A web browser is an application which uses HTTP and related protocols to retrieve HTML and XML data from servers. As the web has become a critical source of information and communication, web browsers have become a critical component in information request, transfer and management.

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2answers
7k views

Worst case scenario, what can a Chrome extension do with “Your data on all websites” and “Your tabs and browsing activity”?

Chrome extensions, and just like other browsers, appear to often get quite some extensive access to your browser data. In fact, most extensions I've installed require access to: Your data on all ...
18
votes
8answers
1k views

Ways to secure yourself from Firesheep kiddies and other sniffing

Just a few days ago I had my first encounter with Firesheep. Luckily I was the one using it. Well, it scared me into looking for ways to secure myself. So I have two questions: In exactly what ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

URL Shortening - How to verify if it is a non-malicious URL?

Again, I must mention that I have just started to learn about security. So, please bear with my newbie questions. If I receive a shortened URL from somewhere, say in an my-email or in a social media ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

Different strategies for online anonymity and their +/-s?

I saw this question about anonymous web browser, but I wanted to go a little bit more in depth. I prefer answers that take into account how a connection would be traced back, time it would take to ...
18
votes
4answers
7k views

Options when defending against SSLstrip?

I'm wondering, does anyone have any suggestions to defend against SSLstrip particularly?
17
votes
6answers
2k views

What are the security implications of people downloading addons, wrongly thinking that they are safe?

I recently learned about a plugin for Firefox called Fire Sheep, which was featured on the Security Now podcast. I downloaded F.S. and began examining it. To my surprise it includes C++ code that must ...
17
votes
6answers
8k views

Preventing information disclosure from browser back button/history?

I have sensitive data that will be hosted on a website, and I would like to prevent the data from being exposed in this scenario: The primary user logs off the application, but does not close the ...
17
votes
4answers
23k views

Remove RC4 from SSL/TLS ciphers in Chromium

Recently I started to live without RC4 within my Firefox session. Discussion about it can be found here. While it is quite easy in Firefox (Enter about:config and then rc4), I found no possibility to ...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

Anonymous web browser. Is it real?

Do anonymous browsers work? What principles do they use? Can I use them to test access to my web site? Can I detect if a visitor is using one? What is the different between traditional and anonymous ...
17
votes
4answers
11k views

Is WebGL a security concern?

Is WebGL a potential security problem due to the low level access it provides? For example, a web page can attempt to compile and run any shader source it wants. It seems that security would ...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

Is Google Chrome a more secure browser?

I was amazed that IE 8, Safari, Firefox were hacked so fast at Pwn2Own 2010. Is Chrome really so good or was it not tested? Has anyone other results of independent investigations about security of ...
17
votes
3answers
5k views

Google Chrome Browser - Privacy Concerns

After i saw many people using Chrome i wanted to inform myself on this browser and everything concerning it as i am a Firefox user since it existed. However i am always afraid of Google being a "data ...
16
votes
2answers
818 views

Why does rfc6797 say “An HSTS Host MUST NOT include the STS header field in HTTP responses over non-secure transport.”

Why does the RFC prohibit the server from sending HSTS to the client over HTTP? I can see that if a HTTP client responds to that unsecure HTTP response it might cause that site to be inaccessible ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

How are browser saved passwords vulnerable?

Most browsers offer to save the password after entering it on many logon pages. What types of vulnerabilities are there for such saved passwords. I'm interested in what ways malware on web pages ...
16
votes
3answers
6k views

Is there a tool to verify browser TLS/SSL configuration

I am looking for a tool to verify the configuration of ssl/tls settings in the browser. I have found a few sites that enumerate supported ciphers and the preferences but none of them seem to provide ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference between http and https with a self-signed SSL certificate?

A colleague of mine has told me he doesn't see why there is a warning when visiting a HTTPS website with a self-signed certificate saying that the security may be compromised, but there is no warning ...
15
votes
7answers
28k views

Where does SSL encryption take place?

I checked the data transmission of an HTTPS website (gmail.com) using Firebug. But I can't see any encryption to my submitted data (username and password). Where does SSL encryption take place?
15
votes
4answers
13k views

Tor and regular browser side by side. Does that make sense?

Can I use a Tor browser session and a regular Firefox session side by side without corrupting the security of the Tor session? E.g. when I download a new Eclipse version or when I'm searching for ...
15
votes
6answers
14k views

Why are iframes allowed at all in modern browsers?

I read a number of IT security blogs (though I'm no security expert), and it seems a significant percentage of exploits in the wild are delivered through adding malicious iframes to a hacked website, ...
15
votes
1answer
738 views

Does Gibson's fingerprinting service add much additional security?

I just read this post and it proposes a method of storing SSL fingerprints online so that you can double check that your certificates have not been tampered with. But is it really relevant or useful? ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

TLS 1.0 JavaScript injection vulnerability (BEAST): what to do client-side?

With the alleged SSL/TLS vulnerabilities used by the BEAST exploit, there seems to be a security gap between TLS versions; TLS 1.0 being the problematic one but still the only option for many sites. ...
15
votes
2answers
629 views

Alternatives to HTML's deprecated <keygen> for client certs?

The keygen tag is used to make browsers generate private keys and POST the resulting CSR to the server, which can then issue a certificate. It's now been deprecated, for rather stupid reasons but ...
14
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the security issues with “eval()” in JavaScript?

Every time that someone mentions eval(), everyone says that there are "security issues" with it, but nobody ever goes into detail about what they are. Most modern browsers seem to be able to debug ...
14
votes
4answers
769 views

Entering passwords at public computers

Sometimes it happens that I have to access my email or some other web service from public machines. Are there any options to make it secure or at least reduce risks to acceptable levels? I am most ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do browsers warn about mixed content for images?

I'm dealing with a phpBB forum user who wants to set up SSL on their entire site to secure user credentials and "private" parts of the website. However, they want to preserve the traditional forum ...
14
votes
4answers
943 views

Unknown malware, how to report it and whom to report it to?

I'm a professional Windows system administrator, but I've been caught off-guard (or maybe some malware writer has been very clever) and I caught some unknown malware on my home computer (Windows 7 x64 ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Can I avoid DNS spoofing by typing the IP address?

The question is in the title. I have been reading about DNS spoofing. What if I were to save the IP addresses of websites I consider sensitive and then just enter the IP address when I am using a ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

What bad coding practices makes a browser extension vulnerable?

I'm trying to scan JavaScript files for vulnerabilities using JSHint. Specifically, I'm scanning the JavaScript files of browser extensions. To look for possible vulnerabilities I'm looking for bad ...
14
votes
1answer
786 views

Are there any security problems with Google false start for TLS?

Google recently announced false start in Chrome browsers which increased TLS performance by 30% http://news.softpedia.com/news/Google-Chrome-s-SSL-False-Start-201253.shtml I know TLS has been poked ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Can a Firefox add-on or plug-in access the user's websites' saved passwords in decrypted mode?

Going deeper into the previous question on Firefox plugins and add-ons malware risks: Could a Firefox add-on potentially decode and capture the encrypted websites' passwords saved in the browser?
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Solution to allow JavaScript input but prevent XSS

We have a simple Blog system that allows users to input html and JavaScript to build a blog page. I'm aware that allowing javascript open up the door to xss attacks. We do however need to allow users ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Which parts of an HTTPS connection can be revealed? [duplicate]

Say, I use a public WiFi connection to load https://google.com in the browser, and then continue browsing on that site for a few more pages (performing searches in Google). Can anyone else (like ...
13
votes
1answer
5k views

enable browser caching with HTTPS

I understand that sensitive data should not be cached (ie, you dont want to cache an HTML file with all of your bank account details in it), but there are some things that HTTPS protected sites should ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Elaborate websockets security

I'm interested in learning more about web sockets security. Read that web sockets were originally in Firefox, removed for security reasons and now added back in with the problem resolved: ...
13
votes
4answers
9k views

How does BeEF work? (working understanding)

I have recently come across the BeEF- a browser exploitation tool. In most of the articles, it is said time and again that it is developed for research and pen test purposes! Has anyone worked with ...
12
votes
5answers
5k views

Does HTTPS Everywhere defend me against sslsniff-like attacks?

http://www.thoughtcrime.org/software/sslsniff/ If I have a domain on my HTTPS Everywhere list, so that theoretically it could be only visited via an HTTPS connection in my Firefox, then could an ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

What is the safest way to close a popup window?

The internet has many articles recommending ways to close a browser popup window without infecting your computer with malware. I've seen click the red X, use ALT-F4, go to the windows task bar, right ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Can a website determine what OS or webbrowser a visitor is using if the useragent is blanked/changed?

Assume that a visitor to a website has changed his useragent to something like the following, but he's using linux: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; rv:20.0) Gecko/20121202 Firefox/20.0 Assume that the ...
12
votes
4answers
14k views

Security measures against packet sniffing

I work in a environment where packet sniffing can be easily done . I was worried about my confidential data . Please suggest how is it done and precaution which i can take at client level.
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Why isn't OCSP required by default in browsers?

According to the following screenshot, taken from firefox-3.6.17-1.fc14.i686, Firefox has an option to fail closed when unable to connect to OCSP servers. Can someone please explain why this isn't ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Is clipboard secure?

Can a browser get the data on my clipboard? Data could be for example my temporary password? Any browser or operating system that allows this?
12
votes
7answers
1k views

How to browse the Internet safely?

What is the best way to browse the Internet safely? By safely I mean: anonymously having encrypted communication Extra bonus for: being able to do it with little or no performance impact cheaply ...
12
votes
2answers
630 views

What should I look for when auditing a Firefox extension / plugin?

I've been asked to do a security audit on a Firefox add-on developed by a third party. I am a web developer with a reasonable grasp of JavaScript but am not a browser security expert. What kinds of ...
12
votes
5answers
15k views

Benefits of identifying clients based upon the “X-Forwarded-For” or similar HTTP header in addition to Client IP

The X-Forwarded-For header is used by some HTTP proxies to identify the IP address of the client. The wiki page (linked above) mentions that ISPs may use this header as well. In addition there are a ...
12
votes
5answers
3k views

Is using “HTTPS everywhere” extension secure?

I would like to know if one should use 'HTTPS everywhere' extension? Is it secure to use it? Are there any better alternatives? HTTPS Everywhere is a Firefox and Chrome extension that encrypts ...
12
votes
4answers
901 views

Vulnerabilities common only in mobile solutions?

I was wondering if there are any threats for web-applications used on mobile phones that haven't been known in the "full size" browsers earlier. I haven't heard of any serious or common problems that ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

Using iframes to sandbox untrusted code

I'm trying to create an extensible platform, where my site will provide a model and some views (both client-side, in the browser) and third party sites may add their own views as well. The goal here ...
12
votes
2answers
404 views

Why do browsers allow public websites to attack intranet sites?

When I'm visiting a website on the public internet, the website can cause my browser to send requests to a local IP address (such as 10.0.0.1). This can be used to attack internal web sites, e.g., ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Any tool for scanning vulnerabilities in browser extensions?

I am scanning browser extensions of Chrome and Firefox for vulnerabilities. Is there any tool which would help me do this?
12
votes
3answers
591 views

Is it inconsistent to tell users to “not click on password links in email”, and requiring clicks on “forgot password” links?

On one hand, IT Security shops have been telling users to not click on links in email because they can do damage to your computer, or phish your personal information. Many of those issues are ...