A system whose primary function is to deliver web pages on request to clients.

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7
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1answer
9k views

Server attack attempts, what are they trying to achieve?

Recently, I have got a few 404 errors where the user has requested PHP pages. The URLs are range around the cgi-bin and php versions, eg, /cgi-bin/php4. There is also some query string as part of ...
7
votes
1answer
694 views

Inconsistencies found in OpenID Provider's HTTP Headers. Which one is the most secure that I should imitate in my STS, and Relying Party?

I'm comparing the HTTP headers of the various providers (LiveID, Google, Yahoo, etc) and notice a broad inconsistency in implementation on the sign in page, sign out page, and subsequent pages. ...
6
votes
3answers
625 views

How to respond to attack made from my dedicated server?

There was a sudden unusual peak of outbound traffic from my hosted dedicated server (OS - Windows Server 2008 R2). The hoster threatened to block the server if the problem is not solved. There are an ...
6
votes
3answers
610 views

Appropriate defense for 404s in my logs - persistent web scans from one region

This seems to be a fairly easy question to figure out, but I wanted to make sure. I've got about a thousand entries on one of my web servers with phpmyadmin in the connection criterion, but as I ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

How to identify the HTTP methods supported by a web server?

How can I identify the different HTTP methods supported by a web server, like OPTIONS, TRACE, etc.? I have tried the nc command on Linux. But it doesn't work. It doesn't show me the HTTP methods ...
6
votes
3answers
848 views

Is there a good reason to turn off phpinfo()?

New server setup and the server admin decided phpinfo was too scary. I guess the fear is that a hacker could somehow get phpinfo() to run from injected php and find out all the extensions that are ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

First steps in preventing DOS attacks

My server is currently being attacked from another server. This is my log: root@my-server:/var/log# tail -f auth.log Feb 19 11:53:08 my-server sshd[3745]: Disconnecting: Too many authentication ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Advantages of separating Web server from Database

What are the security advantages of installing the database of a web application on a server other than the one containing the web server?
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the best ways to fake a web server

I was wondering if anyone had some insight into the best way to fake a web service response rather than setting up a web server. For instance, while doing dynamic analysis of malware it's useful to ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Known security vulnerabilities in JBoss 4.x.x?

We just had a breach of one of our servers, where an intruder got access using the JBoss account and started running exploit scripts. The server has been taken offline and is being investigated, but ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Escalating from Apache shell to root

I have one noob question.I tried to exploit shellshock on my Slackware linux server, but after I connect with reverse shell and User Agent I get that I am apache user and apache user don't have too ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What's involved in taking over someone else's domain name?

I'm asking this for purely academic reasons. I know that there are domain record lists and whatnot, but I'm trying to understand the exact structure of how DNS works and where someone can potentially ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How to remember a trusted machine using two factor authentication (like Google's system)

We are developing a web application that will use two factor authentication. We are likely to try and emulate something similar to that used by google, where to login you enter a username and ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How does IP tracking work?

Excuse the naive question (I'm more of a dev than a web-sec person) In the past I've had webservers hacked and usually i've traced it to some random machines which seem to have been compromised (i ...
6
votes
3answers
217 views

Will sabotaging a shared web hosting account threaten the security of sibling accounts being that they are shared on the same server?

Will sabotaging a shared web hosting account threaten the security of sibling accounts being that they are shared on the same server? Whether it it be through htaccess setups, posting login ...
6
votes
3answers
486 views

Failed PCI-DSS Compliance | Submitting Evidence

One of our web servers that is managed by a service provider (completely in their control, we have no login access) just failed PCI-DSS vuln. scan by TrustKeeper. The vuln scan detected the box as a ...
6
votes
2answers
249 views

Detect when I do brute force attack and block the connection

My server (Ubuntu + LAMP) is infected, as I receive security alerts from the sites attacked from my IP. your Server/Customer with the IP: ********** has attacked one of our servers/partners. The ...
6
votes
1answer
932 views

Hardening SSL/TLS on Azure Cloud Service for A+ on Qualys SSL Labs?

We're using this powershell script as our Azure Cloud Service (PaaS) startup script and we're at an A- on the Qualys SSL Labs test Specifically we're losing points for the following reasons: Forward ...
6
votes
2answers
642 views

Where to put private files on a shared web server

I continually hear and read people warning against the perils of placing proprietary information or confidential documents within the web server root directory. If I am on a shared server, I cannot ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Creating a “key server” (HIPAA compliance with AWS)

I'm a part of a small company that is going to be implementing HIPAA compliance. We will be seeking legal counsel, etc so anything heard here will not be taken as legal advice, etc. I just want to ...
6
votes
2answers
119 views

Non-Sensitive/Non-Critical Database and Web server protections?

I have an unrestricted DMZ that is currently set up with a non-critical/non-sensitive web server and database server inside. The database server gets interfaces from two critical systems but does not ...
5
votes
8answers
1k views

How can I be sure that an intranet app is absolutely not accessible from the internet?

I am developing an intranet application using Apache/MySQL. The server hosting it does not have a public IP address itself, but can access the internet through a router. There is not any sensitive ...
5
votes
3answers
10k views

How do you detect load balancing?

Scenario You need to PenTest XYZ.com. You expect, because it is a high traffic site, that multiple servers are being used with a load balancer. Question Aside from pulling the MACs (which are ...
5
votes
3answers
765 views

Can allowing a web application to move, copy and/or delete files outside of the server root be a security issue?

I am new at using and programming web applications, so I wanted to ask a question. Is it safe to execute os commands like copy and mv and delete from a web app that is running on an apache, or does it ...
5
votes
5answers
719 views

Any value in a web-server closing connections on bad requests (or bad pages)?

At least one web-server, nginx, has the ability to "close the connection without sending any headers", by configuring it to return a (nonstandard) 444 to various malformed HTTP requests. Is there any ...
5
votes
3answers
387 views

How do I defend against known php hacks

I have IPs attempting to probe our web server trying to find open URLs. The two known methods are attempting to find specific nodes on our drupal site, or attempting the ../../../../ trick to try and ...
5
votes
1answer
548 views

Point several HTTPS domains to the same web server

We are currently running a SaaS over HTTPS(abc.net) and one of our clients(xyz.com) wants to do some custom branding. The client xyz.com will have their own subdomain xyz.abc.net which looks like its ...
5
votes
2answers
280 views

Configuring election website to prevent MITM attacks

Consider an election web site that will be used for voting over the Internet. What steps should the administrator of such a web site take to provide adequate security against man-in-the-middle attacks ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

You've just acquired a newly created CentOS server, what should you do to secure it?

I've just acquired a new CentOS server, which will be hosting a Ruby on rails application, it is public facing. What should I do to secure this server?
5
votes
2answers
947 views

Retention periods for web logs

I work for an ASP that provides banking solutions Card Services Payments ACH Online Banking And others Back Story: Our company provides an "all in one" solution or parts thereof, we are ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

How widely deployed is TLS with cipher ECDHE?

Microsoft deployed a patch for Windows 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 that adds the following ciphers. Cipher suite Exchange Encryption Hash TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 DH ...
5
votes
2answers
134 views

Is it actually feasible or useful to use a high number of proxy servers?

In the movies, it's not uncommon to see the digitized global map projected on a huge wall with a line of light (presumably a user's connection) travelling back and forth all over the globe in a ...
5
votes
2answers
756 views

Compromised server redirecting only requests from Google

I found something very suspicious. When connecting to www.pulseexpress.com following a Google link, the server redirects you to some very dubious site that sends you a .exe file right away: # host ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How to convert IBM Domino SSL keys (private key) to the OpenSSL format?

I have a customer with an IBM Domino server. They offer a way to export SSL keys but in a weird proprietary format. Any idea on how to convert those to OpenSSL? Basically I need to upload this key to ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

Is it worth it to install the same web application on different kind of web servers in a vulnerability assessment?

When doing a web vulnerability assessment with tools such as Acunetix and w3af, is it worth it to install the same web application on multiple types of web servers (Apache, IIS, etc.)? If differences ...
5
votes
1answer
228 views

Cascaded Sudo for privilege elevation

I intend to use the least privileged user to do a given task. The issue is that it involve a kind of responsibility chain and translate as a sudo chain in my scripts, spreading the overall task in ...
5
votes
3answers
472 views

PHP | Security for allowing user uploads

My Sittuation: I am creating a web application with PHP which allows users to scan their files for viruses. It allows the user to upload their files via the html "file" input type or via a URL. I ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it trivial to bypass IP blocking?

There is a site with IP blocking. When a client makes too many invalid attempts when guessing e.g. password, then their IP address becomes blocked. I've heard about IP spoofing and similar attacks. ...
4
votes
3answers
497 views

Locking down web-based admin areas with personal SSL certificates

I've been tasked to setup a secure platform, where I've been asked to assign personal SSL certificates to administrators, and have the server only allow persons into the administration areas that have ...
4
votes
3answers
441 views

How can IT audit for installation of IIS Express?

IIS Express is a developer tool for Windows XP and higher which provides the full feature set of IIS, but without needing administrator rights. I've seen discussion by some developers who are ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does Directory traversal attack %C0%AF work?

Introduction: I am trying to learn the basics of Directory Traversal. Question: While trying to understand the 2-Byte Unicode conversion of characters, I came across this_SANS ARTICLE that explains ...
4
votes
2answers
594 views

Security concerns about my webapp

I read though OWASP very carefully, but I am not sure about some parts of my website. I am using jbcrypt on my website. It stores the salt in the hash itself something like this hash+salt. I read ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it dangerous to allow user to view a file directory via web browser?

I have a URL which displays all of the pdf files at a given dir by visiting the following site location : http://www.mysite.com/allpdffiles/ Does this present any security vulnerabilities?
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there any way to block LD_PRELOAD and LD_LIBRARY_PATH on Linux?

Preferably with a vanilla Linux kernel i.e. not using SELinux or GrSecurity? Lately there has been a case of in-the-wild UNIX server malware: ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How helpful is rkhunter?

I have a software firewall implemented on my server, and I have closed all unnecessary ports. I have strong passwords, and I validate user input on my website. With these things already in place, do ...
4
votes
2answers
180 views

Does site need SSL to resend info to a site that does use SSL?

Let's say I have a website isellchicken.com, this site needs to be able to collect sensitive user information like credit card details. This site will not process the information, but will send it to ...
4
votes
3answers
286 views

What security standards should be implemented in a simple web application

I am creating a web application that basically reads/writes/updates information from and to a database on a server. I am knowledgeable in computer programming, but while seeking security standards, I ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

Need an overview of web service / web site security world, where do I start? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Resources to learn about security I'd like to get a good understanding of modern issues in web security and get insight into what it takes to keep your sites and ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Test website for SSL 2.0

I'm in the process of disabling SSLv2 on our IIS-based webserver and am wondering how I can test that SSLv2 is actually disabled? The website is still in development so not visible outside our ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Google App Engine Security

I am writing a master thesis concerning security of certain applications, and as a part of it I want to write a web app on Google App Engine and test how secure it is. Does anyone know if there was ...