A family of graphical operating systems produced by Microsoft. Windows includes both server and destop operating systems. Early versions relied on MS-DOS while current versions have evolved from Windows NT. Please do not use this tag for X, but use [x-windows] instead.

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How to whitelist an Amazon ELB in a(ny) firewall?

We have a customer with a very locked-down network. Any outbound connections require whitelisting of the port and IP address. However, we are running our system behind an Amazon Elastic Load Balancer ...
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Breaking out of a strict linux sandbox running virtually under windows: do the linux-sandbox access control policies even matter?

I am developing an application which will run untrusted code. I have been designing it for linux, thinking that I can just run it in a virtual machine on windows when the need arises. The linux ...
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2answers
897 views

What information is exposed by simply opening an RDP connection to the internet?

Microsoft, Rackspace and other hosted providers allows people to RDP into that server. Here are a few examples: Microsoft has something called "Azure Connect" it is very easy to expose a domain ...
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2answers
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Can running a browser in Windows Compatibility Mode be a security issue?

I have several clients that are having trouble logging into vendor's web service. When talking to the vendor about the issue, they told me to set them up with Chrome running in Windows XP ...
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1answer
892 views

Reconstructing bittorrent data from PCAP

I am doing a CTF flag for my school project with a PCAP flag based on this CTF write-up: eindbazen.net - Plaid CTF 2012 - Torrent I setup a local torrent file containing an .mp3 (the audio is my ...
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413 views

CTF competitions/challenges that are Windows based?

I've been messing about in CTF's for a while and I also do pen-testing professionally, what i've noticed is a distinct lack of CTF competitions using windows environments. This is in stark contrast ...
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281 views

When TrueCrypt prompts to re-enable automatic mounting, should I be worried?

Assume one day you receive the following error from TrueCrypt: is that a reason to worry that someone may have removed the disk (in my case disk 0) and used it offline and then put it back into the ...
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7answers
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Physical computer security, how to disable USB ports when the computer is 'locked'?

Lets say my PC & server is in an environment where a theoretical attacker has physical access to the machine while I'm not there. Now the data is encrypted on the hard drive with TrueCrypt. ...
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531 views

Would running VMs inside of VMs be a more secure way to study viruses, etc?

I was reading this post on SuperUser, and it made me wonder about security. I've read somewhere else that some viruses/malware/whatever CAN break outside of a VM... and then infect the host OS. BUT, ...
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3answers
855 views

How effective is something like Deep Freeze against boot sector infections?

I work for an embedded system manufacturer and on our older generation systems, which are powered by Windows Embedded, a number of customers have been experiencing virus infections. Due to the real ...
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3answers
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Any good free SSL proxy on windows? [closed]

I'm looking for SSL proxy capable of dumping requests. I want to test custom browser against SSL-MITM attacks. I'm able to re-route all traffic ongoing from browser to machine with proxy. ...
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1answer
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Where is my password stored on Windows 7?

Is there a specific location where the passwords are stored ? Are they salted ?
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3answers
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Man-in-the-middle Blue coat proxy ssl or what?

I have just discovered that my workplace have enabled some new feature in the blue coat network proxy. It seems like all https certificates in chrome on windows is being issued by this internal ...
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2answers
4k views

Is opening port 3389 on a router and forwarding this to a Windows SBS 2003 server secure?

I know of a company who has port 3389 open on their router and forwards this to a Windows SBS 2003 server. The server has the Windows firewall switched on, is patched and has an up to date antivirus ...
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3answers
4k views

What differences are there between built-in Administrator and other Administrators?

Are there any significant differences in the rights, privileges, permissions, or other powers held by the built-in Administrator account, and those held by non-built-in Administrator accounts?
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465 views

Finding date of last network access

I have a system that contains highly sensitive data that does not reside on the Internet. However, when I was going through the machine recently, I detected that it had cookies, and temporary internet ...
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2answers
2k views

Microsoft Office 2013 File Encryption

To what extent can the native file encryption provided by Microsoft Office 2013 (Word, Powerpoint, Excel, etc.) be relied upon to maintain the confidentiality of documents, especially within the ...
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3answers
1k views

NTLMv2 resistance to bruteforcing

I have a question regarding NTLMv2 resistance to password bruteforcing. I know that some modern graphic processors (like Radeon 6990) are able to calculate billions hashes per second and crack NTLM ...
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3answers
801 views

How to effectively (and reasonably) secure Windows in corporate environment.

A member on my staff recently had their work computer compromised while on their home network. The following is the information regarding their computer Windows XP SP3 - fully patched at the time of ...
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2answers
688 views

How can I restrict users' connection attempts to my FTP server?

Is there any way possible to restrict user to make a connection to the FTP server on my Windows XP computer? I have an FTP server established in Windows XP and now I want to make access to that FTP ...
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1answer
3k views

What are the security implications of enabling WINRM on all domain members?

As Powershell becomes more and more popular, it appears that using WINRM may end up being a better option than using PSEXEC from SysInternals for remote management. Given that WINRM is disabled by ...
6
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1answer
7k views

Download Windows 7 security updates and patch offline

I am planning to do a clean Windows 7 OS installation. Is it possible (and/or recommendable) to download all the Windows 7 Security Updates from Microsoft in advance and patch my fresh Windows 7 ...
6
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1answer
111 views

What are Non-linear/backward overwrites?

I read some slides from the Black Hat USA 2012 conference, and I stumbled across the term non-­linear/backward overwrite, mentioned on slide 5 of the Exploit Mitigation Improvements in Windows 8 by ...
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Need a software that can monitor and log network traffic of installed applications [closed]

I need to monitor and log network activities of a specific software installed on my system. I know there are lots of network monitoring software out there, even system explorer has one built in. I ...
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4answers
10k views

Secure use of psexec or better alternative to it

I want to remotely start VMWare virtual machines (I own VMWare Workstation) and to this end I need to execute on host something like "vmrun -T ws H:\VMWare\VM1\VM1.vmx nogui" with user desktop ...
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1answer
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ISP glitch or a malware? Has this ever happened to you?

Brief background: I consider myself a relatively paranoid power-user, if not an absolute pro. I regularly update my AV and keep up with all the latest updates on my Windows 7 machine. But what ...
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1answer
685 views

Browsers silently adding trusted root certificates in Windows

When accessing https://internetbanking.caixa.gov.br (site of a well known bank in Brazil), the server returns a certificate signed by "Autoridade Certificadora Raiz Brasileira" (Brazilian Root ...
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Windows Firewall - how to block inbound for all .exe files in a folder

In Windows Firewall with Advanced Settings I can create a rule which blocks all inbound or outbound traffic for particular program by pointing to its .exe file. The problem is that this program has ...
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1answer
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NVidia update service creates local account on system. Does anyone know the users password?

Nvidia update service has created a local user on several of my boxes. Does anyone know its password? I recon it could possible be leveraged as an entry way for an attacker. Details: wmic ...
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1answer
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How do I apply a security baseline to Windows 2008 R2?

I've setup a Windows 2008 R2 server with an Active Directory Domain Services role. I would like to apply the Specialized Security – Limited Functionality (SSLF) security baseline to it, but am unsure ...
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1answer
245 views

Should I install my subordinate Certificate Authority on the domain controller? Why?

I must install a PKI in my organization. I work in a windows environment. I already set an offline CA. I must now install a subordinate CA. I have the choice between installing the subordinate CA on a ...
6
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1answer
235 views

Use token for Windows Server 2008 AD RMS [closed]

I have a Windows Server 2008 configured for AD RMS (Active Directory Rights Management Service), another Windows Server 2008 machine that is the domain controller, and a third machine that is a member ...
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3answers
905 views

Tools helps: First time cracking passwords

I am trying to crack passwords on two Windows member servers (2003 and 2008). There is no Active Directory. Each user seems to use the same password across servers, workstations, etc. I have access to ...
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2answers
922 views

How could disabling 'Hide File Extensions' in Windows make a system more secure?

I'm reading up on the Cryptolocker virus, and I came across this comment, it says: And one additional measure: disable the default "Hide extensions for known file types" check box in Explorer. I ...
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5answers
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Windows 2003 Enterprise infected by Conficker; post-infection problems continue

I used various tools to remove Conficker, and I pretty much succeeded, but I've had recurring problems afterward. It won't update anymore (with the following error message: 0x800706B5) I tried ...
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3answers
540 views

How to respond to attack made from my dedicated server?

There was a sudden unusual peak of outbound traffic from my hosted dedicated server (OS - Windows Server 2008 R2). The hoster threatened to block the server if the problem is not solved. There are an ...
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6answers
746 views

How can a novice find proof of a system compromise?

I am almost certain a colleague has installed a keylogger on my system. I am totally new to IT security, but have substantial linux / windows / programming experience. The system I believe is ...
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4answers
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How secure is Windows Auto-Logon?

Obviously, if auto-logon is enabled, anyone who can gain physical access to the PC can use the PC. That's not the question. The question is, when I enable auto-logon for my Windows 7 box, will there ...
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19k views

Windows 7 Password Hash Security

I recently came across a number of sources that suggest that cracking Windows user account passwords is easy by examining their password hashes. I understand that these hashes are stored in the SAM ...
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420 views

What are the security considerations for setting up a basic security testing environment?

I only have 2 spare machines and both are very old, but I really want to set up an environment so that I can start practicing security. One of these machines has a Pentium 4 processor and 512 MB RAM; ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible to catch a virus on my LAN without clicking on anything?

My unpatched PC running Windows is connected to a network which contains other "infected" computers, can I get infected by viruses without any interaction on my part?
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4answers
616 views

Is Encrpyting Home Sufficient?

I currently have a fully encrypted Windows System, and I'm looking at switching to Ubuntu. Is encrypting my home directory (with ecryptfs) sufficient? On windows this would be problematic due to ...
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2answers
295 views

Do any crypto libraries take advantage of Windows GPU API “Direct Compute”?

Are there any encryption (decryption?) libraries that take advantage of the Windows GPU API?
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3answers
422 views

Are Windows security updates audited?

An IT guy said that in his company, the Windows updates (small security updates that are downloaded automatically by the Windows autoupdate) are checked by the auditor. ie: the auditor checks if every ...
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2answers
2k views

How would I go about rebuilding the IAT of a packed executable?

When executables are packed with a tool such as UPX, the real code and data sections are encrypted or obfuscated, then loaded into memory using an injected decrypter stub. This makes static analysis ...
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3answers
3k views

Designing a Sandbox for Windows

I am thinking about the design for a sandbox, which is able to execute arbitrary unmodified, untrusted binaries. The goal is to implement an application Unlike something like e.g. Google Chrome's ...
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2answers
1k views

Are there any Windows permissions management applications?

I am currently dealing with permission issues with an IIS app pool. I am tired of clicking through window after window to set permissions on folders for domain and local users. Also, I would like ...
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4answers
2k views

What are the most common files to check with File integrity monitoring software?

I have a file integrity monitoring suite and in it I have to select specific files and folders for it to monitor. There are some obvious services that I want monitored like our web-server. Is there a ...
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1answer
957 views

I'm having a DDoS attack, my hosting company is stupid, and I need to know what is hapening

So ok, right now my windows 2003 dedicated server is under attack by some guy who's flooding UDP packets (~90.000 packets/sec) on my 100Mbps server for the last 8 hours. I'm on a shared port, so I'm ...
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4answers
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How widely deployed is TLS with cipher ECDHE?

Microsoft deployed a patch for Windows 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 that adds the following ciphers. Cipher suite Exchange Encryption Hash TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 DH ...