A system whose primary function is to deliver web pages on request to clients.

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3
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2answers
1k views

How to remember a trusted machine using two factor authentication (like Google's system)

We are developing a web application that will use two factor authentication. We are likely to try and emulate something similar to that used by google, where to login you enter a username and ...
3
votes
3answers
204 views

Monitoring for security threats

I host and maintain several websites. The users pay to have their sites maintained and secured. However, with the amount of web applications like joolma, wordpress, ect... and their plugins, I need a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to counter or fix banner grabbing vulnerability

During an audit i came across banner grabbing findings,and would like to know how to mitigate that on IIS and apache server.
3
votes
1answer
73 views

How long do HTML password fields (sent to the server as postdata) remain in memory?

In any major server-side web framework, there is usually a mechanism to read HTML form input, e.g. in ASP, for an HTML element, <input type="text" name="the_field" />, it is ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

Has a HTTP server access to SSL session ID?

I want to know if a HTTP server (Apache, nginx etc.) can access a SSL/TLS session ID. Assume we have some hardware which does only SSL/TLS and behind a webserver which sends and receives the requests. ...
3
votes
2answers
774 views

Hide web.xml file from public view

I have found a vulnerability in a sun java application where the web.xml file is publicly viewable as the application is not using any .htaccess nor web.config. I don't how to restrict. I tried with ...
3
votes
2answers
283 views

Securing a script to prevent database from being exposed

We have an Ioncube encoded script running on an Apache web server which stores customer confidential information in a MySQL database. We have configured the script to run under its own account using ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

VPS Safety in the Cloud

Imagine you are running a web server on a Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosted in a datacenter. Could the people running the datacenter covertly read files from my VPS's hard disk? Could an attacker ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

What are some steps to take for securing a Linux server that aren't in this list of obvious ones?

Obvious things: Disable root login (rather, don't enable it) Secure SSH (no root login, key auth only, timeout after inactivity, whitelist users who can SSH in, etc.) IP Tables firewall whitelisting ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

htaccess hacked

I have a dedicated server. A few minutes ago I realized that someone has changed the .htaccess file. How can I protect against that kind of attack? Update: I have no code/site live, only a coming ...
2
votes
2answers
750 views

What is the ultimate goal of hacking a webserver? [closed]

Recently I noticed a lot of traffic generated by automated bots that were checking for vulnerabilities in my web server. They were mainly looking for ways to hack into plesk/wordpress which I don't ...
2
votes
3answers
158 views

Website Authenticity/Verification without SSL

Are there any other ways of verifying the web server you're visiting is actually the correct one? For example, if a domain name's DNS was hypothetically hijacked, and users were directed to a phishing ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Spider Attack from several search engines at once

Hello my server is getting hit by spiders from bingbot, google, yahoo, yandex, and some place in the UK all at the same time crashing it. While I have no reason to think any one person did this, it ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How to check if a website is sending out a virus?

I'm a webmaster at a company without much knowledge of IT Security. We are running 6 computers connected to a central server that also hosts our website. 3 out of 6 people in the office have gotten ...
2
votes
2answers
238 views

ip-fragmentation and mod_security?

is it possible to use ip-fragmenation (for example with fragroute) to evade mod_security? the idea would be to split a sql-injection- or xss-string into little pieces so it s not recognised.
2
votes
3answers
225 views

Would people object my website just because I use Google Analytics, +1, or FB Connect?

Are there people who will refuse to use a website just because that site sends browser information to Google Analytics? Could the +1 button be a red flag? Should I expect that there would be ...
2
votes
2answers
639 views

Killing IP connections who “spam” with requests

How can I go about killing IP connections that seem to be sending a lot of requests to the same url? Let's say I have someone who requests the same url for more than 10 times in 5 seconds, I want to ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Some questions about penetration testing distribution Backtrack 5

I know just the basics of backtrack and I want to ask some questions about it: Can you attack an ftp server using backtrack? an email server? I have a Centos virtual private server and backtrack is ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Checking if TLS 1.1 and 1.2 implementation in a webserver is upto standards

I am testing a webserver[proprietary] which offers SSL support and they say it supports TLS 1.1 and 1.2 which i have verified by firing requests from IE with only the target protocol enabled . ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How secure is using a blank index.html / index.php? [duplicate]

When you put a blank index.html into a given directory on a web server, web browsers will not display a file listing for that directory. But is it secure enough for other purposes other than ...
2
votes
2answers
268 views

How to protect source code that resides on virtualbox web server which starts at boot?

I installed CentOS 6 on a 3gb virtualbox disk. It hosts a web server which starts automatically when the OS boots. No user login required. When it boots, it is given an IP and the host machine can ...
2
votes
2answers
452 views

How can I trace Hacking attempt

First of all I dont want to track the hacker. I want to track if the system is being compromised some way. For example when a website is under attack it'll receive malicious data. I want to check ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

How can the Google web crawler bypass portals?

This is a situation that I have encountered on a number of occasions. I will conduct a web search in Google, a link to a file (.pdf for example) will take you to that file on the server. It opens up ...
2
votes
4answers
459 views

How to prevent users from downloading information from our search engine?

We have developed a search engine (simple search, no login required) where users can search details in the database (Apache Lucene) by entering their name (et. al.), then clicking the search button. ...
2
votes
2answers
382 views

Can clients execute my python CGI at will?

I have a site where the main database is interacted with via python scripts located in public_html\cgi-bin\. To run commands, various JavaScript scripts, located in \public_html\scripts\, use jQuery ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it possible to list folder from my web server if i have an empty index.html in the root folder?

I have a small mongoose web server installed on my machine. I have a empty index.html in the root directory. I want to be able to share link with people i know, by creating a folder that look like ...
2
votes
1answer
912 views

folder and file permission shared host advice

I have a website with a webhost company. I wrote a little php/mysql application - no file uploads, just administering data from the DB and creating pdf with TCPDF. There are folders like css and js ...
2
votes
3answers
967 views

Reverse Proxy Secure Configuration

I have a Forefront TMG 2010 acting as a reverse proxy: I can force HTTP*S* between internet clients and TMG. I can force HTTP*S* between TMG and my web servers. From a security point of view, it ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Why are web servers ubiquitously configured by blacklisting inaccessible files instead of whitelisting the accessible ones?

Take a random PHP site. It is essentially guaranteed that its web server is configured as follows: serve any file from the document root, except for certain files or paths that are blacklisted. ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

How risky is having sensitive files on webroot?

I understand that having anything sensitive under webroot is not smart; someone may be able to access it via url. However, I do not have a choice with my web host (iPage) as they limit my server space ...
2
votes
3answers
378 views

Is there any way to block LD_PRELOAD and LD_LIBRARY_PATH on Linux?

Preferably with a vanilla Linux kernel i.e. not using SELinux or GrSecurity? Lately there has been a case of in-the-wild UNIX server malware: ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

cookie issue with same domain same path but different port

I have two web app running on same host on same path but on different port http://somedomain.com/ and https://somedomain.com/ now when I visit first app it serves the cookie say with name abc, and ...
2
votes
2answers
502 views

I've just purchased a VPS to use for developing and managing my clients hosting packages. What necessary steps do I have to take?

The VPS is running CentOS and I have full access. I only looked around using the cPanel installation and already disabled anonymous FTP access. What other security risks are there with a default VPS ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Is there a tool that puts on a webserver some .html or .php files filled with popular malware like java drive-bys or other browser exploit payloads?

As mentioned in the title I'm looking for a tool that puts on a webserver some .html or .php files filled with popular malware like java drive-bys or other browser exploit payloads? Maybe there is ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

What security does nginx provide between server blocks?

What security does nginx provide between server blocks? Here is an example scenario. Say I have two server blocks configured with nginx. Each serves up a web application to authenticated users. I ...
2
votes
2answers
370 views

Does reverse proxy between two web servers impact security of both?

Situation: Consider the site: example.com, hosted at web server A. A WordPress blog is to be installed on a different web server, B. In order to route a WordPress installation to a subdirectory on ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Where's the virus in this web site?

I made my friend go to this web site and it immediately infected his machine with malware (AntiVirus SecurityPro). It happened just by going to the front page. It seemed the malware started up, but ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Server Detection Vectors

I have a web server, and I would like to anonymise it as much as possible, to prevent unreported exploits directed at my web server (original cracks). My ideas: change server header customize 404 ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it harmful to allow http requests with very long querystrings in IIS?

I am developing a website with a search feature that could generate HTTP requests that are very long (up to 15,000) characters. However, IIS has a default limit of 2048 characters for querystrings. ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Best practice in securing a web server and an offsite worker

Suppose I'm hosting a web server and a separate box offsite that crunches data. The web server interacts with the worker using the worker's API over port 2888. What would be the design of a secure ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

securing /var/www with .htaccess

So I have a web directory running on a server and I want only people with the password to be able to get in. Is it possible to secure the web root with .htaccess? Is there any extra steps I need to ...
2
votes
1answer
547 views

How to run a tor hidden service from home securely?

Another theoretical question about Tor: Imagine I am running a dissident web site as a hidden service. How can I reduce the chances that I get caught? Assume I am running the server from home, over a ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Explanation of open ports

I've run metasploit against my web-server and it found several opened ports that I didn't know. Please note that I have a firewall and IPSec configured but they were disabled just for testing ...
2
votes
1answer
839 views

Expose web service in a secure manner

Requirement I have a web service I need to expose on the DMZ for external communication. The web service communicates directly with a critical database that sits on an internal net. Current ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

PDF files on webserver file system

We create PDF files as relevant to a customer's e-mail communication. These PDF's contain some personal information, specific to the client. The client is emailed a link to the PDF. The link to the ...
2
votes
2answers
437 views

A security checklist for choosing an internet hosting service provider for a virtual private server?

I am in the process of choosing an internet hosting service provider for my website. Besides looking at the reputation of the hosting provider through internet forums, is there a more concrete way of ...
2
votes
1answer
406 views

What threats does a stateless web application have? (as opposed to a “state-full” sessions)

I'm comparing the pros and cons between having an authenticated "stateless" ASP.NET MVC session versus a ASP.NET Forms application with viewstate. Assuming that there is a webfarm of more than 1 web ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Can the following .htaccess rules prevent this attack?

See these related questions from the same user about the same incident first: How to find and protect against the exploited vulnerability in an PHP application based on the logged URL? ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

What features boost security for a home edge router?

I want to hide my home network behind a router and not worry about firewalls on internet-facing devices. Furthermore, one PC is going to be hosting some services, so I guess I need port forwarding as ...
2
votes
2answers
528 views

Managing and deploying web app passwords

What are some best practices for managing and deploying web app passwords and private keys? E.g. the password to access a database or external services like the Facebook API. I'm referring generally ...