Security for 802.11 wireless networks.

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6
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1answer
9k views

Bypassing a captive portal with tor

I know that NSXTS and Iodine can be used to bypass a captive portal by taking advantage of permissive DNS firewall rules. What I have found recently is that simply by using Tor, I can also bypass a ...
5
votes
7answers
2k views

What security risks exist in cell phone apps' data transfer?

Smartphones apps transfer various types of data over the provider's data network (or wifi, if enabled). What security risks are there in this transfer, and how can the risks be mitigated? I'm not ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How can one defend against DoS attacks at the physical layer?

Of course, there's always the odd issue of old microwaves and wireless telephone handsets interfering with Wi-Fi performance. And, in many areas, there's a fair chance that you're going to have to ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it safe to log into my bank website over a public wifi?

Is it safe to log into my bank website over a public wifi (like a coffee shop)? I apologize if this is a really dumb question. I realize that the connection between the browser and bank servers ...
5
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4answers
6k views

Does setting a WiFi AP to channel 14 avoid the most common detection methods used in Europe or the Americas?

The legally allowable band for WiFI in the US covers channels 1-11. Europe goes to 13, Japan to 14. I suspect that most tools use the WiFi driver of the machine and only scan for the channels it is ...
5
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3answers
3k views

How to detect whether my network's key is being attempted to be cracked?

I use WPA2 encryption. But I know even that can be cracked with the aircrack suite. And a lot of users may not use strong passwords. I've read that while cracking WIFI keys the only noticeable ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How eavesdropping will be performed how can I prevent from eavesdropping

I believe that eavesdropping in a man in middle attack and the message is passing from the client to server the man sitting at ISP or network hackers can look at what message I am sending. Heard that ...
5
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2answers
3k views

How is user authentication sent in a public wifi? Radius/802.1x/EAP etc

I visit the airport, I pull out my laptop and connect to a network (no password needed). I open up my browser and i am presented with a screen saying I need to pay to use the network. If I pay, I ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Two SSIDs on same Access point- not good?

If I were to offer two networks (one for trusted users and one to visitors) on one physical access point, is this dangerous because a visitor could compromise the trusted network across via the ...
5
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2answers
10k views

No Handshake from Airodump

I'm struggling to get a handshake from my router when using airodump. I'm running this from Kali Linux live CD. airmon-ng shows my wireless card is an Atheros AR9462 using the ath9k - [phy0] driver. ...
5
votes
1answer
8k views

Is brute-forcing the only way to crack WPA?

I don't know much about how WPA algorithms work internally. Is brute-forcing an AP the only way to crack WPA? (or to get associated with AP) Another question is about Reaver-WPS, what if an access ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Hotspot with same SSID, how does authorization work?

My university has a wireless network I log into with my username and password. It's using PEAP. My phone and laptop automatically connect to this SSID when they detect the network. If someone sets up ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Stealing WiFi Internet connection

I received a mail about illegally sharing copyright-protected material on the Internet; I never did it. I checked my router's configuration and noticed that the MAC address of one of the connected ...
5
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2answers
8k views

Estimated cost to make a brute-force WPA2 attack feasible

It's been shown that a brute-force attack on WPA2-Personal is possible in a reasonable amount of time. These successful attacks appear to be limited, however, to researchers who have the budget to ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

MDK3 warns about WPA2 downgrade - how do I find the key in Wireshark?

While stress testing my router using MDK3, I got the message "REALLY BIG WARNING!!! Seems like a client connected to your target AP leaks PLAINTEXT data while authenticating!!" I viewed the tool ...
5
votes
2answers
393 views

WiFi security using IEEE 802.1X - how secure is it?

My company's set-up involves a single AP (TPlink) that is configured to authenticate clients using RADIUS. All works well, but: on a regular WPA/WPA2 network, once you have the PSK, you are able to ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What does WEP access point show during aircrack-ng attack?

I bought an old, used WRT-54G () which strangely enough, was running DD-WRT v24-sp2. Weird what turns up at yard sales. I want to try the "aircrack-ng" WEP cracking procedure on it. The criteria ...
5
votes
2answers
870 views

How to detect infected machines on my wifi?

I currently live in a building with around 40-50 other tenants (mostly students) and we all share one connection to the Internet using one of 3 wifi routers that are spread throughout the building. ...
5
votes
1answer
539 views

What is this hotspot doing to my traffic?

I'm currently staying at a Four Seasons resort using their Wifi. I noticed that while surfing all non-https sites, my webpage seems to be forced into a frame. For example, here is what google's ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

ARP-poisoning on wireless network - no packets

I've started working with ettercap and ARP-poisoning; however, I've sumbled upon some problems. I've executed the following command: ettercap -i wlan0 -w log -T -M arp:remote /192.168.1.254/ ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

What makes PINless Wi-Fi Direct using WPS on Android secure?

I've read from Wikipedia that Wi-Fi direct uses WPS (Wifi Protected Setup), and I know that in Android (at least what I have which is 4.0.1 on Galaxy S3) uses the WPS method of the "push button" to ...
5
votes
2answers
243 views

Why doesn't the 802.11 standard implement TLS for wireless handshakes between clients and routers?

Why aren't wireless handshakes sent using TLS? It seems like it would be relatively simple to implement, perhaps having the vendor insert the private key into the routers. That way WPA/WPA2/WEP ...
5
votes
3answers
525 views

Why does switching to “n-only” help preventing attacks on WPS?

I just cracked the ap of a friend of mine (Linksys E4200) and we were looking for a way to rid him of the vulnerabilty. Unfortunately the E4200 does not disable WPS when you tell it to (via web gui). ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Is MAC address filtering effective on a wifi router? [closed]

I want to improve the security of my home wifi. My neighbor wants to crack my Wi-Fi password with a nutcracker. I tried to activate the protection by MAC address, but now my laptop and smartphone ...
4
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5answers
4k views

Does using WPA2-Enterprise just change the attack model vs WPA2-PSK?

As far as I can tell based on the reading I've done so far, WPA2-Enterprise uses the same encryption and security algorithms and methods as WPA2-PSK, with the addition of using another service for ...
4
votes
4answers
664 views

What particular concerns should one bear in mind when wardriving?

I'm considering starting a neighborhood-wide wardrive, with the objective of raising awareness to the risks of running unsecured wireless networks. Right now, I'm still in the planning stages of this ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I protect myself against 'hole 196'?

I came across this question a while ago and read about hole 196. Is there something I can install on my laptop to protect it against WPA2 Hole196? Software (such as Snort or DecaffeintID) can ...
4
votes
2answers
986 views

Data on Malicious WiFi Network

Let's assume that I unwittingly connect to a malicious WiFi network and visit websites. By malicious, I mean the network has been set up for the purpose of stealing data. From what I've read, using ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Can the wifi administrator in a shared office see mail sent through outlook?

I am hot desking in the same office as a potential competitor & would be using the same wifi. The building owner runs the competitor company. My question is, can the wifi administrator see mail I ...
4
votes
2answers
571 views

intrusion detection on own hotspot?

Is it possible to detect failed logins on the hotspots you create with your windows/linux laptops? So you can detect some dumb brute force/guessing attempts? For example, a log like this: TIME DATA - ...
4
votes
2answers
67 views

Protection of eduroam credentials

Recently my educational institution officially switched over from the their own wireless network to eduroam. If I understand correctly from the FAQ, credential authentication is performed on the ...
4
votes
3answers
680 views

Access point fingerprinting

Does someone know of a project or a way to "fingerprint" an access point (a router)? Fingerprinting should be done irrespective of broadcastet BSSID and ESSID. BSSID and ESSIS may be included in the ...
4
votes
3answers
14k views

Is it possible to create a custom login page for your own Wi-Fi hotspot?

How do I create my own open Wi-Fi hotspot/access point with a custom login page similar to those found in commercial hot-spots? The page would be accessible using Windows or iOS, and users would have ...
4
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3answers
4k views

How can I check wifi activity?

I have a LAN network with three computers connecting to the Internet both through wired and encrypted wifi connections. Is there a way I can check who is connecting to the Internet via the wifi ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Securing wifi with encryption

So I have been hearing that using WPS Pin is not secure at all and that there are available downloads that can brute force attack the pin until it uncovers it depending on what encryption you use. I ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Does a TMSI change often enough to prevent tracking?

A company called Path Intelligence has a product called Footpath which uses the TMSI, WiFi MAC address, and bluetooth MAC address to track phones as they move through stores. However, I don't see ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Why do phones send wifi probes?

They could just listen to beacons. Why do they probe for every network you've ever connected to? Do other wireless devices do this? Does Windows, Linux esp. Kali, do this?
4
votes
2answers
137 views

Should I set different passwords for different Wi-Fi bands?

My new router supports both the 2.4 and the 5 Ghz bands, and it obviously allows me to set a different password for each of them. Now, since cracking just one of the two means that the attacker would ...
4
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2answers
2k views

What is the best way to protect a captive portal againt MAC spoofing

What is the best way to protect a captive portal againt MAC spoofing? The MAC Address appears one of the only ways to distinguish wireless clients from one another, anything one authenticated client ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Tracing Wireless Card

Let's say that hypothetically someone had broken into a WiFi connection. We can't find any evidence of whom it is via sniffing the traffic or anything of the sort. Is there any way to triangulate ...
4
votes
3answers
171 views

Getting automatically logged in to others session via WIFI

Recently i got a very strange behavior on our WIFI network: We share a WIFI network with a simple router. One of us pays the bills and he's the one, who got the management account from our ISP. So if ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

WiFi security from another authorized user (roommate)

I believe we use WPA or WPA2 encryption. To what extent can another user monitor my traffic? Monitor my desktop activity? View documents I've saved on my computer? Tell what sites i visit? Tell ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is a public known password protected Wifi more secure than one without a password?

When connecting to a public Wifi from a café for example, some don't use a password and some do. If they do use a password it is often publicly known to everybody around. Does having a password on ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Giskismet query, how to select specific data?

I’m basically trying to get some stats from my war drive kismet database using giskismet but I’m finding it difficult to get specific data. Things I'm trying to do: Count how many wireless BSSID’s ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

WiFi connection history [closed]

I have a hunch someone is logging on my wifi. I already know how to see who is currently using my wifi, but can I find out who was using my wifi in the past?
4
votes
1answer
641 views

Measuring SNR to detect jammers in Wi-Fi networks

I'm trying to figure out a way to detect a Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz signal Jammer. I am not looking into locating the location of the jammer but rather detect the jamming signal. How do i do so using only ...
4
votes
3answers
270 views

Security in wireless ad hoc sensor network (without physical access)

I want to know without taking physical access, what are the methods that can steal the data in a node. When talking about eavesdropping, how can an attacker sniff the packets? Do they need to listen ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

Does a WPA2-PSK authentication only succeed if both parties know the pre-shared key?

Normally people think of WiFi authentication as the client proving to the AP that it knows the pre-shared key. But does the AP also prove to the client that it knows the pre-shared key? Is it ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Can one connect to wireless router without cracking WPA2 handshake?

Is it possible to re-broadcast the appropriate parts of a captured four way handshake and connect to the router? If not why so?
4
votes
1answer
88 views

How to Man-in-the-middle a whole network?

When performing a MiTM attack, you generally need to specify the router's IP address and the "victim" IP address. I'm trying to demonstrate to a business owner why he needs to secure his network, but ...