ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

Does the padlock on my browser really indicate a reasonable assurance against eavesdropping?

I know that there have been broken or weak SSL implementations. Do browsers actually have decent standards for what they'll accept and display "the padlock"? Furthermore, are there any practical ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Secure SSL Session from losing itself into unsecure http

I've seen some implementations of HTTPS SSL and, as a visitor, forced to rely to a lot of those. What would a secure implementation look like and where can one expect problems? I expect the installer ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Why doesn't the client's web browser need to be PCI compliant?

A hypothetical online store that accepts credit card payment will have to be PCI compliant because it receives (transmit), process and possibly store credit card numbers. But the client's web browser ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Google Chrome Browser - Privacy Concerns

After i saw many people using Chrome i wanted to inform myself on this browser and everything concerning it as i am a Firefox user since it existed. However i am always afraid of Google being a "data ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

Is BEAST really fixed in all modern browsers?

BEAST is said to be fixed in all modern browsers: Chrome and Firefox IE in Jan 2012 Opera in Dec 2011. It's also fixed in OpenSSL since 2002. Do these fixes mean that it's safe to use ciphers in ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

What do the various browser “private modes” do?

Recently there has been some disagreement as to what "private mode" means when it comes to various browsers. Primarily I am referring to... IE's "InPrivate Browsing" Google Chrome's "Incognito ...
7
votes
5answers
736 views

Can I improve website security by storing SSL Keys in DNS? Is DNSSec required? Are threat models available?

In light of recent attacks on SSL/TLS communication, people have been asking about ways to improve the security of SSL webserver communication. Several great solutions have been mentioned in the ...
5
votes
6answers
9k views

Using Private Browsing mode while connected to organization's network

At the workplace I use the organization's network for accessing internet (well that's the only option). I am not sure if the network administrators monitor what I browse, how frequently I access ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

What issues might exist with TLS-OBC's emulation of Browser Certificates?

TLS-OBC is an RFC proposal that increases SSL/TLS security by using certificates on both ends of the TLS connection. What's special here is that the client is permitted to dynamically create a local, ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How is user authentication sent in a public wifi? Radius/802.1x/EAP etc

I visit the airport, I pull out my laptop and connect to a network (no password needed). I open up my browser and i am presented with a screen saying I need to pay to use the network. If I pay, I ...