A system whose primary function is to deliver web pages on request to clients.

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13
votes
3answers
18k views

Strange requests to web server

I have a Linode VPS running Nginx, which currently serves only static content. Once I was looking at the log and noticed some strange requests: XXX.193.171.202 - - [07/Aug/2013:14:04:36 +0400] "GET ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Allow loopback in Iptables?

I'm trying to write Iptables rules for a small web server. Almost every source I've encountered recommends to allow loopback access to the web server, but doesn't explain why this is necessary. ...
2
votes
4answers
454 views

How to prevent users from downloading information from our search engine?

We have developed a search engine (simple search, no login required) where users can search details in the database (Apache Lucene) by entering their name (et. al.), then clicking the search button. ...
0
votes
2answers
159 views

Does the Heartbleed vulnerability affect signed java applets [closed]

I have a Windows based server that serves a signed JAVA applet. The website isn't secured (HTTP), but all JAVA applets have to be signed now, so the site serves a signed JAVA applet as part of a web ...
44
votes
1answer
6k views

What should end-users do about Heartbleed?

What should one do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit? mainly talks about what people running websites should do about Heartbleed. What should end-users of websites be doing? Do they need to ...
13
votes
7answers
743 views

Online Government Elections System - Is it possible?

I am from Bulgaria and currently some groups here are promoting the idea of referendum among the people, about the possibility for establishing a system for ONLINE GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS. The idea is ...
1
vote
4answers
169 views

What needs to be focused on when hardening a LAMP stack? [closed]

I have a site running on a VPS. I set up the LAMP stack and a few other programs personally. This is only the second time I have set up a VPS and I am a bit worried about security. Are there things ...
11
votes
4answers
472 views

How to react when under attack

Just this week someone has been trying to attack the server of the company where I work. I have noticed that they have been trying to brute force root via ssh. fail2ban is handling that well and I ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

Retention periods for web logs

I work for an ASP that provides banking solutions Card Services Payments ACH Online Banking And others Back Story: Our company provides an "all in one" solution or parts thereof, we are ...
10
votes
4answers
669 views

Is displaying what server I am running on the error pages a security risk?

I just noticed that my 403 Forbidden (the default, not a custom one) page displays some server info: Apache/2.2.3 (Red Hat) Server at ... Port 80 Is revealing this information a security risk?
7
votes
3answers
630 views

Does hiding version numbers increase my security? [duplicate]

I’m currently trying to improve the security at our work. This sounds very broad, but, for example, I’m penetrating our systems and checking whether servers are vulnerable to certain exploits. As an ...
8
votes
1answer
153 views

How to force “expensive calculation” when clients connect to my server?

Page 183 of Secrets & Lies on countering denial-of-service attacks: Some researchers have proposed defenses that force the client to perform an expensive calculation to make a connection. ...
-1
votes
1answer
121 views

How bad is to buy domain name with .ext from another country even if they allow non citizens to own one?

I'd like to purchase a domain name from a country that does not require citizenship, since they can make nice urls, they are more available and sometimes not too expensive too! But few things annoys ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

Server attack attempts, what are they trying to achieve?

Recently, I have got a few 404 errors where the user has requested PHP pages. The URLs are range around the cgi-bin and php versions, eg, /cgi-bin/php4. There is also some query string as part of ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

oracle weblogic vulnerability

I searched for Oracle Web logic vulnerabilities and found this vulnerability: Oracle WebLogic Server Cross-Site Scripting and Manipulation of Data Vulnerabilities ...
0
votes
4answers
127 views

How to secure my website's FTP?

When I opened ftp command prompt and typed open mydomain.com, it gave me the following and I think that this is a security vulnerable. connected to mydomain.com. 220----- Welcome to Pure-FTPd ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Checklist for securing JBoss

Is there a security checklist for auditing JBoss configuration files ? CIS and DISA provides security checklist only for Tomcat and Apache server. Is there any other ressources ?
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Virtual private server security [closed]

I want to move from a shared hosting to VPS. I never used VPS or dedicated server, so I wanted to know if there are some security precautions that I should have in mind. Say, I create a ftp account ...
4
votes
3answers
80 views

Will sabotaging a shared web hosting account threaten the security of sibling accounts being that they are shared on the same server?

Will sabotaging a shared web hosting account threaten the security of sibling accounts being that they are shared on the same server? Whether it it be through htaccess setups, posting login ...
5
votes
3answers
309 views

Failed PCI-DSS Compliance | Submitting Evidence

One of our web servers that is managed by a service provider (completely in their control, we have no login access) just failed PCI-DSS vuln. scan by TrustKeeper. The vuln scan detected the box as a ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What kind of security injection are these traces of, SQL, javascript, or otherwise?

I've tried to secure all information going to the server to make sure there are no SQL injections. However there are new folders on my server with weird names. One of our online services is such that ...
4
votes
4answers
104 views

What things should I check for when giving a client control of the filename parameter to C's open() function?

I'm doing a school project where we are building a simple web server in C. To implement this I read the first line of the request (all I need for my purposes) and parse the middle string as the file ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How to Minimize Apache Loadable Modules (serving MediaWiki)

According to Guide to the Secure Configuration of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, there is this policy: "In certain scenarios, it is beneficial to remove certain httpd modules to limit the functionality ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Preventing interaction among web application on a shared hosting account

I have multiple web application installed in separeted directories in a shared hosting account. My worry is if one application get hacked, attacker can use it to attack other applications too. So, My ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Security implications of putting virtual hosts source code in /var/www/[domain]

A friend pointed out that putting virtual hosts as sub folders of the default /var/www was a bad idea. (linux example path; this applies to all OS) I see that it's possible to reach the virtual hosts ...
0
votes
2answers
269 views

Directory traversal & default filesystem permissions (755) for web server

I'm trying to get a better understanding of the potential security holes my default filesystem permissions might be creating. It appears I am capable of traversing my filesystem, serving simple php ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

How to deny shell execution in all sub-directories?

I want nginx to deny users who have folders inside /webroot/uploads e.g. /webroot/uploads/user1 /webroot/uploads/user2 /webroot/uploads/user999 to execute any shell (php, pl, py, binary). The ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Is it possible to sabotage google bots? [closed]

Consider the following theoretical webserver: On any request, produce an html response that consists of 2 links, which are each randomly chosen strings followed by ".html". When the google bot ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

First steps in preventing DOS attacks

My server is currently being attacked from another server. This is my log: root@my-server:/var/log# tail -f auth.log Feb 19 11:53:08 my-server sshd[3745]: Disconnecting: Too many authentication ...
0
votes
1answer
187 views

Can closing port 80 lead to more security?

If a website is running on HTTPS only, is it reasonable to close port 80 of the web server and only leave port 443 open? Does this action provide more security for the website?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Advantages of separating Web server from Database

What are the security advantages of installing the database of a web application on a server other than the one containing the web server?
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Why is it not advisable to have the database and web server on the same machine? [duplicate]

I'm bringing this across from a question on stackoverflow, but I'd like to focus specifically on the security aspects of it (and not the performance, etc..). My hypothesis is that the cost of ...
1
vote
3answers
71 views

Why pull upgrade from production server rather pushing them from development server?

I am reading a book on security which suggest that if you have both development and production server and if you make some change, you should pull them from production server rather pushing them from ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Is authentication through proxy sites safer?

usually in office or wherever whenever we are blocked with gmail and facebook websites,we used to browse the site with the proxy sites,we used to pass our login data through proxy sites,my question is ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Does reverse proxy between two web servers impact security of both?

Situation: Consider the site: example.com, hosted at web server A. A WordPress blog is to be installed on a different web server, B. In order to route a WordPress installation to a subdirectory on ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Dangerous to open a unix socket within www root?

My web server is chrooted into /var/www, and its contents are available over the network. One of my web applications needs access to a unix socket, and so that socket needs to be somewhere in ...
1
vote
2answers
311 views

PCI DSS - only one primary function per server

The PCI DSS says that a server can have only one primary function and i'm a little confused over what it means by 'one primary function' we have a webserver with database - web pages and email is ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Different certificate information for the same website?

Apologies for the funny title, I'll try to give a better explanation here :) I have just noticed something weird with regards to a website certificate: if I go to https://www.anobii.com/login using ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Malware code added when site viewed externally

Please see second followup at the bottom! (Now with added real malicious code! ...ish) Prompted by this question, I've noticed that my university's student charity organisation has an interesting ...
12
votes
5answers
8k views

What is the best practice for placing DataBase servers in secure network topologies

I have a classic DMZ architecture: My webserver is placed in the DMZ. The webserver needs to communicate with a database server. This database server is the most critical component of my network ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Possible ways of exploiting PHP register_globals [closed]

I have a PHP script that executes a bunch of commands to verify that a user is logged. if (( isset ($password) && $password!="" && auth($password,$hidden_password)==1) || ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

How to manage security for multiple PC and VM?

I have a firewall VM which creates I have used to setup subnet for different purposes. For example: (fake ips, of course) 1.1.2.1/24 DMZ 1.1.3.1/24 Internal 1.1.5.1/24 security/logging I use ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

What is LFI vulnerability

LFI: Local file inclusion. After going through many tutorials I have two things I can/t figure out: checking the vulnerability: I don't understand what makes a website vulnerable or not. For ...
4
votes
1answer
781 views

Why does Directory traversal attack %C0%AF work?

Introduction: I am trying to learn the basics of Directory Traversal. Question: While trying to understand the 2-Byte Unicode conversion of characters, I came across this_SANS ARTICLE that explains ...
2
votes
2answers
705 views

What is the ultimate goal of hacking a webserver? [closed]

Recently I noticed a lot of traffic generated by automated bots that were checking for vulnerabilities in my web server. They were mainly looking for ways to hack into plesk/wordpress which I don't ...
9
votes
5answers
8k views

Benefits of identifying clients based upon the “X-Forwarded-For” or similar HTTP header in addition to Client IP

The X-Forwarded-For header is used by some HTTP proxies to identify the IP address of the client. The wiki page (linked above) mentions that ISPs may use this header as well. In addition there are a ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What's involved in taking over someone else's domain name?

I'm asking this for purely academic reasons. I know that there are domain record lists and whatnot, but I'm trying to understand the exact structure of how DNS works and where someone can potentially ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Identify and disable weak cipher suites

i'm asking a question on a subject that is pure chinese to me..sorry in advance A security scan result prior to the deployment of a web application on windows server 2008 R2 has raised the below ...
1
vote
3answers
343 views

How to detect anomalous activity in web server traffic?

I'm wondering how to successfully detect malicious activity in my web server traffic? Could you point me out some popular solutions which can help me to detect attacks on my web application? I ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

What security exposure (if any) can result from lots of apparently odd referrers in server log

I see relatively many referrers such as the following (as reported by Webalizer) in a web server log. The server is located outside Russia and it's a small one. 8 3 http://tiandeural.ru/ 19 ...