A system whose primary function is to deliver web pages on request to clients.

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13
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2answers
2k views

What is the best way to verify the SSL configuration of my web server?

How do I ensure I have my SSL configuration setup securely?
12
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9answers
4k views

Can an old operating system webserver be made secure?

I have an old laptop with far too little RAM to run Linux (including specialty distributions). It can however run Windows 98 just fine, and I'm looking into turning it into a tiny retro webserver. Is ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Would making an IIS web server appear to be running Apache instead improve security?

As you can see from the tag, I know that security by obscurity is not true security. So consider a server available to the Internet on port 443 (SSL) of a fixed IP address in the dialup range of a ...
12
votes
4answers
14k views

Security measures against packet sniffing

I work in a environment where packet sniffing can be easily done . I was worried about my confidential data . Please suggest how is it done and precaution which i can take at client level.
12
votes
3answers
22k views

Is it possible to execute a php script in an image file? [duplicate]

I have an image upload php website. Users can upload images to my website. A user claims he can hack my website using an uploaded image. I opened all the images that he uploaded to my server with ...
12
votes
5answers
15k views

Benefits of identifying clients based upon the “X-Forwarded-For” or similar HTTP header in addition to Client IP

The X-Forwarded-For header is used by some HTTP proxies to identify the IP address of the client. The wiki page (linked above) mentions that ISPs may use this header as well. In addition there are a ...
11
votes
11answers
8k views

Besides IP addresses, how else could one be identified? [closed]

OP: I'm curious how else an actor seeking to identify someone online could accomplish this task besides just using an IP address. What methods would they employ? What knowledge must they have of the ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Installing Development Tools on Production Server? Security Risk?

I am using an Amazon Linux EC2 instance as a web server. My web app uses ImageMagick. Because the Amazon Linux (CentOS) repository doesn't include an up-to-date version of ImageMagick, I am compiling ...
11
votes
5answers
10k views

Can I block based on Mac Address?

Incase of dynamic IP's the hacker can work around by taking a new IP or use a Proxy, is it possible to make a ban based on Mac Address ? I want to block at the Webserver level so that unwanted users ...
11
votes
6answers
14k views

How safe is it to install XAMPP on my home computer to test PHP code?

I want to test some PHP code and I figure the best way is to install XAMPP - but I'm nervous about installing server software on my home computer. Is it generally safe to install XAMPP (given that I ...
11
votes
3answers
10k views

When is it appropriate to SSL Encrypt Database connections?

Let's say I have a web server I setup, and then a database server. However, they are communicating locally and are behind firewall. In my opinion, no SSL is needed here right? The only time to use ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

What security measures should be taken when running a Linux web server out of our office?

I am interested in running our company's web server from our local office. The office makes use of file sharing and NAS devices among other common office protocols. The worst case scenarios I've ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Can .htaccess and .htpasswd really protect me?

I want to set up a kind of personal wiki where I can store various sensitive information. However to make it 100% portable and and just plain convineant, I want to put it on the Internet. I'm sure at ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Relative importance of CHROOT for web servers

I have read extremely mixed opinions on the process of chrooting for a web server (non-shared environment). Some people swear by it, yet others say that it isn't as secure as everyone says. Given ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Hashcash, is this really used?

I just heard about this term, is it really used? The concept does not seem new, is it used and/or implemented in current technologies?
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Are there any statistics about webservers and browsers TLS support?

From Hackers break SSL encryption used by millions of sites: The vulnerability resides in versions 1.0 and earlier of TLS, or transport layer security, the successor to the secure sockets layer ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What is Net-Worm.PHP.Mongiko trying to do?

I found several lines of this request in my web server access log: Source IP Dest IP Request Stat User agent 217.172.190.19 ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

CloudFlare benefits or drawbacks

Anyone running a webserver would agree, security can be a hustle and tedious job. Recently I came across a service claiming to help with that -- CloudFlare.com. There's plenty of benefits listed on ...
9
votes
5answers
6k views

Webserver logs show someone is trying to hack my site, what should I do?

It looks like someone is trying to hack my site. The following comes from my IIS log files: #Software: Microsoft Internet Information Services 7.5 #Version: 1.0 #Date: 2011-07-03 00:02:39 #Fields: ...
9
votes
3answers
804 views

Does hiding version numbers increase my security? [duplicate]

I’m currently trying to improve the security at our work. This sounds very broad, but, for example, I’m penetrating our systems and checking whether servers are vulnerable to certain exploits. As an ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Securing my web-server / website [closed]

Does anyone know of a comprehensive security guide about important basics / fundamentals which should be done to secure a web-server / website? A web link would do.
9
votes
4answers
981 views

Combat Apache Killer

Three days ago, KingCope released a simple Perl script to DoS Apache, aptly named Apache Killer. This script launches about 50 threads to request Partial Content from the server with optional GZIP ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Isolating Web application hosted on same web server

I am working on a scenario if we have two or more web application hosted on a same server. Let says Web application X is vulnerable so how can i be sure that it will not effect the other web ...
9
votes
2answers
124 views

Are there any sequences other than ../ which will be intepreted as directory traversal in *nix or Windows?

A common vulnerability is for web applications to accept a filesystem path as a request parameter, and then perform some action on the specified path. For example, retrieving a file and returning it ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Do these regex show that I was hacked?

What do these regex commands mean? I found them when I ran the history command: grep --include=\*.php -rnw . -e "update.creditcard" grep --include=\*.php -rnw . -e "e41e" grep --include=\*.php -rnw . ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Protecting against DOS attacks

Our current site is easily DOS'd. I can perform an AB test against it from Apache and it disappears for about 5-10 minutes. We have been having problems with others DOSing the site - to the point ...
8
votes
3answers
768 views

How does an attacker approach a website?

What is a typical mindset and method of approach? What are they likely to try first? At what point does a novice give up versus an expert? How would an automated attack differ from a manual one?
8
votes
4answers
8k views

What are the disadvantages of Tor?

I've just started using Tor recently, and I'm not sure exactly what security issues come with the benefits. What should/shouldn't I be worried about (in both everyday normal-web browsing use, in ...
8
votes
3answers
330 views

Does concealing server software versions have a notable effect on security?

Web servers can add Server, X-Powered-By and similar headers into HTTP responses. Looks like the consensus is such headers should be removed so that automatic vulnerability scanners don't immediately ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Advantages of separating Web server from Database

What are the security advantages of installing the database of a web application on a server other than the one containing the web server?
8
votes
1answer
421 views

Is exposing website performance data a security risk?

I am currently adding a subsite to some websites that allows me to monitor performance data live as the server software perceives it. The data is mostly stuff like amount of memory used, memory ...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

Is .htaccess protection secure enough?

For the moment we protect a directory on our site with .htaccess and .htpasswd. But I was wondering how secure this is? Are there things I should watch for or can do make it more secure? I don't know ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Someone registered a domain name with the IP of my VPS [duplicate]

I rented a VPS server to run my website a few month ago. Today, I looked at the /var/log/apache2/access.log and noticed a strange line : 192.0.2.123 - - [02/Aug/2015:05:21:29 -0400] "GET / HTTP/1.1" ...
8
votes
3answers
12k views

How can I block an IP, if I'm getting many http requests in a second?

If some one tried force burst attack on my website, how can I block them? Ideally, I want to block an IP if I have many http/Apache requests in a second.
8
votes
2answers
400 views

Can other customers on shared hosting see requests from/to my site?

I installed a wiki on my shared webhosting (using Apache) account. This wiki is set to private (no read/edit/create rights for unauthorized users) and I'm the only one with an account. The wiki ...
8
votes
3answers
724 views

How is “anonymous” getting ahold of all these plain-text passwords

In the last several months there have been several publicized data breaches and public website defacements done by several different hacking groups (which the media loves to group under a single ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Is server hardening with GRSecurity really necessary on the CentOS 6.3 environment?

I consider myself to be reasonably good with IT, however I am relatively fresh at server and system administration. I am a web developer for my company and I have been charged with setting up and ...
8
votes
5answers
944 views

Can I improve website security by storing SSL Keys in DNS? Is DNSSec required? Are threat models available?

In light of recent attacks on SSL/TLS communication, people have been asking about ways to improve the security of SSL webserver communication. Several great solutions have been mentioned in the ...
8
votes
1answer
252 views

How do I prevent users from modifying resources they do not own?

I am writing a server where I have an entity StoreOwner that "owns" or has a @OneToMany relationship to a Store entity (one store owner has 1 to N stores). Each Store has Offer and Item, each also ...
8
votes
1answer
230 views

How to force “expensive calculation” when clients connect to my server?

Page 183 of Secrets & Lies on countering denial-of-service attacks: Some researchers have proposed defenses that force the client to perform an expensive calculation to make a connection. ...
8
votes
1answer
273 views

Why Apache runs as unprivileged user?

Apache Web server as a security measure relinquishes its system privileges and runs as a normal unprivileged user before accepting clients over a networks. My Question is How this measure prevents ...
8
votes
1answer
465 views

Is Chinese great firewall white or black list based? [closed]

Is a new website blocked by default in China ? I just put online a new website dedicated to chinese people (a working days calculator in China, nothing subversive indeed). However a friend of a ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Securing Debian Apache PHP Server

I have Debian Apache PHP server. I want to secure him after the classic installation process. My usual steps are : List item update all packages remove all unnecessary services like named, portmap, ...
8
votes
1answer
197 views

Any way to browse OSVDB?

I've been playing with nikto and I see some vulnerabilities listed in the scan for my dev server. For example, I see osvdb-XXXX, with a short description after it. I am googling this string, ...
7
votes
7answers
4k views

Server compromised for 2nd time, cannot locate source of attack

I need some help tracing a vulnerability on my server. For the second time, my server has been compromised with files being replaced with virus-ridden downloads. According to the filesystem dates, ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Finding hidden page on webserver [duplicate]

I have a web server with 2 page: index.html and secret.php. The content of index.html is: <html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html> You can see the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

IIS IP Address Restriction - can I rely on it online?

I've been told that I might have more luck posting here than on Stack Exchange, so here goes: I'm looking for a way to lock down a 3rd party application in IIS. It's a web service, so there's no ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Does disabling .htaccess improve security?

I have a new WordPress website that has been installed on a server not managed by me. Its admin has enforced a few rules in order to increase security, I'm not entirely aware of its entirety but it ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

How to secure a dedicated linux server running a LAMP stack for commercial E-commerce use

To be more specific, I would like to get some help, either through a tutorial or through a book, on how to configure an apache server to run securely and minimize the risks for commercial use. ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Malware code added when site viewed externally

Please see second followup at the bottom! (Now with added real malicious code! ...ish) Prompted by this question, I've noticed that my university's student charity organisation has an interesting ...